Sample Return Missions

Sample Return Missions
Author: Andrea Longobardo
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 396
Release: 2021-05-20
ISBN: 0128183314
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sample Return Missions Book Excerpt:

Sample Return Missions: The Last Frontier of Solar System Exploration examines the discoveries and results obtained from sample return missions of the past, present, and future. It analyses the results in the context of the current state of knowledge and their relation to the formation and evolution of planetary bodies, as well as to the available technologies and techniques. It provides detailed descriptions of experimental procedures applied to returned samples. Beginning with an overview of previous missions, Sample Return Missions then goes on to provide an overview of facilities throughout the world used to analyze the returned samples. Finally, it addresses techniques for collection, transport, and analysis of the samples, with an additional focus on lessons learned and future perspectives. Providing an in-depth examination of a variety of missions, with both scientific and engineering implications, this book is an important resource for the planetary science community, as well as the experimentalist and engineering communities. Presents sample return results obtained so far in relation to remote sensing measurements, methods and techniques for laboratory analysis, and technology Provides an overview of a variety of sample return missions, from Apollo, to Hayabusa-2, to future missions Examines technological and methodological advances in analyzing returned samples, as well as the resources available globally

Planetary Protection Classification of Sample Return Missions from the Martian Moons

Planetary Protection Classification of Sample Return Missions from the Martian Moons
Author: European Science Foundation,European Space Sciences Committee,National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Committee on Planetary Protection Requirements for Sample Return Missions from Martian Moons
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 74
Release: 2019-07-20
ISBN: 0309488591
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Planetary Protection Classification of Sample Return Missions from the Martian Moons Book Excerpt:

An international consensus policy to prevent the biological cross-contamination of planetary bodies exists and is maintained by the Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) of the International Council for Science, which is consultative to the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space. Currently, COSPAR's planetary protection policy does not specify the status of sample-return missions from Phobos or Deimos, the moons of Mars. Although the moons themselves are not considered potential habitats for life or of intrinsic relevance to prebiotic chemical evolution, recent studies indicate that a significant amount of material recently ejected from Mars could be present on the surface of Phobos and, to a lesser extent, Deimos. This report reviews recent theoretical, experimental, and modeling research on the environments and physical conditions encountered by Mars ejecta during certain processes. It recommends whether missions returning samples from Phobos and/or Deimos should be classified as "restricted" or "unrestricted" Earth return in the framework of the planetary protection policy maintained by COSPAR. This report also considers the specific ways the classification of sample return from Deimos is a different case than sample return from Phobos.

Assessment of Planetary Protection Requirements for Mars Sample Return Missions

Assessment of Planetary Protection Requirements for Mars Sample Return Missions
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Committee on the Review of Planetary Protection Requirements for Mars Sample Return Missions
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 90
Release: 2009-06-06
ISBN: 0309130735
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Assessment of Planetary Protection Requirements for Mars Sample Return Missions Book Excerpt:

NASA maintains a planetary protection policy to avoid the forward biological contamination of other worlds by terrestrial organisms, and back biological contamination of Earth from the return of extraterrestrial materials by spaceflight missions. Forward-contamination issues related to Mars missions were addressed in a 2006 National Research Council (NRC) book, Preventing the Forward Contamination of Mars. However, it has been more than 10 years since back-contamination issues were last examined. Driven by a renewed interest in Mars sample return missions, this book reviews, updates, and replaces the planetary protection conclusions and recommendations contained in the NRC's 1997 report Mars Sample Return: Issues and Recommendations. The specific issues addressed in this book include the following: The potential for living entities to be included in samples returned from Mars; Scientific investigations that should be conducted to reduce uncertainty in the above assessment; The potential for large-scale effects on Earth's environment by any returned entity released to the environment; Criteria for intentional sample release, taking note of current and anticipated regulatory frameworks; and The status of technological measures that could be taken on a mission to prevent the inadvertent release of a returned sample into Earth's biosphere.

Mars Sample Return Mission

Mars Sample Return Mission
Author: J. Pieter de Vries,Harry N. Norton,Douglas P. Blanchard
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 225
Release: 1984
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Mars (Planet)
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mars Sample Return Mission Book Excerpt:

Mission and vehicle concepts were developed for obtaining surface and sub-surface samples of Mars, by a roving vehicle, and returning the samples to Earth.

Hayabusa2 Asteroid Sample Return Mission

Hayabusa2 Asteroid Sample Return Mission
Author: Masatoshi Hirabayashi
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 610
Release: 2022-04-14
ISBN: 0323997325
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hayabusa2 Asteroid Sample Return Mission Book Excerpt:

Hayabusa2 Asteroid Sample Return Mission: Technological Innovation and Advances covers the second Japanese asteroid sample return mission. The purpose of the mission is to survey the asteroid Ryugu’s surface features, touch down on the asteroid, form an artificial crater by shooting an impactor, and collect sample materials. This book covers these operations, along with everything known about key technologies, hardware and ground systems upon Hayabusa2’s return to Earth in 2020. This book is the definitive reference on the mission and provides space and planetary scientists with information on established technologies to further advance the knowledge and technologies in future space exploration missions. Broadly and comprehensively covers technologies necessary for space exploration missions Provides a unique focus on small body exploration missions Covers landing and impact experiments during the proximity operations of Hayabusa2

Mars Sample Return

Mars Sample Return
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Task Group on Issues in Sample Return
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 58
Release: 1997-03-28
ISBN: 0309057337
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mars Sample Return Book Excerpt:

The Space Studies Board of the National Research Council (NRC) serves as the primary adviser to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) on planetary protection policy, the purpose of which is to preserve conditions for future biological and organic exploration of planets and other solar system objects and to protect Earth and its biosphere from potential extraterrestrial sources of contamination. In October 1995 the NRC received a letter from NASA requesting that the Space Studies Board examine and provide advice on planetary protection issues related to possible sample-return missions to near-Earth solar system bodies.

Notes on Earth Atmospheric Entry for Mars Sample Return Missions

Notes on Earth Atmospheric Entry for Mars Sample Return Missions
Author: National Aeronautics Administration
Publsiher: CreateSpace
Total Pages: 134
Release: 2014-11-01
ISBN: 9781503338210
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Notes on Earth Atmospheric Entry for Mars Sample Return Missions Book Excerpt:

There has been interest in obtaining gas, dust, rocks, or soil samples from comets or nearby planets since the beginning of the space age in the 1950s. Flying a spacecraft to the destination and returning a sample in an Earth entry vehicle can accomplish this. The return spacecraft is called a sample return vehicle (SRV). Detailed studies of Martian samples can only be conducted on Earth. In the past decade there have been many studies investigating the feasibility and practicalities of sample return missions to Mars Samples collected on Mars will be sealed in a special capsule to prevent contamination. An ascent vehicle will launch the capsule from the surface of Mars. There are several ways to return the sample to Earth. One way is to use a Mars orbiter to capture the sample container and then begin an interplanetary trajectory to return the sample to Earth. This document is concerned with the Earth entry environment and the Earth entry portion of a sample return mission to the planet Mars. The document is intended to introduce the subject of atmospheric entry to engineers and scientists who do not have strong backgrounds in aerodynamics, aerothermodynamics and flight mechanics. Much of this material can be applied to entry into other planetary atmospheres by using the appropriate atmospheric and gravity models. This document discusses topics in atmospheric entry and presents examples in related disciplines.

Notes on Earth Atmospheric Entry for Mars Sample Return Missions

Notes on Earth Atmospheric Entry for Mars Sample Return Missions
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 134
Release: 2006
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Notes on Earth Atmospheric Entry for Mars Sample Return Missions Book Excerpt:

Sample Return Missions to Small Bodies

Sample Return Missions to Small Bodies
Author: COSPAR. Scientific Commission B. B0.1 Symposium (Nagoya, Japan),COSPAR. Scientific Assembly
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 120
Release: 2000
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Asteroids
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sample Return Missions to Small Bodies Book Excerpt:

Mars Sample Return

Mars Sample Return
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Task Group on Issues in Sample Return
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 58
Release: 1997-02-28
ISBN: 9780309174879
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mars Sample Return Book Excerpt:

The Space Studies Board of the National Research Council (NRC) serves as the primary adviser to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) on planetary protection policy, the purpose of which is to preserve conditions for future biological and organic exploration of planets and other solar system objects and to protect Earth and its biosphere from potential extraterrestrial sources of contamination. In October 1995 the NRC received a letter from NASA requesting that the Space Studies Board examine and provide advice on planetary protection issues related to possible sample-return missions to near-Earth solar system bodies.

Strategic Investments in Instrumentation and Facilities for Extraterrestrial Sample Curation and Analysis

Strategic Investments in Instrumentation and Facilities for Extraterrestrial Sample Curation and Analysis
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Committee on Extraterrestrial Sample Analysis Facilities
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 138
Release: 2019-04-29
ISBN: 0309486696
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Strategic Investments in Instrumentation and Facilities for Extraterrestrial Sample Curation and Analysis Book Excerpt:

The United States possesses a treasure-trove of extraterrestrial samples that were returned to Earth via space missions over the past four decades. Analyses of these previously returned samples have led to major breakthroughs in the understanding of the age, composition, and origin of the solar system. Having the instrumentation, facilities and qualified personnel to undertake analyses of returned samples, especially from missions that take up to a decade or longer from launch to return, is thus of paramount importance if the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is to capitalize fully on the investment made in these missions, and to achieve the full scientific impact afforded by these extraordinary samples. Planetary science may be entering a new golden era of extraterrestrial sample return; now is the time to assess how prepared the scientific community is to take advantage of these opportunities. Strategic Investments in Instrumentation and Facilities for Extraterrestrial Sample Curation and Analysis assesses the current capabilities within the planetary science community for sample return analyses and curation, and what capabilities are currently missing that will be needed for future sample return missions. This report evaluates whether current laboratory support infrastructure and NASA's investment strategy is adequate to meet these analytical challenges and advises how the community can keep abreast of evolving and new techniques in order to stay at the forefront of extraterrestrial sample analysis.

Comet Nucleus and Asteroid Sample Return Missions

Comet Nucleus and Asteroid Sample Return Missions
Author: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Publsiher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Total Pages: 326
Release: 2018-07-23
ISBN: 9781723541261
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Comet Nucleus and Asteroid Sample Return Missions Book Excerpt:

Three Advanced Design Projects have been completed this academic year at Penn State. At the beginning of the fall semester the students were organized into eight groups and given their choice of either a comet nucleus or an asteroid sample return mission. Once a mission had been chosen, the students developed conceptual designs. These were evaluated at the end of the fall semester and combined into three separate mission plans, including a comet nucleus same return (CNSR), a single asteroid sample return (SASR), and a multiple asteroid sample return (MASR). To facilitate the work required for each mission, the class was reorganized in the spring semester by combining groups to form three mission teams. An integration team consisting of two members from each group was formed for each mission so that communication and information exchange would be easier among the groups. The types of projects designed by the students evolved from numerous discussions with Penn State faculty and mission planners at the Johnson Space Center Human/Robotic Spacecraft Office. Robotic sample return missions are widely considered valuable precursors to manned missions in that they can provide details about a site's environment and scientific value. For example, a sample return from an asteroid might reveal valuable resources that, once mined, could be utilized for propulsion. These missions are also more adaptable when considering the risk to humans visiting unknown and potentially dangerous locations, such as a comet nucleus. Unspecified Center NASA-CR-192055, NAS 1.26:192055 NASW-4435...

Optical Payloads for Space Missions

Optical Payloads for Space Missions
Author: Shen-En Qian
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 948
Release: 2015-12-07
ISBN: 111894514X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Optical Payloads for Space Missions Book Excerpt:

A comprehensive reference covering optical payloads in space missions, with contributions from global experts ∗ Covers various applications, including earth observation, communications, navigation, weather, and science satellites and deep space exploration ∗ Each chapter covers one or more specific optical payload ∗ Contains a review chapter which provides readers with an overview on the background, current status, trends and future prospects of optical payloads

Benefits of in Situ Propellant Utilization for a Mars Sample Return Mission

Benefits of in Situ Propellant Utilization for a Mars Sample Return Mission
Author: Mary F. Wadel
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 13
Release: 1993
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Rockets (Aeronautics)
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Benefits of in Situ Propellant Utilization for a Mars Sample Return Mission Book Excerpt:

Automated Mars Surface Sample Return Mission Concepts for Achievement of Essential Scientific Objectives

Automated Mars Surface Sample Return Mission Concepts for Achievement of Essential Scientific Objectives
Author: William L. Weaver
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 154
Release: 1975
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Mars (Planet)
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Automated Mars Surface Sample Return Mission Concepts for Achievement of Essential Scientific Objectives Book Excerpt:

Mars Sample Return Missions Precursors to Manned Planetary Exploration

Mars Sample Return Missions  Precursors to Manned Planetary Exploration
Author: D. N. Stager
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 8
Release: 1990
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mars Sample Return Missions Precursors to Manned Planetary Exploration Book Excerpt:

Planetary Astrobiology

Planetary Astrobiology
Author: Victoria Meadows,David J. Des Marais,Giada Arney,Britney Schmidt
Publsiher: Space Science
Total Pages: 552
Release: 2020-06-16
ISBN: 0816540063
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Planetary Astrobiology Book Excerpt:

"Planetary Astrobiology provides an accessible, interdisciplinary gateway to the frontiers of knowledge in astrobiology via results from the exploration of our own solar system and exoplanetary systems"--

NASA Thesaurus

NASA Thesaurus
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1988
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Aeronautics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

NASA Thesaurus Book Excerpt:

Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013 2022

Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013 2022
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Committee on the Planetary Science Decadal Survey
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 398
Release: 2012-01-30
ISBN: 0309224640
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013 2022 Book Excerpt:

In recent years, planetary science has seen a tremendous growth in new knowledge. Deposits of water ice exist at the Moon's poles. Discoveries on the surface of Mars point to an early warm wet climate, and perhaps conditions under which life could have emerged. Liquid methane rain falls on Saturn's moon Titan, creating rivers, lakes, and geologic landscapes with uncanny resemblances to Earth's. Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022 surveys the current state of knowledge of the solar system and recommends a suite of planetary science flagship missions for the decade 2013-2022 that could provide a steady stream of important new discoveries about the solar system. Research priorities defined in the report were selected through a rigorous review that included input from five expert panels. NASA's highest priority large mission should be the Mars Astrobiology Explorer Cacher (MAX-C), a mission to Mars that could help determine whether the planet ever supported life and could also help answer questions about its geologic and climatic history. Other projects should include a mission to Jupiter's icy moon Europa and its subsurface ocean, and the Uranus Orbiter and Probe mission to investigate that planet's interior structure, atmosphere, and composition. For medium-size missions, Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022 recommends that NASA select two new missions to be included in its New Frontiers program, which explores the solar system with frequent, mid-size spacecraft missions. If NASA cannot stay within budget for any of these proposed flagship projects, it should focus on smaller, less expensive missions first. Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022 suggests that the National Science Foundation expand its funding for existing laboratories and establish new facilities as needed. It also recommends that the program enlist the participation of international partners. This report is a vital resource for government agencies supporting space science, the planetary science community, and the public.

Planetary Protection Issues and Future Mars Missions

Planetary Protection Issues and Future Mars Missions
Author: Donald L. DeVincenzi,Harold P. Klein,John R. Bagby
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 55
Release: 1991
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Exobiology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Planetary Protection Issues and Future Mars Missions Book Excerpt: