Rousseau And The Republic Of Virtue

Author by : Carol Blum
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Description : Carol Blum's book is an extraordinarily important and beautifully written work for which I have the deepest admiration. No one seriously interested in the French Revolution or in eighteenth-century political language and theory can afford not to read it.


Rousseau S Counter Enlightenment

Author by : Graeme Garrard
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Publisher by : SUNY Press
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Description : Sees Rousseau as the father of Counter-Enlightenment thought.


Crossing The Guillotine

Author by : Bruce Oliver Boeckel
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Choice

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The American Scholar

Author by : William Allison Shimer
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Rousseau S Ethics Of Truth

Author by : Jason Neidleman
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Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : In 1758, Rousseau announced that he had adopted "vitam impendere vero" (dedicate life to truth) as a personal pledge. Despite the dramatic nature of this declaration, no scholar has yet approached Rousseau’s work through the lens of truth or truthseeking. What did it mean for Rousseau to lead a life dedicated to truth? This book presents Rousseau’s normative account of truthseeking, his account of what human beings must do if they hope to discover the truths essential to human happiness. Rousseau’s writings constitute a practical guide to these truths; they describe how he arrived at them and how others might as well. In reading Rousseau through the lens of truth, Neidleman traverses the entirety of Rousseau's corpus, and, in the process, reveals a series of symmetries among the disparate themes treated in those texts. The first section of the book lays out Rousseau’s general philosophy of truth and truthseeking. The second section follows Rousseau down four distinct pathways to truth: reverie, republicanism, religion, and reason. With a strong grounding in both the Anglophone and Francophone scholarship on Rousseau, this book will appeal to scholars across a broad range of disciplines.


Jean Jacques Rousseau

Author by : Joseph Reisert
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cornell University Press
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Description : Scholars have long debated the contribution Rousseau has made to political thought. Is he a theorist of radical individualism, a reactionary advocate for authoritarianism, or just a brilliantly paradoxical but ultimately incoherent controversialist? In the first book devoted to discussion of Rousseau's conception of virtue, Joseph R. Reisert argues that Rousseau's work offers a coherent political theory that both complements and challenges key elements of contemporary liberalism. Drawing on his deep familiarity with Rousseau's work, Reisert maintains that Rousseau's primary concern was to discover the psychological foundations of virtue, which he understood as the strength of will needed to respect the rights of others. Reisert reconstructs the model of the human soul that underpins Rousseau's account of virtue, a model he considers superior to the alternatives conceived by Aristotle, Hobbes, Locke, Montesquieu, Kant, and Rawls. Rousseau, the author explains, believed that life in modern societies undermines virtue, but that for individuals to thrive, and for free societies to endure, all would require moral education. Rousseau, who styled himself "a friend of virtue," sought to impart virtue to his readers through the examples of his literary characters Emile and Julie. Reisert finds that Rousseau's thought poses a dilemma for modern politics: democratic governments can do little to cultivate virtue directly, yet liberal society continues to need it. The requisite moral teaching, Reisert concludes, should be provided instead by families, religious organizations, and other civil associations.


The New Republic

Author by : Herbert David Croly
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The Republic Of Letters

Author by : Dena Goodman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cornell University Press
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Description : Goodman chronicles the story of the Republic of Letters from its earliest formation through major periods of change: the production of the Encyclopedia, the proliferation of a print culture that widened circles of readership beyond the control of salon governance, and the early years of the French Revolution.


Jacques Louis David Revolutionary Artist

Author by : Warren E. Roberts
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Description : Roberts (history, U. of Albany) examines the connection between the artistic and political careers of French painter David (1748-1825), from his success in the ancien regime through his depiction of revolutionary themes, his organization of spectacles for the republican government, and his position as Napoleon's official painter, to his exile in Brussels. Includes 88 bandw reproductions. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR


Hypocrisy And Integrity

Author by : Ruth W. Grant
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Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
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Description : Questioning the usual judgements of political ethics, Ruth W. Grant argues that hypocrisy can actually be constructive while strictly principled behavior can be destructive. Hypocrisy and Integrity offers a new conceptual framework that clarifies the differences between idealism and fanaticism while it uncovers the moral limits of compromise. "Exciting and provocative. . . . Grant's work is to be highly recommended, offering a fresh reading of Rousseau and Machiavelli as well as presenting a penetrating analysis of hypocrisy and integrity."—Ronald J. Terchek, American Political Science Review "A great refreshment. . . . With liberalism's best interests at heart, Grant seeks to make available a better understanding of the limits of reason in politics."—Peter Berkowitz, New Republic


The Nature Of Political Theory

Author by : Official Fellow in Social and Political Theory David Miller
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford [Oxfordshire] ; New York : Clarendon Press
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Paragraph

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The Virtue Of The Citizen

Author by : Merja Kylmäkoski
Languange : un
Publisher by : Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
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Description : The author examines Jean-Jacques Rousseau's political thought from the angle of classical republicanism. To offer an account of Rousseau's republicanism she explores his idea of the citizen and civic virtues. In addition, eighteenth-century conceptions of luxury and Rousseau's ideas of the patriot and liberty are discussed. Rousseau's republicanism is here considered to stem from his Genevan legacy and his ideas are seen as a critical response to the contemporary ascendancy of the Mandevillean idea of man, which emphasized the values and virtues attached to commerce.


International Terrorism

Author by : Donna M. Schlagheck
Languange : en
Publisher by : Free Press
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Description : Beginning with an introductory chapter on what terrorism is, who employs it, and what forms it takes, Schlagheck illuminates the basic concepts, actors, and issues in international terrorism. He examines such issues as state terrorism, the role of the media, ideological motivations, and terrorism's attack on political democracy. The author includes case studies of the relationship between terrorism and nationalism in Northern Ireland, Armenia, Palestine, and among the Basques and Sikhs. He concludes with the varied responses of the international community to the problem. ISBN 0-669-15454-7 (pbk.): $14.95.


Thomas Paine

Author by : WILSON JER
Languange : en
Publisher by : Boston : Twayne Publishers
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Description : Provides in-depth analysis of the life, works, career, and critical importance of Thomas Paine.


Citoyennes

Author by : Annie Smart
Languange : un
Publisher by : University of Delaware
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Description : In Citoyennes, Annie Smart argues that many revolutionary and pre-revolutionary works constructed a civic identity for women and portrayed the home as a site for both civic virtue and private subjectivity. This interdisciplinary study offers a fresh interpretation of the role of women and the home in eighteenth-century France, and goes a long way to filling a gaping home in the contemporary literature on the subject.


The Companion To Great Expectations

Author by : David Paroissien
Languange : en
Publisher by : Greenwood
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Description : Paroissien draws on a range of 19th century sources to illustrate the late Georgian and mid-Victorian contexts of Dickens' novel. Annotations identify allusions to current events and intellectual and religious issues, and supplies information on topography, social customs, costume, furniture, transportation, and so on.


Georgie Angel Of Cell Block Six

Author by : Carol O’Brien
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Publisher by : Xlibris Corporation
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Description : In Georgie, Angel of Cell-Block Six, the author recounts the astonishing story of her mothers little brother, a nine-year-old child in a wheelchair, possessed of an amazing voice. Georgie sang all over St. Louis, at church and at concerts, private gatherings, in salons, and at the Cardinals games, where his counter-tenor voice filled the ball park. His success led him to an explosive situation as witness to a shooting in a lid club and his eventual role as the sole child whose testimony sent adult criminals to prison. The novel is based not only on the family story but on the St. Louis Post-Dispatchs numerous stories and front page photos of Georgie and his unusual fate.


New Individualist Review

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Description : A journal of classical liberal thought.


Rousseau And Revolution

Author by : Holger Ross Lauritsen
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Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
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Description : The political philosophy of the 18th century philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau has long been associated with the dramatic events of the French Revolution. In this book, an international team of scholars has been brought together to examine the connection between Rousseau's thought and the revolutionary traditions of modern Europe. The book explores Rousseau's own conceptions of violence and revolution in contrast to those of other thinkers such as Hegel and Fanon and in connection with his ideas on democracy. Historical analyses also consider Rousseau's thinking in light of the French Revolution in particular and the European revolutions that have followed it. Across the eleven chapters the book also touches on such issues as citizenship, activism, terrorism and the State. In doing so, the book reveals Rousseau to be an important source of insight into contemporary political problems.


The Concept Of The Individual In Eighteenth Century French Thought From The Enlightenment To The French Revolution

Author by : Susan Carpenter Binkley
Languange : en
Publisher by : Edwin Mellen Press
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Description : This interdisciplinary study explores the concept of the individual human being as it evolved within the philosophies of the French Enlightenment and how notions of the individual reached a turning point during the French Revolution.


On Jean Jacques Rousseau

Author by : James Swenson
Languange : un
Publisher by : Stanford University Press
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Description : In order to grasp what it means to call Rousseau an "author" of the Revolution, as so many revolutionaries did, it is necessary to take full measure of the difficulties of literary interpretation to which Rousseau's work gives rise, particularly around such a charged term as "author." On Jean-Jacques Rousseau shows that Rousseau's texts consistently generate a division in their own reading, a division both designated and masked by the fiction of authorship. These divisions can occur successively—as in the narrative reversals and discontinuities characteristic of Rousseau's fictional and autobiographical works—or simultaneously, in the form of incompatible attempts to apply the lessons of a single text to an urgent historical moment. Given the structure of these texts, their "influence" can only occur in an equally paradoxical form. Rousseau's contribution to revolutionary thinking lies in his conceptualization of the constitutive function of misunderstanding and narrative discontinuity, in history and political action as well as in literature. Such misunderstandings and discontinuities are particularly well illustrated by the vicissitudes of the reading of Rousseau's texts during the revolutionary period, a moment when "readings" occurred as political programs. The Revolution enacted Rousseau precisely to the extent that revolutionaries could not agree on what action he called for. He is "one of the first authors of the Revolution" not because he was one of its causes, but because he provided the terms in which the logic of the revolutionary process becomes intelligible.


The Philosophy Of Rousseau

Author by : Ronald Grimsley
Languange : en
Publisher by : London ; New York : Oxford University Press
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Description : Comprehensive study which analyzes the essential features of his "simple nature."


Terror And Its Discontents

Author by : Caroline Weber
Languange : en
Publisher by : U of Minnesota Press
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Description : Camille Desmoulins, a journalist writing under the Montagnard regime of 1793-94, remarked that France's government had replaced "the language of democracy" with "the cold poison of fear, which paralyzed thought in the bottom of people's souls, and prevented it from pouring forth at the tribunal, or in writing." How this happened, how the Reign of Terror reached even into the realms of thought and language, is the subject of Caroline Weber's book, a revealing look into the paradoxical embargo on free expression that underpinned the Robespierrists' self-proclaimed "despotism of liberty" during the French Revolution. Weber examines Jean-Jacques Rousseau's and the Robespierrists' articulation of a series of initiatives designed to curtail and control the dissemination of alternative political and philosophical messages in the republic. Here Weber underscores the internal contradictions and limitations of an enterprise that promised universal freedom while oppressing particularism, and that railed against the very language that it was compelled to adopt as a principal political tool. The book then focuses on two eloquent contemporary critics of this phenomenon, Desmoulins and the Marquis de Sade, the infamous libertine author. Weber demonstrates how Desmoulins reconfigured the Montagnard regime's rhetoric to conjure up a political system based on tolerance, not terror, and how Sade deftly parodied the Robespierrists' brutality and hypocrisy, proposing a republic based on the ruthless elimination of dissident voices and on the unabashed celebration of despotism and bloodshed. A balanced account of how the "discourse of totality" actually restricted particular freedoms in the wake of theFrench Revolution, this book provides a highly original--and timely--exposition of the political uses of rhetoric and of the links between language and power.


Telos

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Choosing Terror

Author by : Marisa Linton
Languange : un
Publisher by : OUP Oxford
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Description : Choosing Terror: Virtue, Friendship and Authenticity in the French Revolution examines the leaders of the French Revolution - Robespierre and his fellow Jacobins - and particularly the gradual process whereby many of them came to 'choose terror'. These men led the Jacobin Club between 1789 and 1794, and were attempting to establish new democratic politics in France. Exploring revolutionary politics through the eyes of these leaders, and against a political backdrop of a series of traumatic events, wars, and betrayals, Marisa Linton portrays the Jacobins as complex human beings who were influenced by emotions and personal loyalties, as well as by their revolutionary ideology. The Jacobin leaders' entire political careers were constrained by their need to be seen by their supporters as 'men of virtue', free from corruption and ambition, and concerned only with the public good. In the early stages of the Revolution, being seen as 'men of virtue' empowered the Jacobin leaders, and aided them in their efforts to forge their political careers. However, with the onset of war, there was a growing conviction that political leaders who feigned virtue were 'the enemy within', secretly conspiring with France's external enemies. By Year Two, the year of the Terror, the Jacobin identity had become a destructive force: in order to demonstrate their own authenticity, they had to be seen to act virtuously, and be prepared, if the public good demanded it, to denounce and destroy their friends, and even to sacrifice their own lives. This desperate thinking resulted in the politicians' terror, one of the most ruthless of all forms of terror during the Revolution. Choosing Terror seeks neither to cast blame, nor to exonerate, but to understand the process whereby such things can happen.