Ships Clocks and Stars

Ships  Clocks  and Stars
Author: Richard Dunn,Rebekah Higgitt
Publsiher: Harper Design
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2014-11-04
ISBN: 9780062353566
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ships Clocks and Stars Book Excerpt:

A history of one of the greatest nautical discoveries of all time Three hundred years ago, amidst growing frustration from the naval community and pressure linked with the increasing importance of international trade, the British government passed the 1714 Longitude Act. It was an attempt to solve one of the most pressing problems of the age: how to determine a ship's longitude (east-west position) at sea. With life-changing rewards on offer, the challenge captured the imaginations and talents of astronomers, scientists, skilled craftsmen, politicians, seamen, and satirists. Ships, Clocks, and Stars is an illustrated, lively chronicle of the heated competition to find a solution to the longitude problem. Featuring more than 150 photographs specially commissioned from Britain's National Maritime Museum, it is a tale of eighteenth-century invention and competition, commerce and conflict. It illuminates the various solutions that were proposed and tested, explores the invention that revolutionized human history, and brings this age of excitement and enlightenment to life.

Ships Clocks and Stars

Ships  Clocks  and Stars
Author: Richard Dunn,Rebekah Higgitt,National maritime museum (Londres).
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 255
Release: 2022
ISBN: 9780007940523
Category: Discoveries in science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ships Clocks and Stars Book Excerpt:

Finding Longitude How ships clocks and stars helped solve the longitude problem

Finding Longitude  How ships  clocks and stars helped solve the longitude problem
Author: National Maritime Museum,Dunn,Rebekah Higgitt
Publsiher: HarperCollins UK
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2014-07-10
ISBN: 0007525877
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Finding Longitude How ships clocks and stars helped solve the longitude problem Book Excerpt:

Recommended for viewing on colour device. Official publication of the National Maritime Museum's “Ships, Clocks and Stars” exhibition.

Finding Longitude

Finding Longitude
Author: Richard Dunn,National Maritime Museum (Great Britain),Rebekah Higgitt,Royal Museums Greenwich
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 255
Release: 2014
ISBN: 9780007525867
Category: Longitude
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Finding Longitude Book Excerpt:

300 years ago, amidst growing frustration from the naval community and pressure from the increasing importance of international trade, the British government passed the 1714 Longitude Act. It was an attempt to solve one of the most pressing problems of the age: how to determine a ship's longitude (east-west position) at sea. With life-changing rewards on offer, the challenge captured the imaginations and talents of astronomers, skilled craftsmen, politicians, seamen and satirists. This illustrated book is a detailed account of these stories, and how the longitude problem was solved.

Navigational Enterprises in Europe and its Empires 1730 1850

Navigational Enterprises in Europe and its Empires  1730   1850
Author: Rebekah Higgitt,Richard Dunn,Peter Jones
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 259
Release: 2016-02-19
ISBN: 1137520647
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Navigational Enterprises in Europe and its Empires 1730 1850 Book Excerpt:

This book explores the development of navigation in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. It examines the role of men of science, seamen and practitioners across Europe, and the realities of navigational practice, showing that old and new methods were complementary not exclusive, their use dependent on many competing factors.

Granville Sharp s Cases on Slavery

Granville Sharp s Cases on Slavery
Author: Andrew Lyall
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2017-03-23
ISBN: 1509911227
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Granville Sharp s Cases on Slavery Book Excerpt:

The purpose of Granville Sharpe's Cases on Slavery is twofold: first, to publish previously unpublished legal materials principally in three important cases in the 18th century on the issue of slavery in England, and specifically the status of black people who were slaves in the American colonies or the West Indies and who were taken to England by their masters. The unpublished materials are mostly verbatim transcripts made by shorthand writers commissioned by Granville Sharp, one of the first Englishmen to take up the cause of the abolition of the slave trade and slavery itself. Other related unpublished material is also made available for the first time, including an opinion of an attorney general and some minor cases from the library of York Minster. On the slave ship Zong, there are transcripts of the original declaration, the deposition by the chief mate, James Kelsall and an extract from a manuscript that Professor Martin Dockray was working on before his untimely death. The second purpose, outlined in the Introduction, is to give a social and legal background to the cases and an analysis of the position in England of black servants/slaves brought to England and the legal effects of the cases, taking into account the new information provided by the transcripts. There was a conflict in legal authorities as to whether black servants remained slaves, or became free on arrival in England. Lord Mansfield, the chief justice of the court of King's Bench, was a central figure in all the cases and clearly struggled to come to terms with slavery. The material provides a basis for tracing the evolution of his thought on the subject. On the one hand, the huge profits from slave production in the West Indies flooded into England, slave owners had penetrated the leading institutions in England and the pro-slavery lobby was influential. On the other hand, English law had over time established rights and liberties which in the 18th century were seen by many as national characteristics. That tradition was bolstered by the ideas of the Enlightenment. By about the 1760s it had become clear that there was no property in the person, and by the 1770s that such servants could not be sent abroad without their consent, but whether they owed an obligation of perpetual service remained unresolved.

A Museum Studies Approach to Heritage

A Museum Studies Approach to Heritage
Author: Sheila Watson,Amy Jane Barnes,Katy Bunning
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 902
Release: 2018-10-08
ISBN: 131736130X
Category: Art
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Museum Studies Approach to Heritage Book Excerpt:

Heritage’s revival as a respected academic subject has, in part, resulted from an increased awareness and understanding of indigenous rights and non-Western philosophies and practices, and a growing respect for the intangible. Heritage has, thus far, focused on management, tourism and the traditionally ‘heritage-minded’ disciplines, such as archaeology, geography, and social and cultural theory. Widening the scope of international heritage studies, A Museum Studies Approach to Heritage explores heritage through new areas of knowledge, including emotion and affect, the politics of dissent, migration, and intercultural and participatory dimensions of heritage. Drawing on a range of disciplines and the best from established sources, the book includes writing not typically recognised as 'heritage', but which, nevertheless, makes a valuable contribution to the debate about what heritage is, what it can do, and how it works and for whom. Including heritage perspectives from beyond the professional sphere, the book serves as a reminder that heritage is not just an academic concern, but a deeply felt and keenly valued public and private practice. This blending of traditional topics and emerging trends, established theory and concepts from other disciplines offers readers international views of the past and future of this growing field. A Museum Studies Approach to Heritage offers a wider, more current and more inclusive overview of issues and practices in heritage and its intersection with museums. As such, the book will be essential reading for postgraduate students of heritage and museum studies. It will also be of great interest to academics, practitioners and anyone else who is interested in how we conceptualise and use the past.

Spaces of Enlightenment Science

Spaces of Enlightenment Science
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 229
Release: 2021-12-28
ISBN: 9004501223
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spaces of Enlightenment Science Book Excerpt:

Spaces of Enlightenment Science explores the places, spaces, and exchanges where science of the Early Modern period got done, bringing together leading historians of science to examine the geographies of knowledge in the Enlightenment period.

Zero Degrees

Zero Degrees
Author: Charles W. J. Withers
Publsiher: Harvard University Press
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2017-03-13
ISBN: 0674978951
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Zero Degrees Book Excerpt:

Charles Withers explains how the choice of Greenwich to mark 0° longitude solved problems of global measurement that had engaged geographers, astronomers, and mariners since ancient times. This history is a testament to the power of maps, the challenges of global measurement, and the role of scientific authority in creating the modern world.

Navigation

Navigation
Author: James A. Bennett
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 153
Release: 2017
ISBN: 0198733712
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Navigation Book Excerpt:

Looking at the long history of navigation at sea, Jim Bennett discusses the scientific and technological developments that have enabled the accurate measurement of position and setting of directions in the oceans.

Marine Chronometers at Greenwich

Marine Chronometers at Greenwich
Author: Jonathan Betts
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 848
Release: 2018-01-03
ISBN: 019151117X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Marine Chronometers at Greenwich Book Excerpt:

The Marine Chronometers at Greenwich is the fifth, and largest, of the distinguished series of catalogues of instruments in the collections of the National Maritime Museum. Housed at the Royal Observatory Greenwich — the 'home of time' and the Prime Meridian of the world — this extraordinary collection, which includes the celebrated marine timekeepers by John Harrison (1693-1776), is generally considered to be the finest of its kind in existence. The book is however much more than just a catalogue, and includes an accessible and engaging history of the chronometer, revealing why these instruments were important in our scientific and cultural history, and explaining, in simple terms, how they worked and were used. A comprehensive Glossary and Bibliography are included to ensure any technicalities are explained and that the reader has suggestions for useful 'further reading'. Over 480 photographs and illustrations, including many fine macro-photographs and line drawings, illustrate the 'jewel-like' beauty of the chronometer's construction and explain the function and subtleties of its mechanism. A chapter on 'How the Chronometer was Made', describes the fine sub-division of labour used to create these special machines, from bare metal, right up to delivery on board ship, and brief biographies of the makers tell the human story behind this important nineteenth-century industry. Another chapter, 'The Evolution of the Chronometer', aimed at collectors, historians and curators, provides clearly structured information on assessing and dating the chronometer, something many find difficult. And, for the dedicated specialist, there is extensive tabulated data on the technical structure of this important collection, a unique resource for future research.

The Dark Side of Knowledge

The Dark Side of Knowledge
Author: Cornel Zwierlein
Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 454
Release: 2016-06-10
ISBN: 9004325182
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Dark Side of Knowledge Book Excerpt:

Thoroughly researched contributions from conferences at Harvard and Paris on coping with ignorance in late medieval and early modern administrative practices, science, literature and the arts, are tightly connected by a new theoretical framework on how to historicize ignorance.

The Routledge Companion to Marine and Maritime Worlds 1400 1800

The Routledge Companion to Marine and Maritime Worlds 1400 1800
Author: Claire Jowitt,Craig Lambert,Steve Mentz
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 610
Release: 2020-05-21
ISBN: 1000075761
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Routledge Companion to Marine and Maritime Worlds 1400 1800 Book Excerpt:

The Routledge Companion to Marine and Maritime Worlds, 1400‒1800 explores early modern maritime history, culture, and the current state of the research and approaches taken by experts in the field. Ranging from cartography to poetry and decorative design to naval warfare, the book shows how once-traditional and often Euro-chauvinistic depictions of oceanic ‘mastery’ during the early modern period have been replaced by newer global ideas. This comprehensive volume challenges underlying assumptions by balancing its assessment of the consequences and accomplishments of European navigators in the era of Columbus, da Gama, and Magellan, with an awareness of the sophistication and maritime expertise in Asia, the Arab world, and the Americas. By imparting riveting new stories and global perceptions of maritime history and culture, the contributors provide readers with fresh insights concerning early modern entanglements between humans and the vast, unpredictable ocean. With maritime studies growing and the ocean’s health in decline, this volume is essential reading for academics and students interested in the historicization of the ocean and the ways early modern cultures both conceptualized and utilized seas.

Ships Shawls and Loyal Service

Ships  Shawls and Loyal Service
Author: David Blakely
Publsiher: Troubador Publishing Ltd
Total Pages: 168
Release: 2016-11-10
ISBN: 1785893300
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ships Shawls and Loyal Service Book Excerpt:

Ships, Shawls and Loyal Service details the history of three 19th century brothers, each of whom saw some success in his chosen occupation, but each quite distinct from the others in what he achieved. Inspired by the extensive family tree drawn up in the early 20th century by one of his great-uncles, David Blakely relates the stories of his three ancestors. With strong roots in rural Suffolk, the three Blakely brothers were born at the end of the 18th century into a long-established family. Their ancestors had been gentlemen farmers, but none of the brothers followed that occupation. The eldest spent a year as a midshipman in the Royal Navy and six years as an officer in the Army, before becoming involved in a rural church community in north Norfolk. The second served as an officer on East India Company ships, sailing to India and China and finally being promoted to captain. The youngest brother lived in Norwich and became a well-respected retailer and manufacturer in the textile trade. Ships, Shawls and Loyal Service is a fascinating insight into the lives of three brothers, each of whom took a very different path in life. Early history of the brothers’ family is also explored, including their grandfather’s business as proprietor of a stage-coach company in Ipswich and his acquaintance with the artist Thomas Gainsborough. This book will appeal to those interested in East Anglian life and trade in the 18th and 19th centuries. Readers interested in naval and military actions in Napoleonic times and in sailing between England and the Far East will also find this a valuable account.

The Rise and Decline of England s Watchmaking Industry 1550 1930

The Rise and Decline of England s Watchmaking Industry  1550   1930
Author: Alun C. Davies
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2022-04-08
ISBN: 1000571904
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Rise and Decline of England s Watchmaking Industry 1550 1930 Book Excerpt:

This survey of the rise and decline of English watchmaking fills a gap in the historiography of British industry. Clerkenwell in London was supplied with "rough movements" from Prescot, 200 miles away in Lancashire. Smaller watchmaking hubs later emerged in Coventry, Liverpool, and Birmingham. The English industry led European watchmaking in the late eighteenth century in output, and its lucrative export markets extended to the Ottoman Empire and China. It also made marine chronometers, the most complex of hand-crafted pre-industrial mechanisms, crucially important to the later hegemony of Britain’s navy and merchant marine. Although Britain was the "workshop of the world", its watchmaking industry declined. Why? Firstly, because cheap Swiss watches were smuggled into British markets. Later, in the era of Free Trade, they were joined by machine-made watches from factories in America, enabled by the successful application to watch production of the "American system" in Waltham, Massachusetts after 1858. The Swiss watch industry adapted itself appropriately, expanded, and reasserted its lead in the world’s markets. English watchmaking did not: its trajectory foreshadowed and was later followed by other once-prominent British industries. Clerkenwell retained its pre-industrial production methods. Other modernization attempts in Britain had limited success or failed.

A World at Sea

A World at Sea
Author: Lauren Benton,Nathan Perl-Rosenthal
Publsiher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2020-10-09
ISBN: 0812297342
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A World at Sea Book Excerpt:

The past twenty-five years have brought a dramatic expansion of scholarship in maritime history, including new research on piracy, long-distance trade, and seafaring cultures. Yet maritime history still inhabits an isolated corner of world history, according to editors Lauren Benton and Nathan Perl-Rosenthal. Benton and Perl-Rosenthal urge historians to place the relationship between maritime and terrestrial processes at the center of the field and to analyze the links between global maritime practices and major transformations in world history. A World at Sea consists of nine original essays that sharpen and expand our understanding of practices and processes across the land-sea divide and the way they influenced global change. The first section highlights the regulatory order of the seas as shaped by strategies of land-based polities and their agents and by conflicts at sea. The second section studies documentary practices that aggregated and conveyed information about sea voyages and encounters, and it traces the wide-ranging impact of the explosion of new information about the maritime world. Probing the political symbolism of the land-sea divide as a threshold of power, the last section features essays that examine the relationship between littoral geographies and sociolegal practices spanning land and sea. Maritime history, the contributors show, matters because the oceans were key sites of experimentation, innovation, and disruption that reflected and sparked wide-ranging global change. Contributors: Lauren Benton, Adam Clulow, Xing Hang, David Igler, Jeppe Mulich, Lisa Norling, Nathan Perl-Rosenthal, Carla Rahn Phillips, Catherine Phipps, Matthew Raffety, Margaret Schotte.

Sailing School

Sailing School
Author: Margaret E. Schotte
Publsiher: JHU Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2019-07-30
ISBN: 1421429543
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sailing School Book Excerpt:

Ultimately, Sailing School helps us to rethink the relationship among maritime history, the Scientific Revolution, and the rise of print culture during a period of unparalleled innovation and global expansion.

Forms Formats and the Circulation of Knowledge

Forms  Formats and the Circulation of Knowledge
Author: Louisiane Ferlier,Benedicte Miyamoto
Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 311
Release: 2020-07-27
ISBN: 9004433678
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forms Formats and the Circulation of Knowledge Book Excerpt:

Forms, Formats and the Circulation of Knowledge explores the authority of print in all its shapes in the British book trade (1688-1832). The transdisciplinary volume skilfully recovers the innovations and practices of a disorderly market accommodating a widening audience.

The Changing Face of Early Modern Time 1550 1770

The Changing Face of Early Modern Time  1550   1770
Author: Jane Desborough
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2019-03-27
ISBN: 3030153533
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Changing Face of Early Modern Time 1550 1770 Book Excerpt:

This book provides a reinterpretation of early modern clock and watch dials on the basis of use. Between 1550 and the emergence of a standard format in 1770, dials represented combinations of calendrical, lunar and astronomical information using multiple concentric rings, subsidiary dials and apertures. Change was gradual, but significant. Over the course of eight chapters and with reference to thirty-five exceptional images, this book unlocks the meaning embedded within these early combinations. The true significance of dial change can only be fully understood by comparing dials with printed paper sources such as almanacs, diagrams and craft pamphlets. Clock and watch makers drew on traditional communication methods, utilised different formats to generate trust in their work, and tried to be help users in different contexts. The calendar, lunar and astronomical functions were useful as a memory prompt for astrology up until the mid-late seventeenth century. After the decline of this practice, the three functions continued to be useful for other purposes, but eventually declined.

Navigating by the Southern Cross

Navigating by the Southern Cross
Author: Kenneth Morgan
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2021-01-28
ISBN: 1350154792
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Navigating by the Southern Cross Book Excerpt:

In this comprehensive study, Kenneth Morgan provides an authoritative account of European exploration and discovery in Australia. The book presents a detailed chronological overview of European interests in the Australian continent, from initial speculations about the 'Great Southern Land' to the major hydrographic expeditions of the 19th century. In particular, he analyses the early crossings of the Dutch in the 17th century, the exploits of English 'buccaneer adventurer' William Dampier, the famous voyages of James Cook and Matthew Flinders, and the little-known French annexation of Australia in 1772. Introducing new findings and drawing on the latest in historiographical research, this book situates developments in navigation, nautical astronomy and cartography within the broader contexts of imperial, colonial, and maritime history.