Seeing Like a State

Seeing Like a State
Author: James C. Scott
Publsiher: Yale University Press
Total Pages: 462
Release: 2020-03-17
ISBN: 0300246757
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Seeing Like a State Book Excerpt:

"One of the most profound and illuminating studies of this century to have been published in recent decades."--John Gray, New York Times Book Review Hailed as "a magisterial critique of top-down social planning" by the New York Times, this essential work analyzes disasters from Russia to Tanzania to uncover why states so often fail--sometimes catastrophically--in grand efforts to engineer their society or their environment, and uncovers the conditions common to all such planning disasters. "Beautifully written, this book calls into sharp relief the nature of the world we now inhabit."--New Yorker "A tour de force."-- Charles Tilly, Columbia University

Summary of James C Scott s Seeing Like a State

Summary of James C  Scott s Seeing Like a State
Author: Everest Media,
Publsiher: Everest Media LLC
Total Pages: 68
Release: 2022-10-07T22:59:00Z
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Summary of James C Scott s Seeing Like a State Book Excerpt:

Please note: This is a companion version & not the original book. Sample Book Insights: #1 The state has always been an enemy of nomads and pastoralists, as it has always sought to sedentarize them and make them legible. The more I examined these efforts at sedentarization, the more I realized that legibility is a fundamental problem in statecraft. #2 The state has always been an enemy of nomads and pastoralists, as it has sought to sedentarize them and make them legible. The more I examined these efforts at sedentarization, the more I realized that legibility is a fundamental problem in statecraft. #3 In his book Back to the Soil, AC Grayling describes the history of utopian projects, from the French Revolution to the Spanish Revolution, that tried to reshape the face of society through social engineering. The most tragic episodes of these projects originate in a pernicious combination of four elements: administrative ordering of nature and society, high-modernist ideology, transformative state simplifications, and a high level of administrative corruption. #4 If you want to change the face of a society, you need to first seize power, then use it to bring about utopian plans. The most fertile soil for this combination is usually found during times of war, revolution, depression, and struggle for national liberation.

Seeing Like a Commons

Seeing Like a Commons
Author: Joshua Lockyer
Publsiher: Rowman & Littlefield
Total Pages: 279
Release: 2021-05-11
ISBN: 1498592899
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Seeing Like a Commons Book Excerpt:

In Seeing Like a Commons, Joshua Lockyer traces the development of one of the United States’s oldest intentional communities from its founding in 1937 to the present. Lockyer examines how community members have developed flexible sets of cooperative processes for the stewardship of the land and other resources.

Seeing Like an Activist

Seeing Like an Activist
Author: Erin R. Pineda
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 281
Release: 2021
ISBN: 019752642X
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Seeing Like an Activist Book Excerpt:

"There are few movements more firmly associated with civil disobedience than the civil rights movement. In the mainstream imagination, civil rights activists eschewed coercion, appealed to the majority's principles, and submit willingly to legal punishment in order to demand necessary legislative reforms - and facilitate the realization of core constitutional and democratic principles. Their fidelity to the spirit of the law, commitment to civility, and allegiance to American democracy provided the blueprint for activists pursuing racial justice, and set the normative horizon for liberal philosophies of civil disobedience. Seeing Like an Activist charts the emergence of this influential account of civil disobedience in the civil rights movement, and demonstrates its reliance on a narrative about black protest that is itself entangled with white supremacy. Liberal political theorists whose work informed decades of scholarship saw civil disobedience "like a white state": taking for granted the legitimacy of the constitutional order, assuming as primary the ends of constitutional integrity and stability, centering the white citizen as the normative ideal, and figuring the problem of racial injustice as limited, exceptional, and all-but-already solved. In contrast, building on historical and archival evidence, this book shows how civil rights activists, in concert with anticolonial movements across the globe, turned to civil disobedience as a practice of decolonization, in order to emancipate themselves and others from a racial order that needed to be fully transformed. We can recover this powerful alternative account only by adopting a different theoretical approach - one which sees activists as themselves engaged in the creative work of political theorizing"--

Seeing Like a Rover

Seeing Like a Rover
Author: Janet Vertesi
Publsiher: University of Chicago Press
Total Pages: 331
Release: 2015-04-22
ISBN: 022615596X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Seeing Like a Rover Book Excerpt:

Seeing Like a Rover brings the Mars Exploration Rover mission to vivid life through the author's years of immersion with the team during routine operations on Mars. In the book, Janet Vertesi explores the social and technical achievements of making knowledge about Mars based on iterative digital representations of its surface. We see how scientists on the Rover mission both perform the digital transformations that bring new features in their images to light, enabling discovery, as well as how they collectively interpret images to determine where the Rovers are located on Mars and what they should do next. Using her close study of digital imaging, which exhibits a sensitivity to the social context of scientific work, Vertesi discusses how representation on the mission is never about finding a single way of truthfully representing Mars. Representation is instead, she argues, a question of using image processing techniques strategically to reveal and conceal different features of the planet's surface, and of bringing these multiple representations together to make both knowledge and collective decisions about exploration on the Red Planet. Seeing Like a Rover speaks to many themes that are familiar to historians, sociologists, and philosophers of science. Issues such as trust among knowledge-making teams, the different epistemic status and practices of the lab and the field, and the heritage of visual languages in an emerging discipline are just as relevant in other periods and places. Moreover, by revealing how representational practices craft social visions, Vertesi develops a framework that can be applied to scientific imaging across a variety of time periods and scientific contexts.

Feeling Like a State

Feeling Like a State
Author: Davina Cooper
Publsiher: Duke University Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2019-09-06
ISBN: 1478005572
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Feeling Like a State Book Excerpt:

A transformative progressive politics requires the state's reimagining. But how should the state be reimagined, and what can invigorate this process? In Feeling Like a State, Davina Cooper explores the unexpected contribution a legal drama of withdrawal might make to conceptualizing a more socially just, participative state. In recent years, as gay rights have expanded, some conservative Christians—from charities to guesthouse owners and county clerks—have denied people inclusion, goods, and services because of their sexuality. In turn, liberal public bodies have withdrawn contracts, subsidies, and career progression from withholding conservative Christians. Cooper takes up the discourses and practices expressed in this legal conflict to animate and support an account of the state as heterogeneous, plural, and erotic. Arguing for the urgent need to put new imaginative forms into practice, Cooper examines how dissident and experimental institutional thinking materialize as people assert a democratic readiness to recraft the state.

Seeing Like a City

Seeing Like a City
Author: Ash Amin,Nigel Thrift
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2017-01-09
ISBN: 1509515623
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Seeing Like a City Book Excerpt:

Seeing like a city means recognizing that cities are living things made up of a tangle of networks, built up from the agency of countless actors. Cities must not be considered as expressions of larger paradigms or sites of human effort and organization alone. Within their density, size and sprawl can be found a world of symbols, bodies, buildings, technologies and infrastructures. It is the machine-like combination, interaction and confrontation of these different elements that make a city. Such a view locates urban outcomes and influences in the character of these networks, which together power urban life, allocating resources, shaping social opportunities, maintaining order and simply enabling life. More than the silent stage on which other powers perform, such networks represent the essence of the city. They also form an important political project, a politics of small interventions with large effects. The increasing evidence for an Anthropocene bears out the way in which humanity has stamped its footprint on the planet by constructing urban forms that act as systems for directing life in ways that create both immense power and immense constraint.

The Art of Not Being Governed

The Art of Not Being Governed
Author: James C. Scott
Publsiher: Yale University Press
Total Pages: 465
Release: 2009-01-01
ISBN: 0300156529
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Art of Not Being Governed Book Excerpt:

From the acclaimed author and scholar James C. Scott, the compelling tale of Asian peoples who until recently have stemmed the vast tide of state-making to live at arm’s length from any organized state society For two thousand years the disparate groups that now reside in Zomia (a mountainous region the size of Europe that consists of portions of seven Asian countries) have fled the projects of the organized state societies that surround them—slavery, conscription, taxes, corvée labor, epidemics, and warfare. This book, essentially an “anarchist history,” is the first-ever examination of the huge literature on state-making whose author evaluates why people would deliberately and reactively remain stateless. Among the strategies employed by the people of Zomia to remain stateless are physical dispersion in rugged terrain; agricultural practices that enhance mobility; pliable ethnic identities; devotion to prophetic, millenarian leaders; and maintenance of a largely oral culture that allows them to reinvent their histories and genealogies as they move between and around states. In accessible language, James Scott, recognized worldwide as an eminent authority in Southeast Asian, peasant, and agrarian studies, tells the story of the peoples of Zomia and their unlikely odyssey in search of self-determination. He redefines our views on Asian politics, history, demographics, and even our fundamental ideas about what constitutes civilization, and challenges us with a radically different approach to history that presents events from the perspective of stateless peoples and redefines state-making as a form of “internal colonialism.” This new perspective requires a radical reevaluation of the civilizational narratives of the lowland states. Scott’s work on Zomia represents a new way to think of area studies that will be applicable to other runaway, fugitive, and marooned communities, be they Gypsies, Cossacks, tribes fleeing slave raiders, Marsh Arabs, or San-Bushmen.

Two Cheers for Anarchism

Two Cheers for Anarchism
Author: James C. Scott
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 198
Release: 2014-03-10
ISBN: 0691161038
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Two Cheers for Anarchism Book Excerpt:

A spirited defense of the anarchist approach to life James Scott taught us what's wrong with seeing like a state. Now, in his most accessible and personal book to date, the acclaimed social scientist makes the case for seeing like an anarchist. Inspired by the core anarchist faith in the possibilities of voluntary cooperation without hierarchy, Two Cheers for Anarchism is an engaging, high-spirited, and often very funny defense of an anarchist way of seeing—one that provides a unique and powerful perspective on everything from everyday social and political interactions to mass protests and revolutions. Through a wide-ranging series of memorable anecdotes and examples, the book describes an anarchist sensibility that celebrates the local knowledge, common sense, and creativity of ordinary people. The result is a kind of handbook on constructive anarchism that challenges us to radically reconsider the value of hierarchy in public and private life, from schools and workplaces to retirement homes and government itself. Beginning with what Scott calls "the law of anarchist calisthenics," an argument for law-breaking inspired by an East German pedestrian crossing, each chapter opens with a story that captures an essential anarchist truth. In the course of telling these stories, Scott touches on a wide variety of subjects: public disorder and riots, desertion, poaching, vernacular knowledge, assembly-line production, globalization, the petty bourgeoisie, school testing, playgrounds, and the practice of historical explanation. Far from a dogmatic manifesto, Two Cheers for Anarchism celebrates the anarchist confidence in the inventiveness and judgment of people who are free to exercise their creative and moral capacities.

The Nature of Empires and the Empires of Nature

The Nature of Empires and the Empires of Nature
Author: Karl S. Hele
Publsiher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2013-09-28
ISBN: 1554584213
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Nature of Empires and the Empires of Nature Book Excerpt:

Drawing on themes from John MacKenzie’s Empires of Nature and the Nature of Empires (1997), this book explores, from Indigenous or Indigenous-influenced perspectives, the power of nature and the attempts by empires (United States, Canada, and Britain) to control it. It also examines contemporary threats to First Nations communities from ongoing political, environmental, and social issues, and the efforts to confront and eliminate these threats to peoples and the environment. It becomes apparent that empire, despite its manifestations of power, cannot control or discipline humans and nature. Essays suggest new ways of looking at the Great Lakes watershed and the peoples and empires contained within it.

Boundaries Communities and State Making in West Africa

Boundaries  Communities and State Making in West Africa
Author: Paul Nugent
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 637
Release: 2019-06-06
ISBN: 1107020689
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Boundaries Communities and State Making in West Africa Book Excerpt:

By examining three centuries of history, this book shows how vital border regions have been in shaping states and social contracts.

Critical Border Studies

Critical Border Studies
Author: Noel Parker,Nick Vaughan-Williams
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2016-03-23
ISBN: 1134930607
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Critical Border Studies Book Excerpt:

This edited collection formalises Critical Border Studies (CBS) as a distinctive approach within the interdisciplinary border studies literature. Although CBS represents a heterogeneous assemblage of thought, the hallmark of the approach is a basic dissatisfaction with the ‘Line in the Sand’ metaphor as an unexamined starting point for the study of borders. A headline feature of each contribution gathered here is a concerted effort to decentre the border. By ‘decentring’ we mean an effort to problematise the border not as taken-for-granted entity, but precisely as a site of investigation. On this view, the border is not something that straightforwardly presents itself in an unmediated way. It is never simply ‘present’, nor fully established, nor obviously accessible. Rather, it is manifold and in a constant state of becoming. Empirically, contributors examine the changing nature of the border in a range of cases, including: the Arctic Circle; German-Dutch borderlands; the India-Pakistan region; and the Mediterranean Sea. Theoretically, chapters draw on a range of critical thinkers in support of a new paradigm for border research. The volume will be of particular interest to border studies scholars in anthropology, human geography, international relations, and political science. Critical Border Studies was published as a special issue of Geopolitics.

Against the Grain

Against the Grain
Author: James C. Scott
Publsiher: Yale University Press
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2017-08-22
ISBN: 0300231687
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Against the Grain Book Excerpt:

An account of all the new and surprising evidence now available for the beginnings of the earliest civilizations that contradict the standard narrative Why did humans abandon hunting and gathering for sedentary communities dependent on livestock and cereal grains, and governed by precursors of today’s states? Most people believe that plant and animal domestication allowed humans, finally, to settle down and form agricultural villages, towns, and states, which made possible civilization, law, public order, and a presumably secure way of living. But archaeological and historical evidence challenges this narrative. The first agrarian states, says James C. Scott, were born of accumulations of domestications: first fire, then plants, livestock, subjects of the state, captives, and finally women in the patriarchal family—all of which can be viewed as a way of gaining control over reproduction. Scott explores why we avoided sedentism and plow agriculture, the advantages of mobile subsistence, the unforeseeable disease epidemics arising from crowding plants, animals, and grain, and why all early states are based on millets and cereal grains and unfree labor. He also discusses the “barbarians” who long evaded state control, as a way of understanding continuing tension between states and nonsubject peoples.

Does Skill Make Us Human

Does Skill Make Us Human
Author: Natasha Iskander
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2021-11-09
ISBN: 0691217572
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Does Skill Make Us Human Book Excerpt:

Regulation : how the politics of skill become law -- Production : how skill makes cities -- Skill : how skill is embodied and what it means for the control of bodies -- Protest : how skillful practice becomes resistance -- Body : how definitions of skill cause injury -- Earth : how the politics of skill shape responses to climate change.

Politics of Urbanism

Politics of Urbanism
Author: Warren Magnusson
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 198
Release: 2013-07-03
ISBN: 1136671722
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Politics of Urbanism Book Excerpt:

To see like a city, rather than seeing like a state, is the key to understanding modern politics. In this book, Magnusson draws from theorists such as Weber, Wirth, Hayek, Jacobs, Sennett, and Foucault to articulate some of the ideas that we need to make sense of the city as a form of political order. Locally and globally, the city exists by virtue of complicated patterns of government and self-government, prompted by proximate diversity. A multiplicity of authorities in different registers is typical. Sovereignty, although often claimed, is infinitely deferred. What emerges by virtue of self-organization is not susceptible to control by any central authority, and so we are impelled to engage politically in a world that does not match our expectations of sovereignty. How then are we are to engage realistically and creatively? We have to begin from where we are if we are to understand the possibilities. Building on traditions of political and urban theory in order to advance a new interpretation of the role of cities/urbanism in contemporary political life, this work will be of great interest to scholars of political theory and urban theory, international relations theory and international relations.

Kipling s Art of Fiction 1884 1901

Kipling s Art of Fiction 1884 1901
Author: David Sergeant
Publsiher: OUP Oxford
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2013-10-31
ISBN: 0191509477
Category: Literary Collections
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Kipling s Art of Fiction 1884 1901 Book Excerpt:

Kipling's Art of Fiction 1884-1901 re-establishes its subject as a major artist. Through extended close readings of individual works, and unprecedentedly detailed attention to changes in location and readership, it distinguishes between two kinds of Kipling fiction. The first is coercive and concerned with the authoritarian control of meaning; the second relates less directly to its immediate historical surroundings and is more aesthetically complex. Misunderstandings have often resulted from confusing the two kinds of work. Distinguishing between them allows for a newly coherent account of Kipling's career, both explaining his artistic achievement and making clearer his identity as a political writer. Changes in Kipling's narrative practice are tracked as he moves from India to Britain and the US, and engages with a succession of new audiences and political contexts; detailed readings are provided of such key texts as Plain Tales from the Hills, The Jungle Books and Kim. As well as revealing the precise nature of Kipling's artistry, this book shows how properties of narrative which have been generally underrated — such as embodiment and externality — can be used to make sophisticated fictions, and by linking these to Robert Louis Stevenson's discussion of the romance, suggests new ways in which such work might be approached.

The Death and Life of the Great American School System

The Death and Life of the Great American School System
Author: Diane Ravitch
Publsiher: Hachette UK
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2016-06-28
ISBN: 0465097995
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Death and Life of the Great American School System Book Excerpt:

An urgent case for protecting public education, from one of America's best-known education experts In this landmark book, Diane Ravitch - former assistant secretary of education and a leader in the drive to create a national curriculum - examines her career in education reform and repudiates positions that she once staunchly advocated. Drawing on over forty years of research and experience, Ravitch critiques today's most popular ideas for restructuring schools, including privatization, the Common Core, standardized testing, the replacement of teachers by technology, charter schools, and vouchers. She shows conclusively why the business model is not an appropriate way to improve schools. Using examples from major cities like New York, Philadelphia, Chicago, Denver, and San Diego, Ravitch makes the case that public education today is in peril and includes clear prescriptions for improving America's schools. The Death and Life of the Great American School System is more than just an analysis of the state of play of the American education system. It is a must-read for any stakeholder in the future of American schooling.

The Smart Enough City

The Smart Enough City
Author: Ben Green
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2019-04-09
ISBN: 0262352257
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Smart Enough City Book Excerpt:

Why technology is not an end in itself, and how cities can be “smart enough,” using technology to promote democracy and equity. Smart cities, where technology is used to solve every problem, are hailed as futuristic urban utopias. We are promised that apps, algorithms, and artificial intelligence will relieve congestion, restore democracy, prevent crime, and improve public services. In The Smart Enough City, Ben Green warns against seeing the city only through the lens of technology; taking an exclusively technical view of urban life will lead to cities that appear smart but under the surface are rife with injustice and inequality. He proposes instead that cities strive to be “smart enough”: to embrace technology as a powerful tool when used in conjunction with other forms of social change—but not to value technology as an end in itself. In a technology-centric smart city, self-driving cars have the run of downtown and force out pedestrians, civic engagement is limited to requesting services through an app, police use algorithms to justify and perpetuate racist practices, and governments and private companies surveil public space to control behavior. Green describes smart city efforts gone wrong but also smart enough alternatives, attainable with the help of technology but not reducible to technology: a livable city, a democratic city, a just city, a responsible city, and an innovative city. By recognizing the complexity of urban life rather than merely seeing the city as something to optimize, these Smart Enough Cities successfully incorporate technology into a holistic vision of justice and equity.

A Nazareth Manifesto

A Nazareth Manifesto
Author: Samuel Wells
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2015-03-24
ISBN: 1118785177
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Nazareth Manifesto Book Excerpt:

A Nazareth Manifesto is an eloquent and impassionedecumenical proposal for re-envisioning Christianity’sapproach to social engagement away from working “for”the people to being “with” them. Questions the effectiveness of the current trend ofintervention as a means of fixing the problems of people indistressed and disadvantaged circumstances Argues that Jesus spent 90% of his life simply being among thepeople of Nazareth, sharing their hopes and struggles, thereforeChristians should place a similar emphasis on being alongsidepeople in need rather than hastening to impose solutions Written by a respected priest and broadcaster and renownedChristian ethicist and preacher Supported by historical, contemporary, exegetical and anecdotalillustrations

Mapping Beyond Measure

Mapping Beyond Measure
Author: Simon Ferdinand
Publsiher: U of Nebraska Press
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2019-12
ISBN: 1496217888
Category: Art
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mapping Beyond Measure Book Excerpt:

Over the last century a growing number of visual artists have been captivated by the entwinements of beauty and power, truth and artifice, and the fantasy and functionality they perceive in geographical mapmaking. This field of "map art" has moved into increasing prominence in recent years yet critical writing on the topic has been largely confined to general overviews of the field. In Mapping Beyond Measure Simon Ferdinand analyzes diverse map-based works of painting, collage, film, walking performance, and digital drawing made in Britain, Japan, the Netherlands, Ukraine, the United States, and the former Soviet Union, arguing that together they challenge the dominant modern view of the world as a measurable and malleable geometrical space. This challenge has strong political ramifications, for it is on the basis of modernity's geometrical worldview that states have legislated over social space; that capital has coordinated global markets and exploited distant environments; and that powerful cartographic institutions have claimed exclusive authority in mapmaking. Mapping Beyond Measure breaks fresh ground in undertaking a series of close readings of significant map artworks in sustained dialogue with spatial theorists, including Peter Sloterdijk, Zygmunt Bauman, and Michel de Certeau. In so doing Ferdinand reveals how map art calls into question some of the central myths and narratives of rupture through which modern space has traditionally been imagined and establishes map art's distinct value amid broader contemporary shifts toward digital mapping.