Sleights of Mind

Sleights of Mind
Author: Stephen Macknik,Susana Martinez-Conde,Sandra Blakeslee
Publsiher: Henry Holt and Company
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2010-11-09
ISBN: 9781429951081
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sleights of Mind Book Excerpt:

"This book doesn't just promise to change the way you think about sleight of hand and David Copperfield—it will also change the way you think about the mind." —Jonah Lehrer, author of How We Decide and Proust Was A Neuroscientist Stephen Macknik and Susana Martinez-Conde, the founders of the exciting new discipline of neuromagic, have convinced some of the world's greatest magicians to allow scientists to study their techniques for tricking the brain. This book is the result of the authors' yearlong, world-wide exploration of magic and how its principles apply to our behavior. Magic tricks fool us because humans have hardwired processes of attention and awareness that are hackable—a good magician uses your mind's own intrinsic properties against you in a form of mental jujitsu. Now magic can reveal how our brains work in everyday situations. For instance, if you've ever bought an expensive item you'd sworn you'd never buy, the salesperson was probably a master at creating the "illusion of choice," a core technique of magic. The implications of neuromagic go beyond illuminating our behavior; early research points to new approaches for everything from the diagnosis of autism to marketing techniques and education. Sleights of Mind makes neuroscience fun and accessible by unveiling the key connections between magic and the mind.

Champions of Illusion

Champions of Illusion
Author: Susana Martinez-Conde,Stephen Macknik
Publsiher: Scientific American / Farrar, Straus and Giroux
Total Pages: 176
Release: 2017-10-24
ISBN: 0374718393
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Champions of Illusion Book Excerpt:

A full-color celebration of stunning visual illusions and the science behind them In Champions of Illusion, Susana Martinez-Conde and Stephen Macknik present a smorgasbord of mystifying images, many selected from their Best Illusion of the Year Contest. Whether it’s false motion, tricks of perspective, or shifting colors, Champions of Illusion is packed with adventures in visual perception. If you have ever found yourself face-to-face with an utterly bewildering illusion, you know the powerful effect such images have on the mind. The question we often ask ourselves is, How is that possible? Martinez-Conde and Macknik, who study the intersection of neuroscience, illusions, and stage magic, explain just why we think we see the things we see. The Best Illusion of the Year Contest draws entries from vision scientists, artists, magicians, and mathematicians bent on creating today’s most beguiling illusions. Featuring the contest’s most bizarre effects and unbelievable mind tricks, along with classic illusions and illuminating descriptions of what is actually going on in your brain when you are deceived by visuals on the page, Champions of Illusion is an electrifying mix of science and magic that you will not soon forget.

Hoax Springs Eternal

Hoax Springs Eternal
Author: Peter Hancock
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2015-01-22
ISBN: 1316094480
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hoax Springs Eternal Book Excerpt:

Unlike sleights of hand, which fool the senses, sleights of mind challenge cognition. This book defines and explains cognitive deception and explores six prominent potential historical instances of it: the Cross of King Arthur, Drake's Plate of Brass, the Kensington Runestone, the Vinland Map, the Piltdown Man, and the Shroud of Turin. In spite of evidence contradicting their alleged origins, their stories continue to persuade many of their authenticity. Peter Hancock uses these purported hoaxes as case studies to develop and demonstrate fundamental principles of cognitive psychology. By dissecting each ostensible artifact, he illustrates how hoaxes can deceive us and offers us defenses against them. This book further examines how and why we allow others to deceive us and how and why we even deceive ourselves at times. Accessible to beginner and expert alike, Hoax Springs Eternal provides an essential interdisciplinary guide to cognitive deception.

Encyclopedia of Deception

Encyclopedia of Deception
Author: Timothy R. Levine
Publsiher: SAGE Publications
Total Pages: 1094
Release: 2014-02-20
ISBN: 1483306895
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Deception Book Excerpt:

The Encyclopedia of Deception examines lying from multiple perspectives drawn from the disciplines of social psychology, sociology, history, business, political science, cultural anthropology, moral philosophy, theology, law, family studies, evolutionary biology, philosophy, and more. From the “little white lie,” to lying on a resume, to the grandiose lies of presidents, this two-volume reference explores the phenomenon of lying in a multidisciplinary context to elucidate this common aspect of our daily lives. Not only a cultural phenomenon historically, lying is a frequent occurrence in our everyday lives. Research shows that we are likely to lie or intentionally deceive others several times a day or in one out of every four conversations that lasts more than 10 minutes. Key Features: More than 360 authored by key figures in the field are organized A-to-Z in two volumes, which are available in both print and electronic formats. Entries are written in a clear and accessible style that invites readers to explore and reflect on the use of lying and self-deception. Each article concludes with cross references to related entries and further readings. This academic, multi-author reference work will serve as a general, non-technical resource for students and researchers within social and behavioral science programs who seek to better understand the historical role of lying and how it is employed in modern society.

Experiencing the Impossible

Experiencing the Impossible
Author: Gustav Kuhn
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2019-03-12
ISBN: 026203946X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Experiencing the Impossible Book Excerpt:

How the scientific study of magic reveals intriguing—and often unsettling—insights into the mysteries of the human mind. What do we see when we watch a magician pull a rabbit out of a hat or read a person's mind? We are captivated by an illusion; we applaud the fact that we have been fooled. Why do we enjoy experiencing what seems clearly impossible, or at least beyond our powers of explanation? In Experiencing the Impossible, Gustav Kuhn examines the psychological processes that underpin our experience of magic. Kuhn, a psychologist and a magician, reveals the intriguing—and often unsettling—insights into the human mind that the scientific study of magic provides.Magic, Kuhn explains, creates a cognitive conflict between what we believe to be true (for example, a rabbit could not be in that hat) and what we experience (a rabbit has just come out of that hat!). Drawing on the latest psychological, neurological, and philosophical research, he suggests that misdirection is at the heart of all magic tricks, and he offers a scientific theory of misdirection. He explores, among other topics, our propensity for magical thinking, the malleability of our perceptual experiences, forgetting and misremembering, free will and mind control, and how magic is applied outside entertaiment—the use of illusion in human-computer interaction, politics, warfare, and elsewhere. We may be surprised to learn how little of the world we actually perceive, how little we can trust what we see and remember, and how little we are in charge of our thoughts and actions. Exploring magic, Kuhn illuminates the complex—and almost magical—mechanisms underlying our daily activities.

Cyber Influence and Cognitive Threats

Cyber Influence and Cognitive Threats
Author: Vladlena Benson,John Mcalaney
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 238
Release: 2019-09-27
ISBN: 0128192054
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cyber Influence and Cognitive Threats Book Excerpt:

In the wake of fresh allegations that personal data of Facebook users have been illegally used to influence the outcome of the US general election and the Brexit vote, the debate over manipulation of social Big Data continues to gain more momentum. Cyber Influence and Cognitive Threats addresses various emerging challenges in response to cybersecurity, examining cognitive applications in decision-making, behaviour and basic human interaction. The book examines the role of psychology in cybersecurity by addressing each factor involved in the process: hackers, targets, cybersecurity practitioners, and the wider social context in which these groups operate. Cyber Influence and Cognitive Threats covers a variety of topics including information systems, psychology, sociology, human resources, leadership, strategy, innovation, law, finance and others. Explains psychological factors inherent in machine learning and artificial intelligence Explores attitudes towards data and privacy through the phenomena of digital hoarding and protection motivation theory Discusses the role of social and communal factors in cybersecurity behaviour and attitudes Investigates the factors that determine the spread and impact of information and disinformation

The Illusionist Brain

The Illusionist Brain
Author: Jordi Camí,Luis M. Martínez
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2022-06-07
ISBN: 0691239150
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Illusionist Brain Book Excerpt:

How magicians exploit the natural functioning of our brains to astonish and amaze us How do magicians make us see the impossible? The Illusionist Brain takes you on an unforgettable journey through the inner workings of the human mind, revealing how magicians achieve their spectacular and seemingly impossible effects by interfering with your cognitive processes. Along the way, this lively and informative book provides a guided tour of modern neuroscience, using magic as a lens for understanding the unconscious and automatic functioning of our brains. We construct reality from the information stored in our memories and received through our senses, and our brains are remarkably adept at tricking us into believing that our experience is continuous. In fact, our minds create our perception of reality by elaborating meanings and continuities from incomplete information, and while this strategy carries clear benefits for survival, it comes with blind spots that magicians know how to exploit. Jordi Camí and Luis Martínez explore the many different ways illusionists manipulate our attention—making us look but not see—and take advantage of our individual predispositions and fragile memories. The Illusionist Brain draws on the latest findings in neuroscience to explain how magic deceives us, surprises us, and amazes us, and demonstrates how illusionists skillfully “hack” our brains to alter how we perceive things and influence what we imagine.

Coaching the Brain

Coaching the Brain
Author: Joseph O'Connor,Andrea Lages
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 210
Release: 2019-02-21
ISBN: 1351403486
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Coaching the Brain Book Excerpt:

Everything we do, and sense, happens through our brain. In Coaching the Brain: Practical Applications of Neuroscience to Coaching, highly experienced coaches Joseph O’Connor and Andrea Lages ask and answer the question: ‘How can we use our knowledge of the brain to help ourselves and others to learn, change, and develop?’. This book will show you how to apply insights from the latest neuroscience research in a practical way, in the fields of personal development, coaching and cognitive therapy. Accessible and practical, it begins with an overview of how the brain works along with an explanation of how our brain changes due to our actions and thoughts, illuminating how these habits can be changed through neuroplasticity. Understanding the neuroscience of goals and mental models helps us to work with and change them, and clarity about emotions and the emotional basis of values can help achieve happiness. Most importantly, neuroscience illuminates how we learn, as well as the power of expectations. The book also explores the key lessons we can take from neuroscience for high performance and leadership. Eminently accessible, this book gives you new tools to help yourself and others create better futures. As a whole, the book will provide you with a new respect for the depth and complexity of your thinking and emotions. Coaching the Brain: Practical Applications of Neuroscience to Coaching, with its clarity and practical application, will be essential reading for coaches in practice and in training, as well as leaders, coach supervisors and HR and L&D professionals, and will be a key text for academics and students of coaching and coaching psychology.

Mysteries and Secrets Revealed

Mysteries and Secrets Revealed
Author: Ph. D Pankratz
Publsiher: Rowman & Littlefield
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2021-04-01
ISBN: 1633886697
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mysteries and Secrets Revealed Book Excerpt:

Revealed uncovers the science behind mysteries of nature and secrets of frauds who have been fooling us for centuries. Beginning at the Greek oracle in Delphi, author Loren Pankratz, PhD. guides us through the mysteries of the ancient world, the rituals of the Renaissance Church, and the readings of early mystics and spiritualists of the modern world to expose the deception of those claiming to tap into supernatural realms. Quite often these deceptions were the product of powerful institutions, like Roman Oracles or the Church of the Enlightenment, used to suppress free-thinking and maintain a tight grip on power. From Galileo’s scientific discoveries of the cosmos to Bernard Fontenelle’s popular philosophical dialogue that helped common people understand the sun-centered universe, Pankratz profiles those who used reason to challenge the authority of their time. Soon after, mesmerists and hypnotists paraded subjects who demonstrated insensitivity to pain and powers of clairvoyance. One such clairvoyant, a Frenchman named Alexis Didier, was so compelling as to provoke claims that if a case for clairvoyance could not be made for him, then no case can be made for anyone. This declaration has not been previously challenged, and Didier’s secret methods are unraveled here through information in rare documents and privately printed pamphlets for the first time. Modern spiritualism started with simple rapping noises created by the Fox sisters, but these quickly escalated into an arms race of psychic manifestations like levitations and mysterious writing on slates. Scientists like Michael Faraday conducted clever experiments with magnets to show the deception at work –but the captivating power of the spiritualists was too much to overcome, and his results were shrugged off. We follow more individuals who devised tests to debunk these hucksters, even as mediums did everything possible to avoid exposure. Each story in Revealed captures the tension of mysterious conflict, the thrill of discovery, and the power of science to unmask frauds and fakes.

Money Magic and How to Dismantle a Financial Bomb

Money  Magic  and How to Dismantle a Financial Bomb
Author: David Orrell
Publsiher: Icon Books
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2022-02-10
ISBN: 1785788299
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Money Magic and How to Dismantle a Financial Bomb Book Excerpt:

Money has many apparently magical properties. It can be created out of the void - and vanish without so much as a puff of smoke. It can flash through space. It can grow without limit. And it can blow up without warning. David Orrell argues that the emerging discipline of quantum economics, of which he is at the forefront, is the key to shattering the illusions that prevent us from understanding money's true nature. In this colourful tour of the history, philosophy and mathematics of money, Orrell demonstrates how everything makes much more sense when we replace our classical economic models with ones based on quantum probability - and reveals the explosive reality of what is left once the illusions are stripped away.

Fundamentals of Cognitive Science

Fundamentals of Cognitive Science
Author: Thomas Hardy Leahey
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 398
Release: 2022-07-19
ISBN: 1000614263
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Cognitive Science Book Excerpt:

Fundamentals of Cognitive Science draws on research from psychology, philosophy, artificial intelligence, linguistics, evolution, and neuroscience to provide an engaging and student-friendly introduction to this interdisciplinary field. While structured around traditional cognitive psychology topics, from attention, learning theory, and memory to information processing, thinking, and decision making, the book also looks at neural networks, cognitive neuroscience, embodied cognition, and magic to illustrate cognitive science principles. The book is organized around the history of thinking about the mind and its relation to the world. It considers the evolution of cognition and how it demonstrates how our current thinking about cognitive processes is derived from pre-scientific philosophies and common sense, through psychologists’ empirical inquiries into mind and behavior as they pursued a science of cognition and the construction of artificial intelligences. The architectures of cognition are also applied throughout, and the book proposes a synthesis of them, from traditional symbol system architectures to recent work in embodied cognition and Bayesian predictive processing. Practical and policy implications are also considered but solutions are left for the readers to determine. Using extended case studies to address the most important themes, ideas, and findings, this book is suitable for upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses in psychology and related fields. It is also suitable for general readers interested in an accessible treatment of cognitive science and its practical implications. Please visit www.fundamentalsofcognitivescience.com for further resources to accompany the book.

Writing the Mind

Writing the Mind
Author: Hannah Walser
Publsiher: Stanford University Press
Total Pages: 326
Release: 2022-07-19
ISBN: 1503632040
Category: Literary Criticism
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Writing the Mind Book Excerpt:

Novels are often said to help us understand how others think—especially when those others are profoundly different from us. When interpreting a character's behavior, readers are believed to make use of "Theory of Mind," the general human capacity to attribute mental states to other people. In many well-known nineteenth-century American novels, however, characters behave in ways that are opaque to readers, other characters, and even themselves, undermining efforts to explain their actions in terms of mental states like beliefs and intentions. Writing the Mind dives into these unintelligible moments to map the weaknesses of Theory of Mind and explore alternative frameworks for interpreting behavior. Through readings of authors such as Charles Brockden Brown, Herman Melville, Martin Delany, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Charles Chesnutt, and Mark Twain, Hannah Walser explains how experimental models of cognition lead to some of the strangest formal features of canonical American texts. These authors' attempts to found social life on something other than mental states not only invite us to revise our assumptions about the centrality of mind reading and empathy to the novel as a form; they can also help us understand more contemporary concepts in social cognition, including gaslighting and learned helplessness, with more conceptual rigor and historical depth.

Trade of the Tricks

Trade of the Tricks
Author: Graham Jones
Publsiher: Univ of California Press
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2011-09-14
ISBN: 0520270479
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Trade of the Tricks Book Excerpt:

This book looks inside the secretive subculture of modern magicians. Entering the flourishing Paris magic scene as an apprentice, the author gives a firsthand account of how magicians learn to perform their deceptions. He follows the day-to-day lives of some of France's most renowned performers, revealing not only how secrets are created and shared, but also how they are stolen and destroyed.

Science of the Magical

Science of the Magical
Author: Matt Kaplan
Publsiher: Simon and Schuster
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2016-10-25
ISBN: 147677711X
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Science of the Magical Book Excerpt:

"From the author of The Science of Monsters, this engaging scientific inquiry provides a definitive look into the elements of mystical places and magical object--from the philosopher's stone, to love potions to the oracles--from ancient history, mythology, and contemporary culture. Can migrations of birds foretell our future? Do phases of the moon hold sway over our lives? Are there sacred springs that cure the ill? What is the best way to brew a love potion? How do we create mutant humans who regenerate like Wolverine? In Science of the Magical, noted science journalist Matt Kaplan plumbs the rich, lively, and surprising history of the magical objects, places, and rituals that infuse ancient and contemporary myth. Like Ken Jennings and Mary Roach, Kaplan serves as a friendly armchair guide to the world of the supernatural. From the strengthening powers of Viking mead, to the super soldiers in movies like Captain America, Kaplan ranges across cultures and time periods to point out that there is often much more to these enduring magical narratives than mere fantasy. Informative and entertaining, Science of the Magical explores our world through the compelling scope of natural and human history and cutting-edge science."--

Folk Illusions

Folk Illusions
Author: K. Brandon Barker,Claiborne Rice
Publsiher: Indiana University Press
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2019-04-22
ISBN: 0253041104
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Folk Illusions Book Excerpt:

Wiggling a pencil so that it looks like it is made of rubber, "stealing" your niece's nose, and listening for the sounds of the ocean in a conch shell– these are examples of folk illusions, youthful play forms that trade on perceptual oddities. In this groundbreaking study, K. Brandon Barker and Claiborne Rice argue that these easily overlooked instances of children's folklore offer an important avenue for studying perception and cognition in the contexts of social and embodied development. Folk illusions are traditionalized verbal and/or physical actions that are performed with the intention of creating a phantasm for one or more participants. Using a cross-disciplinary approach that combines the ethnographic methods of folklore with the empirical data of neuroscience, cognitive science, and psychology, Barker and Rice catalogue over eighty discrete folk illusions while exploring the complexities of embodied perception. Taken together as a genre of folklore, folk illusions show that people, starting from a young age, possess an awareness of the illusory tendencies of perceptual processes as well as an awareness that the distinctions between illusion and reality are always communally formed.

Current Trends in Eye Tracking Research

Current Trends in Eye Tracking Research
Author: Mike Horsley,Matt Eliot,Bruce Allen Knight,Ronan Reilly
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 345
Release: 2013-12-11
ISBN: 3319028685
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Current Trends in Eye Tracking Research Book Excerpt:

Our eye movements in response to visual stimuli reveal much about how we experience the world. Focusing on the latest developments in the multidisciplinary field of eye tracking research, this volume ranges across a wide spectrum of research applications, with four sections covering the plethora of practical uses to which our expanding knowledge can be put. They offer abundant evidence that eye tracking research and its methodologies offer new ways of collecting data, framing research questions, and thinking about how we view our world. As a result, we are discovering more about how the visual system works, as well as how it interacts with attention, cognition, and behaviour. Current Trends in Eye Tracking Research presents the work of more than 50 researchers and academics, showcasing groundbreaking studies and innovative ways of applying eye tracking technologies to interesting research problems. The book covers the current output of a number of pioneering research laboratories, detailing their work on eye tracking and the visual system, alignment and EEG data, marketing and social applications, and eye tracking in education. Featuring creative uses of existing technology as well as inventive implementation of new technology in a range of research contexts and disciplines, this new publication is compelling proof of the growing importance of this exciting and fast-moving area of scientific endeavor.

Dreams of Light

Dreams of Light
Author: Andrew Holecek
Publsiher: Sounds True
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2020-08-18
ISBN: 1683644360
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dreams of Light Book Excerpt:

A world-renowned expert in lucid dreaming and Tibetan dream yoga guides us into the tradition’s daytime practices, a complement to the nighttime practices taught in his previous book Dream Yoga. Most of us are absolutely certain that we’re awake here and now—it’s a given, right? Yet, according to Tibet’s dream yoga tradition, ordinary waking life is no more real than the illusions of our nightly dreams. In his previous book Dream Yoga, Andrew Holecek guided us into Tibetan Buddhism’s nocturnal path of lucid dreaming and other dimensions of sleeping consciousness. Now, with Dreams of Light, he offers us an in-depth, step-by-step guide to its daytime practices. Known as the “illusory form” practices, these teachings include insights, meditations, and actions to help us realize the dreamlike nature of our lives. Through an immersive exploration of the tradition, beginners and seasoned practitioners alike will learn everything they need to deeply transform both their sleeping and waking hours. “If you’ve struggled to awaken in your dreams,” teaches Holecek, “these techniques will often spark spontaneous lucidity during sleep. And if you’re already a successful lucid dreamer, they will open you to new depths of experience throughout your day.” For those wishing to explore Tibetan Buddhism’s profound path for awakening to the true nature of reality—day or night—Dreams of Light shows us the way.

Dream Yoga

Dream Yoga
Author: Andrew Holecek
Publsiher: Sounds True
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2016-07-01
ISBN: 1622035518
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dream Yoga Book Excerpt:

Lucid dreaming—becoming fully conscious in the dream state—has attracted legions of those seeking to explore their vast inner worlds. Yet our states of sleep offer much more than entertainment. Combining modern lucid dreaming principles with the time-tested insights of Tibetan dream yoga makes this astonishing yet elusive experience both easier to access and profoundly life-changing. With Dream Yoga, Andrew Holecek presents a practical guide for meditators, lucid dreamers ready to go deeper, and complete beginners. Topics include: meditations and techniques for dream induction and lucidity, enhancing dream recall, dream interpretation, working with nightmares, and more.

Social Cognition in Middle Childhood and Adolescence

Social Cognition in Middle Childhood and Adolescence
Author: Sandra Bosacki
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2016-10-31
ISBN: 1118937961
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Social Cognition in Middle Childhood and Adolescence Book Excerpt:

Bridging psychological theory and educational practice, this is an innovative textbook on the emotional and social aspects of young people’s development. Bosacki’s Social Cognition in Middle Childhood and Adolescence, First Edition moves beyond tradition cognitivist representations of how children learn and grow, focusing on how to integrate the emotional, cognitive, moral, spiritual and social in young people’s experiences. This text bridges the gap between theory and practice; analyses cutting edge research and translates it into culturally sensitive and developmentally appropriate strategies for future educational practice.

Explorations in Medicine Evolution and Mind

Explorations in Medicine  Evolution  and Mind
Author: Anab Whitehouse
Publsiher: Bilquees Press
Total Pages: 511
Release: 2018-11-06
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Explorations in Medicine Evolution and Mind Book Excerpt:

This book explores a variety of topics in science, ranging from: Evolution and neurobiology, to: Cancer research, SSRIs, the HIV-AIDS issue, as well as various facets of methodology. Whatever your present thoughts might be concerning the foregoing topics, after reading ‘Explorations in Medicine, Evolution and Mind’, you might be willing to entertain the idea of revising certain aspects of your understanding in relation to the aforementioned areas of research.