Solar Origins of Space Weather and Space Climate

Solar Origins of Space Weather and Space Climate
Author: Irene González Hernández,Rudolf Komm,Alexei Pevtsov,John Leibacher
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 254
Release: 2014-06-17
ISBN: 1493911821
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solar Origins of Space Weather and Space Climate Book Excerpt:

Presents an overview of recent research on the original of solar phenomena that affect Earth’s technological systems. This topical issue is based on the presentations given at the 26th National Solar Observatory (NSO) Summer Workshop held at the National Solar Observatory/Sacramento Peak, New Mexico, USA from 30 April to 4 May 2012. This unique forum brought together experts in different areas of solar and space physics to help in developing a full picture of the origin of solar phenomena that affect Earth’s technological systems. The articles include theory, model and observation research on the origin of the solar activity and its cycle, as well as a discussion on how to incorporate the research into space-weather forecasting tools. This volume is aimed at graduate students and researchers active in solar physics and space science. Previously published in Solar Physics, Vol. 289/2, 2014.

Solar and Heliospheric Origins of Space Weather Phenomena

Solar and Heliospheric Origins of Space Weather Phenomena
Author: Jean-Pierre Rozelot
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 166
Release: 2006-09-22
ISBN: 3540337598
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solar and Heliospheric Origins of Space Weather Phenomena Book Excerpt:

This book comprises an excursion through space weather, a scientific topic in rapid growth and with growing impact and implications for technological societies. The text is aimed at students and scientists working, or interested in, the field and provides a thorough introduction to the topic for those who wish to become acquainted with the basic solar physics at the origin of space weather.

Solar and Heliospheric Origins of Space Weather Phenomena

Solar and Heliospheric Origins of Space Weather Phenomena
Author: Jean-Pierre Rozelot
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 166
Release: 2009-09-02
ISBN: 9783540823179
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solar and Heliospheric Origins of Space Weather Phenomena Book Excerpt:

This book comprises an excursion through space weather, a scientific topic in rapid growth and with growing impact and implications for technological societies. The text is aimed at students and scientists working, or interested in, the field and provides a thorough introduction to the topic for those who wish to become acquainted with the basic solar physics at the origin of space weather.

The Sun and Space Weather

The Sun and Space Weather
Author: Arnold Hanslmeier
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 315
Release: 2007-06-19
ISBN: 1402056044
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Sun and Space Weather Book Excerpt:

This book presents comprehensive coverage of the Sun and space weather, two rapidly evolving topics. In this new edition, the information has been updated to include the latest results. In addition, new sections are included, like one on space weather data sources, as well as examples and information on new satellite missions.

Origins of Life

Origins of Life
Author: Vlado Valkovic
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 422
Release: 2021-11-10
ISBN: 1000470806
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Origins of Life Book Excerpt:

The primary purpose of this book is to prepare the ground for coordinated efforts aiming to answer the question: where and when life originated. The appearance of life involves three successive stages: i) the formation of chemical elements and their combination to simple molecules, which is the concern of physicists; ii) the evolution of organized complexity in biomolecules and their reactions, which falls within the field of chemistry; iii) the onset of Darwinian evolution after the appearance of the first cell-like structure, which is studied by biologists. This book focuses on the first two steps of this process with chapters exploring topics such as chemical element abundances; galaxies, galactic magnetic fields and cosmic rays; galactic chemical evolution. Key Features: Contains extensive lists of reference and additional reading. Includes new hypotheses concerning the origin of life. Combines consideration from nuclear physics, astrophysics, astro- and geochemistry. Despite its interdisciplinary nature, this book remains accessible to nonexperts, and would be a valuable companion for both experts and laypeople.

Space Weather

Space Weather
Author: Volker Bothmer,Ioannis A. Daglis
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 438
Release: 2007-01-10
ISBN: 3540345787
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Space Weather Book Excerpt:

The editors present a state-of-the-art overview on the Physics of Space Weather and its effects on technological and biological systems on the ground and in space. It opens with a general introduction on the subject, followed by a historical review on the major developments in the field of solar terrestrial relationships leading to its development into the up-to-date field of space weather. Specific emphasis is placed on the technological effects that have impacted society in the past century at times of major solar activity. Chapter 2 summarizes key milestones, starting from the base of solar observations with classic telescopes up to recent space observations and new mission developments with EUV and X-ray telescopes (e.g., STEREO), yielding an unprecedented view of the sun-earth system. Chapter 3 provides a scientific summary of the present understanding of the physics of the sun-earth system based on the latest results from spacecraft designed to observe the Sun, the interplanetary medium and geospace. Chapter 4 describes how the plasma and magnetic field structure of the earth's magnetosphere is impacted by the variation of the solar and interplanetary conditions, providing the necessary science and technology background for missions in low and near earth's orbit. Chapter 5 elaborates the physics of the layer of the earth's upper atmosphere that is the cause of disruptions in radio-wave communications and GPS (Global Positioning System) errors, which is of crucial importance for projects like Galileo. In Chapters 6-10, the impacts of technology used up to now in space, on earth and on life are reviewed.

Space Weather

Space Weather
Author: Jean Lilensten
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 332
Release: 2007-05-16
ISBN: 1402054467
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Space Weather Book Excerpt:

This book shows the state-of-the-art in Europe on a very new discipline, Space Weather. This discipline lies at the edge between science and industry. This book reflects such a position with theoretic papers and applicative papers as well. Each chapter starts with a short introduction, which shows the coherence of a given domain. Then, four to five contributions written by the best specialists in Europe give detailed hints of a hot topic in space weather.

Climate Variability

Climate Variability
Author: Abdel Hannachi
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 206
Release: 2012-01-18
ISBN: 9533076992
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Variability Book Excerpt:

This book provides a general introduction to the popular topic of climate variability. It explores various aspects of climate variability and change from different perspectives, ranging from the basic nature of low-frequency atmospheric variability to the adaptation to climate variability and change. This easy and accessible book can be used by professionals and non professionals alike.

Sun Earth Connection and Space Climate

Sun Earth Connection and Space Climate
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 6
Release: 2007
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Solar flares
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sun Earth Connection and Space Climate Book Excerpt:

Astronomy and Astrophysics Volume II

Astronomy and Astrophysics   Volume II
Author: Oddbjørn Engvold Bozena Czerny, John Lattanzio and Rolf Stabell
Publsiher: EOLSS Publications
Total Pages: 488
Release: 2012-11-30
ISBN: 1780210019
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Astronomy and Astrophysics Volume II Book Excerpt:

Handbook of the Solar Terrestrial Environment

Handbook of the Solar Terrestrial Environment
Author: Yohsuke Kamide,Abraham C.-L. Chian
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 539
Release: 2007-08-02
ISBN: 3540463143
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of the Solar Terrestrial Environment Book Excerpt:

As a star in the universe, the Sun is constantly releas- cover a wide range of time and spatial scales, making ?? ing energy into space, as much as ?. ? ?? erg/s. Tis observations in the solar-terrestrial environment c- energy emission basically consists of three modes. Te plicated and the understanding of processes di?cult. ?rst mode of solar energy is the so-called blackbody ra- In the early days, the phenomena in each plasma diation, commonly known as sunlight, and the second region were studied separately, but with the progress mode of solar electromagnetic emission, such as X rays of research, we realized the importance of treating and UV radiation, is mostly absorbed above the Earth’s the whole chain of processes as an entity because of stratosphere. Te third mode of solar energy emission is strong interactions between various regions within in the form of particles having a wide range of energies the solar-terrestrial system. On the basis of extensive from less than ? keV to more than ? GeV. It is convenient satellite observations and computer simulations over to group these particles into lower-energy particles and thepasttwo decades, it hasbecomepossibleto analyze higher-energy particles, which are referred to as the so- speci?cally the close coupling of di?erent regions in the lar wind and solar cosmic rays, respectively. solar-terrestrial environment.

Space Physics and Aeronomy Space Weather Effects and Applications

Space Physics and Aeronomy  Space Weather Effects and Applications
Author: Philip J. Erickson,Anthea J. Coster,Louis J. Lanzerotti
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2021-04-06
ISBN: 1119815592
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Space Physics and Aeronomy Space Weather Effects and Applications Book Excerpt:

Examines how solar and terrestrial space phenomena affect sophisticated technological systems Contemporary society relies on sophisticated technologies to manage electricity distribution, communication networks, transportation safety, and myriad other systems. The successful design and operation of both ground-based and space-based systems must consider solar and terrestrial space phenomena and processes. Space Weather Effects and Applications describes the effects of space weather on various present-day technologies and explores how improved instrumentation to measure Earth's space environment can be used to more accurately forecast changes and disruptions. Volume highlights include: Damage and disruption to orbiting satellite equipment by solar particles and cosmic rays Effects of space radiation on aircraft at high altitudes and latitudes Response of radio and radar-based systems to solar bursts Disturbances to the propagation of radio waves caused by space weather How geomagnetic field changes impact ground-based systems such as pipelines Impacts of human exposure to the space radiation environment The American Geophysical Union promotes discovery in Earth and space science for the benefit of humanity. Its publications disseminate scientific knowledge and provide resources for researchers, students, and professionals. Find out more about the Space Physics and Aeronomy collection in this Q&A with the Editors in Chief

The Science of Astrobiology

The Science of Astrobiology
Author: Julian Chela-Flores
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2011-07-28
ISBN: 9400716273
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Science of Astrobiology Book Excerpt:

Since the publication of The New Science of Astrobiology in the year 2001—the first edition of the present book—two significant events have taken place raising the subject from the beginning of the present century to its present maturity. Firstly, in 2001 the Galileo Mission still had two years to complete its task, which turned out to be an outstanding survey of the Jovian system, especially of its intriguing satellite Europa. Secondly, the Cassini Huygens Mission was still on its way to Saturn. Its present success has surpassed all expectations of ESA and NASA. Astrobiologists still did not know that Titan was the fifth body in the Solar System that possibly contained a water ocean (including the Earth and the three Galilean satellites other than Io). For these reasons the book includes overviews of the evolutionary and molecular biology that are necessary. There is a discussion of other sectors of culture that are the natural frontiers of astrobiology, especially the humanities.

Space Weather Environment and Societies

Space Weather  Environment and Societies
Author: Jean Lilensten,Jean Bornarel
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 242
Release: 2006-01-16
ISBN: 1402043325
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Space Weather Environment and Societies Book Excerpt:

Our planet exists within a space environment affected by constantly changing solar atmosphere producing cosmic particles and electromagnetic waves. This "space weather" profoundly influences the performance of our technology because we primarily use two means for transmitting information and energy; namely, electromagnetic waves and electricity. On an everyday basis, we have developed methods to cope with the normal conditions. However, the sun remains a fiery star whose 'angry' outbursts can potentially destroy spacecrafts, kill astronauts, melt electricity transformers, stop trains, and generally wreak havoc with human activities. Space Weather is the developing field within astronomy that aims at predicting the sun’s violent activity and minimizing the impacts on our daily lives. Space Weather, Environment, and Societies explains why our technological societies are so dependent on solar activity and how the Sun disturbs the transmission of information and energy. Footnotes expand specific points and the appendices facilitate a more thorough command of the physics involved.

The Sun Climate Connection Over the Last Millennium Facts and Questions

The Sun Climate Connection Over the Last Millennium Facts and Questions
Author: Maxim Ogurtsov,Risto Jalkanen,Markus Lindholm,Svetlana Veretenenko
Publsiher: Bentham Science Publishers
Total Pages: 245
Release: 2015-01-02
ISBN: 1608059804
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Sun Climate Connection Over the Last Millennium Facts and Questions Book Excerpt:

The search for a cause of the global warming phenomenon on our planet has sparked some interest in the scientific community. The connection between changes occurring in the sun and global warming presents one fundamental perspective which has been investigated by a number of scientific research groups. In recent times, there have been some promising results that might help us uncover the clues about such a link. The Sun-Climate Connection over the Last Millennium: facts and questions presents fundamental information about the solar activity, space weather, terrestrial climates and their variations over an extended period of time. The information presented is a set of analyses based on modern methods of statistical analysis of non-stationary time series, including Fourier, wavelet and singular spectral analysis while considering space weather phenomena (solar winds, solar flares, aurora borealis etc.) and other terrestrial manifestations of solar activity. The physical mechanisms potentially linking solar activity and space weather to climate are discussed based on these analyses. The eBook also provides some context of modern millennial temperature reconstructions for explaining global warming in the 20th century. Scenarios of the solar activity and climate evolution throughout the 21st century are considered on the basis of the updated data. The eBook provides useful facts for researchers seeking information on climate and space research with respect to solar phenomena

Paleoclimatology

Paleoclimatology
Author: Colin P. Summerhayes
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2020-08-03
ISBN: 1119591384
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Paleoclimatology Book Excerpt:

Life on our planet depends upon having a climate that changes within narrow limits – not too hot for the oceans to boil away nor too cold for the planet to freeze over. Over the past billion years Earth’s average temperature has stayed close to 14-15°C, oscillating between warm greenhouse states and cold icehouse states. We live with variation, but a variation with limits. Paleoclimatology is the science of understanding and explaining those variations, those limits, and the forces that control them. Without that understanding we will not be able to foresee future change accurately as our population grows. Our impact on the planet is now equal to a geological force, such that many geologists now see us as living in a new geological era – the Anthropocene. Paleoclimatology describes Earth’s passage through the greenhouse and icehouse worlds of the past 800 million years, including the glaciations of Snowball Earth in a world that was then free of land plants. It describes the operation of the Earth’s thermostat, which keeps the planet fit for life, and its control by interactions between greenhouse gases, land plants, chemical weathering, continental motions, volcanic activity, orbital change and solar variability. It explains how we arrived at our current understanding of the climate system, by reviewing the contributions of scientists since the mid-1700s, showing how their ideas were modified as science progressed. And it includes reflections based on the author’s involvement in palaeoclimatic research. The book will transform debate and set the agenda for the next generation of thought about future climate change. It will be an invaluable course reference for undergraduate and postgraduate students in geology, climatology, oceanography and the history of science.

Geomagnetically Induced Currents from the Sun to the Power Grid

Geomagnetically Induced Currents from the Sun to the Power Grid
Author: Jennifer Gannon,Andrei Swidinsky,Zonghua Xu
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2019-10-15
ISBN: 1119434343
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geomagnetically Induced Currents from the Sun to the Power Grid Book Excerpt:

An introduction to geomagnetic storms and the hazards they pose at the Earth’s surface Geomagnetic storms are a type of space weather event that can create Geomagnetically Induced Currents (GICs) which, once they reach Earth’s surface, can interfere with power grids and transport infrastructure. Understanding the characteristics and impacts of GICs requires scientific insights from solar physics, magnetospheric physics, aeronomy, and ionospheric physics, as well as geophysics and power engineering. Geomagnetically Induced Currents from the Sun to the Power Grid is a practical introduction for researchers and practitioners that provides tools and techniques from across these disciplines. Volume highlights include: Analysis of causes of geomagnetic storms that create GICs Data and methods used to analyze and forecast GIC hazard GIC impacts on the infrastructure of the bulk power system Analysis techniques used in different areas of GIC research New methods to validate and predict GICs in transmission systems

Climate and Weather of the Sun Earth System CAWSES

Climate and Weather of the Sun Earth System  CAWSES
Author: Franz-Josef Lübken
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 634
Release: 2012-08-14
ISBN: 9400743483
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate and Weather of the Sun Earth System CAWSES Book Excerpt:

CAWSES (Climate and Weather of the Sun-Earth System) is the most important scientific program of SCOSTEP (Scientific Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Physics). CAWSES has triggered a scientific priority program within the German Research Foundation for a period of 6 years. Approximately 30 scientific institutes and 120 scientists were involved in Germany with strong links to international partners. The priority program focuses on solar influence on climate, atmospheric coupling processes, and space climatology. This book summarizes the most important results from this program covering some important research topics from the Sun to climate. Solar related processes are studied including the evolution of solar radiation with relevance to climate. Results regarding the influence of the Sun on the terrestrial atmosphere from the troposphere to the thermosphere are presented including stratospheric ozone, mesospheric ice clouds, geomagnetic effects, and their relevance to climate. Several chapters highlight the importance of coupling mechanisms within the atmosphere, covering transport mechanisms of photochemically active species, dynamical processes such as gravity waves, tides, and planetary waves, and feedback mechanisms between the thermal and dynamical structure of the atmosphere. Special attention is paid to climate signals in the middle and upper atmosphere and their significance relative to natural variability.

The Sun and Space Weather

The Sun and Space Weather
Author: A. Hanslmeier
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 253
Release: 2006-04-18
ISBN: 0306482118
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Sun and Space Weather Book Excerpt:

Since the Sun is the main source of space weather effects, the first part of the book is devoted to a general introduction to the physics of the Sun. A better understanding of the phenomena underlying solar activity is also important for prediction of solar outbursts and thus for establishing alert systems for space missions and telecommunication systems. The book contains the following topics: possible influence of the Sun on the Earth's climate; the effects of radiation on humans in space and the expected radiation dose from various solar events; disturbances of the Earth's ionosphere and the implications of radio communication at different wavelength ranges; possible hazardous asteroids and meteoroids and their detection; and space debris and special shielding of spacecraft. In the cited literature more detailed information about the topics may be found. This book provides an introduction and overview of modern solar-terrestrial physics for students as well as for researchers in the field of astrophysics, solar physics, geophysics, and climate research.

The Sun s Influence on Climate

The Sun s Influence on Climate
Author: Joanna D. Haigh,Peter Cargill
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2015-06-23
ISBN: 0691153841
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Sun s Influence on Climate Book Excerpt:

The Earth's climate system depends entirely on the Sun for its energy. Solar radiation warms the atmosphere and is fundamental to atmospheric composition, while the distribution of solar heating across the planet produces global wind patterns and contributes to the formation of clouds, storms, and rainfall. The Sun’s Influence on Climate provides an unparalleled introduction to this vitally important relationship. This accessible primer covers the basic properties of the Earth’s climate system, the structure and behavior of the Sun, and the absorption of solar radiation in the atmosphere. It explains how solar activity varies and how these variations affect the Earth’s environment, from long-term paleoclimate effects to century timescales in the context of human-induced climate change, and from signals of the 11-year sunspot cycle to the impacts of solar emissions on space weather in our planet’s upper atmosphere. Written by two of the leading authorities on the subject, The Sun’s Influence on Climate is an essential primer for students and nonspecialists alike.