Description : Edward Everett (1794-1865) was America’s first Ph.D., a United States Congressman, Governor of Massachusetts, Ambassador to England, President of Harvard University, Secretary of State, a United States Senator, and a Vice-Presidential candidate. In the midst of this distinguished career, he was also a famous and profound orator, delivering hundreds of orations across the nation, and at least five of the most important speeches in American history. In this book, Everett’s training as an orator and his career on the public stage are reviewed in the context of his times, often referred to as the Golden Age of American oratory. Through analyses of a number of his most illustrious orations – such as the Phi Beta Kappa Society oration in 1824; his 4th of July oration at Worcester, Massachusetts; his eulogy to John Quincy Adams in 1848; his speech that saved Mount Vernon, «The Character of Washington», delivered 137 times from 1856-1860; and his Gettysburg Oration, delivered just prior to Lincoln’s illustrious Gettysburg Address – Everett is seen as a transformational figure. The book concludes that while unknown to most Americans, Everett’s rhetoric of idealism, optimism, sentimentality, and conciliation provided the rising nation – America – with its sense of identity and its core principles.
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Description : This long-needed sourcebook assesses the unique styles and themes of notable African-American orators from the mid-19th century to the present--of 43 representative public speakers, from W.E.B. Du Bois and Ida B. Wells-Barnett, Martin Luther King Jr. and Jesse Jackson to Barbara Jordan and Thurgood Marshall. The critical analyses of the oratory of a broad segment of different types of public speakers demonstrate how they have stressed the historical search for freedom, upheld American ideals while condemning discriminatory practices against African-Americans, and have spoken in behalf of black pride. This biographical dictionary with its evaluative essays, sources for further reading, and speech chronologies is designed for broad interdisciplinary use by students, teachers, activists, and general readers in college, university, institutional, and public libraries.