Description : The United States is experiencing a dramatic shift in demographics, with minorities comprising a rapidly growing proportion of the population. It is anticipated that this will likely lead to substantial changes in previously established values, needs, and priorities of the population, including health and mental health for individuals, families, and society at large. This volume focuses on determinants of minority mental health and wellness. This emphasis necessarily raises the question of just who is a minority and how is minority to be defined. The term has been defined in any number of ways. Wirth (1945, p. 347) offered one of the earliest definitions of minority: We may define a minority as a group of people who, because of their physical or cultural characteristics, are singled out from the others in the society in which they live for differential and unequal treatment, and who therefore regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination. The existence of a minority in a society implies the existence of a corresponding dominant group enjoying higher social status and greater privileges.
Description : Women and Health is a comprehensive reference that addresses health issues affecting women of all ages — from adolescence through maturity. It goes far beyond other books on this topic, which concentrate only on reproductive health, and has a truly international perspective. It covers key issues ranging from osteoporosis to breast cancer and other cancers, domestic violence, sexually transmitted diseases, occupational hazards, eating disorders, heart disease and other chronic illnesses, substance abuse, and societal and behavioral influences on health. In this second edition of Women and Health, chapters thoughtfully explore the current state of women’s health and health care, including the influences of sex and gender on the occurrence of a wide variety of diseases and conditions. All chapters have been extensively updated and emphasize the epidemiology of the condition — the etiology, occurrence, primary and secondary prevention (screening), risk factors, surveillance, changing trends over time, and critical analysis of the diagnostic and treatment options and controversies. Treatment sections in each chapter have been expanded to create a stronger dialogue between epidemiologists and women's health practitioners. Saves researchers and clinicians time in quickly accessing the very latest details on a broad range of women’s health issues, as opposed to searching through thousands of journal articles Provides a common language for epidemiologists, public health practitioners, and women’s health specialists to discuss the behavioral, cultural, and biological determinants of women’s health Researchers and medical specialists will learn how the gender-specific risks and features of one organ system’s diseases affect the health of other organ systems For example: Hormone replacement therapy used to treat imbalance within the endocrine system is also being used to prevent and treat cardiovascular disease; Drugs developed for type 2 diabetes are now being used in chemoprevention Orients the non-gerontologist about the importance of considering the entire life cycle of women within research designs and treatment plans Professors teaching courses in women’s health will use slides and additional materials to structure lectures/courses; students will use slides as a unique resource to study for exams
Description : Chronic Kidney Disease in Disadvantaged Populations investigates the increased incidence and prevalence of kidney disease in vulnerable populations world-wide. The volume explores the complex interactions of genetic, biologic, cultural and socioeconomic factors such as the environment, and specific health behaviors that seem to be responsible for a significant proportion of the health disparities in these communities. Each chapter is written by leading experts in the field and analyzes the prevalence and incidence of pre-dialysis kidney disease in disadvantaged populations across both developed and developing countries. In addition, each contribution analyzes differentiated risk factors and compares the disparities in access to screening, prevention strategies, treatment protocols and renal replacement therapies. Chronic Kidney Disease in Disadvantaged Populations is essential reading for residents, fellows, clinicians and biomedical researchers working in nephrology, internal medicine, and epidemiology, especially those working in areas with high concentrations of disadvantaged populations. Presents a comprehensive account of both traditional and non-traditional risk factors for kidney disease Explores the mechanisms by which poverty increases the burden of kidney disease in these populations, barriers to access to renal health care, including renal replacement therapies, organ donation, and organ commercialization Offers the latest perspectives on outcomes in renal replacement therapies as well as prevention strategies
Description : Highly readable, well illustrated, and easy to understand, Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies remains your go-to choice for authoritative guidance on managing today’s obstetric patient. Reflecting the expertise of internationally recognized authorities, this bestselling obstetrics reference has been thoroughly revised to bring you up to date on everything from ultrasound assessment of fetal anatomy and growth, to medical complications in pregnancy, to fetal therapy...and much more! Consult this title on your favorite e-reader with intuitive search tools and adjustable font sizes. Elsevier eBooks provide instant portable access to your entire library, no matter what device you're using or where you're located. Benefit from the knowledge and experience of international experts in obstetrics. Gain a new perspective on a wide range of today’s key issues - all evidence based and easy to read. Stay current with new coverage of fetal origins of adult disease, evidence-based medicine, quality assessment, nutrition, and global obstetric practices. Find the information you need quickly with bolded key statements, additional tables, flow diagrams, and bulleted lists for easy reference. Zero in on "Key Points" in every chapter - now made more useful than ever with the inclusion of related statistics. View new ultrasound nomograms in the Normal Values in Pregnancy appendix.
Description : Pathophysiological Phenomena in Nursing: Human Responses to Illness synthesizes the latest knowledge and understanding about human responses to a range of significant biological processes, symptoms, and clinical manifestations of illness. This advanced text provides a basis for developing or examining the current knowledge and evidence base for nursing practice in these important areas across the age and health-illness continuums. Five biological life processes form the book's broad organizational structure -Regulation, Cognition, Sensation, Protection, and Motion. Examination of each of the 21 phenomena covered within the sections includes definition, prevalence, populations at risk, risk factors (environmental, personal, and developmental), mechanisms, pathological consequences, related pathophysiological concepts, differential diagnosis, manifestations, surveillance, clinical management, conceptual model(s), case studies, selected research, and questions for future study. Uses a conceptual approach to examining and understanding 21 common clinical problems to help nurses focus on phenomena they encounter frequently across disease and illness categories and across settings. Focuses on human responses to illness in adult and older adult populations to assist the nurse to develop, test, implement and evaluate clinical therapies to prevent or alleviate these responses. Presents state-of-the-art, evidence-based knowledge related to each physiological phenomena to help nurses develop the knowledge base needed to deliver the most effective care possible. Offers a conceptual foundation for the study of human responses and clinical pathophysiological phenomena from which to teach and learn the science of nursing. Provides a baseline of conceptual, research-based information from which to design further investigations. Provides empirical support for nursing theory development and further research. Follows a consistent organization within each chapter to enable the reader to easily locate desired information. Includes case studies to link chapter content with real-world patient encounters. Addresses addiction in a separate chapter to accommodate expanded coverage of this topic. Introduces a new section, Cognition, featuring separate new chapters on dementia and acute confusion.