Polymeric Materials

Polymeric Materials
Author: G. W. Ehrenstein,Richard P. Theriault
Publsiher: Hanser Gardner Publications
Total Pages: 277
Release: 2001
ISBN: 9781569903100
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymeric Materials Book Excerpt:

The book is intended to reveal the correlation between the chemical structure and the physical characteristics of plastics necessary for appropriate material selection, design, and processing. The entire spectrum of plastics is addressed, including thermoplastics, thermosets, elastomers, and blends. One of the special features is the extensive discussion and explanation of the interdependence between polymer structure and properties and processing.

Foamability of Thermoplastic Polymeric Materials

Foamability of Thermoplastic Polymeric Materials
Author: Suprakas Sinha Ray,Ritima Banerjee
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2021-09-24
ISBN: 0323907687
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Foamability of Thermoplastic Polymeric Materials Book Excerpt:

Foamability of Thermoplastic Polymeric Materials presents a cutting-edge approach to thermoplastic polymeric foams, drawing on the latest research and guiding the reader through the fundamental science, foamability, structure-property-processing relationship, multi-phase polymeric materials, degradation characteristics of biodegradable foams and advanced applications. Sections provide detailed information on foam manufacturing technologies and the fundamental science behind foaming, present insights on the factors affecting foamability, cover ways of enhancing the foamability of various polymeric materials, with special focus on multi-phase systems, discuss the degradation of biodegradable foams and special morphology development for scaffolds, packaging, acoustic and super-insulation applications, as well as cell seeding studies in scaffolds. Each application has specific requirements in terms of desired properties. This in-depth coverage and analysis helps those looking to move forward with microcellular processing and polymer foaming. This is an ideal resource for researchers, advanced students and professionals interested in the microcellular processing of polymeric materials in the areas of polymer foaming, polymer processing, plastics engineering and materials science. Offers in-depth coverage of factors affecting foamability and methods for enhancing the foamability of polymeric materials Explores innovative applications in a range of areas, including scaffolds, acoustic applications, packaging and super-insulation Provides a comprehensive, critical overview of the state-of-the-art, possible future research directions, and opportunities for industrial application

Multicomponent Polymeric Materials

Multicomponent Polymeric Materials
Author: Jin Kuk Kim,Sabu Thomas,Prosenjit Saha
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 410
Release: 2016-08-26
ISBN: 9401773246
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Multicomponent Polymeric Materials Book Excerpt:

The book offers an in-depth review of the materials design and manufacturing processes employed in the development of multi-component or multiphase polymer material systems. This field has seen rapid growth in both academic and industrial research, as multiphase materials are increasingly replacing traditional single-component materials in commercial applications. Many obstacles can be overcome by processing and using multiphase materials in automobile, construction, aerospace, food processing, and other chemical industry applications. The comprehensive description of the processing, characterization, and application of multiphase materials presented in this book offers a world of new ideas and potential technological advantages for academics, researchers, students, and industrial manufacturers from diverse fields including rubber engineering, polymer chemistry, materials processing and chemical science. From the commercial point of view it will be of great value to those involved in processing, optimizing and manufacturing new materials for novel end-use applications. The book takes a detailed approach to the description of process parameters, process optimization, mold design, and other core manufacturing information. Details of injection, extrusion, and compression molding processes have been provided based on the most recent advances in the field. Over two comprehensive sections the book covers the entire field of multiphase polymer materials, from a detailed description of material design and processing to the cutting-edge applications of such multiphase materials. It provides both precise guidelines and general concepts for the present and future leaders in academic and industrial sectors.

Rheology and Processing of Polymeric Materials

Rheology and Processing of Polymeric Materials
Author: Chang Dae Han
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 608
Release: 2007-06-04
ISBN: 9780198040620
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rheology and Processing of Polymeric Materials Book Excerpt:

Volume 2 presents the fundamental principles related to polymer processign operations including the processing of thermoplastic polymers and thermosets. The objective of this volume is not to provide recipies that necessarily guarantee better product quality. Rather, emphasis is placed on presenting a fundamental approach to effectively analyze processing operations. The specific polymer processing operations for thermoplastics include plasticating single-screw extrusion, morphology evolution during compounding of polymer blends, compatibilization of immiscible polymer blends, wire coating extrusion, fiber spinning, tubular film blowing, coextrusion, and thermoplastic foam extrusion. The specific polymer processing operations for thermosets include reaction injection molding, pultrusion of fiber-reinforced thermosets, and compression molding of thermoset composites.

Polymeric Materials with Antimicrobial Activity

Polymeric Materials with Antimicrobial Activity
Author: Alexandra Muñoz-Bonilla,María L, Cerrada,Marta Fernández-García
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 410
Release: 2013-11-13
ISBN: 1782624996
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymeric Materials with Antimicrobial Activity Book Excerpt:

Antimicrobial polymers are materials that prevent microorganism growth and are needed for many everyday applications from food packaging and water treatment to medicine and healthcare. This new book covers different areas of antimicrobial materials based on polymers including chitosan, polymers with ammonium and phosphonium groups, polymer nanofibers, carbon-based polymer Nanocomposites, polymeric and non-polymeric metal complexes, and biomimetic materials. By combining the information of different materials as well as antimicrobial action modes and applications within one source, the book provides a general summary of the field. Polymeric Materials with Antimicrobial Activity starts with a general introduction to antimicrobial polymers and presents the most common types of microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, yeast and algae) along with the main areas of application of antimicrobial polymeric materials. Specific chapters then detail different polymer systems covering the fundamental issues of synthesis, characterization, physico-chemical properties and applications. With contributions from leading scientists the book is suitable for researchers in polymers, chemistry, biology and materials science interested in an overview of antimicrobial polymeric materials as well as the recent advances in their synthesis, properties and applications.

Polymeric Materials in Corrosion Inhibition

Polymeric Materials in Corrosion Inhibition
Author: Saviour A. Umoren,Moses M. Solomon,Viswanathan S. Saji
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 634
Release: 2022-06-14
ISBN: 0128238704
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymeric Materials in Corrosion Inhibition Book Excerpt:

Polymeric Materials in Corrosion Inhibition: Fundamentals and Applications brings together the very latest information and techniques in the preparation and application of a broad range of polymeric materials as corrosion inhibitors in diverse corrosive environments. Sections introduce the fundamentals of polymeric materials, corrosion and corrosion inhibitors and include methodical coverage of polymers as corrosion inhibitors, with separate sections for natural and synthetic polymers. Each chapter guides the reader through the synthesis, properties and application of a specific polymer for corrosion inhibition, including an analysis of advantages and disadvantages and guidance on methods for improved performance. Final chapter cover other important aspects and developments, including adsorption mechanisms, quantum chemical calculations, molecular dynamics and simulations. This is a valuable reference for researchers and advanced students across a range of disciplines, including polymer science, corrosion, electrochemistry, materials science, chemical engineering, and petroleum engineering. Introduces the fundamentals of polymeric materials, applications of polymers, corrosion and corrosion inhibition Provides thorough, systematic coverage of their synthesis, characterization and application, all organized by polymer category Explores advantages and disadvantages of polymers in corrosion inhibition, along with methods to improve performance

Polymeric Materials for Solar Thermal Applications

Polymeric Materials for Solar Thermal Applications
Author: Michael Köhl,Michaela Georgine Meir,Philippe Papillon,Gernot M. Wallner,Sandrin Saile
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 418
Release: 2012-08-14
ISBN: 3527659625
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymeric Materials for Solar Thermal Applications Book Excerpt:

Bridging the gap between basic science and technological applications, this is the first book devoted to polymers for solar thermal applications. Clearly divided into three major parts, the contributions are written by experts on solar thermal applications and polymer scientists alike. The first part explains the fundamentals of solar thermal energy especially for representatives of the plastics industry and researchers. Part two then goes on to provide introductory information on polymeric materials and processing for solar thermal experts. The third part combines both of these fields, discussing the potential of polymeric materials in solar thermal applications, as well as demands on durability, design and building integration. With its emphasis on applications, this monograph is relevant for researchers at universities and developers in commercial companies.

Polymers and Polymeric Materials for Fiber and Gradient Optics

Polymers and Polymeric Materials for Fiber and Gradient Optics
Author: L. I. Nadareishvili
Publsiher: VSP
Total Pages: 246
Release: 2002-01-01
ISBN: 9789067643641
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymers and Polymeric Materials for Fiber and Gradient Optics Book Excerpt:

This book considers general aspects of the theory of polymers applied in optics. The main factors affecting the light loss in polymeric wave beam guides (PG) are discussed, and the mechanism of light loss in PG is analysed. Polymers applied in fiber optics are classified with reference to methods of fabrication and purification of the materials. Technological aspects of material fabrication are considered together with kinetic aspects of polymerisation. Updated information on polymerisation kinetics of MMA and styrene, and copolymerisation of these monomers with each other is reported. Other topics discussed in the book are heterogeneity of optic copolymers, association between structure and reactivity of monomers, other properties of optic copolymers, and areas of their commercial application. This volume will be of value and interest to anyone working in the field of optic polymers, both in academia and industry.

Flame Retardant Polymeric Materials

Flame Retardant Polymeric Materials
Author: Menachem Lewin
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 334
Release: 2013-11-11
ISBN: 1468469738
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Flame Retardant Polymeric Materials Book Excerpt:

Flammability has been recognized as an increasingly important social and scientific problem. Fire statistics in the United States (Report of the National Commission on Fire Prevention and Control, "America Burning," 1973) emphasized the vast devastation to life and property--12,OOO lives lost annually due to fire, and these deaths are usually caused by inhaling smoke or toxic gases; 300,000 fire injuries; 11.4 billion dollars in fire cost at which 2.7 billion dollars is related to property loss; a billion dollars to burn injury treatment; and 3.3 billion dollars in productivity loss. It is obvious that much human and economic misery can be attributed to fire situations. In relation to this, polymer flammability has been recognized as an in creasingly important social and scientific problem. The development of flame-retardant polymeric materials is a current example where the initia tive for major scientific and technological developments is motivated by sociological pressure and legislation. This is part of the important trend toward a safer environment and sets a pattern for future example. Flame retardancy deals with our basic everyday life situations-housing, work areas, transportation, clothing and so forth-the "macroenvironment" capsule within which "homosapiens" live. As a result, flame-retardant polymers are now emerging as a specific class of materials leading to new and diversified scientific and technological ventures.

Structure and Transport Properties in Organized Polymeric Materials

Structure and Transport Properties in Organized Polymeric Materials
Author: E Chiellini,M Giordano,D Leporini
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 348
Release: 1998-03-19
ISBN: 9814501573
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Structure and Transport Properties in Organized Polymeric Materials Book Excerpt:

This multi-authored book includes selected contributions reviewing the results achieved in the synthesis and characterization of organized polymeric materials. The focus is on competitive materials with liquid crystalline or electroconductive properties. The fine tuning of the properties offered by advanced chemical synthesis has been investigated by a large number of state-of-the-art techniques, including both microscopic (ESR, NMR, dielectrometry, fluorescence, IR, Raman spectroscopy) and macroscopic (calorimetric, mechanical) methodologies. The book also provides an updated coverage of the most challenging applications of organized polymers as functional materials in the fields of electrooptical devices, information retrieval and organic electroconductors. Contents:Introduction (M Giordano & D Leporini)Liquid Crystals and Their Mesophases: An Introduction (E Chiellini & G Galli)Syntheses and Structures of Liquid Crytalline Polymers (G Galli & E Chiellini)Synthesis of Electroconducting Polymers (F Ciardelli & C Ruggeri)NMR Studies of Polymeric Liquid Crystals with Different Molecular Architecture (C Boeffel & H W Spiess)NMR Studies of Collective Motions and Viscoelastic Properties in Polymeric Liquid Crystals (N J Heaton & G Kothe)Electron Spin Resonance in Polymeric Liquid Crystals (L Andreozzi et al.)Nonlinear Electron Spin Resonance in Polymeric Liquid Crystals (L Andreozzi et al.)Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy in Polymeric Liquid Crystals (M P Fontana & M Polli)Mechanical Properties of Semiflexible Main Chain Liquid Crystalline Polymers (M Laus) Readership: Researchers in materials science (liquid crystalline polymers). keywords:Polymers;Liquid-Crystalline Polymers;Polymeric Liquid-Crystals;Viscoelasticity;Electron Spin Resonance;Nuclear Magnetic Resonance;Raman Spectroscopy

Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials

Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials
Author: Arthur F. Grand,Charles A. Wilkie
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2000-04-05
ISBN: 9781420027099
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials Book Excerpt:

This volume addresses the state of the art in fire retardancy studies and the need for fire retardant chemicals and fire-retarded polymers, while considering the interrelationship among polymer degradation, fire retardant efficacy, fire testing and environmental concerns. The work examines the principles of polymer science with respect to fire retardancy.

Multicomponent Polymeric Materials

Multicomponent Polymeric Materials
Author: Gennady E. Zaikov,Nodar G. Lekishvili,Yurii J. Medvedevskikh
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 234
Release: 2013-01-23
ISBN: 1926895355
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Multicomponent Polymeric Materials Book Excerpt:

Through a balanced combination of theory and experiments, this book provides a detailed overview of the main and most up-to-date advances in the area of polymeric materials. Because the subject is essentially interdisciplinary and brings together scientists and engineers with different educational backgrounds, the book offers a research-oriented exposition of the fundamentals as well. The book is based on the editors’ and authors’ extensive experience in research, development, and education in the field of materials science, and especially polymer testing, polymer diagnostics, and failure analysis. A comprehensive coverage of the methods of polymer testing is provided along with the results of the authors’ work on deformation and fracture behavior of polymers. This book will be useful to faculty as well as advanced-level students in materials science, materials technology, plastic technology, mechanical engineering, process engineering, and chemical engineering.

Thermal Analysis of Polymeric Materials

Thermal Analysis of Polymeric Materials
Author: Bernhard Wunderlich
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 894
Release: 2005-12-06
ISBN: 3540263608
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermal Analysis of Polymeric Materials Book Excerpt:

Thermal analysis is an old technique. It has been neglected to some degree because developments of convenient methods of measurement have been slow and teaching of the understanding of the basics of thermal analysis is often wanting. Flexible, linear macromolecules, also not as accurately simply called polymers, make up the final, third, class of molecules which only was identified in 1920. Polymers have neverbeenfullyintegratedintothedisciplinesofscienceandengineering. Thisbook is designed to teach thermal analysis and the understanding of all materials, flexible macromolecules, as well as those of the small molecules and rigid macromolecules. The macroscopic tool of inquiry is thermal analysis, and the results are linked to microscopic molecular structure and motion. Measurements of heat and mass are the two roots of quantitative science. The macroscopic heat is connected to the microscopic atomic motion, while the macroscopic mass is linked to the microscopic atomic structure. The macroscopic unitsofmeasurementofheatandmassarethejouleandthegram,chosentobeeasily discernable by the human senses. The microscopic units of motion and structure are 12 10 the picosecond (10 seconds) and the ångstrom (10 meters), chosen to fit the atomic scales. One notes a factor of 10,000 between the two atomic units when expressed in “human” units, second and gram—with one gram being equal to one cubic centimeter when considering water. Perhaps this is the reason for the much better understanding and greater interest in the structure of materials, being closer to human experience when compared to molecular motion.

Environmental Effects on Polymeric Materials

Environmental Effects on Polymeric Materials
Author: Dominick V. Rosato,Robert T. Schwartz
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 1316
Release: 1968
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Polymerization
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Effects on Polymeric Materials Book Excerpt:

New Polymeric Materials

New Polymeric Materials
Author: Ezio Martuscelli,Carlo Marchetta
Publsiher: VSP
Total Pages: 232
Release: 1987
ISBN: 9789067640916
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Polymeric Materials Book Excerpt:

The development of new polymeric materials has caused a considerable expansion in the field of reactive processing. These new materials are very competitive compared to the traditional ones with respect to production costs and performance. The reports published in this volume present the recent developments and emerging trends in the field of reactive processing and the physical properties of the resulting polymeric materials. Special attention is given to the chemical, kinetic and rheological aspects of reactive processing.

High Performance Polymeric Materials Through Liquid Crystallinity

High Performance Polymeric Materials Through Liquid Crystallinity
Author: Qinghuang Lin
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1994
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

High Performance Polymeric Materials Through Liquid Crystallinity Book Excerpt:

Lightweight Polymer Composite Structures

Lightweight Polymer Composite Structures
Author: Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa,Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai,Suchart Siengchin,Lothar Kroll
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2020-09-01
ISBN: 0429534299
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lightweight Polymer Composite Structures Book Excerpt:

This book provides a comprehensive account of developments in the area of lightweight polymer composites. It encompasses design and manufacturing methods for the lightweight polymer structures, various techniques, and a broad spectrum of applications. The book highlights fundamental research in lightweight polymer structures and integrates various aspects from synthesis to applications of these materials. Features Serves as a one stop reference with contributions from leading researchers from industry, academy, government, and private research institutions across the globe Explores all important aspects of lightweight polymer composite structures Offers an update of concepts, advancements, challenges, and application of lightweight structures Current status, trends, future directions, and opportunities are discussed, making it friendly for both new and experienced researchers.

Flame Retardant Polymeric Materials

Flame Retardant Polymeric Materials
Author: Eli Pearce
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 457
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 1468421484
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Flame Retardant Polymeric Materials Book Excerpt:

Flammability has been recognized as an increasingly important social and scientific problem. Fire statistics in the United States (Report of the National Commission on Fire Prevention and Control. "America Burning:' 1973) emphasized the vast devastation to life and property--12.000 lives lost annually due to fire. and these deaths are usually caused by inhaling smoke or toxic gases: 300.000 fire injuries: 11.4 billion dollars in fire cost at which 2.7 billion dollars is related to property loss: a billion dollars to burn injury treatment: and 3.3 billion dollars in productivity loss. It is obvious that much human and economic misery can be attributed to fire situations. In relation to this. polymer flammability has been recognized as an in creasingly important social and scientific problem. The development of flame-retardant polymeric materials is a current example where the initia tive for major scientific and technological developments is motivated by sociological pressure and legislation. This is part of the important trend toward a safer environment and sets a pattern for future example. Flame retardancy deals with our basic everyday life situations-housing. work areas. transportation. clothing and so forth-the "macroenvironment" capsule within which "homosapiens" live. As a result. flame-retardant polymers are now emerging as a specific class of materials leading to new and diversified scientific and technological ventures.

Polymeric Membranes for Water Purification and Gas Separation

Polymeric Membranes for Water Purification and Gas Separation
Author: Rasel Das
Publsiher: Materials Research Forum LLC
Total Pages: 342
Release: 2021-11-25
ISBN: 1644901633
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymeric Membranes for Water Purification and Gas Separation Book Excerpt:

Various organic and synthetic polymers are important materials for the removal of organic and inorganic pollutants from wastewater and the separation of gases. The book discusses various types of membranes for microfiltration, ultrafiltration, nanofiltration, reverse osmosis, forward osmosis etc. A number of nanomaterials are available for the modification of polymeric membranes. Keywords: Polymeric Membrane, Water Purification, Water Softening, Water Desalination, Gas Separation, Osmosis Membranes, Microfiltration, Ultrafiltration, Nanofiltration, Carbon Nanotube, Nanosheets, MOFs, Porous Organic Cages, Titanium Dioxide, Zinc Oxide, Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles, O2/N2 Separation, CO2/CH4 Separation, H2/N2 Separation.

Theory of Flame Retardation of Polymeric Materials

Theory of Flame Retardation of Polymeric Materials
Author: Li Jianjun,Ou Yuxiang
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2019-08-19
ISBN: 3110386488
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Theory of Flame Retardation of Polymeric Materials Book Excerpt:

Flame retardant materials are of vital importance in guaranteeing personal security. Especially the demand for non-toxic, low smoking, polymerized flame retardants increases and new materials enter the market. The authors present the fundamental theory of polymer combustion, compare different flame retardants, describe smoke suppression mechanisms, and explain analyzing techniques for new materials.