Salafi Jihadism

Salafi Jihadism
Author: Shiraz Maher
Publsiher: Penguin UK
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2017-08-03
ISBN: 0141986271
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Salafi Jihadism Book Excerpt:

'A groundbreaking study ... a masterclass in how to do intellectual history, and one that nobody with an interest in radical Islam should miss' Tom Holland, New Statesman 'Readers looking for a rigorous but lucid account of Islamic State's ideas will be well-served by Maher's book ... the first of its kind' Kyle W. Orton, Wall Street Journal No topic has gripped the public imagination so dramatically as the spectre of global jihadism. While much has been said about the way jihadists behave, their ideology remains poorly understood. Shiraz Maher charts the intellectual underpinnings of salafi-jihadism from its origins in the mountains of the Hindu Kush to the jihadist insurgencies of the 1990s and the 9/11 wars. His ground-breaking introduction to salafi-jihadism recalibrates our understanding of the ideas underpinning one of the most destructive political philosophies of our time. 'Magisterial ... Essential reading' Robin Yassin-Kassab, The National 'Shiraz Maher, a leading authority on contemporary Islamic extremism, traces the evolution of the key ideas behind one of the most significant religious and political movements of our time. Comprehensive, important and timely' Jason Burke, author of Al-Qaeda 'A work of genuine interest and originality ... indispensable' David Patrikarakos, Literary Review

Salafi Jihadism and Digital Media

Salafi Jihadism and Digital Media
Author: Magnus Ranstorp,Linda Ahlerup,Filip Ahlin
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2022-06-17
ISBN: 1000596117
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Salafi Jihadism and Digital Media Book Excerpt:

This book explores the online strategies and presence of Salafi-Jihadi actors in the Nordic as well as the international context. Global Salafi-jihadism has been at the epicentre of international focus during the past decade. This book explores how the Swedish and other Nordic Salafi-jihadist sympathisers have used social digital media to radicalise, recruit, and propagate followers in relation to foreign terrorist fighters (FTFs) and online communities. The chapters in this volume unpack different perspectives of Salafi-jihadi communications strategies, as well as how the international Salafi-jihadi community has constantly reconfigured and adapted to changing security conditions. The case studies of the Nordics constitute a microcosm of wider Salafi-jihadi narratives in relation to the rise and fall of the Islamic State’s so-called ‘digital caliphate’. This book will be of much interest to students of terrorism studies, counter-extremism and counter-terrorism, social media and security studies.

Salafi jihadism

Salafi jihadism
Author: Shiraz Maher
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 314
Release: 2016
ISBN: 0190651121
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Salafi jihadism Book Excerpt:

No topic has captured the public imagination of late quite so dramatically as the specter of global jihadism. While much has been said about the way jihadists behave, their ideology remains poorly understood. As the Levant has imploded and millenarian radicals claim to have revived a Caliphate based on the teachings of the Prophet Mohammed, the need for a nuanced and accurate understanding of jihadist beliefs has never been greater. Shiraz Maher charts the intellectual underpinnings of salafi-jihadism from its origins in the mountains of the Hindu Kush to the jihadist insurgencies of the 1990s and the 9/11 wars. What emerges is the story of a pragmatic but resilient warrior doctrine that often struggles - as so many utopian ideologies do - to consolidate the idealism of theory with the reality of practice. His ground-breaking introduction to salafi-jihadism recalibrates our understanding of the ideas underpinning one of the most destructive political philosophies of our time by assessing classical works from Islamic antiquity alongside those of contemporary ideologues. Packed with refreshing and provocative insights, Maher explains how war and insecurity engendered one of the most significant socio-religious movements of the modern era.

Rethinking Salafism

Rethinking Salafism
Author: Raihan Ismail
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 313
Release: 2021
ISBN: 0190948957
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rethinking Salafism Book Excerpt:

1. Introduction -- 2. Deconstructing Salafism -- 3. Transnational solidarity of Salafi ʻulama: the politics of Islamism -- 4. Transnational networks of Salafi ʻulama: the debate over the Sunni-Shiʻa divide -- 5. Transnational networks of Salafi ʻulama: haraki/quietist unity in the face of Jihadi Salafism? -- 6. Transnational networks of ʻulama: contesting the social sphere -- 7. Conclusion -- Notes -- Selected Bibliography.

Jihadism Transformed

Jihadism Transformed
Author: Simon Staffell,Akil N. Awan
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 291
Release: 2016
ISBN: 019065029X
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Jihadism Transformed Book Excerpt:

Jihadist narratives have evolved dramatically over the past five years, driven by momentous events in the Middle East and beyond; the death of bin Laden; the rise and ultimate failure of the Arab Springs; and most notably, the rise of the so-called Islamic State. For many years, Al-Qaeda pointed to an aspirational future Caliphate as their utopian end goal - one which allowed them to justify their violent excesses in the here and now. The rise of Islamic State turned that aspiration into a dystopic reality, and in the process, usurped the Jihadist narrative from them almost completely, breathing new life into the global Salafi-Jihadi movement. Despite air-strikes from above, and local disillusionment from below, the new Caliphate has stubbornly persisted and has been at the heart of ISIL's growing global appeal. This timely collection of essays examines how jihadist narratives have changed globally, adapting to these turbulent circumstances. Area and thematic specialists consider transitions inside the Middle East and North Africa as well as in South Asia, sub-Saharan Africa and Europe. As these analyses demonstrate, the success of the ISIL narrative has been as much about resonance with local contexts, as it has been about the appeal of the global idea of a tangible and realised caliphate.

Violence in the Name of God

Violence in the Name of God
Author: Joel Hodge
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2020-01-23
ISBN: 1350104981
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Violence in the Name of God Book Excerpt:

This book traces the trajectory of militant jihadism to show how violence is more intentionally embraced as the centre of worship, social order and ideology. Undertaking an in-depth analysis of militant jihadist groups and utilising the work of René Girard, Joel Hodge argues that the extreme violence of militant jihadists is a response to modernity in two ways that have not been sufficiently explored by the existing literature. Firstly, it is a manifestation of the unrestrained and escalating state of desire and rivalry in modernity, which militant jihadists seek to counter with extreme violence. Secondly, it is a response to the unveiling and discrediting of sacred violence, which militant jihadists seek to reverse by more purposefully valorising sacred violence in what they believe to be jihad. Relevant to anyone interested in Islam, philosophy of religion, theology, and terrorism, Violence in the Name of God imagines new ways of thinking about militancy in the name of Islam in the twenty-first century.

Jihad 2 0 The Impact of Social Media on the Salafist Scene and the Nature of Terrorism

Jihad 2 0  The Impact of Social Media on the Salafist Scene and the Nature of Terrorism
Author: Janis Just
Publsiher: diplom.de
Total Pages: 70
Release: 2014-12-01
ISBN: 3954898381
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Jihad 2 0 The Impact of Social Media on the Salafist Scene and the Nature of Terrorism Book Excerpt:

More than a decade ago, in 2002, al-Qaeda declared their cyber-aspirations: “We strongly urge Muslim Internet professionals to spread and disseminate news and information about the jihad through e-mail lists, discussion groups and their own Web sites (...). The more Web sites, the better it is for us. We must make the Internet our tool.” Social media is part of today ́s battlefield. Over the past decade the Internet has become increasingly important to the loose and decentralized jihadist movement. This book illustrates that Jihadism online has had tremendous significance within the global jihad movement and no doubt its importance will rise in the future, as improved bandwidth, increased functionality, and the fast growing number of users will make the Internet a far more vital nerve than it is today. Salafi-Jihadist websites and social media spaces legitimate the actions of Islamic terrorists and encourage readers to support the Jihad wherever they can. Social media has offered new ways in which to promote terrorism or Jihad, and thus facilitated its intensification. Today everyone can be a part of a radical movement, anywhere. Due to the availability of propaganda material online, the Internet has not only changed the process of radicalization but influenced the nature of terrorism: the autodidactiv terrorist has become the new threat to Western security services.

Jihad s New Heartlands

Jihad s New Heartlands
Author: Gabriel G. Tabarani
Publsiher: AuthorHouse
Total Pages: 479
Release: 2011-05-16
ISBN: 9781467891806
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Jihad s New Heartlands Book Excerpt:

"Jihad's New Heartlands: How The West Has Failed To Contain Islamic Fundamentalism" is a ground breaking book offering an insightful and thorough analysis of the most important territories where Islamic fundamentalism has taken a foothold. The author, Gabriel G Tabarani thanks to his combination of thorough research, wide-ranging travel and extensive experience in the field provides a thorough historical, political and social analysis of the key variables, historical events and most importantly their potential consequences. This extensive study, across many of the world's foremost and pertinent Islamic fundamentalist breeding grounds such as Afghanistan, Pakistan, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Somalia, The Levant, and The Maghreb, offers the reader an in depth look at the context of Islamic Fundamentalism's rise in prominence, profile and destabilising potential. This analysis is extended to Muslim populations living in Europe and America helping to explain the causes for the Wests failure to contain Islamic extremism both at home and abroad. "Jihad's New Heartlands", in addition to being written by one of the regions foremost experts, is a must read for any person wanting to understand the causes of Islamic Fundamentalisms rise and the consequences of its ascent in an increasingly globalised yet unstable world.

Britain and Terrorism

Britain and Terrorism
Author: Michael Dunning
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 332
Release: 2021-06-22
ISBN: 3030723003
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Britain and Terrorism Book Excerpt:

Challenging the standard paradigm of terrorism research through the use of Norbert Elias’s figurational sociology, Michael Dunning explores the development of terrorism in Britain over the past two centuries, focusing on long-term processes and shifting power dynamics. In so doing, he demonstrates that terrorism as a concept and designation is entwined with its antithesis, civilization. A range of process sociological concepts are deployed to tease out the sociogenesis of terrorism as part of Britain’s relationships with France, Ireland, Germany, the Soviet Union, the industrial working classes, its colonies, and, most recently, jihadism. In keeping with the figurational tradition, Dunning examines the relationships between broad, macro-level processes and processes at the level of individual psyches, showing that terrorism is not merely a ‘thing’ done to a group, but part of a complex web of interdependent relations.

Salafism in the Maghreb

Salafism in the Maghreb
Author: Frederic Wehrey,Anouar Boukhars
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 241
Release: 2019
ISBN: 0190942401
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Salafism in the Maghreb Book Excerpt:

The conservative, literalist Islamist current known as Salafism is often synonymous with extremism and militancy. In fact, Salafism is an adaptive, diverse and dynamic outlook that has emerged as a major social and political force across the Middle East, especially in the countries of the Arab Maghreb--Mauritania, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Libya--a vitally important region that impacts the security and politics of Europe, sub-Saharan Africa and the broader Middle East. Through extensive interviews and fieldwork, Middle East scholars Frederic Wehrey and Anouar Boukhars explore the many roles and manifestations of Salafism in the Maghreb, to include its relationship with the Maghreb's ruling regimes, with competing Islamist currents, increasingly youthful populations, and communal groups like tribes and ethno-linguistic minorities. Particular attention is paid to how the boundaries between different Salafi currents--pro-regime "quietists," politically active "politicos" who participate in elections, and militant jihadists like al-Qaeda and the Islamic State, is increasingly blurred, demonstrating how seemingly immutable Salafi ideology is often shaped by local contexts and opportunities. Similarly, the authors show how Maghrebi Salafism is uniquely reflective of each country's political institutions, history, and social makeup and how the much-touted notion of Salafism as a monolithic Saudi or Gulf "export" is undermined by local realities. Informed by rigorous research, deep empathy, and unparalleled access to Salafi adherents, clerics, politicians, and militants, Salafism in the Maghreb offers a definitive account of this important Islamist current that is at once granular and accessible.

Salafism in Lebanon

Salafism in Lebanon
Author: Robert G. Rabil
Publsiher: Georgetown University Press
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2014-09-26
ISBN: 1626161178
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Salafism in Lebanon Book Excerpt:

Salafism, comprised of fundamentalist Islamic movements whose adherents consider themselves the only “saved” sect of Islam, has been little studied, remains shrouded in misconceptions, and has provoked new interest as Salafists have recently staked a claim to power in some Arab states while spearheading battles against “infidel” Arab regimes during recent rebellions in the Arab world. Robert G. Rabil examines the emergence and development of Salafism into a prominent religious movement in Lebanon, including the ideological and sociopolitical foundation that led to the three different schools of Salafism in Lebanon: quietist Salafists, Haraki (active) Salafists; and Salafi Jihadists. Emphasizing their manhaj (methodology) toward politics, the author surveys Salafists’ ideological transformation from opponents to supporters of political engagement. Their antagonism to Hezbollah, which they denounce as the party of Satan, has risen exponentially following the party’s seizure of Beirut in 2008 and support of the tyrannical Syrian regime. Salafism in Lebanon also demonstrates how activists and jihadi Salafists, in response to the political weakness of Sunni leadership, have threatened regional and international security by endorsing violence and jihad. Drawing on field research trips, personal interviews, and Arabic primary sources, the book explores the relationship between the ideologies of the various schools of Salafism and their praxis in relation to Lebanese politics. The book should interest students and scholars of Islamic movements, international affairs, politics and religion, and radical groups and terrorism.

Political Islam in a Time of Revolt

Political Islam in a Time of Revolt
Author: Ferran Izquierdo Brichs,John Etherington,Laura Feliu
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2017-07-31
ISBN: 3319528335
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Political Islam in a Time of Revolt Book Excerpt:

This book explores the increasing political and social prominence of Islamist groups across the Middle East in recent years. The aftermath of the 2011 uprisings saw some groups access or even control political institutions through success at the ballot box, while there has also been a marked resurgence of armed Islamist groups that have had profound effects at both the national and regional level. This volume helps us to understand the nature and development of organised political Islam over recent decades in several key Arab and Mediterranean countries: Mauritania, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, the Palestinian Territories, and Turkey. The book identifies the central social and political Islamist actors, traces their ideological differences and similarities, and analyses power relations both within and between these organizations in the context of political instability and uncertainty. It will be of interest to students and scholars across a broad range of disciplines including political science, sociology, and international relations.

And God Knows the Martyrs

And God Knows the Martyrs
Author: Nathan S. French
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 393
Release: 2020
ISBN: 0190092157
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

And God Knows the Martyrs Book Excerpt:

""Jihadi-Salafi narratives of martyrdom-seeking operations are filled with praise for what they label the exemplary self-renunciative acts of their martyrs performed as a model of the earliest traditions of Islam. While many studies evaluate the biographies of these would-be martyrs for evidence of social, psychological, political, or economic strain in an effort to rationalize what are often labelled "suicide bombings", this book argues that through their legal arguments debating martyrdom-seeking operations Jihadi-Salafis, including those fighting for al-Qa°ida, ISIS, and their affiliates, craft a theodicy meant to address the suffering and oppression faced by the global Muslim community. Taking as its source material legal arguments (fatwas), texts, pamphlets, magazines, forum posts, videos, and audio files from authors sympathetic to both al-Qa°ida and ISIS on the subjects of martyrdom operations, jurisprudence, and political philosophies, this book reveals that the Jihadi-Salafi legal debates on martyrdom-seeking re-arrange the basic objectives (maqåaòsid) of the Shari°a around the principles of maximizing the general welfare (maòslaòha) and promoting religion (dåin) above all other concerns - including the preservation of life. This utilitarian turn opens the possibility for formulating a meaningful engagement and critique of Jihadi-Salafi legal interpretation and theories of warfare within a broader, just war framework. However, as the jurists and propagandists of ISIS demonstrate, this turn also opens the possibility for the utilization of self-renunciative violence as engendering modes of state formation. ""--

Religious Ideology and the Roots of the Global Jihad

Religious Ideology and the Roots of the Global Jihad
Author: J. Turner
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 209
Release: 2014-08-26
ISBN: 1137409576
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Religious Ideology and the Roots of the Global Jihad Book Excerpt:

The events of 9/11 prompted questions as to the origins, nature and purpose of international jihadist organisations. In particular, why had they chosen to target the US and the West in general? Turner's book provides a unique, holistic insight into these debates, taking into account historical perceptions and ideology as key factors.

Not So Strange Bedfellows

Not So Strange Bedfellows
Author: Rob Imre,Jim Jose
Publsiher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Total Pages: 225
Release: 2014-08-11
ISBN: 1443865842
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Not So Strange Bedfellows Book Excerpt:

At the intersection of politics and religion is a nexus of belief in doctrine and adherence to socio-political cultural conventions. Lines of communication and methods of belonging permeate both spheres, enabling their respective participants, especially the (often self-described) ‘true believers’, to bond and belong, and most importantly to adhere to their various belief systems. Traditionally, this nexus has been approached from a standpoint that posits the idea of secularity as the governing principle. The authors in this volume challenge this orthodoxy. They examine a diverse range of historical and geographic locations involving markedly different religious and political movements. They explore how nation-states develop political religions, how they actively promote a politics infused with religiosity, and how they transfer symbols and meanings from one socio-political construct to another. Despite markedly different philosophical differences, the contributors repudiate the currently dominant orthodoxies on the relationship between religion and politics. They demonstrate that ‘secular’ democracy is not radically separate from religion. Nation-states actively participate in the construction of this nexus even as they extol their commitment to secular values. In so doing, they demonstrate that secularity as it is currently understood remains deeply implicated in the nexus between religion and politics in the twenty-first century.

Global Strategic Assessment 2009

Global Strategic Assessment 2009
Author: Patrick M. Cronin
Publsiher: Defense Department
Total Pages: 510
Release: 2009
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Strategic Assessment 2009 Book Excerpt:

Offers a conceptual pathway for U.S. policymakers to begin recalibrating America's security role to reverse what has appeared to be a widening gap between U.S. ends and means, now and in the future. Provides an overview of eight broad trends shaping the international security environment; a global analysis of the world's seven regions, to consider important developments in their distinctive neighborhoods; and, an examination of prospective U.S. contributions, military capabilities and force structure, national security organization, alliances and partnerships, and strategies.

Western Jihadism

Western Jihadism
Author: Jytte Klausen
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 556
Release: 2021
ISBN: 0198870795
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Western Jihadism Book Excerpt:

This book tells the story of how Al Qaeda grew in the West. In forensic and compelling detail, Jytte Klausen traces how Islamist revolutionaries exiled in Europe and North America in the 1990s helped create and control one of the world's most impactful terrorist movements--and how, after the near-obliteration of the organization during the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks, they helped build it again. She shows how the diffusion of Islamist terrorism to Europe and North America has been driven, not by local grievances of Western Muslims, but by the strategic priorities of the international Salafi-jihadist revolutionary movement. That movement has adapted to Western repertoires of protest: agitating for armed insurrection and religious revivalism in the name of a warped version of Islam. The jihadists-Al Qaeda and the Islamic State, and their many affiliates and associates--also proved to be amazingly resilient. Again and again, the movement recovered from major setbacks. Appealing to disaffected Muslims of immigrant origin and alienated converts to Islam, Jihadist groups continue to recruit new adherents in Europe and North America, street-side in neighborhoods, in jails, and online through increasingly clandestine platforms. Taking a comparative and historical approach, deploying cutting-edge analytical tools, and drawing on her unparalleled database of up to 6,500 Western jihadist extremists and their networks, Klausen has produced the most comprehensive account yet of the origins of Western jihadism and its role in the global movement.

Salafi Jihadism and Digital Media

Salafi Jihadism and Digital Media
Author: Magnus Ranstorp,Linda Ahlerup,Filip Ahlin
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2022
ISBN: 9781032198842
Category: Cyberterrorism
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Salafi Jihadism and Digital Media Book Excerpt:

This book seeks to develop the knowledge of Salafi-jihadism and digital media in the Nordic as well as the international context.

Jihad 2 0 The Impact of Social Media on the Salafist Scene and the Nature of Terrorism

Jihad 2 0  The Impact of Social Media on the Salafist Scene and the Nature of Terrorism
Author: Janis Just
Publsiher: Anchor Academic Publishing (aap_verlag)
Total Pages: 72
Release: 2015-01
ISBN: 395489338X
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Jihad 2 0 The Impact of Social Media on the Salafist Scene and the Nature of Terrorism Book Excerpt:

More than a decade ago, in 2002, al-Qaeda declared their cyber-aspirations: “We strongly urge Muslim Internet professionals to spread and disseminate news and information about the jihad through e-mail lists, discussion groups and their own Web sites (...). The more Web sites, the better it is for us. We must make the Internet our tool.” Social media is part of today ́s battlefield. Over the past decade the Internet has become increasingly important to the loose and decentralized jihadist movement. This book illustrates that Jihadism online has had tremendous significance within the global jihad movement and no doubt its importance will rise in the future, as improved bandwidth, increased functionality, and the fast growing number of users will make the Internet a far more vital nerve than it is today. Salafi-Jihadist websites and social media spaces legitimate the actions of Islamic terrorists and encourage readers to support the Jihad wherever they can. Social media has offered new ways in which to promote terrorism or Jihad, and thus facilitated its intensification. Today everyone can be a part of a radical movement, anywhere. Due to the availability of propaganda material online, the Internet has not only changed the process of radicalization but influenced the nature of terrorism: the autodidactiv terrorist has become the new threat to Western security services.

Dead Reckoning

Dead Reckoning
Author: Don Pendleton
Publsiher: HarperCollins UK
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2015-10-01
ISBN: 1474044751
Category: Fiction
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dead Reckoning Book Excerpt:

FINAL PAYBACK