Practicing Sabermetrics

Practicing Sabermetrics
Author: Gabriel B. Costa,,Michael R. Huber,John T. Saccoman
Publsiher: McFarland
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2009-10-21
ISBN: 0786454466
Category: Sports & Recreation
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Practicing Sabermetrics Book Excerpt:

The past 30 years have seen an explosion in the number and variety of baseball books and articles. Following the lead of pioneers Bill James, John Thorn, and Pete Palmer, researchers have steadily challenged the ways we think about player and team performance—and along the way revised what we thought we knew of baseball history. This book by the authors of Understanding Sabermetrics (2008) goes beyond the explanation of new statistics to demonstrate their use in solving some of the more familiar problems of baseball research, such as how to compare players across generations; how to account for the effects of ballparks and rules changes; and how to measure the effectiveness of the sacrifice bunt or the range of the Gold Glove–winning shortstop. Instructors considering this book for use in a course may request an examination copy here.

Sabermetrics

Sabermetrics
Author: Gabriel B. Costa
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2021-10-27
ISBN: 0128223464
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sabermetrics Book Excerpt:

Sabermetrics: Baseball, Steroids, and How the Game has Changed Over the Past Two Generations offers an introduction to this increasing area of interest to statisticians, students of the game, and many others. Pairing a primer on the applied math with an overview of the origin of the field and its context within baseball today, the work provides an engaging resource for students and interested readers. It includes coverage of relevant baseball history, Bill James and SABR, broken records and steroids. Drawing on the author’s experience teaching the subject at Seton Hall University since 1988, Sabermetrics also offers practice questions and solutions for class use. Provides an accessible, brief introduction to the practice of sabermetrics Approaches the topic in context with recent trends and issues in baseball Includes questions and solutions for math practice

Understanding Sabermetrics

Understanding Sabermetrics
Author: Gabriel B. Costa,,Michael R. Huber,John T. Saccoman
Publsiher: McFarland
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2019-06-07
ISBN: 1476635021
Category: Sports & Recreation
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Understanding Sabermetrics Book Excerpt:

Interest in Sabermetrics has increased dramatically in recent years as the need to better compare baseball players has intensified among managers, agents and fans, and even other players. The authors explain how traditional measures—such as Earned Run Average, Slugging Percentage, and Fielding Percentage—along with new statistics—Wins Above Average, Fielding Independent Pitching, Wins Above Replacement, the Equivalence Coefficient and others—define the value of players. Actual player statistics are used in developing models, while examples and exercises are provided in each chapter. This book serves as a guide for both beginners and those who wish to be successful in fantasy leagues.

Reasoning with Sabermetrics

Reasoning with Sabermetrics
Author: Gabriel B. Costa,,Michael R. Huber,John T. Saccoman
Publsiher: McFarland
Total Pages: 222
Release: 2012-08-17
ISBN: 0786492813
Category: Sports & Recreation
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reasoning with Sabermetrics Book Excerpt:

Sabermetrics, the specialized analysis of baseball through empirical evidence, provides an impartial perspective from which to explore the game. In this work, the third in a series, three mathematicians employ statistical science in an attempt to answer some of baseball’s toughest questions. For instance, how good were the 1961 New York Yankees? How bad were the 1962 Mets? Which team was the best of the Deadball Era? They also strive to determine baseball’s greatest player at various positions. Throughout, the objective evidence allows for debate devoid of emotion and personal biases, providing a fresh, balanced evaluation of these and many other challenging questions. Instructors considering this book for use in a course may request an examination copy here.

The Sabermetric Revolution

The Sabermetric Revolution
Author: Benjamin Baumer,Andrew Zimbalist
Publsiher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2014-01-16
ISBN: 0812209125
Category: Sports & Recreation
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Sabermetric Revolution Book Excerpt:

From the front office to the family room, sabermetrics has dramatically changed the way baseball players are assessed and valued by fans and managers alike. Rocketed to popularity by the 2003 bestseller Moneyball and the film of the same name, the use of sabermetrics to analyze player performance has appeared to be a David to the Goliath of systemically advantaged richer teams that could be toppled only by creative statistical analysis. The story has been so compelling that, over the past decade, team after team has integrated statistical analysis into its front office. But how accurately can crunching numbers quantify a player's ability? Do sabermetrics truly level the playing field for financially disadvantaged teams? How much of the baseball analytic trend is fad and how much fact? The Sabermetric Revolution sets the record straight on the role of analytics in baseball. Former Mets sabermetrician Benjamin Baumer and leading sports economist Andrew Zimbalist correct common misinterpretations and develop new methods to assess the effectiveness of sabermetrics on team performance. Tracing the growth of front office dependence on sabermetrics and the breadth of its use today, they explore how Major League Baseball and the field of sports analytics have changed since the 2002 season. Their conclusion is optimistic, but the authors also caution that sabermetric insights will be more difficult to come by in the future. The Sabermetric Revolution offers more than a fascinating case study of the use of statistics by general managers and front office executives: for fans and fantasy leagues, this book will provide an accessible primer on the real math behind moneyball as well as new insight into the changing business of baseball.

Summary of Benjamin Baumer Andrew Zimbalist s The Sabermetric Revolution

Summary of Benjamin Baumer   Andrew Zimbalist s The Sabermetric Revolution
Author: Everest Media,
Publsiher: Everest Media LLC
Total Pages: 22
Release: 2022-05-15T22:59:00Z
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Sports & Recreation
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Summary of Benjamin Baumer Andrew Zimbalist s The Sabermetric Revolution Book Excerpt:

Please note: This is a companion version & not the original book. Sample Book Insights: #1 The book, Moneyball, has sold well over a million copies. It was a significant catalyst in spreading the sabermetric gospel in baseball offices, as well as feeding the growing popularity of sports analytics over the Internet. #2 The movie and the book both claim that the A’s implemented this philosophy. It is also claimed that the strategy worked and explains why the team won an American League record twenty straight games in 2002. #3 The movie portrays the trades of Billy Beane as being based on sabermetric principles, and they are responsible for the team’s turnaround. However, the facts say otherwise. #4 There are various sins of omission in the film, such as Sandy Alderson being left out of the film entirely. Alderson served as GM of the Oakland A’s from 1983 through 1997, and he hired Billy Beane and made him his assistant GM in 1993.

Sports Data Mining

Sports Data Mining
Author: Robert P. Schumaker,Osama K. Solieman,Hsinchun Chen
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 138
Release: 2010-09-10
ISBN: 1441967303
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sports Data Mining Book Excerpt:

Data mining is the process of extracting hidden patterns from data, and it’s commonly used in business, bioinformatics, counter-terrorism, and, increasingly, in professional sports. First popularized in Michael Lewis’ best-selling Moneyball: The Art of Winning An Unfair Game, it is has become an intrinsic part of all professional sports the world over, from baseball to cricket to soccer. While an industry has developed based on statistical analysis services for any given sport, or even for betting behavior analysis on these sports, no research-level book has considered the subject in any detail until now. Sports Data Mining brings together in one place the state of the art as it concerns an international array of sports: baseball, football, basketball, soccer, greyhound racing are all covered, and the authors (including Hsinchun Chen, one of the most esteemed and well-known experts in data mining in the world) present the latest research, developments, software available, and applications for each sport. They even examine the hidden patterns in gaming and wagering, along with the most common systems for wager analysis.

Entrepreneurial Resourcefulness

Entrepreneurial Resourcefulness
Author: Andrew C. Corbett,Jerome A. Katz
Publsiher: Emerald Group Publishing
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2013-09-16
ISBN: 1781900191
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Entrepreneurial Resourcefulness Book Excerpt:

Explores the theme of "resources" in entrepreneurship, and examines entrepreneurs that persevere in uncertain times to build new businesses. The different perspectives gathered in this volume present new ways of thinking about how entrepreneurs acquire, borrow, and make use of resources in seemingly impossible environments.

Five Plus Tools

Five Plus Tools
Author: Dave Perkin
Publsiher: Simon and Schuster
Total Pages: 297
Release: 2014-09-02
ISBN: 1613216785
Category: Sports & Recreation
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Five Plus Tools Book Excerpt:

?Five-Plus Tools” is a scouting term that refers to a rare and elite type of amateur baseball prospect. A player with five-plus tools grades out well above average in all five skill areas, known as tools: hitting, power, running, throwing, and fielding.While most baseball fans critique players who are already on the professional level, a scout needs to find raw talent and figure out if they’re the ?future.” In Five-Plus Tools, Dave Perkin, who was a professional scout and is currently the Major League Baseball Draft correspondent for Sports Illustrated, breaks down not only what all scouts are looking for, but also how amateur players are evaluated and recognized.Broken up into three sections, Perkin teaches the inner details of amateur scouting, using field reports on athletes he’s scouted over the years. Once the understanding of what a scout looks for is understood, Perkin delves into the current major leaguers and gives scouting insight on their game, skills, and influence on the sport. Finally, the hot-button issues in baseball are covered, including such points as Sabermetrics, baseball analysis, and an explanation of why few of yesterday’s heroes could succeed in modern baseball.Skyhorse Publishing, as well as our Sports Publishing imprint, are proud to publish a broad range of books for readers interested in sports?books about baseball, pro football, college football, pro and college basketball, hockey, or soccer, we have a book about your sport or your team.Whether you are a New York Yankees fan or hail from Red Sox nation; whether you are a die-hard Green Bay Packers or Dallas Cowboys fan; whether you root for the Kentucky Wildcats, Louisville Cardinals, UCLA Bruins, or Kansas Jayhawks; whether you route for the Boston Bruins, Toronto Maple Leafs, Montreal Canadiens, or Los Angeles Kings; we have a book for you. While not every title we publish becomes a New York Times bestseller or a national bestseller, we are committed to publishing books on subjects that are sometimes overlooked by other publishers and to authors whose work might not otherwise find a home.

Behavioural Sports Economics

Behavioural Sports Economics
Author: Hannah Josepha Rachel Altman,Morris Altman,Benno Torgler
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2021-12-20
ISBN: 1000522695
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Behavioural Sports Economics Book Excerpt:

Economists have entered into the realm of sports to provide what they believe to be more cogent explanations for sport-related behaviour and to suggest ways in which incentives can improve sports outcomes. But prices and income, the traditional workhorses of conventional economics, can only provide partial explanations and understandings. Drawing on a bounded rationality approach to behavioural economics, this book demonstrates the analytical insights to be gained by supplementing the conventional economics toolbox with psychological, cognitive, sociological, and institutional factors. The international cast list of contributors cover a wide range of sports topics on which a behavioural approach can reveal new insights. These include preferences, managerial, efficiency, choking, doping, favouritism, athlete well- being, and spectator behaviour. Throughout the book, there is an emphasis on the cognitive limits to smart decision-making as well as the critical role played by the decision-making environment. This volume demonstrates that adopting a bounded rationality approach, complimented with other behaviouralist approaches, helps to better explain sport-related behavioural, sub-optimal behavioural, and market failures. It also provides insights that could be used to improve sports outcomes and the well-being of those involved in sports and to better configure policy to enhance sports performance. This groundbreaking book will be an indispensable reference to students and scholars of sports economics, sports management, and sports science.

The Hidden Game of Baseball

The Hidden Game of Baseball
Author: John Thorn,Pete Palmer,David Reuther
Publsiher: University of Chicago Press
Total Pages: 453
Release: 2015-03-20
ISBN: 022624248X
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Hidden Game of Baseball Book Excerpt:

First published in 1984, The Hidden Game of Baseball ushered in the sabermetric revolution by demonstrating that we were thinking about baseball stats--and thus the game itself--all wrong. This brand-new edition retains the body of the original, with its rich, accessible analysis rooted in a deep love of baseball, while adding a new introduction by the authors tracing the book's influence over the years.

Benchmarking in Institutional Research

Benchmarking in Institutional Research
Author: Gary D. Levy,Nicolas A. Valcik
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 124
Release: 2012-12-21
ISBN: 1118641043
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Benchmarking in Institutional Research Book Excerpt:

While the term benchmarking is commonplace nowadays in institutional research and higher education, less common, is a solid understanding of what it really means and how it has been, and can be, used effectively. This volume begins by defining benchmarking as “a strategic and structured approach whereby an organization compares aspects of its processes and/or outcomes to those of another organization or set of organizations to identify opportunities for improvement.” Building on this definition, the chapters provide a brief history of the evolution and emergence of benchmarking in general and in higher education in particular. The authors apply benchmarking to: Enrollment management and student success Institutional effectiveness The potential economic impact of higher education institutions on their host communities. They look at the use of national external survey data in institutional benchmarking and selection of peer institutions, introduce multivariate statistical methodologies for guiding that selection, and consider a novel application of baseball sabermetric methods. The volume offers a solid starting point for those new to benchmarking in higher education and provides examples of current best practices and prospective new directions. This is the 156th volume of this Jossey-Bass series. Always timely and comprehensive, New Directions for Institutional Research provides planners and administrators in all types of academic institutions with guidelines in such areas as resource coordination, information analysis, program evaluation, and institutional management.

Last Nine Innings

Last Nine Innings
Author: Charles Euchner
Publsiher: Sourcebooks, Inc.
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2007-02-01
ISBN: 1402248792
Category: Sports & Recreation
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Last Nine Innings Book Excerpt:

"The Last Nine Innings is the last word on the inside of baseball. It's full of wonderful revelations and perceptions that help us understand the game in ways that we might never have imagined. Charlie Euchner has done a marvelous job in getting players to talk, simply, about how they play, and we're the wiser for it." -Frank Deford "Charlie takes an unorthodox approach to an emotional week and succeeds at finding the heart of both the tension of the World Series and the technical foundations of the baseball profession. This is a different book, in a very good way." -Howard Bryant, the Washington Post, and author of Juicing the Game: Drugs, Power and the Fight for the Soul of Major League Baseball "The lengthy description of game 7 makes for dramatic reading, and the interviews with key players from that game add a human dimension." -Booklist "I enjoyed Charles's book. It's an interesting read, rich in thought-provoking detail and context, in the manner of Malcolm Gladwell. He deftly pulls off a difficult double play: educating the serious fan while entertaining the casual one." -Tom Verducci, Senior Writer for Sports Illustrated "The Last Nine Innings is entertaining, engaging and enlightening. You'll never watch a baseball game the same way." -Andrew Zimbalist, author of Baseball and Billions: A Probing Look Inside the Big Business of Our National Pastime and Robert A. Woods Professor of Economics at Smith College "Memo to ESPN analysts, FOX color announcers and daily baseball scribes: stop telling us about who had a haircut, who didn't have a haircut and who collects stamps. Rip out the red thread on the baseball, peel back the cowhide and talk about all the stuff that's wound up inside the game. That's what Charles Euchner does in The Last Nine Innings and it's fascinating." -Leigh Montville, author of Ted Williams, Biography of an American Hero and Why Not Us?: The 86-Year Journey of the Boston Red Sox Fans from Unparalleled Suffering to the Promised Land of the 2004 World Series The Great American Pastime has changed. For the first time in the history of the game, the three major forces that drive the evolution of modern pro baseball-The Triple Revolution-is revealed: The Triple Revolution: (1) Globalization of Recruiting and Business (2) Scientific Analysis & Reduction of Physical Baseball Movements (3) Evolution Effect of Modernized Stat-Crunching Charles Euchner uses a dramatic moment-by-moment narrative of the seventh game of the 2001 World Series between the Yankees and the Diamondbacks to display the Triple Revolution; and to reveal the hidden dimensions of the "game within the game": From pitching motions to batting styles, from fielding and base-running, to training and strategy. Euchner uses extensive interviews with all the players from this modern classic to produce a comprehensive view of the game that will fascinate casual fans, and stimulate baseball experts. The insider narrative includes Mariano Rivera, Jorge Posada, Derek Jeter, Tino Martinez, Luis Gonzalez and Curt Schilling, along with the game's coaches, managers, support staff, even medical researchers and top game stats experts. Among the questions answered: What is the ideal pitching motion? How can we judge defensive performance? What makes managers succeed and fail? What changes the odds over the course of the game? And much more. Whether a recreational fans, or serious student of the game, The Last Nine Innings enlightens; as baseball author Andrew Zimbalist writes, "You'll never watch a baseball game the same way."

Extra Innings

Extra Innings
Author: The Baseball Prospectus
Publsiher: Hachette UK
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2012-04-03
ISBN: 0465029183
Category: Sports & Recreation
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Extra Innings Book Excerpt:

In 1996, a brassy young team of fansproduced a guide to baseball statistics.Printed on a photocopier, its distribution,which was in the low hundreds, was limited tofriends, family, and die-hard stat heads. Sixteenyears later, the Baseball Prospectus annualregularly hits best-seller lists and has becomean indispensable guide for the serious fan. In Extra Innings, the team at Baseball Prospectusintegrates statistics, interviews, and analysis todeliver twenty arguments about today's game.In the tradition of their seminal book, BaseballBetween the Numbers, they take on everything fromsteroids to the amateur draft. They probe theimpact of managers on the game. They explainthe critical art of building a bullpen. In an erawhen statistics matter more than ever, Extra Inningsis an essential volume for every baseball fan.

Baseball s Game Changers

Baseball s Game Changers
Author: George Castle
Publsiher: Rowman & Littlefield
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2016-02-18
ISBN: 1493019473
Category: Sports & Recreation
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Baseball s Game Changers Book Excerpt:

The first book in the new Lyons Press GAME CHANGERS sports series answers the questions: What were the 50 most revolutionary personalities, rules, pieces of equipment, controversies, organizational changes, radio and television advancements, and more in the history National Pastime? And how, exactly, did they forever change the game? Baseball’s Game Changers offers fascinating, detailed explanations along with a ranking system from 1 to 50 that is sure to inspire debate among baseball aficionados. Ranging from each sport’s beginnings to today and tackling on-the-field and off-the-field developments, the Game Changers series offers a history of each sport through their turning-points and innovations. Full-color, and including 30 photos plus pull-outs and sidebars, books within the Game Changers series are important and entertaining additions to every sports fan’s library.

Trend Following

Trend Following
Author: Michael W. Covel
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 688
Release: 2017-04-10
ISBN: 1119371902
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Trend Following Book Excerpt:

Want to take the financial journey to a new investing philosophy that might very well affect the rest of your moneymaking life? No one can guarantee the yellow brick road, but Michael Covel promises the red pill will leave you wide freaking awake. Trend Following reveals the truth about a trading strategy that makes money in up, down and surprise markets. By applying straightforward and repeatable rules, anyone can learn to make money in the markets whether bull, bear, or black swan—by following the trend to the end when it bends. In this timely reboot of his bestselling classic, Michael Covel dives headfirst into trend following strategy to examine the risks, benefits, people, and systems. You’ll hear from traders who have made millions by following trends, and learn from their successes and mistakes—insights only here. You’ll learn the trend philosophy, and how it has performed in booms, bubbles, panics and crashes. Using incontrovertible data and overwhelming supporting evidence, with a direct connection to the foundations of behavioral finance, Covel takes you inside the core principles of trend following and shows everyone, from brand new trader to professional, how alpha gets pulled from the market. Covel’s newest edition has been revised and extended, with 7 brand new interviews and research proof from his one of kind network. This is trend following for today’s generation. If you’re looking to go beyond passive index funds and trusting the Fed, this cutting edge classic holds the keys to a weatherproof portfolio. Meet great trend followers learning their rules and philosophy of the game Examine data to see how trend following excels when the you-know-what hits the fan Understand trend trading, from behavioral economics to rules based decision-making to its lambasting of the efficient markets theory Compare trend trading systems to do it yourself or invest with a trend fund Trend following is not prediction, passive index investing, buy and hope or any form of fundamental analysis. It utilizes concrete rules, or heuristics, to profit from a behavioral perspective. Trend Following is clear-cut, straightforward and evidence-based and will secure your financial future in bull, bear and black swan markets. If you’re finally ready to profit in the markets, Trend Following is the definitive treatise for a complex world in constant chaos.

Britannica Book of the Year 2014

Britannica Book of the Year 2014
Author: Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc.
Publsiher: Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc.
Total Pages: 882
Release: 2014-03-01
ISBN: 1625131712
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Britannica Book of the Year 2014 Book Excerpt:

The Britannica Book of the Year 2014 provides a valuable viewpoint of the people and events that shaped the year and serves as a great reference source for the latest news on the ever changing populations, governments, and economies throughout the world. It is an accurate and comprehensive reference that you will reach for again and again.

The Baseball Economist

The Baseball Economist
Author: J.C. Bradbury
Publsiher: Penguin
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2008-02-26
ISBN: 1440635838
Category: Sports & Recreation
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Baseball Economist Book Excerpt:

Freakonomics meets Moneyball in this provocative exposé of baseball’s most fiercely debated controversies and some of its oldest, most dearly held myths. Providing far more than a mere collection of numbers, economics professor and popular blogger J.C. Bradbury shines the light of his economic thinking on baseball, exposing the power of tradeoffs, competition, and incentives. Utilizing his own “sabernomic” approach, Bradbury dissects baseball topics such as: • Did steroids have nothing to do with the recent homerun records? Incredibly, Bradbury’s research reveals steroids probably had little impact. • Which players are ridiculously overvalued? Bradbury lists all players by team with their revenue value to the team listed in dollars—including a dishonor role of those players with negative values—updated in paperback to include the 2007 season. • Does it help to lobby for balls and strikes? Statistics alone aren’t enough anymore. This is a refreshing, lucid, and powerful read for fans, fantasy buffs, and players—as well as coaches at all levels—who want to know what is really happening on the field.

Intercultural Readiness

Intercultural Readiness
Author: U. Brinkmann,O. van Weerdenburg
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2014-04-09
ISBN: 1137346981
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Intercultural Readiness Book Excerpt:

Drawing on research from 30,000 individuals and their practical experience as intercultural management consultants, the authors provide insights into the broader landscape of intercultural management through their exploration of 4 competencies: Intercultural Sensitivity, Intercultural Communication, Building Commitment and Managing Uncertainty.

Score Higher on the UCAT

Score Higher on the UCAT
Author: Kaplan Test Prep
Publsiher: Kaplan Publishing
Total Pages: 497
Release: 2020-04-07
ISBN: 1506260292
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Score Higher on the UCAT Book Excerpt:

The Expert Guide from Kaplan for 2021 entry One test stands between you and a place at the medical school of your dreams: the UCAT. With 1,500 questions, test-like practice exams, a question bank, and online test updates, Kaplan’s Score Higher on the UCAT, sixth edition, will help build your confidence and make sure you achieve a high score. We know it's crucial that you go into your UCAT exam equipped with the most up-to-date information available. Score Higher on the UCAT comes with access to additional online resources, including any recent exam changes, hundreds of questions, an online question bank, and a mock online test with full worked answers to ensure that there are no surprises waiting for you on test day. The Most Practice 1,500 questions in the book and online—more than any other UCAT book Three full-length tests: one mock online test to help you practise for speed and accuracy in a test-like interface, and two tests with worked answers in the book Online question bank to fine-tune and master your performance on specific question types Expert Guidance The authors of Score Higher on the UCAT have helped thousands of students prepare for the exam. They offer invaluable tips and strategies for every section of the test, helping you to avoid the common pitfalls that trip up other UCAT students. We invented test preparation—Kaplan (www.kaptest.co.uk) has been helping students for 80 years. Our proven strategies have helped legions of students achieve their dreams.