Description : Teaching Primary Science Constructively helps readers to create effective science learning experiences for primary students by using a constructivist approach to learning. Introductory chapters explain the principles of constructivism and their implications for learning and teaching. They also discuss core strategies for the development of science understanding and science inquiry processes and skills. An important new chapter assists readers to interpret the Australian Curriculum: Science with a constructivist mindset. Subsequent chapters then provide research-based ideas for implementing a constructivist approach within a number of content strands. This substantially revised edition incorporates recent research findings related to student learning, as well as teaching, from a constructivist perspective and highlights how teaching emphases have changed over the last few years. Throughout, it links strongly to the key ideas, themes and terminology of the Australian Curriculum: Science.
Description : This book provides essential insights into a range of newly developed numerical optimization techniques with a view to solving real-world problems. Many of these problems can be modeled as nonlinear optimization problems, but due to their complex nature, it is not always possible to solve them using conventional optimization theory. Accordingly, the book discusses the design and applications of non-conventional numerical optimization techniques, including the design of benchmark functions and the implementation of these techniques to solve real-world optimization problems. The book’s twenty chapters examine various interesting research topics in this area, including: Pi fraction-based optimization of the Pantoja–Bretones–Martin (PBM) antenna benchmarks; benchmark function generators for single-objective robust optimization algorithms; convergence of gravitational search algorithms on linear and quadratic functions; and an algorithm for the multi-variant evolutionary synthesis of nonlinear models with real-valued chromosomes. Delivering on its promise to explore real-world scenarios, the book also addresses the seismic analysis of a multi-story building with optimized damper properties; the application of constrained spider monkey optimization to solve portfolio optimization problems; the effect of upper body motion on a bipedal robot’s stability; an ant colony algorithm for routing alternate-fuel vehicles in multi-depot vehicle routing problems; enhanced fractal dimension-based feature extraction for thermal face recognition; and an artificial bee colony-based hyper-heuristic for the single machine order acceptance and scheduling problem. The book will benefit not only researchers, but also organizations active in such varied fields as Aerospace, Automotive, Biotechnology, Consumer Packaged Goods, Electronics, Finance, Business & Banking, Oil, Gas & Geosciences, and Pharma, to name a few.
Description : Recent discussions among scientists and policy-makers have highlighted that knowledge generated by many research and demonstration projects is not reaching policymakers in an efficient way. Conversely, the consideration of research results by the policy making community is not straightforward, and difficulties arise in integrating the latest research developments in legislation. The difficulty is enhanced by the fact that the policy-making community is not defining its role as "client" sufficiently well and the dialogue and communication channels are far from ideal to ensure an efficient flow of information. An increasing number of experts consider that improvements could be achieved through the development of a "science-policy interface" so that R&D results are synthesised in a way to efficiently feed policy implementation and that short, medium and long term research needs may be identified. This book examines the issue of integrating science into policy, with an emphasis on water system knowledge and related policies. An important feature of the book is the discussion of science-policy interfacing needs, illustrated by examples from authors from different countries in relation to water system management. This publication is timely in that the science-policy interfacing is now identified as a key challenge worldwide with regard to integrated water resource management, and therefore the book will be of great interest to scientists, water managers and stakeholders. Readers will also benefit from a better understanding of the needs, benefits and drawbacks of an established transfer mechanism of scientific outputs to policies.
Description : "The goal of Volume VII of Research in Science Education is to examine the relationship between science inquiry and service learning. Its primary intent is to bridge the gaps between research and practice. The volume is meant to be useful to science and service-learning researchers and practitioners such as teachers and administrators because it provides information about strategies to integrate service-learning into the science curriculum and instruction."--Publisher's website.
Description : The core practice of professional scientists is inquiry, often referred to as research. If educators are to prepare students for a role in the professional scientific and technological community, exposing them to inquiry-based learning is essential. Despite this, inquiry-based teaching and learning (IBTL) remains relatively rare, possibly due to barriers that teachers face in deploying it or to a lack of belief in the teaching community that inquiry-based learning is effective. Comparative Perspectives on Inquiry-Based Science Education examines stories and experiences from members of an international science education project that delivered learning resources based around guided inquiry for students to a wide range of schools in 12 different countries in order to identify key themes that can provide useful insights for student learning, teacher support, and policy formulation at the continental level. The book provides case studies across these 12 different settings that enable readers to compare and contrast both practice and policy issues with their own contexts while accessing a cutting-edge model of professional development. It is designed for educators, instructional designers, administrators, principals, researchers, policymakers, practitioners, and students seeking current and relevant research on international education and education strategies for science courses.
Description : Nanotechnology manipulates matter at the atomic level. It leads to innovative processes and products that are revolutionizing many areas of modern life. Huge amounts of public funds are being invested in the science, yet the public has little understanding of the technology or its ethical implications. Indeed, the ethical, social, and political dimensions of nanotechnology are only beginning to receive the attention they require - outside of science fiction contexts. Surveillance devices may become so small that they are practically invisible to the naked eye, raising concerns about privacy. Nanomedicine may lead to the development of new diagnostic and therapeutic devices, yet anxieties have been raised about the impact of "nanobots" circulating in our bodies. Military applications, or misuses, of nanotechnology raise other concerns. This book explores in an accessible and informative way how nanotechnology is likely to impact the lives of ordinary people in the coming years and why ethical reflection on nanotechnology is needed now.
Description : A general introduction to surfactants, surface activity, andsurfactant applications Important advances in the tools available for studying the activityof surfactants has significantly increased scientific understandingof interfaces at the molecular level. However, there is still muchto be learned. In this Third Edition of the successful classic,author and expert Drew Myers combines the latest informationavailable in the field of surfactants with his original, accessibletext on the subject. Now fully updated to reflect recent developments in working withsurfactants in both model and practical systems, the Third Editionof Surfactant Science and Technology provides a solid introductionto the field of surfactant science. Written especially forbeginners and nonspecialists who would like a practical but notnecessarily comprehensive knowledge of the field, this clear,cogent text conveys the most fundamental and useful concepts ofsurfactant action and application. New chapters bring readers up todate on current biological and medical applications of surfactants,as well as applications in food science, cosmetics, and otherareas. In addition to new chapters, Surfactant Science and Technologyincludes illustrative problems at the end of each chapter. Theseproblems explain concepts discussed and stimulate imaginativesolutions on the part of the reader. A helpful bibliography ofsupplementary resources for readers who desire more detail has alsobeen included. Surfactant Science and Technology, Third Edition is an invaluableresource for surface and polymer chemists, chemical and industrialengineers, and a wide range of chemistry students.
Description : Edited by a team of experienced and internationally renowned contributors, the updated Third Edition is the standard reference for cosmetic chemists and dermatologists seeking the latest innovations and technology for the formulation, design, testing, use, and production of cosmetic products for skin, hair, and nails. New features in the Third Edition: 39 new chapters reorganized by skin functions descriptions of ingredients, products, efficacy measurement, and mechanisms in each chapter revised chapters on skin types, skin perception, and targeted products new chapters on skin aging and cosmetics for the elderly strong emphasis on testing and current methods used for testing, and the evolution of instruments for skin and hair testing new ingredients, delivery systems, and testing methodologies information on skin physiology and cosmetic product design interactions affecting and attributed to cosmetic products cosmetic ingredients, vehicles, and finished products difference between pure cosmetics for enhancement and cosmetics used to treat high quality standards in cosmetic products that improve appearance, protect their targets, and maintain natural functions