Rosenbrock Wanner Type Methods

Author by : Tim Jax
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
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Description : This book discusses the development of the Rosenbrock—Wanner methods from the origins of the idea to current research with the stable and efficient numerical solution and differential-algebraic systems of equations, still in focus. The reader gets a comprehensive insight into the classical methods as well as into the development and properties of novel W-methods, two-step and exponential Rosenbrock methods. In addition, descriptive applications from the fields of water and hydrogen network simulation and visual computing are presented.


Progress In Differential Algebraic Equations Ii

Author by : Timo Reis
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
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Description : This book contains articles presented at the 9th Workshop on Differential-Algebraic Equations held in Paderborn, Germany, from 17–20 March 2019. The workshop brought together more than 40 mathematicians and engineers from various fields, such as numerical and functional analysis, control theory, mechanics and electromagnetic field theory. The participants focussed on the theoretical and numerical treatment of “descriptor” systems, i.e., differential-algebraic equations (DAEs). The book contains 14 contributions and is organized into four parts: mathematical analysis, numerics and model order reduction, control as well as applications. It is a useful resource for applied mathematicians with interest in recent developments in the field of differential algebraic equations but also for engineers, in particular those interested in modelling of constraint mechanical systems, thermal networks or electric circuits.


Scientific Computing In Electrical Engineering

Author by : Ursula van Rienen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : rd This book presents a collection of selected contributions presented at the 3 International Workshop on Scientific Computing in Electrical Engineering, SCEE-2000, which took place in Warnemiinde, Germany, from August 20 to 23, 2000. Nearly hundred scientists and engineers from thirteen countries gathered in Warnemiinde to participate in the conference. Rostock Univer sity, the oldest university in Northern Europe founded in 1419, hosted the conference. This workshop followed two earlier workshops held 1997 at the Darmstadt University of Technology and 1998 at Weierstrass Institute for Applied Anal ysis and Stochastics in Berlin under the auspices ofthe German Mathematical Society. These workshops aimed at bringing together two scientific communi ties: applied mathematicians and electrical engineers who do research in the field of scientific computing in electrical engineering. This, of course, is a wide field, which is why it was decided to concentrate on selected major topics. The workshop in Darmstadt, which was organized by Michael Giinther from the Mathematics Department and Ursula van Rienen from the Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology,brought together more than hundred scientists interested in numerical methods for the simulation of circuits and electromagnetic fields. This was a great success. Voices coming from the participants suggested that it was time to bring these communities together in order to get to know each other, to discuss mutual interests and to start cooperative work. A collection of selected contributions appeared in 'Surveys on Mathematics for Industry', Vol.8, No. 3-4 and Vol.9, No.2, 1999.


Proceedings Of The Third European Conference On Mathematics In Industry

Author by : J. Manley
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : The European Consortium for Mathematics in Industry (ECMI) was founded, largely due to the driving energy of Michiel Hazewinkel on the 14th April, 1986 in Neustadt-Mussbach in West Germany. The founder signatories were A. Bensoussan (INRIA, Paris), A. Fasano (University of Florence), M. Hazewinkel (CWI, Amsterdam), M. Heilio (Lappeenranta University, Finland), F. Hodnett (University of Limerick, Ireland), H. Martens (Norwegian Institute of Technology, Trondheim), S. McKee (University of Strathclyde, Scotland), H. NeURzert (University of Kaiserslautern, Germany), D. Sundstrom (The Swedish Institute of Applied Mathematics, Stockholm), A. Tayler (University of Oxford, England) and Hj. Wacker (University of Linz, Austria). The European Consortium for Mathematics in Industry is dedicated to: (a) promote the use of mathematical models in Industry (b) educate industrial mathematicians to meet the growing demand for such experts (c) operate on a European scale. ECMI is still a young organisation but its membership is growing fast. Although it has still to persuade more industrialists to join, ECMI certainly operates on a European scale and a flourishing postgraduate programme with student exchange has been underway for some time. It is perhaps fitting that the first open meeting of ECMI was held at the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow. Glasgow is and was the industrial capital of Scotland and was, and arguably still is, Britain's second city after London; when this volume appears it will have rightly donned the mantle of the cultural capital of Europe.


Numerical Solution Of Initial Value Problems In Differential Algebraic Equations

Author by : K. E. Brenan
Languange : en
Publisher by : SIAM
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Description : Many physical problems are most naturally described by systems of differential and algebraic equations. This book describes some of the places where differential-algebraic equations (DAE's) occur. The basic mathematical theory for these equations is developed and numerical methods are presented and analyzed. Examples drawn from a variety of applications are used to motivate and illustrate the concepts and techniques. This classic edition, originally published in 1989, is the only general DAE book available. It not only develops guidelines for choosing different numerical methods, it is the first book to discuss DAE codes, including the popular DASSL code. An extensive discussion of backward differentiation formulas details why they have emerged as the most popular and best understood class of linear multistep methods for general DAE's. New to this edition is a chapter that brings the discussion of DAE software up to date. The objective of this monograph is to advance and consolidate the existing research results for the numerical solution of DAE's. The authors present results on the analysis of numerical methods, and also show how these results are relevant for the solution of problems from applications. They develop guidelines for problem formulation and effective use of the available mathematical software and provide extensive references for further study.


Optimal Control Of Odes And Daes

Author by : Matthias Gerdts
Languange : en
Publisher by : Walter de Gruyter
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Description : The intention of this textbook is to provide both, the theoretical and computational tools that are necessary to investigate and to solve optimal control problems with ordinary differential equations and differential-algebraic equations. An emphasis is placed on the interplay between the continuous optimal control problem, which typically is defined and analyzed in a Banach space setting, and discrete optimal control problems, which are obtained by discretization and lead to finite dimensional optimization problems.


Solving Ordinary Differential Equations Ii

Author by : Ernst Hairer
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : "Whatever regrets may be, we have done our best." (Sir Ernest Shackleton, turning back on 9 January 1909 at 88°23' South.) Brahms struggled for 20 years to write his first symphony. Compared to this, the 10 years we have been working on these two volumes may even appear short. This second volume treats stiff differential equations and differential alge braic equations. It contains three chapters: Chapter IV on one-step (Runge Kutta) methods for stiff problems, Chapter Von multistep methods for stiff problems, and Chapter VI on singular perturbation and differential-algebraic equations. Each chapter is divided into sections. Usually the first sections of a chapter are of an introductory nature, explain numerical phenomena and exhibit numerical results. Investigations of a more theoretieal nature are presented in the later sections of each chapter. As in Volume I, the formulas, theorems, tables and figures are numbered consecutively in each section and indicate, in addition, the section num ber. In cross references to other chapters the (latin) chapter number is put first. References to the bibliography are again by "author" plus "year" in parentheses. The bibliography again contains only those papers which are discussed in the text and is in no way meant to be complete.


Numerical Methods For Unsteady Compressible Flow Problems

Author by : Philipp Birken
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
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Description : Numerical Methods for Unsteady Compressible Flow Problems is written to give both mathematicians and engineers an overview of the state of the art in the field, as well as of new developments. The focus is on methods for the compressible Navier-Stokes equations, the solutions of which can exhibit shocks, boundary layers and turbulence. The idea of the text is to explain the important ideas to the reader, while giving enough detail and pointers to literature to facilitate implementation of methods and application of concepts. The book covers high order methods in space, such as Discontinuous Galerkin methods, and high order methods in time, in particular implicit ones. A large part of the text is reserved to discuss iterative methods for the arising large nonlinear and linear equation systems. Ample space is given to both state-of-the-art multigrid and preconditioned Newton-Krylov schemes. Features Applications to aerospace, high-speed vehicles, heat transfer, and more besides Suitable as a textbook for graduate-level courses in CFD, or as a reference for practitioners in the field


Solving Differential Equations In R

Author by : Karline Soetaert
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : Mathematics plays an important role in many scientific and engineering disciplines. This book deals with the numerical solution of differential equations, a very important branch of mathematics. Our aim is to give a practical and theoretical account of how to solve a large variety of differential equations, comprising ordinary differential equations, initial value problems and boundary value problems, differential algebraic equations, partial differential equations and delay differential equations. The solution of differential equations using R is the main focus of this book. It is therefore intended for the practitioner, the student and the scientist, who wants to know how to use R for solving differential equations. However, it has been our goal that non-mathematicians should at least understand the basics of the methods, while obtaining entrance into the relevant literature that provides more mathematical background. Therefore, each chapter that deals with R examples is preceded by a chapter where the theory behind the numerical methods being used is introduced. In the sections that deal with the use of R for solving differential equations, we have taken examples from a variety of disciplines, including biology, chemistry, physics, pharmacokinetics. Many examples are well-known test examples, used frequently in the field of numerical analysis.


Introduction To Numerical Analysis

Author by : J. Stoer
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : On the occasion of this new edition, the text was enlarged by several new sections. Two sections on B-splines and their computation were added to the chapter on spline functions: Due to their special properties, their flexibility, and the availability of well-tested programs for their computation, B-splines play an important role in many applications. Also, the authors followed suggestions by many readers to supplement the chapter on elimination methods with a section dealing with the solution of large sparse systems of linear equations. Even though such systems are usually solved by iterative methods, the realm of elimination methods has been widely extended due to powerful techniques for handling sparse matrices. We will explain some of these techniques in connection with the Cholesky algorithm for solving positive definite linear systems. The chapter on eigenvalue problems was enlarged by a section on the Lanczos algorithm; the sections on the LR and QR algorithm were rewritten and now contain a description of implicit shift techniques. In order to some extent take into account the progress in the area of ordinary differential equations, a new section on implicit differential equa tions and differential-algebraic systems was added, and the section on stiff differential equations was updated by describing further methods to solve such equations.


High Performance Scientific And Engineering Computing

Author by : Michael Breuer
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : In Douglas Adams' book 'Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy', hyper-intelligent beings reached a point in their existence where they wanted to understand the purpose of their own existence and the universe. They built a supercomputer, called Deep Thought, and upon completion, they asked it for the answer to the ultimate question of life, the universe and everything else. The computer worked for several millennia on the answers to all these questions. When the day arrived for hyper-intelligent beings the to receive the answer, they were stunned, shocked and disappointed to hear that the answer was simply 42. The still open questions to scientists and engineers are typically much sim pler and consequently the answers are more reasonable. Furthermore, because human beings are too impatient and not ready to wait for such a long pe riod, high-performance computing techniques have been developed, leading to much faster answers. Based on these developments in the last two decades, scientific and engineering computing has evolved to a key technology which plays an important role in determining, or at least shaping, future research and development activities in many branches of industry. Development work has been going on all over the world resulting in numerical methods that are now available for simulations that were not foreseeable some years ago. However, these days the availability of supercomputers with Teraflop perfor mance supports extensive computations with technical relevance. A new age of engineering has started.


Ordinary Differential Equations And Integral Equations

Author by : C.T.H. Baker
Languange : en
Publisher by : Gulf Professional Publishing
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Description : /homepage/sac/cam/na2000/index.html7-Volume Set now available at special set price ! This volume contains contributions in the area of differential equations and integral equations. Many numerical methods have arisen in response to the need to solve "real-life" problems in applied mathematics, in particular problems that do not have a closed-form solution. Contributions on both initial-value problems and boundary-value problems in ordinary differential equations appear in this volume. Numerical methods for initial-value problems in ordinary differential equations fall naturally into two classes: those which use one starting value at each step (one-step methods) and those which are based on several values of the solution (multistep methods). John Butcher has supplied an expert's perspective of the development of numerical methods for ordinary differential equations in the 20th century. Rob Corless and Lawrence Shampine talk about established technology, namely software for initial-value problems using Runge-Kutta and Rosenbrock methods, with interpolants to fill in the solution between mesh-points, but the 'slant' is new - based on the question, "How should such software integrate into the current generation of Problem Solving Environments?" Natalia Borovykh and Marc Spijker study the problem of establishing upper bounds for the norm of the nth power of square matrices. The dynamical system viewpoint has been of great benefit to ODE theory and numerical methods. Related is the study of chaotic behaviour. Willy Govaerts discusses the numerical methods for the computation and continuation of equilibria and bifurcation points of equilibria of dynamical systems. Arieh Iserles and Antonella Zanna survey the construction of Runge-Kutta methods which preserve algebraic invariant functions. Valeria Antohe and Ian Gladwell present numerical experiments on solving a Hamiltonian system of Hénon and Heiles with a symplectic and a nonsymplectic method with a variety of precisions and initial conditions. Stiff differential equations first became recognized as special during the 1950s. In 1963 two seminal publications laid to the foundations for later development: Dahlquist's paper on A-stable multistep methods and Butcher's first paper on implicit Runge-Kutta methods. Ernst Hairer and Gerhard Wanner deliver a survey which retraces the discovery of the order stars as well as the principal achievements obtained by that theory. Guido Vanden Berghe, Hans De Meyer, Marnix Van Daele and Tanja Van Hecke construct exponentially fitted Runge-Kutta methods with s stages. Differential-algebraic equations arise in control, in modelling of mechanical systems and in many other fields. Jeff Cash describes a fairly recent class of formulae for the numerical solution of initial-value problems for stiff and differential-algebraic systems. Shengtai Li and Linda Petzold describe methods and software for sensitivity analysis of solutions of DAE initial-value problems. Again in the area of differential-algebraic systems, Neil Biehn, John Betts, Stephen Campbell and William Huffman present current work on mesh adaptation for DAE two-point boundary-value problems. Contrasting approaches to the question of how good an approximation is as a solution of a given equation involve (i) attempting to estimate the actual error (i.e., the difference between the true and the approximate solutions) and (ii) attempting to estimate the defect - the amount by which the approximation fails to satisfy the given equation and any side-conditions. The paper by Wayne Enright on defect control relates to carefully analyzed techniques that have been proposed both for ordinary differential equations and for delay differential equations in which an attempt is made to control an estimate of the size of the defect. Many phenomena incorporate noise, and the numerical solution of stochastic differential equations has developed as a relatively new item of study in the area. Keven Burrage, Pamela Burrage and Taketomo Mitsui review the way numerical methods for solving stochastic differential equations (SDE's) are constructed. One of the more recent areas to attract scrutiny has been the area of differential equations with after-effect (retarded, delay, or neutral delay differential equations) and in this volume we include a number of papers on evolutionary problems in this area. The paper of Genna Bocharov and Fathalla Rihan conveys the importance in mathematical biology of models using retarded differential equations. The contribution by Christopher Baker is intended to convey much of the background necessary for the application of numerical methods and includes some original results on stability and on the solution of approximating equations. Alfredo Bellen, Nicola Guglielmi and Marino Zennaro contribute to the analysis of stability of numerical solutions of nonlinear neutral differential equations. Koen Engelborghs, Tatyana Luzyanina, Dirk Roose, Neville Ford and Volker Wulf consider the numerics of bifurcation in delay differential equations. Evelyn Buckwar contributes a paper indicating the construction and analysis of a numerical strategy for stochastic delay differential equations (SDDEs). This volume contains contributions on both Volterra and Fredholm-type integral equations. Christopher Baker responded to a late challenge to craft a review of the theory of the basic numerics of Volterra integral and integro-differential equations. Simon Shaw and John Whiteman discuss Galerkin methods for a type of Volterra integral equation that arises in modelling viscoelasticity. A subclass of boundary-value problems for ordinary differential equation comprises eigenvalue problems such as Sturm-Liouville problems (SLP) and Schrödinger equations. Liviu Ixaru describes the advances made over the last three decades in the field of piecewise perturbation methods for the numerical solution of Sturm-Liouville problems in general and systems of Schrödinger equations in particular. Alan Andrew surveys the asymptotic correction method for regular Sturm-Liouville problems. Leon Greenberg and Marco Marletta survey methods for higher-order Sturm-Liouville problems. R. Moore in the 1960s first showed the feasibility of validated solutions of differential equations, that is, of computing guaranteed enclosures of solutions. Boundary integral equations. Numerical solution of integral equations associated with boundary-value problems has experienced continuing interest. Peter Junghanns and Bernd Silbermann present a selection of modern results concerning the numerical analysis of one-dimensional Cauchy singular integral equations, in particular the stability of operator sequences associated with different projection methods. Johannes Elschner and Ivan Graham summarize the most important results achieved in the last years about the numerical solution of one-dimensional integral equations of Mellin type of means of projection methods and, in particular, by collocation methods. A survey of results on quadrature methods for solving boundary integral equations is presented by Andreas Rathsfeld. Wolfgang Hackbusch and Boris Khoromski present a novel approach for a very efficient treatment of integral operators. Ernst Stephan examines multilevel methods for the h-, p- and hp- versions of the boundary element method, including pre-conditioning techniques. George Hsiao, Olaf Steinbach and Wolfgang Wendland analyze various boundary element methods employed in local discretization schemes.


Practical Bifurcation And Stability Analysis

Author by : Rüdiger Seydel
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : Probably the first book to describe computational methods for numerically computing steady state and Hopf bifurcations. Requiring only a basic knowledge of calculus, and using detailed examples, problems, and figures, this is an ideal textbook for graduate students.


Numerical Analysis Historical Developments In The 20th Century

Author by : C. Brezinski
Languange : en
Publisher by : Elsevier
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Description : Numerical analysis has witnessed many significant developments in the 20th century. This book brings together 16 papers dealing with historical developments, survey papers and papers on recent trends in selected areas of numerical analysis, such as: approximation and interpolation, solution of linear systems and eigenvalue problems, iterative methods, quadrature rules, solution of ordinary-, partial- and integral equations. The papers are reprinted from the 7-volume project of the Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics on '/homepage/sac/cam/na2000/index.htmlNumerical Analysis 2000'. An introductory survey paper deals with the history of the first courses on numerical analysis in several countries and with the landmarks in the development of important algorithms and concepts in the field.


Blow Up In Nonlinear Sobolev Type Equations

Author by : A. B. Alʹshin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Walter de Gruyter
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Description : The monograph is devoted to the study of initial-boundary-value problems for multi-dimensional Sobolev-type equations over bounded domains. The authors consider both specific initial-boundary-value problems and abstract Cauchy problems for first-order (in the time variable) differential equations with nonlinear operator coefficients with respect to spatial variables. The main aim of the monograph is to obtain sufficient conditions for global (in time) solvability, to obtain sufficient conditions for blow-up of solutions at finite time, and to derive upper and lower estimates for the blow-up time. The monograph contains a vast list of references (440 items) and gives an overall view of the contemporary state-of-the-art of the mathematical modeling of various important problems arising in physics. Since the list of references contains many papers which have been published previously only in Russian research journals, it may also serve as a guide to the Russian literature. "


Basic Research And Technologies For Two Stage To Orbit Vehicles

Author by : Dieter Jacob
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
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Description : Focusing on basic aspects of future reusable space transportation systems and covering overall design, aerodynamics, thermodynamics, flight dynamics, propulsion, materials, and structures, this report presents some of the most recent results obtained in these disciplines. The authors are members of three Collaborative Research Centers in Aachen, Munich and Stuttgart concerned with hypersonic vehicles. A major part of the research presented here deals with experimental and numerical aerodynamic topics ranging from low speed to hypersonic flow past the external configuration and through inlet and nozzle. Mathematicians and engineers jointly worked on aspects of flight mechanics like trajectory optimization, stability, control and flying qualities. Structural research and development was predominantly coupled to the needs for high temperature resistant structures for space vehicles.


Mathematical Reviews

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description :


Adaptive Numerical Solution Of Pdes

Author by : Peter Deuflhard
Languange : en
Publisher by : Walter de Gruyter
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Description : Numerical mathematics is a subtopic of scientific computing. The focus lies on the efficiency of algorithms, i.e. speed, reliability, and robustness. This leads to adaptive algorithms. The theoretical derivation und analyses of algorithms are kept as elementary as possible in this book; the needed sligtly advanced mathematical theory is summarized in the appendix. Numerous figures and illustrating examples explain the complex data, as non-trivial examples serve problems from nanotechnology, chirurgy, and physiology. The book addresses students as well as practitioners in mathematics, natural sciences, and engineering. It is designed as a textbook but also suitable for self study.


Numerical Methods For Initial Value Problems In Ordinary Differential Equations

Author by : Simeon Ola Fatunla
Languange : en
Publisher by : Academic Press
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Description : Numerical Method for Initial Value Problems in Ordinary Differential Equations deals with numerical treatment of special differential equations: stiff, stiff oscillatory, singular, and discontinuous initial value problems, characterized by large Lipschitz constants. The book reviews the difference operators, the theory of interpolation, first integral mean value theorem, and numerical integration algorithms. The text explains the theory of one-step methods, the Euler scheme, the inverse Euler scheme, and also Richardson's extrapolation. The book discusses the general theory of Runge-Kutta processes, including the error estimation, and stepsize selection of the R-K process. The text evaluates the different linear multistep methods such as the explicit linear multistep methods (Adams-Bashforth, 1883), the implicit linear multistep methods (Adams-Moulton scheme, 1926), and the general theory of linear multistep methods. The book also reviews the existing stiff codes based on the implicit/semi-implicit, singly/diagonally implicit Runge-Kutta schemes, the backward differentiation formulas, the second derivative formulas, as well as the related extrapolation processes. The text is intended for undergraduates in mathematics, computer science, or engineering courses, andfor postgraduate students or researchers in related disciplines.


Progress In Industrial Mathematics At Ecmi 2016

Author by : Peregrina Quintela
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
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Description : This book addresses mathematics in a wide variety of applications, ranging from problems in electronics, energy and the environment, to mechanics and mechatronics. Using the classification system defined in the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation H2020, several of the topics covered belong to the challenge climate action, environment, resource efficiency and raw materials; and some to health, demographic change and wellbeing; while others belong to Europe in a changing world – inclusive, innovative and reflective societies. The 19th European Conference on Mathematics for Industry, ECMI2016, was held in Santiago de Compostela, Spain in June 2016. The proceedings of this conference include the plenary lectures, ECMI awards and special lectures, mini-symposia (including the description of each mini-symposium) and contributed talks. The ECMI conferences are organized by the European Consortium for Mathematics in Industry with the aim of promoting interaction between academy and industry, leading to innovation in both fields and providing unique opportunities to discuss the latest ideas, problems and methodologies, and contributing to the advancement of science and technology. They also encourage industrial sectors to propose challenging problems where mathematicians can provide insights and fresh perspectives. Lastly, the ECMI conferences are one of the main forums in which significant advances in industrial mathematics are presented, bringing together prominent figures from business, science and academia to promote the use of innovative mathematics in industry.


Mathematical Modelling And Simulation Of Electrical Circuits And Semiconductor Devices

Author by : Randolph Bank
Languange : en
Publisher by : Birkhäuser
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Description : Progress in today's high-technology industries is strongly associated with the development of new mathematical tools. A typical illustration of this partnership is the mathematical modelling and numerical simulation of electric circuits and semiconductor devices. At the second Oberwolfach conference devoted to this important and timely field, scientists from around the world, mainly applied mathematicians and electrical engineers from industry and universities, presented their new results. Their contributions, forming the body of this work, cover electric circuit simulation, device simulation and process simulation. Discussions on experiences with standard software packages and improvements of such packages are included. In the semiconductor area special lectures were given on new modelling approaches, numerical techniques and existence and uniqueness results. In this connection, mention is made, for example, of mixed finite element methods, an extension of the Baliga-Patankar technique for a three dimensional simulation, and the connection between semiconductor equations and the Boltzmann equations.


Scientific Computing With Ordinary Differential Equations

Author by : Peter Deuflhard
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : Well-known authors; Includes topics and results that have previously not been covered in a book; Uses many interesting examples from science and engineering; Contains numerous homework exercises; Scientific computing is a hot and topical area


Batch Distillation

Author by : Urmila Diwekar
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
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Description : Most available books in chemical engineering mainly pertain to continuous processes, with batch distillation relegated to a small section. Filling this void in the chemical engineering literature, Batch Distillation: Simulation, Optimal Design, and Control, Second Edition helps readers gain a solid, hands-on background in batch processing. The second edition of this bestseller explores numerous new developments in batch distillation that have emerged since the publication of the first edition. New to the Second Edition Special sections on complex column configurations and azeotropic, extractive, and reactive distillation A chapter on various kinds of uncertainties in batch distillation A chapter covering software packages for batch distillation simulation, design, optimization, and control Separate chapters on complex columns and complex systems Up-to-date references and coverage of recent research articles This edition continues to explain how to effectively design, synthesize, and make operations decisions related to batch processes. Through careful treatments of uncertainty analysis, optimization, and optimal control methods, the author gives readers the necessary tools for making the best decisions in practice. While primarily designed for a graduate course in batch distillation, the text can also be used in undergraduate chemical engineering courses. In addition, researchers and academics faced with batch distillation research problems and practicing chemical engineers tackling problems in actual day-to-day operations will find the book to be a useful reference source.


Adaptive Multilevel Solution Of Nonlinear Parabolic Pde Systems

Author by : Jens Lang
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : Nowadays there is an increasing emphasis on all aspects of adaptively gener ating a grid that evolves with the solution of a PDE. Another challenge is to develop efficient higher-order one-step integration methods which can handle very stiff equations and which allow us to accommodate a spatial grid in each time step without any specific difficulties. In this monograph a combination of both error-controlled grid refinement and one-step methods of Rosenbrock-type is presented. It is my intention to impart the beauty and complexity found in the theoretical investigation of the adaptive algorithm proposed here, in its realization and in solving non-trivial complex problems. I hope that this method will find many more interesting applications. Berlin-Dahlem, May 2000 Jens Lang Acknowledgements I have looked forward to writing this section since it is a pleasure for me to thank all friends who made this work possible and provided valuable input. I would like to express my gratitude to Peter Deuflhard for giving me the oppor tunity to work in the field of Scientific Computing. I have benefited immensly from his help to get the right perspectives, and from his continuous encourage ment and support over several years. He certainly will forgive me the use of Rosenbrock methods rather than extrapolation methods to integrate in time.


Mathematics Key Technology For The Future

Author by : Willi Jäger
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : Efficient transfer between science and society is crucial for their future development. The rapid progress of information technology and computer systems offers a large potential and new perspectives for solving complex problems. Mathematical modelling and simulation have become important tools not only in scientific investigations but also in analysing, planning and controlling technological and economic processes. Mathematics, imbedded in an interdisciplinary concept, has become a key technology. The book covers the results of a variety of major projects in industrial mathematics following an initiative of the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research. All projects are collaborations of industrial companies and university-based researchers, and range from automotive industry to computer technology and medical visualisation. In general, the projects presented in this volume prove that new mathematical ideas and methods can be decisive for the solution of industrial and economic problems.


Numerical Analysis Of Systems Of Ordinary And Stochastic Differential Equations

Author by : Sergej S. Artemiev
Languange : en
Publisher by : VSP
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Description : This book deals with numerical analysis of systems of both ordinary and stochastic differential equations. The first chapter is devoted to numerical solution problems of the Cauchy problem for stiff ordinary differential equation (ODE) systems by Rosenbrock-type methods (RTMs). Here, general solutions of consistency equations are obtained, which lead to the construction of RTMs from the first to the fourth order. The second chapter deals with statistical simulation problems of the solution of the Cauchy problem for stochastic differential equation (SDE) systems. The mean-square convergence theorem is considered, as well as Taylor expansions of numerical solutions. Also included are applications of numerical methods of SDE solutions to partial differential equations and to analysis and synthesis problems of automated control of stochastic systems.


Chemical Reaction Engineering And Reactor Technology

Author by : Tapio O. Salmi
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 87
Total Download : 464
File Size : 43,6 Mb
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Description : The role of the chemical reactor is crucial for the industrial conversion of raw materials into products and numerous factors must be considered when selecting an appropriate and efficient chemical reactor. Chemical Reaction Engineering and Reactor Technology defines the qualitative aspects that affect the selection of an industrial chemical reactor and couples various reactor models to case-specific kinetic expressions for chemical processes. Offering a systematic development of the chemical reaction engineering concept, this volume explores: Essential stoichiometric, kinetic, and thermodynamic terms needed in the analysis of chemical reactors Homogeneous and heterogeneous reactors Residence time distributions and non-ideal flow conditions in industrial reactors Solutions of algebraic and ordinary differential equation systems Gas- and liquid-phase diffusion coefficients and gas-film coefficients Correlations for gas-liquid systems Solubilities of gases in liquids Guidelines for laboratory reactors and the estimation of kinetic parameters The authors pay special attention to the exact formulations and derivations of mass energy balances and their numerical solutions. Richly illustrated and containing exercises and solutions covering a number of processes, from oil refining to the development of specialty and fine chemicals, the text provides a clear understanding of chemical reactor analysis and design.