Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology
Author: K Huang,J B Goodenough
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2009-07-30
ISBN: 1845696514
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology Book Excerpt:

High temperature solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology is a promising power generation option that features high electrical efficiency and low emissions of environmentally polluting gases such as CO2, NOox and SOx. It is ideal for distributed stationary power generation applications where both high-efficiency electricity and high-quality heat are in strong demand. For the past few decades, SOFC technology has attracted intense worldwide R&D effort and, along with polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) technology, has undergone extensive commercialization development. This book presents a systematic and in-depth narrative of the technology from the perspective of fundamentals, providing comprehensive theoretical analysis and innovative characterization techniques for SOFC technology. The book initially deals with the basics and development of SOFC technology from cell materials to fundamental thermodynamics, electronic properties of solids and charged particle transport. This coverage is extended with a thorough analysis of such operational features as current flow and energy balance, and on to voltage losses and electrical efficiency. Furthermore, the book also covers the important issues of fuel cell stability and durability with chapters on performance characterization, fuel processing, and electrode poisoning. Finally, the book provides a comprehensive review for SOFC materials and fabrication techniques. A series of useful scientific appendices rounds off the book. Solid oxide fuel cell technology is a standard reference for all those researching this important field as well as those working in the power industry. Provides a comprehensive review of solid oxide fuel cells from history and design to chemistry and materials development Presents analysis of operational features including current flow, energy balance, voltage losses and electrical efficiency Explores fuel cell stability and durability with specific chapters examining performance characterization, fuel processing and electrode poisoning

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Author: Bin Zhu,Rizwan Raza,Liangdong Fan,Chunwen Sun
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 486
Release: 2020-06-02
ISBN: 352734411X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book Excerpt:

Presents innovative approaches towards affordable, highly efficient, and reliable sustainable energy systems Written by leading experts on the subject, this book provides not only a basic introduction and understanding of conventional fuel cell principle, but also an updated view of the most recent developments in this field. It focuses on the new energy conversion technologies based on both electrolyte and electrolyte-free fuel cells?from advanced novel ceria-based composite electrolyte low temperature solid oxide fuel cells to non-electrolyte fuel cells as advanced fuel-to-electricity conversion technology. Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: From Electrolyte-Based to Electrolyte-Free Devices is divided into three parts. Part I covers the latest developments of anode, electrolyte, and cathode materials as well as the SOFC technologies. Part II discusses the non-electrolyte or semiconductor-based membrane fuel cells. Part III focuses on engineering efforts on materials, technology, devices and stack developments, and looks at various applications and new opportunities of SOFC using both the electrolyte and non-electrolyte principles, including integrated fuel cell systems with electrolysis, solar energy, and more. -Offers knowledge on how to realize highly efficient fuel cells with novel device structures -Shows the opportunity to transform the future fuel cell markets and the possibility to commercialize fuel cells in an extended range of applications -Presents a unique collection of contributions on the development of solid oxide fuel cells from electrolyte based to non-electrolyte-based technology -Provides a more comprehensive understanding of the advances in fuel cells and bridges the knowledge from traditional SOFC to the new concept -Allows readers to track the development from the conventional SOFC to the non-electrolyte or single-component fuel cell Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: From Electrolyte-Based to Electrolyte-Free Devices will serve as an important reference work to students, scientists, engineers, researchers, and technology developers in the fuel cell field.

Hybrid Systems Based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Hybrid Systems Based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Author: Mario L. Ferrari,Usman M. Damo,Ali Turan,David Sánchez
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2017-06-12
ISBN: 111903907X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hybrid Systems Based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book Excerpt:

A comprehensive guide to the modelling and design of solid oxide fuel cell hybrid power plants This book explores all technical aspects of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) hybrid systems and proposes solutions to a range of technical problems that can arise from component integration. Following a general introduction to the state-of-the-art in SOFC hybrid systems, the authors focus on fuel cell technology, including the components required to operate with standard fuels. Micro-gas turbine (mGT) technology for hybrid systems is discussed, with special attention given to issues related to the coupling of SOFCs with mGTs. Throughout the book emphasis is placed on dynamic issues, including control systems used to avoid risk conditions. With an eye to mitigating the high costs and risks incurred with the building and use of prototype hybrid systems, the authors demonstrate a proven, economically feasible approach to obtaining important experimental results using simplified plants that simulate both generic and detailed system-level behaviour using emulators. Computational models and experimental plants are developed to support the analysis of SOFC hybrid systems, including models appropriate for design, development and performance analysis at both component and system levels. Presents models for a range of size units, technology variations, unit coupling dynamics and start-up and shutdown behaviours Focuses on SOFCs integration with mGTs in light of key constraints and risk avoidance issues under steady-state conditions and during transient operations Identifies interaction and coupling problems within the GT/SOFC environment, including exergy analysis and optimization Demonstrates an economical approach to obtaining important experimental results while avoiding high-cost components and risk conditions Presents analytical/computational and experimental tools for the efficient design and development of hardware and software systems Hybrid Systems Based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Modelling and Design is a valuable resource for researchers and practicing engineers involved in fuel cell fundamentals, design and development. It is also an excellent reference for academic researchers and advanced-level students exploring fuel cell technology.

Advances in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells VIII

Advances in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells VIII
Author: Prabhakar Singh,Narottam P. Bansal
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 172
Release: 2012-11-27
ISBN: 1118530160
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells VIII Book Excerpt:

The Ninth International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Materials, Science, and Technology was held in January 2012 as part of the 36th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites (ICACC). This symposium provided an international forum for scientists, engineers, and technologists from around the world to present and discuss the latest advances in solid oxide fuel cells. This issue features fourteen papers selected from the symposium, offering readers a broad panorama of the current status of solid oxide fuel cells technology, as well as emerging issues and future directions in the field.

Solid Oxide Fuels Cells Facts and Figures

Solid Oxide Fuels Cells  Facts and Figures
Author: John T.S. Irvine,Paul Connor
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2012-11-02
ISBN: 1447144562
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solid Oxide Fuels Cells Facts and Figures Book Excerpt:

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) operate at high temperatures allowing more fuel flexibility and also useful heat output and so increase total efficiency, but does give some interesting engineering challenges. Solid Oxide Fuels Cells: Facts and Figures provides clear and accurate data for a selection of SOFC topics from the specific details of Ni cermet anodes, chemical expansion in materials, and the measuring and modelling of mechanical stresses, to the broader scope of the history and present design of cells, to SOFC systems and the future of SOFC. Celebrating Ulf Bossel’s work on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, and especially his running of the European Fuel Cell Forum, Solid Oxide Fuels Cells: Facts and Figures covers important topics on the way including intermediate temperature fuel cells, metal supported fuel cells and both new materials and engineering solutions to some of the challenges of getting SOFC to market. The chapters are based on the special plenary talks given by some of the most respected and talented people in the field at the 2010 European SOFC Forum in Luzern and the title for this book comes from the report produced by Ulf for the IEA “Final Report on SOFC Data, Facts and Figures”, Swiss Federal Office of Energy, Berne, 1992. The comprehensive nature of Solid Oxide Fuels Cells: Facts and Figures makes it a key resource of SOFC topics for students, lecturers, researchers and industry practitioners alike.

Perovskite Oxide for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Perovskite Oxide for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Author: Tatsumi Ishihara
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 302
Release: 2009-06-25
ISBN: 9780387777078
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Perovskite Oxide for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book Excerpt:

Fuel cell technology is quite promising for conversion of chemical energy of hydrocarbon fuels into electricity without forming air pollutants. There are several types of fuel cells: polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC), phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC), molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC), solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC), and alkaline fuel cell (AFC). Among these, SOFCs are the most efficient and have various advantages such as flexibility in fuel, high reliability, simple balance of plant (BOP), and a long history. Therefore, SOFC technology is attracting much attention as a power plant and is now close to marketing as a combined heat and power generation system. From the beginning of SOFC development, many perovskite oxides have been used for SOFC components; for example, LaMnO -based oxide for the cathode and 3 LaCrO for the interconnect are the most well known materials for SOFCs. The 3 current SOFCs operate at temperatures higher than 1073 K. However, lowering the operating temperature of SOFCs is an important goal for further SOFC development. Reliability, durability, and stability of the SOFCs could be greatly improved by decreasing their operating temperature. In addition, a lower operating temperature is also beneficial for shortening the startup time and decreasing energy loss from heat radiation. For this purpose, faster oxide ion conductors are required to replace the conventional Y O -stabilized ZrO 2 3 2 electrolyte. A new class of electrolytes such as LaGaO is considered to be 3 highly useful for intermediate-temperature SOFCs.

Advances in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells III Volume 28 Issue 4

Advances in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells III  Volume 28  Issue 4
Author: Narottam P. Bansal,Jonathan Salem,Dongming Zhu
Publsiher: Wiley-American Ceramic Society
Total Pages: 462
Release: 2007-11-02
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells III Volume 28 Issue 4 Book Excerpt:

Papers from The American Ceramic Society's 31st International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites, held in Daytona Beach, Florida, January 21-26, 2007. Content includes papers on recent technical progress by national laboratories, universities and private industries on solid oxide fuel cell technology including SOFC component materials, processing, cell/stack fabrication and design, electrochemical performance and stability, long-term chemical interactions, interface engineering, modeling, test procedures and performance analysis.

Advances in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells II

Advances in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells II
Author: Andrew Wereszczak,Edgar Lara-Curzio,Narottam P. Bansal
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 452
Release: 2009-09-29
ISBN: 0470291745
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells II Book Excerpt:

Due to its many potential benefits, including high electrical efficiency and low environmental emissions, solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology is the subject of extensive research and development efforts by national laboratories, universities, and private industries. In these proceedings, international scientists and engineers present recent technical progress on materials-related aspects of fuel cells including SOFC component materials, materials processing, and cell/stack design, performance, and stability. Emerging trends in electrochemical materials, electrodics, interface engineering, long-term chemical interactions, and more are included. This book is compiled of papers presented at the Proceedings of the 30th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites, January 22-27, 2006, Cocoa Beach, Florida. Organized and sponsored by The American Ceramic Society and The American Ceramic Society's Engineering Ceramics Division in conjunction with the Nuclear and Environmental Technology Division.

Present Trends in Fuel Cell Technology Development

Present Trends in Fuel Cell Technology Development
Author: N. Rajalakshmi,K. S. Dhathathreyan
Publsiher: Nova Publishers
Total Pages: 141
Release: 2008
ISBN: 9781604562118
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Present Trends in Fuel Cell Technology Development Book Excerpt:

In this book the authors assess the technology for fuel cells in terms of processes and basic science, materials, applications and infrastructure. Each section is devoted to a particular type of fuel cell technology covering all the aspects of processes, materials, application, technology, challenges and present trends.

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Author: S. C. Singhal,M. Dokiya
Publsiher: The Electrochemical Society
Total Pages: 1226
Release: 1999
ISBN: 9781566772426
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book Excerpt:

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Author: Radenka Maric
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2020-12-09
ISBN: 0429527845
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book Excerpt:

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: From Fundamental Principles to Complete Systems is as a valuable resource for beginners, experienced researchers, and developers of solid oxide fuel cells. It provides a fundamental understanding of SOFCs by covering the present state-of-the-art as well as ongoing research and future challenges to be solved. It discusses current and future materials and provides an overview of development activities with a more general system approach toward fuel cell plant technology, including plant design and economics, industrial data and advances in technology. Provides an understanding of the operating principles of SOFCs Discusses state-of-the-art materials, technologies and processes Includes a review of current industry and lessons learned Offers a more general system approach toward fuel cell plant technology, including plant design and economics of SOFC manufacture Covers significant technical challenges that remain to be solved Presents the status of government activities, industry and market This book is aimed at electrochemists, batteries and fuel cell engineers, alternative energy scientists, and professionals in materials science.

High temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells for the 21st Century

High temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells for the 21st Century
Author: Kevin Kendall,Michaela Kendall
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2015-06-01
ISBN: 9780124104532
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

High temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells for the 21st Century Book Excerpt:

High-temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Second Edition, explores the growing interest in fuel cells as a sustainable source of energy. The text brings the topic of green energy front and center, illustrating the need for new books that provide comprehensive and practical information on specific types of fuel cells and their applications. This landmark volume on solid oxide fuel cells contains contributions from experts of international repute, and provides a single source of the latest knowledge on this topic. A single source for all the latest information on solid oxide fuel cells and their applications Illustrates the need for new, more comprehensive books and study on the topic Explores the growing interest in fuel cells as viable, sustainable sources of energy

Materials for High Temperature Fuel Cells

Materials for High Temperature Fuel Cells
Author: San Ping Jiang,Yushan Yan
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2013-06-26
ISBN: 3527644288
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Materials for High Temperature Fuel Cells Book Excerpt:

The world's ever-growing demand for power has created an urgent need for new efficient and sustainable sources of energy and electricity. Today's consumers of portable electronics also demand devices that not only deliver more power but are also environmentally friendly. Fuel cells are an important alternative energy source, with promise in military, commercial and industrial applications, for example power vehicles and portable devices. A fuel cell is an electrochemical device that directly converts the chemical energy of a fuel into electrical energy. Fuel cells represent the most efficient energy conversion technologies to-date and are an integral part in the new and renewable energy chain (e.g., solar, wind and hydropower). Fuel cells can be classified as either high-temperature or lowtemperature, depending on their operating temperature, and have different materials requirements. This book is dedicated to the study of high temperature fuel cells. In hightemperature fuel cells, the electrolyte materials are ceramic or molten carbonate, while the electrode materials are ceramic or metal (but not precious metal). High operation temperature fuel cells allow internal reforming, promote rapid kinetics with non-precious materials and offer high flexibilities in fuel choice, and are potential and viable candidate to moderate the fast increase in power requirements and to minimize the impact of the increased power consumption on the environment. 'Materials for High Temperature Fuel Cells' is part of the series on Materials for Sustainable Energy and Development edited by Prof. Max Q. Lu. The series covers advances in materials science and innovation for renewable energy, clean use of fossil energy, and greenhouse gas mitigation and associated environmental technologies.

Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells SOFC V

Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells  SOFC V
Author: U. Stimming
Publsiher: The Electrochemical Society
Total Pages: 1428
Release: 1997
ISBN: 9781566771450
Category: Congresses and conventions
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells SOFC V Book Excerpt:

Advances in Medium and High Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology

Advances in Medium and High Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology
Author: Marta Boaro,Aricò Antonino Salvatore
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 342
Release: 2016-11-24
ISBN: 331946146X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Medium and High Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology Book Excerpt:

In this book well-known experts highlight cutting-edge research priorities and discuss the state of the art in the field of solid oxide fuel cells giving an update on specific subjects such as protonic conductors, interconnects, electrocatalytic and catalytic processes and modelling approaches.Fundamentals and advances in this field are illustrated to help young researchers address issues in the characterization of materials and in the analysis of processes, not often tackled in scholarly books.

Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells SOFC IV

Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells  SOFC IV
Author: M. Dokiya
Publsiher: The Electrochemical Society
Total Pages: 1194
Release: 1995
ISBN: 9781566770958
Category: Electrolytes
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells SOFC IV Book Excerpt:

Advances in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells X

Advances in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells X
Author: Mihails Kusnezoff,Narottam P. Bansal
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 144
Release: 2014-12-23
ISBN: 1119040647
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells X Book Excerpt:

This issue contains 13 papers from The American Ceramic Society’s 38th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites, held in Daytona Beach, Florida, January 26-31, 2014 presented in Symposium 3 - 12th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Materials, Science, and Technology.

Dynamic Modeling and Predictive Control in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Dynamic Modeling and Predictive Control in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Author: Biao Huang,Yutong Qi,A. K. M. Monjur Murshed
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 345
Release: 2013-02-18
ISBN: 0470973919
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dynamic Modeling and Predictive Control in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book Excerpt:

The high temperature solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is identified as one of the leading fuel cell technology contenders to capture the energy market in years to come. However, in order to operate as an efficient energy generating system, the SOFC requires an appropriate control system which in turn requires a detailed modelling of process dynamics. Introducting state-of-the-art dynamic modelling, estimation, and control of SOFC systems, this book presents original modelling methods and brand new results as developed by the authors. With comprehensive coverage and bringing together many aspects of SOFC technology, it considers dynamic modelling through first-principles and data-based approaches, and considers all aspects of control, including modelling, system identification, state estimation, conventional and advanced control. Key features: Discusses both planar and tubular SOFC, and detailed and simplified dynamic modelling for SOFC Systematically describes single model and distributed models from cell level to system level Provides parameters for all models developed for easy reference and reproducing of the results All theories are illustrated through vivid fuel cell application examples, such as state-of-the-art unscented Kalman filter, model predictive control, and system identification techniques to SOFC systems The tutorial approach makes it perfect for learning the fundamentals of chemical engineering, system identification, state estimation and process control. It is suitable for graduate students in chemical, mechanical, power, and electrical engineering, especially those in process control, process systems engineering, control systems, or fuel cells. It will also aid researchers who need a reminder of the basics as well as an overview of current techniques in the dynamic modelling and control of SOFC.

Fuel Cell Technology

Fuel Cell Technology
Author: Nigel Sammes
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2006-05-14
ISBN: 1846282071
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fuel Cell Technology Book Excerpt:

Fuel cells are a very promising technology for the clean and efficient production of power. Fuel Cell Technology is an up-to-date survey of the development of this technology and will be bought by researchers and graduate students in materials control and chemical engineering working at universities and institutions and researchers and technical managers in commercial companies working in fuel cell technology.

Modeling Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Modeling Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Author: Roberto Bove,S. Ubertini
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 397
Release: 2008-04-20
ISBN: 1402069952
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modeling Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book Excerpt:

This book fills the need for a practical reference for all scientists and graduate students who are seeking to define a mathematical model for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) simulation. Structured in two parts, part one presents the basic theory, and the general equations describing SOFC operation phenomena. Part two deals with the application of the theory to practical examples, where different SOFC geometries, configurations, and different phenomena are analyzed in detail.