Description : Animal sacrifice has been critical to the study of ancient Mediterranean religions since the nineteenth century. Recently, two theories have dominated the subject of sacrifice: the psychological and ethological approach of Walter Burkert and the sociological and cultural approach of Jean-Pierre Vernant and Marcel Detienne. These writers have argued that sacrifice allays feelings of guilt at the slaughter of sacrificial animals and that it promotes solidarity. None of them leaves much room for the role of priests or gods, or compares animal sacrifice to other oblations offered to the gods. F. S. Naiden redresses the omission of these features to show that, far from being an attempt to assuage guilt or foster solidarity, animal sacrifice is an attempt to make contact with a divine being, and that it is so important-and perceived to be so risky-for the worshippers that it becomes subject to regulations of unequaled extent and complexity. Smoke Signals for the Gods addresses these regulations as well as literary texts, while drawing on recent archaeological work on faunal remains. It also seeks to explain how mistaken views of sacrifice arose, and traces them as far back as early Christianity. This many-sided study provides a new picture of ancient Greek animal sacrifice and of the religion of which sacrifice was a part.
Description : The best-selling co-author of Acid Dream traces the dramatic social history of marijuana from its origins and its emergence in the 1960s culture wars through the 1996 legalization of medicinal marijuana in California, profiling the multibillion-dollar marijuana industry and how it is reshaping health care. 35,000 first printing.
Description : Interest in food and drink as an academic discipline has been growing significantly in recent years. This sourcebook is a unique asset to many courses on food as it offers a thematic approach to eating and drinking in antiquity. For classics courses focusing on ancient social history to introductory courses on the history of food and drink, as well as those offerings with a strong sociological or anthropological approach this volume provides an unparalleled compilation of essential source material. The chronological scope of the excerpts extends from Homer in the Eighth Century BCE to the Roman emperor Constantine in the Fourth Century CE. Each thematic chapter consists of an introduction along with a bibliography of suggested readings. Translated excerpts are then presented accompanied by an explanatory background paragraph identifying the author and context of each passage. Most of the evidence is literary, but additional sources - inscriptional, legal and religious - are also included.
Description : Earth and Gods is an attempt to introduce the reader to Heidegger's fully developed philosophy. The title Earth and Gods gives an im pression of not being a general study of Heidegger's philosophy. However, this is not true - the earth and the gods are fundamental ontological symbols of his fully developed philosophy, namely, his third and final phase of thought. This phase repeats the problems of both preceding phases in a fuller and more developed manner; hence, it implies them. The two preceding phases are the phase of Dasein and the phase of Being. These two phases are a natural flow of fundamental problems which reach their final formation and development in the phase of earth and gods. Dasein (the first phase) leads to Being, and Being (the second phase) bursts into fundamental ontological powers of Being (Seinsmiichte) which are earth and sky, gods and mortals (the third phase). Since earth is unthinkable without sky and since gods are gods in the world of mortals - of men, the title Earth and Gods is an abbreviation of these four fundamental powers of Being. Hence, an investigation of earth and gods is an attempt to present Heidegger's philosophy as a whole. Such a presentation provides the reader with the background necessary for a more adequate and efficient understanding of the writings of Heidegger himself. Thus, Earth and Gods may rightly be considered an introduction to Hei degger's philosophy.
Description : Reminiscences of life on Mooraberrie homestead, c.130 miles west of Windorah; Prologue (stellar, creation myths of Dieri, Yalliundra & Wongkonguru); p.10-22; Authors tribal initiation (naming ceremony, ochre forehead pattern, heated spear, symbolic spear), wife stealing; p.27-29; Artifacts (spearheads of stone & wood, wooden scoops, stone balls for bola, pierced shell ornaments, kangaroo bone knife), visits look out site (sharpening grooves, rock paintings); p.56-60; Childrens musical instruments (bean tree gourd, hardwood bow strung with grass, earth drum), girls puberty camp (directional signs, bark kilt); p.90-98; Sorcery at Kooroongoora ritual (use of sharpened wildfowl bone, spear south of Bedourie sung over fire), preparation of ritual objects, stone tools, acceptance of ritual by Wonkamurra & Cooracuddi tribes but not Koonkaburra & Mokawari; p.168-175; Initiation ceremony (food obligations, dress, narcotic sprayed food, physical ordeals of candidates), ceremonial dress (twig headdress, fur, blood adhesive), didjeridu annointed with grease, circumcision on human table; p.184-185; Pituri on banks of Georgina River preparation, value as trade item, myth of origin; p.229-230; Aboriginal migration route through Georgina-Diamantina-Mulligan area, origin of name Boulia, presence of Karanya, Natchawiree & Pitta Pitta tribes; p.246- 249; Penultimate ceremony of Kooroongoora rite (flutes, fire dance, sand drum as accompaniment to brolga dance, possum skin drums, exchange of fire sticks); p.285-288; Final peace ceremony of Kooroongoora rite (arrangement of spears around fire, ritual combat, argument over correctness of body painting, ceremonial handing of torches, honey symbol of peace and fellowship); p.294-235; Munkeran myth of execution stone, visit of Wannameeri (Red Ochre) party (carved & painted pole, wanninga, white & red ochre body paint, seed rattles, leaf anklets, possum skin drums) glossary of Aboriginal words, list of animals & birds; giving Aboriginal names from Georgina-Diamantina area, where known; Plates show many features of Aboriginal life, body painting, Yirrkalla carvings, carvings from Bathurst Island, bark paintings from Yirrkalla, dilly bags, kadaitcha shoes, bone pointers, hair & cockatoo feather ornaments of Yiritja & Dua moieties, pipes; (Goulburn Island, Yirrkalla & Milingimbi), grinding stones (Noonamah), shields, bull roarers, woomeras, fire sticks, message sticks, spears, club, belts, spear heads (wood, iron, glass from Daly River), fighting & throwing sticks, stone knives, ritual objects; (Alice Springs, Hookers Creek, Petermann Ranages) childrens coffins (Yirrkalla)
Description : Examines the concepts of information, meaning, and purpose, describes the function of information at various levels of organization, and discusses the theories of Edward Fredkin, Edward O. Wilson, and Kenneth Blouding
Description : At its pinnacle in A.D. 1150 the Anasazi empire of the Southwest would see no equal in North America for almost eight hundred years. Yet even at this cultural zenith, the Anasazi held the seeds of their own destruction deep within themselves.... On his deathbed, the Great Sun Chief learns a secret, a shame so vile to him that even at the brink of eternity he cannot let it pass: In a village far to the north is a fifteen-summers-old girl who must be found. Though he knows neither her name nor her face, the Great Sun decrees that the girl must at all costs be killed. Fleeing for her life as her village lies in ruins, young Cornsilk is befriended by Poor Singer, a curious youth seeking to touch the soul of the Katchinas. Together, they undertake the perilous task of staying alive long enough to discover her true identity. But time is running out for them all--a desperate killer stalks them, one who is willing to destroy the entire Anasazi world to get to her. New York Times and USA Today bestselling authors and award-winning archaeologists W. Michael Gear and Kathleen O'Neal Gear bring the stories of these first North Americans to life in People of the Silence and other volumes in the magnicent North America's Forgotten Past series. At the Publisher's request, this title is being sold without Digital Rights Management Software (DRM) applied.
Description : A native of Pomabamba, Peru, Dorila A. Marting grew up surrounded by the tales of her native city as told by family members and local Quechua storytellers. In Peruvian Short Stories, Marting brings these childhood accounts to life with a narrative that is as distinctively authentic as it is universally relatable. "This Peruvian legend has many versions depending on who is telling, the story. I will relate to you what I heard a long, long time ago, as a child, from an elderly storyteller Quechua woman named Mama Cunchina ... " -The Cave of Maria Josefa With voices spanning from the small and elderly mouse (The Emigration of Domestic Animals) to the all-encompassing Mama Patcha (Mother Earth), every story is uniquely enchanting while still supporting the overall parable that is weaved throughout the collection. Marting illustrates her memories with the ease of the Quechua storytellers of her youth, and indeed these accounts of love, loss, family, nature, friendship, and respect are as crucial and resonant today as they were during the inception of Peruvian Folklore. “ I invite you to navigate to a foreign land and to a foreign culture and enjoy these stories as much as I have ... " -Mary L. Jones, Introduction
Description : A castaway tossed onto a deserted beach is the last survivor of a world that no longer exists. He has a terrible, fascinating story to tell - the true reason for which the Trojan War was fought ... The protagonist of this tale is Diomedes, the last of the great ancient Greek Homeric heroes, who seeks to return to his beloved homeland after years of war against Troy. But destiny has other plans for him. Betrayed by his wife, who plots to murder him and persecuted by hostile gods, he has no choice but to turn his sails west, towards Hesperia, the mysterious mist-shrouded land that will one day be called Italy. He ventures boldly into this new world, for he carries with him the magic Talisman of Troy, a mysterious, powerful idol that can make the nation that possesses it invincible ...