Description : This book provides essential insights into a range of newly developed numerical optimization techniques with a view to solving real-world problems. Many of these problems can be modeled as nonlinear optimization problems, but due to their complex nature, it is not always possible to solve them using conventional optimization theory. Accordingly, the book discusses the design and applications of non-conventional numerical optimization techniques, including the design of benchmark functions and the implementation of these techniques to solve real-world optimization problems. The book’s twenty chapters examine various interesting research topics in this area, including: Pi fraction-based optimization of the Pantoja–Bretones–Martin (PBM) antenna benchmarks; benchmark function generators for single-objective robust optimization algorithms; convergence of gravitational search algorithms on linear and quadratic functions; and an algorithm for the multi-variant evolutionary synthesis of nonlinear models with real-valued chromosomes. Delivering on its promise to explore real-world scenarios, the book also addresses the seismic analysis of a multi-story building with optimized damper properties; the application of constrained spider monkey optimization to solve portfolio optimization problems; the effect of upper body motion on a bipedal robot’s stability; an ant colony algorithm for routing alternate-fuel vehicles in multi-depot vehicle routing problems; enhanced fractal dimension-based feature extraction for thermal face recognition; and an artificial bee colony-based hyper-heuristic for the single machine order acceptance and scheduling problem. The book will benefit not only researchers, but also organizations active in such varied fields as Aerospace, Automotive, Biotechnology, Consumer Packaged Goods, Electronics, Finance, Business & Banking, Oil, Gas & Geosciences, and Pharma, to name a few.
Description : The discourse and practice of science are deeply connected to explicit and implicit narratives of nature. However, nature has been understood in diverse ways by cultures across the world. Could these different views of nature generate the possibility of alternate views on science? Part of the innovative series Science and Technology Studies, this volume looks at different conceptualizations of nature and the manner in which they structure the practice of the sciences. The essays draw upon philosophy, history, sociology, religion, feminism, mathematics and cultural studies, and establish a dialogue between cultures through a multi-disciplinary exploration of science. With contributions from major scholars in the field, this volume will deeply interest scholars and students of science and technology studies; sociology, history and philosophy of science; as also environmental studies.
Description : This is a truly innovative and practical book which aims to support schools in rethinking where teaching and learning in primary science and technology should take place. The authors challenge how and where science is taught, so that teachers maximise the potential of the school environment to develop scientific skills and concepts, across all areas of science, not just the biological elements. This will entail changing the approach to science and technology in schools by reconsidering where scientific skills and concepts are taught.
Description : This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of the ancient world find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated. This ebook is just one of many articles from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Atlantic History, a continuously updated and growing online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through the scholarship and other materials relevant to the study of Atlantic History, the study of the transnational interconnections between Europe, North America, South America, and Africa, particularly in the early modern and colonial period. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.oxfordbibliographies.com.
Description : The only book currently available that comprehensively integrates research and evaluation for evidence-based library and information science practice.
Description : We are all familiar with the expression “teachers’ bag of tricks.” It is fairly easy for K-12 teachers to do a quick web search, scan library shelves, and browse through journals to provide them with numerous lessons and ideas to keep their bags filled. Science teacher educators need to not only provide preservice teachers with resources to help them fill their “bags,” but also include crucial theory and pedagogy; what constitutes “minds on” lessons, not merely “hands on” activities. But where do we science methods instructors find ideas to put in our “bag of tricks” to help us with the pedagogy we teach and model? These kinds of teaching ideas are not so easy to find using the internet or even science methods textbooks. This book is a collection of some favorite teaching ideas from science teacher educators from across the United States and abroad. This book is NOT a collection of teaching ideas about specific science content. This book IS a set of activities that help us prepare our preservice science teachers in the areas of: Constructivism/Conceptual Change; Nature of Science; Integration (including Technology Integration), Scientific Inquiry/Engineering Design; and Diversity/Differentiation. Each section starts with a brief overview of the topic and an introduction to the activities included on the theme. The individual activities include step-by-step instructions, modifications/extensions, references, and additional readings to help you easily and fully implement the idea in your own classroom. These ideas are a few of our favorites; we hope they will become some of yours as well.