Solar and Space Physics and Its Role in Space Exploration

Solar and Space Physics and Its Role in Space Exploration
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Committee on the Assessment of the Role of Solar and Space Physics in NASA's Space Exploration Initiative
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 72
Release: 2004-11-11
ISBN: 0309093252
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solar and Space Physics and Its Role in Space Exploration Book Excerpt:

In February 2004, the President announced a new goal for NASA; to use humans and robots together to explore the Moon, Mars, and beyond. In response to this initiative, NASA has adopted new exploration goals that depend, in part, on solar physics research. These actions raised questions about how the research agenda recommended by the NRC in its 2002 report, The Sun to the Earth and Beyond, which did not reflect the new exploration goals, would be affected. As a result, NASA requested the NRC to review the role solar and space physics should play in support of the new goals. This report presents the results of that review. It considers solar and space physics both as aspects of scientific exploration and in support of enabling future exploration of the solar system. The report provides a series of recommendations about NASA's Sun-Earth Connections program to enable it to meet both of those goals.

Solar and Space Physics and Its Role in Space Exploration

Solar and Space Physics and Its Role in Space Exploration
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 59
Release: 2004
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Astrophysics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solar and Space Physics and Its Role in Space Exploration Book Excerpt:

Space Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration

Space Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Ad Hoc Committee on the Solar System Radiation Environment and NASA's Vision for Space Exploration: A Workshop
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 104
Release: 2006-10-10
ISBN: 9780309180665
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Space Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration Book Excerpt:

Fulfilling the President’s Vision for Space Exploration (VSE) will require overcoming many challenges. Among these are the hazards of space radiation to crews traveling to the Moon and Mars. To explore these challenges in some depth and to examine ways to marshal research efforts to address them, NASA, NSF, and the NRC sponsored a workshop bringing together members of the space and planetary science, radiation physics, operations, and exploration engineering communities. The goals of the workshop were to increase understanding of the solar and space physics in the environment of Earth, the Moon, and Mars; to identify compelling relevant research goals; and discuss directions this research should take over the coming decade. This workshop report presents a discussion of radiation risks for the VSE, an assessment of specifying and predicting the space radiation environment, an analysis of operational strategies for space weather support, and a summary and conclusions of the workshop.

Earth Science and Applications from Space

Earth Science and Applications from Space
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Committee on Earth Science and Applications from Space: A Community Assessment and Strategy for the Future
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 58
Release: 2005-10-07
ISBN: 0309096723
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Earth Science and Applications from Space Book Excerpt:

The Earth is a dynamic planet whose changes and variations affect our communications, energy, health, food, housing, and transportation infrastructure. Understanding these changes requires a range of observations acquired from a variety of land-, sea-, air-, and space-based platforms. To assist NASA, NOAA, and the USGS develop these tools, the NRC was asked by these agencies to carry out a decadal strategy survey of Earth science and applications from space. In particular, the study is to develop the key scientific questions on which to focus Earth and environmental observations in the period 2005-2015, and a prioritized list of space programs, missions, and supporting activities to address these questions. This interim report outlines a key element of the studyâ€"the rationale for tying Earth observations to societal needâ€"and identifies urgent near-term actions needed to achieve this goal. A final report, due in late 2006, will provide the list of recommended space missions, programs, and supporting.

Space Studies Board Annual Report 2017

Space Studies Board Annual Report 2017
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 128
Release: 2018-12-19
ISBN: 030947762X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Space Studies Board Annual Report 2017 Book Excerpt:

The original charter of the Space Science Board was established in June 1958, three months before the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) opened its doors. The Space Science Board and its successor, the Space Studies Board (SSB), have provided expert external and independent scientific and programmatic advice to NASA on a continuous basis from NASA's inception until the present. The SSB has also provided such advice to other executive branch agencies, including the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the National Science Foundation (NSF), the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the Department of Defense, as well as to Congress. Space Studies Board Annual Report 2017 covers a message from the chair of the SSB, David N. Spergel. This report also explains the origins of the Space Science Board, how the Space Studies Board functions today, the SSB's collaboration with other National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine units, assures the quality of the SSB reports, acknowledges the audience and sponsors, and expresses the necessity to enhance the outreach and improve dissemination of SSB reports. This report will be relevant to a full range of government audiences in civilian space research - including NASA, NSF, NOAA, USGS, and the Department of Energy, as well members of the SSB, policy makers, and researchers.

Space Studies Board Annual Report 2010

Space Studies Board Annual Report 2010
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 130
Release: 2011-01-01
ISBN: 0309217857
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Space Studies Board Annual Report 2010 Book Excerpt:

The Space Studies Board (SSB) was established in 1958 to serve as the focus of the interests and responsibilities in space research for the National Academies. The SSB provides an independent, authoritative forum for information and advice on all aspects of space science and applications, and it serves as the focal point within the National Academies for activities on space research. It oversees advisory studies and program assessments, facilitates international research coordination, and promotes communications on space science and science policy between the research community, the federal government, and the interested public. The SSB also serves as the U.S. National Committee for the International Council for Science Committee on Space Research (COSPAR). This volume reviews the organization, activities, and reports of the SSB for the year 2010.

An Assessment of Balance in NASA s Science Programs

An Assessment of Balance in NASA s Science Programs
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Committee on an Assessment of Balance in NASA's Science Programs
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 58
Release: 2006-06-30
ISBN: 0309102219
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Assessment of Balance in NASA s Science Programs Book Excerpt:

When the space exploration initiative was announced, Congress asked the NRC to review the science NASA proposed to carryout under the initiative. It also asked the NRC to assess whether this program would provide balanced scientific research across the established disciplines supported by NASA in addition to supporting the new initiative. In 2005, the NRC released three studies focusing on a portion of that task, but changes at NASA forced the postponement of the last phase. This report presents that last phase with an assessment of the health of the NASA scientific disciplines under the budget requests imposed by the exploration initiative. The report also provides an analysis of whether the science budget appropriately reflects cross-disciplinary scientific priorities.

Solar and Space Physics

Solar and Space Physics
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board,Space Studies Board,Committee on a Decadal Strategy for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics)
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 466
Release: 2013-09-26
ISBN: 0309164281
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solar and Space Physics Book Excerpt:

From the interior of the Sun, to the upper atmosphere and near-space environment of Earth, and outward to a region far beyond Pluto where the Sun's influence wanes, advances during the past decade in space physics and solar physics--the disciplines NASA refers to as heliophysics--have yielded spectacular insights into the phenomena that affect our home in space. Solar and Space Physics, from the National Research Council's (NRC's) Committee for a Decadal Strategy in Solar and Space Physics, is the second NRC decadal survey in heliophysics. Building on the research accomplishments realized during the past decade, the report presents a program of basic and applied research for the period 2013-2022 that will improve scientific understanding of the mechanisms that drive the Sun's activity and the fundamental physical processes underlying near-Earth plasma dynamics, determine the physical interactions of Earth's atmospheric layers in the context of the connected Sun-Earth system, and enhance greatly the capability to provide realistic and specific forecasts of Earth's space environment that will better serve the needs of society. Although the recommended program is directed primarily at NASA and the National Science Foundation for action, the report also recommends actions by other federal agencies, especially the parts of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration charged with the day-to-day (operational) forecast of space weather. In addition to the recommendations included in this summary, related recommendations are presented in this report.

Issues Affecting the Future of the U S Space Science and Engineering Workforce

Issues Affecting the Future of the U S  Space Science and Engineering Workforce
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board,Space Studies Board,Committee on Meeting the Workforce Needs for the National Vision for Space Exploration
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 60
Release: 2006-07-20
ISBN: 0309102170
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Issues Affecting the Future of the U S Space Science and Engineering Workforce Book Excerpt:

In January 2006, the President announced a new civilian space policy focusing on exploration. As part of its preparations to implement that policy, NASA asked the NRC to explore long-range science and technology workforce needs to achieve the space exploration vision, identify obstacles to filling those needs, and put forward solutions to those obstacles. As part of the study, the NRC held a workshop to identify important factors affecting NASA’s future workforce and its capacity to implement the exploration vision. This interim report presents a summary of the highlights of that workshop and an initial set of findings. The report provides a review of the workforce implications of NASA’s plans, an assessment of science and technology workforce demographics, an analysis of factors affecting the aerospace workforce for both NASA and the relevant aerospace industry, and preliminary findings and recommendations. A final report is scheduled for completion in early 2007.

NASA s Science Mission Directorate

NASA s Science Mission Directorate
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 104
Release: 2006
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic government information
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

NASA s Science Mission Directorate Book Excerpt:

Extending the Effective Lifetimes of Earth Observing Research Missions

Extending the Effective Lifetimes of Earth Observing Research Missions
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Committee on Extending the Effective Lifetimes of Earth Observing Research Missions
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 36
Release: 2005-11-18
ISBN: 0309182085
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Extending the Effective Lifetimes of Earth Observing Research Missions Book Excerpt:

While NASA Earth Science missions are planned on the basis of a specified lifetime, often they are able to function beyond the end of that period. Until recently NASA had no formal mechanism for determining whether those missions should be extended or whether the resources necessary for the extension should be applied to new missions. In August 2004, when NASA merged Earth and space sciences, the agency began using the Science Review process to make those extension determinations. NASA had asked the NRC to assess extension review processes, and after the merger, this study focused on the Science Review process. This report presents an assessment of that process and provides recommendations for adapting it to Earth Science missions.

The Scientific Context for Exploration of the Moon

The Scientific Context for Exploration of the Moon
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Committee on the Scientific Context for Exploration of the Moon
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 50
Release: 2006-09-19
ISBN: 0309103290
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Scientific Context for Exploration of the Moon Book Excerpt:

Because of the Moon's unique place in the evolution of rocky worlds, it is a prime focus of NASA's space exploration vision. Currently NASA is defining and implementing a series of robotic orbital and landed missions to the Moon as the initial phase of this vision. To realize the benefits of this activity, NASA needs a comprehensive, well-validated, and prioritized set of scientific research objectives. To help establish those objective, NASA asked the NRC to provide guidance on the scientific challenges and opportunities enabled by sustained robotic and human exploration of the Moon during the period 2008-2013+. This interim report, which focuses on science of the Moon, presents a number of scientific themes describing broad scientific goals important for lunar research, discussions of how best to reach these goals, a set of three priority areas that follow from the themes, and recommendations for these priorities and related areas. A final report will follow in the summer of 2007.

Solar and Space Physics

Solar and Space Physics
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board,Space Studies Board,Committee on a Decadal Strategy for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics)
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 466
Release: 2013-08-26
ISBN: 0309262771
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solar and Space Physics Book Excerpt:

From the interior of the Sun, to the upper atmosphere and near-space environment of Earth, and outward to a region far beyond Pluto where the Sun's influence wanes, advances during the past decade in space physics and solar physics--the disciplines NASA refers to as heliophysics--have yielded spectacular insights into the phenomena that affect our home in space. Solar and Space Physics, from the National Research Council's (NRC's) Committee for a Decadal Strategy in Solar and Space Physics, is the second NRC decadal survey in heliophysics. Building on the research accomplishments realized during the past decade, the report presents a program of basic and applied research for the period 2013-2022 that will improve scientific understanding of the mechanisms that drive the Sun's activity and the fundamental physical processes underlying near-Earth plasma dynamics, determine the physical interactions of Earth's atmospheric layers in the context of the connected Sun-Earth system, and enhance greatly the capability to provide realistic and specific forecasts of Earth's space environment that will better serve the needs of society. Although the recommended program is directed primarily at NASA and the National Science Foundation for action, the report also recommends actions by other federal agencies, especially the parts of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration charged with the day-to-day (operational) forecast of space weather. In addition to the recommendations included in this summary, related recommendations are presented in this report.

Priorities in Space Science Enabled by Nuclear Power and Propulsion

Priorities in Space Science Enabled by Nuclear Power and Propulsion
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board,Space Studies Board,Committee on Priorities for Space Science Enabled by Nuclear Power and Propulsion
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 158
Release: 2006-04-20
ISBN: 0309100119
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Priorities in Space Science Enabled by Nuclear Power and Propulsion Book Excerpt:

In 2003, NASA began an R&D effort to develop nuclear power and propulsion systems for solar system exploration. This activity, renamed Project Prometheus in 2004, was initiated because of the inherent limitations in photovoltaic and chemical propulsion systems in reaching many solar system objectives. To help determine appropriate missions for a nuclear power and propulsion capability, NASA asked the NRC for an independent assessment of potentially highly meritorious missions that may be enabled if space nuclear systems became operational. This report provides a series of space science objectives and missions that could be so enabled in the period beyond 2015 in the areas of astronomy and astrophysics, solar system exploration, and solar and space physics. It is based on but does not reprioritize the findings of previous NRC decadal surveys in those three areas.

Space Exploration

Space Exploration
Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation. Subcommittee on Science, Technology, and Space
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 74
Release: 2014
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic books
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Space Exploration Book Excerpt:

Decadal Science Strategy Surveys

Decadal Science Strategy Surveys
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 76
Release: 2007-07-11
ISBN: 0309106648
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Decadal Science Strategy Surveys Book Excerpt:

The Workshop on Decadal Science Strategy Surveys was held on November 14-16, 2006, to promote discussions of the use of National Research Council (NRC) decadal surveys for developing and implementing scientific priorities, to review lessons learned from the most recent surveys, and to identify potential approaches for future surveys that can enhance their realism, utility, and endurance. The workshop involved approximately 60 participants from academia, industry, government, and the NRC. This report summarizes the workshop presentations, panel discussions, and general discussions on the use of decadal surveys for developing and implementing scientific priorities in astronomy and astrophysics, planetary science, solar and space physics, and Earth science. Decadal Science Strategy Surveys: Report of a Workshop summarizes the evnts of the three day workshop.

Space Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration

Space Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Ad Hoc Committee on the Solar System Radiation Environment and NASA's Vision for Space Exploration: A Workshop
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 104
Release: 2006-11-10
ISBN: 0309102642
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Space Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration Book Excerpt:

Fulfilling the President’s Vision for Space Exploration (VSE) will require overcoming many challenges. Among these are the hazards of space radiation to crews traveling to the Moon and Mars. To explore these challenges in some depth and to examine ways to marshal research efforts to address them, NASA, NSF, and the NRC sponsored a workshop bringing together members of the space and planetary science, radiation physics, operations, and exploration engineering communities. The goals of the workshop were to increase understanding of the solar and space physics in the environment of Earth, the Moon, and Mars; to identify compelling relevant research goals; and discuss directions this research should take over the coming decade. This workshop report presents a discussion of radiation risks for the VSE, an assessment of specifying and predicting the space radiation environment, an analysis of operational strategies for space weather support, and a summary and conclusions of the workshop.

Managing Space Radiation Risk in the New Era of Space Exploration

Managing Space Radiation Risk in the New Era of Space Exploration
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board,Committee on the Evaluation of Radiation Shielding for Space Exploration
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 132
Release: 2008-06-29
ISBN: 0309113830
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Managing Space Radiation Risk in the New Era of Space Exploration Book Excerpt:

As part of the Vision for Space Exploration (VSE), NASA is planning for humans to revisit the Moon and someday go to Mars. An important consideration in this effort is protection against the exposure to space radiation. That radiation might result in severe long-term health consequences for astronauts on such missions if they are not adequately shielded. To help with these concerns, NASA asked the NRC to further the understanding of the risks of space radiation, to evaluate radiation shielding requirements, and recommend a strategic plan for developing appropriate mitigation capabilities. This book presents an assessment of current knowledge of the radiation environment; an examination of the effects of radiation on biological systems and mission equipment; an analysis of current plans for radiation protection; and a strategy for mitigating the risks to VSE astronauts.

Science in NASA s Vision for Space Exploration

Science in NASA s Vision for Space Exploration
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Committee on the Scientific Context for Space Exploration
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 37
Release: 2005-03-01
ISBN: 030909593X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Science in NASA s Vision for Space Exploration Book Excerpt:

In January 2004, President Bush announced a new space policy directed at human and robotic exploration of space. The National Academies released a report at the same time that independently addressed many of the issues contained in the new policy. In June, the President's Commission on Implementation of United States Space Exploration Policy issued a report recommending that NASA ask the National Research Council (NRC) to reevaluate space science priorities to take advantage of the exploration vision. Congress also directed the NRC to conduct a thorough review of the science NASA is proposing to undertake within the initiative. This report provides an initial response to those requests. It presents guiding principles for selecting science missions that enhance and support the exploration program. The report also presents findings and recommendations to help guide NASA's space exploration strategic planning activity. Separate NRC reviews will be carried out of strategic roadmaps that NASA is developing to implement the policy.

1991 Integrated Technology Plan for the Civil Space Program

1991 Integrated Technology Plan for the Civil Space Program
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1991
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Astronautics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

1991 Integrated Technology Plan for the Civil Space Program Book Excerpt: