Sources Mechanisms and Toxicity of Nanomaterials in Plants

Sources  Mechanisms and Toxicity of Nanomaterials in Plants
Author: Jose Peralta-Videa,Vijay Pratap Singh,Durgesh Kumar Tripathi
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 450
Release: 2021-08-01
ISBN: 0128230096
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sources Mechanisms and Toxicity of Nanomaterials in Plants Book Excerpt:

Plants encounter a wide range of environmental challenges during their life cycle, among which nanoparticle toxicity is a common form of abiotic stress. Nanoparticles can adversely affect various stages of the plant life cycle, such as seed germination, root and shoot growth, chloroplasts ultrastructure and photosynthesis, nutrients assimilation, carbohydrates metabolism, and plant hormonal status, which collectively result in reduced plant yields. Sources, Mechanisms and Toxicity of Nanomaterials in Plants discusses the plant physiology and chemistry involved when plants encounter nanoparticles. Key topics include effects of nanoparticles on photosynthetic responses, regulation of nanoparticle toxicity by nitric oxide, and regulation of nanoparticle toxicity by exogenous application of primary and secondary metabolites. This is the first volume in the new Nanomaterials-Plant Interactions series and is an essential read to all researchers and scientists interested in plant physiology and chemistry, agronomy, nanotechnology and environmental science. Analyses how nanoparticle toxicity impacts the plant life cycle Includes the latest information on the range of coping mechanisms plants use to combat nanotoxicity Reviews protectants, such as endogenous signaling molecules, and their role in protecting the plant from nanotoxicity

Toxicity of Nanoparticles in Plants

Toxicity of Nanoparticles in Plants
Author: Vishnu D. Rajput,Tatiana Minkina,Svetlana Sushkova,Saglara S. Mandzhieva,Christopher Rensing
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 436
Release: 2022-04-29
ISBN: 032390775X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Toxicity of Nanoparticles in Plants Book Excerpt:

Toxicity of Nanoparticles in Plants: An Evaluation of Cyto/Morpho-physiological, Biochemical and Molecular Responses, Volume Five in the Nanomaterial-Plant Interactions series, reviews the latest research on toxicological effects of using nanotechnology in plants. Key themes include analyzing plant exposure to nanomaterials, mechanisms of toxicity of nanoparticles to plants, and effects, uptake and translocation of various different nanoparticles. This will be an essential read for any scientist or researcher looking to assess and understand the potential toxicological risks associated with plant nanotechnology. To date, nanotechnology is considered one of the most promising areas of research due to the widespread applications of nanomaterials in plant science and agriculture. However, extensive use of nano-based products raises concerns regarding their toxicity in crop plants, their environmental impact and potential consequences to humans via the food chain. Discusses environmental concerns raised by the extensive use of nanotechnology Highlights the impact of plants treated with nanoparticles on nutritional status Reviews major challenges for assessing the toxicity of nanomaterials in plants

Engineered Nanomaterials and Phytonanotechnology Challenges for Plant Sustainability

Engineered Nanomaterials and Phytonanotechnology  Challenges for Plant Sustainability
Author: Ashok Kumar Das
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 342
Release: 2019-11-27
ISBN: 0128213205
Category: Nanostructured materials
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Engineered Nanomaterials and Phytonanotechnology Challenges for Plant Sustainability Book Excerpt:

Engineered Nanomaterials and Phytonanotechnology: Challenges for Plant Sustainability, Volume 87 in the Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry series, highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters on the Current status of environmental monitoring, Physical principles of infrared, Chemical principles of infrared, Instrumentation and hardware, Data analysis, Sampling, Applications in water, Application in soil and sediments, Applications in ecology of animals and plants, Applications in air monitoring, Applications in contamination, Applications in marine environments, Advantages and pitfalls, and more. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry series Updated release includes the latest information on the field of engineered nanomaterials in plants

Environmental Toxicity of Nanomaterials

Environmental Toxicity of Nanomaterials
Author: Vineet Kumar,Nandita Dasgupta,Shivendu Ranjan
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 523
Release: 2018-04-17
ISBN: 135125295X
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Toxicity of Nanomaterials Book Excerpt:

Environmental Toxicity of Nanomaterials focuses on causes and prevention of environmental toxicity induced by various nanomaterials. In sixteen chapters it describes the basic principles, trends, challenges, and future directions of nanoecotoxicity. The future acceptance of nanomaterials in various industries depends on the impacts of nanomaterials on the environment and ecosystem. This book analyzes the safe utilization of nanotechnology so the tremendous prospect of nanotechnology can be achieved without harming either living beings or the environment. Environmental Toxicity of Nanomaterials introduces nanoecotoxicity, describes various factors affecting the toxicity of nanomaterials, discusses various factors that can impart nanoecotoxicity, reviews various studies in the area of nanoecotoxicity evaluation, and describes the safety and risk assessment of nanomaterials. In addition, the book discusses strategies for mitigating nanoecotoxicity. Lastly, the authors provide guidelines and protocols for nanotoxicity evaluation and discuss regulations for safety assessment of nanomaterials. In addition to environmental toxicologists, this book is aimed at policy makers, industry personnel, and doctoral and postdoctoral scholars.

Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 50

Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 50
Author: Vipin Kumar Singh,Rishikesh Singh,Eric Lichtfouse
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 413
Release: 2021-03-12
ISBN: 3030632490
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 50 Book Excerpt:

This book reviews contaminants of emerging nature affecting the agroecosystem and includes important information regarding the their sources, types, transportation, environmental threats and strategies to decontaminate the affected agroecosystems. The contents of this volume will help the policy makers and environmental engineers in combating the continuously rising threats to cultivated ecosystems.

Nanomaterials in Plants Algae and Microorganisms

Nanomaterials in Plants  Algae  and Microorganisms
Author: Durgesh Kumar Tripathi,Parvaiz Ahmad,Shivesh Sharma,Devendra Kumar Chauhan,Nawal Kishore Dubey
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 550
Release: 2017-11-20
ISBN: 0128116463
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanomaterials in Plants Algae and Microorganisms Book Excerpt:

Nanomaterials in Plants, Algae and Microorganisms: Concepts and Controversies: Volume One discusses the vast amount of nanomaterials that have been released into the environment in a relatively short amount of time. There is a need to understand what the implications to the health of our biota and ecosystems are as the earth is increasingly inundated with these materials. Not all of the effects are negative, but their impacts are increasing exponentially due to their size, quantity and other factors. Covers the issues of nanoparticles on more simple organisms and their ecosystems Presents issues that are specific to terrestrial ecosystems Contains contributions from global experts who help increase understanding at the physiological, biochemical, molecular, and even genomic and proteomic levels Provides a critical assessment of the progress taking place on this topic and sheds light on future research needs

Nanotechnology and Plant Sciences

Nanotechnology and Plant Sciences
Author: Manzer H. Siddiqui,Mohamed H. Al-Whaibi,Firoz Mohammad
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 303
Release: 2015-01-27
ISBN: 3319145029
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanotechnology and Plant Sciences Book Excerpt:

This book presents a holistic view of the complex and dynamic responses of plants to nanoparticles, the signal transduction mechanisms involved, and the regulation of gene expression. Further, it addresses the phytosynthesis of nanoparticles, the role of nanoparticles in the antioxidant systems of plants and agriculture, the beneficial and harmful effects of nanoparticles on plants, and the application of nanoparticles and nanotubes to mass spectrometry, aiming ultimately at an analysis of the metabolomics of plants. The growing numbers of inventions in the field of nanotechnology are producing novel applications in the fields of biotechnology and agriculture. Nanoparticles have received much attention because of the unique physico-chemical properties of these compounds. In the life sciences, nanoparticles are used as “smart” delivery systems, prompting the Nobel Prize winner P. Ehrlich to refer to these compounds as “magic bullets.” Nanoparticles also play an important role in agriculture as compound fertilizers and nano-pesticides, acting as chemical delivery agents that target molecules to specific cellular organelles in plants. The influence of nanoparticles on plant growth and development, however, remains to be investigated. Lastly, this book reveals the research gaps that must be bridged in the years to come in order to achieve larger goals concerning the applications of nanotechnology in the plants sciences. In the 21st century, nanotechnology has become a rapidly emerging branch of science. In the world of physical sciences, nanotechnological tools have been exploited for a broad range of applications. In recent years, nanoparticles have also proven useful in several branches of the life sciences. In particular, nanotechnology has been employed in drug delivery and related applications in medicine.

Plant Responses to Nanomaterials

Plant Responses to Nanomaterials
Author: Vijay Pratap Singh,Samiksha Singh,Durgesh Kumar Tripathi,Sheo Mohan Prasad,Devendra Kumar Chauhan
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 334
Release: 2021-05-03
ISBN: 3030367401
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plant Responses to Nanomaterials Book Excerpt:

The population of the world continues to increase at an alarming rate. The trouble linked with overpopulation ranges from food and water scarcity to inadequacy of space for organisms. Overpopulation is also linked with several other demographic hazards, for instance, population blooming will not only result in exhaustion of natural repositories, but it will also induce intense pressure on the world economy. Today nanotechnology is often discussed as a key discipline of research but it has positive and negative aspects. Also, due to industrialization and ever-increasing population, nano-pollution has been an emerging topic among scientists for investigation and debate. Nanotechnology measures any substance on a macromolecular scale, molecular scale, and even atomic scale. More importantly, nanotechnology deals with the manipulation and control of any matter at the dimension of a single nanometer. Nanotechnology and nanoparticles (NPs) play important roles in sustainable development and environmental challenges as well. NPs possess both harmful and beneficial effects on the environment and its harboring components, such as microbes, plants, and humans. There are many beneficial impacts exerted by nanoparticles, however, including their role in the management of waste water and soil treatment, cosmetics, food packaging, agriculture, biomedicines, pharmaceuticals, renewable energies, and environmental remedies. Conversely, NPs also show some toxic effects on microbes, plants, as well as human beings. It has been reported that use of nanotechnological products leads to the more accumulation of NPs in soil and aquatic ecosystems, which may be detrimental for living organisms. Further, toxic effects of NPs on microbes, invertebrates, and aquatic organisms including algae, has been measured. Scientists have also reported on the negative impact of NPs on plants by discussing the delivery of NPs in plants. Additionally, scientists have also showed that NPs interact with plant cells, which results in alterations in growth, biological function, gene expression, and development. Thus, there has been much investigated and reported on NPs and plant interactions in the last decade. This book discusses the most recent work on NPs and plant interaction, which should be useful for scientists working in nanotechnology across a wide variety of disciplines.

Free Radical Biology and Environmental Toxicity

Free Radical Biology and Environmental Toxicity
Author: Kavindra Kumar Kesari,Niraj Kumar Jha
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2022-03-11
ISBN: 3030834468
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Free Radical Biology and Environmental Toxicity Book Excerpt:

The main aim of this book is to collect a series of research articles and reviews from a diverse group of scientists to share their research work on the role of free radical research and environmental toxicity. This book presents various state-of-the-art chapters of recent progress in the field of cellular toxicology and clinical manifestations of various disorders. Topics include cell signaling, various risk factors, the pathophysiology of disease instigation and distribution, mechanistic insights into metal and nanoparticle toxicity, neural toxicity, nongenotoxic carcinogenicity, immune and idiosyncratic toxicity, prevention, biomarkers related to disease progression and therapeutic strategies. In particular, this book provides valuable insight for researchers, pathologists, and clinicians with an interest in toxicological research and cellular impairments with special emphasis on therapeutic advancement.

Fundamentals of Bionanomaterials

Fundamentals of Bionanomaterials
Author: Ahmed Barhoum,Jaison Jeevanandam,Michael K. Danquah
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 394
Release: 2022-01-28
ISBN: 0128241489
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Bionanomaterials Book Excerpt:

Bionanomaterials are identified as a perfect replacement, in the quest for the search of an alternative to toxic conventional nanomaterials for biomedical applications. Bionanomaterials are the nanomaterials, that are fabricated via biomolecules or encapsulate or immobilize a conventional nanomaterial with a biomolecule. The biomolecules extracted from the microbes, plants, agricultural wastes, insects, marine organisms and certain animals are used for the formation of bionanomaterials. These bionanomaterials exhibited low or negligible toxicity towards humans, other organisms and the environment with enhanced biocompatibility, bioavailability and bioreactivity. Thus, the aim of this book is to provide an overview of various bionanomaterials, their synthesis, characterization and their application-oriented properties. The book is divided into two parts – Part 1 discusses about the bionanomaterials of exclusive natural origin, self-assembled bionanomaterials and their environmental application and Part 2 focuses on applications of distinct bionanomaterials in biomedical sciences. The ‘Chapter 1 – Bionanomaterials: Definitions, sources, types, properties, market, toxicity and regulations’ aims to provide an extensive overview of bionanomaterials, their definitions, sources, types and their properties. In addition, the toxicity of bionanomaterials and their regulations implied in recent times were also discussed. ‘Chapter 2 – Nature inspired bionanomaterials’ highlights different types of nature-inspired biosynthesized nanomaterials and their green synthesis methods, as well as some of their emerging applications, especially in the fields of nanomedicine, cosmetics, drug delivery, molecular imaging, and catalytic precursors. Further, the chapter also covers different types of bionanomaterials (e.g., viruses, protein cages, and phages) and highlights their unique properties and potential applications. ‘Chapter 3 – Culinary spices mediated biogenesis of nanoparticles for cancer and diabetes treatment’ deals with bionanomaterials synthesized by using extracts of culinary spices and its vital role in the treatment of distinct types of cancer and diabetes. In ‘Chapter 4 – Environment friendly superhydrophobic bioactive nanocoatings’, the authors have discussed the basics of exceptional water repellence behaviour and recent developments in the area of bioactive-SHC for various applications. In addition, the current and projected requirements for bioactive-SHC were also addressed. The authors of ‘Chapter 5 – Self-assembly of nanobionics: from theory to application’ reviewed, discussed, addressed and highlighted the recent advancements in bionics as an interdisciplinary field to understand the bionic materials and particles, that are mainly fabricated via self-assembly approach.

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Author: David M. Whitacre
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 210
Release: 2014-11-10
ISBN: 3319106384
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Book Excerpt:

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology attempts to provide concise, critical reviews of timely advances, philosophy and significant areas of accomplished or needed endeavor in the total field of xenobiotics, in any segment of the environment, as well as toxicological implications.

Separations of Water Pollutants with Nanotechnology

Separations of Water Pollutants with Nanotechnology
Author: Satinder Ahuja
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 318
Release: 2022-05-16
ISBN: 0323907644
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Separations of Water Pollutants with Nanotechnology Book Excerpt:

Separations of Water Pollutants with Nanotechnology, the latest volume in the Separation Science and Technology series, offers new solutions for remediating water pollution utilizing nanomaterials with separation methods. Current water purification methods are unsuitable, inconvenient or expensive, so there is a need for new and better processes and techniques. Nanomaterials can purify water by removing pollutants such as heavy metals, pathogens, organic compounds, inorganic compounds, pharmaceuticals, and chemicals of emerging concern. These can effectively replace membrane-based methods if the right expertise is developed—this book helps separation scientists do just that. Existing water treatment problems can be solved by applying a nanotechnology-based processes: antimicrobial nanotechnology, zero-valent iron nanoparticles, nanoadsorbents, nano-enhanced membranes, nanometal oxides, and nano photocatalysts. The current literature places emphasis on materials chemistry rather than the separation methods used for water purification. This new volume presents a collection of chapters that deal with remediation based on separation chemistry. Written by leaders in their respective fields from around the world and edited by Satinder Ahuja, a leading expert on water quality improvement Covers the environmental impact of anthropogenic nanoparticles and plant derived bionanomaterials, which are not contained in other books related to nanomaterials for water purification Illustrates key information visually wherever possible throughout the book, e.g. process diagrams in the nanomaterial synthesis and nanomembrane fabrication chapters, electron microscope images, and more

Toxic Effects of Nanomaterials

Toxic Effects of Nanomaterials
Author: Haseeb Ahmad Khan,Ibrahim Abdulwahid Arif
Publsiher: Bentham Science Publishers
Total Pages: 147
Release: 2012
ISBN: 1608052834
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Toxic Effects of Nanomaterials Book Excerpt:

"Toxic Effects of Nanomaterials provides an authoritative work of international experts in the field of nanotoxicology spanning 8 chapters. A key feature of the e-book is a broad coverage of phytotoxicity of nanoparticles, which is largely neglected in man"

Green Synthesis of Silver Nanomaterials

Green Synthesis of Silver Nanomaterials
Author: Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 795
Release: 2021-11-01
ISBN: 0128245093
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Green Synthesis of Silver Nanomaterials Book Excerpt:

Green Synthesis of Silver Nanomaterials illustrates how to biologically scale up silver nanoparticle synthesis. This book covers green synthesis of silver nanomaterials, via plants, agricultural waste, fungi, and microorganisms. Sections cover the synthesis and characterization of chemical and green synthesis, various types of silver nanomaterialism, the ability of different fungal species, such as filamentous fungi, to produce silver nanoparticles, the microbial synthesis of silver NMs, biosynthesis mechanisms, toxicity, fate and commercialization. As examples, greener pathways and mechanisms, toxicity of silver nanoparticles in aquatic life and in natural eco-systems, and strategies for the scaling up of green-synthesized nanomaterials are discussed. With the extended work in enhancing nanomaterials synthesis performance, and discovering their biomedical, environmental, and agricultural applications, it is hoped that the execution of these methods on a large scale and their industrial applications in different fields will take place in the near future. Assesses the impact of a large variety of silver-based nanostructures in the biomedical, environmental and agri-food sectors Discusses the major synthesis methods used for effectively processing plant-based silver nanoparticles Outlines the potential and major challenges for adopting green synthesis methods on a mass scale

Nanomaterials and Plant Potential

Nanomaterials and Plant Potential
Author: Azamal Husen,Muhammad Iqbal
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 605
Release: 2019-03-01
ISBN: 3030055698
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanomaterials and Plant Potential Book Excerpt:

This book discusses the latest developments in plant-mediated fabrication of metal and metal-oxide nanoparticles, and their characterization by using a variety of modern techniques. It explores in detail the application of nanoparticles in drug delivery, cancer treatment, catalysis, and as antimicrobial agent, antioxidant and the promoter of plant production and protection. Application of these nanoparticles in plant systems has started only recently and information is still scanty about their possible effects on plant growth and development. Accumulation and translocation of nanoparticles in plants, and the consequent growth response and stress modulation are not well understood. Plants exposed to these particles exhibit both positive and negative effects, depending on the concentration, size, and shape of the nanoparticles. The impact on plant growth and yield is often positive at lower concentrations and negative at higher ones. Exposure to some nanoparticles may improve the free-radical scavenging potential and antioxidant enzymatic activities in plants and alter the micro-RNAs expression that regulate the different morphological, physiological and metabolic processes in plant system, leading to improved plant growth and yields. The nanoparticles also carry out genetic reforms by efficient transfer of DNA or complete plastid genome into the respective plant genome due to their miniscule size and improved site-specific penetration. Moreover, controlled application of nanomaterials in the form of nanofertilizer offers a more synchronized nutrient fluidity with the uptake by the plant exposed, ensuring an increased nutrient availability. This book addresses these issues and many more. It covers fabrication of different/specific nanomaterials and their wide-range application in agriculture sector, encompassing the controlled release of nutrients, nutrient-use efficiency, genetic exchange, production of secondary metabolites, defense mechanisms, and the growth and productivity of plants exposed to different manufactured nanomaterials. The role of nanofertilizers and nano-biosensors for improving plant production and protection and the possible toxicities caused by certain nanomaterials, the aspects that are little explored by now, have also been generously elucidated.

Plant Nanobionics

Plant Nanobionics
Author: Ram Prasad
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 488
Release: 2019-09-30
ISBN: 3030163792
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plant Nanobionics Book Excerpt:

Plant Nanobionics, Volume 2 continues the important discussion of nanotechnology in plants, but focuses with a focus on biosynthesis and toxicity. This book discusses novel approaches to biosynthesis of nanoparticles for the increase of plant production systems, controlled release of agrochemicals and management of plant biotic stress. Green biosynthesis of metallic nanoparticles from bee propolis, artificial photosynthesis and hybrid structures are presented. Although engineered nanoparticles have great potential for solving many agricultural and societal problems, their consequences on the ecosystems and environment must be responsibly considered. This volume aims to contribute to the limited literature on this topic through its comprehensive examination of nanoparticle toxicity on plants, microbes and human health. Environmental risks with recent data are discussed as well as risks associated with the transfer of nanoparticles through the food chain. This volume highlights the study of a mechanistic approach and the study of nanoparticles towards nanobionics. The application of polymeric materials for smart packing in the food industry and agriculture sector as well as the future of nanomaterials in detecting soil microbes for environmental remediation are also included.

Nanobiotechnology Applications in Plant Protection

Nanobiotechnology Applications in Plant Protection
Author: Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam,Ram Prasad
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 291
Release: 2019-10-04
ISBN: 303013296X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanobiotechnology Applications in Plant Protection Book Excerpt:

Nanobiotechnology Applications in Plant Protection: Volume 2 continues the important and timely discussion of nanotechnology applications in plant protection and pathology, filling a gap in the literature for nano applications in crop protection. Nanobiopesticides and nanobioformulations are examined in detail and presented as powerful alternatives for eco-friendly management of plant pathogens and nematodes. Leading scholars discuss the applications of nanobiomaterials as antimicrobials, plant growth enhancers and plant nutrition management, as well as nanodiagnostic tools in phytopathology and magnetic and supramagnetic nanostructure applications for plant protection. This second volume includes exciting new content on the roles of biologically synthesized nanoparticles in seed germination and zinc-based nanostructures in protecting against toxigenic fungi. Also included is new research in phytotoxicity, nano-scale fertilizers and nanomaterial applications in nematology and discussions on Botyris grey mold and nanobiocontrol. This book also explores the potential effects on the environment, ecosystems and consumers and addresses the implications of intellectual property for nanobiopesticides. Further discussed are nanotoxicity effects on the plant ecosystem and nano-applications for the detection, degradation and removal of pesticides.

Physico Chemical Properties of Nanomaterials

Physico Chemical Properties of Nanomaterials
Author: Richard C. Pleus,Vladimir Murashov
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 338
Release: 2018-07-17
ISBN: 1351168584
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physico Chemical Properties of Nanomaterials Book Excerpt:

Throughout human history, we have long encountered the combination of promise, risk, and uncertainty that accompanies emerging technologies. Nanotechnology is a recent example of an emerging technology that promises to drastically improve existing products as well as allow for creative development of new goods and services. This new technology also has its potential downsides. Industry, academia, and regulatory agencies are all working overtime to assess risks accurately while keeping up with the pace of development. Subtle changes in the physicochemical properties of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) can influence their toxicity and behavior in the environment and so can be used to help control potential ENM risks. This book attempts to encompass the state of the science regarding physicochemical characterization of ENMs. It illuminates the effort to understand these properties and how they may be used to ensure safe ENM deployment in existing or future materials and products.

Chitosan Based Nanomaterials in Plant Growth and Protection

Chitosan Based Nanomaterials in Plant Growth and Protection
Author: Vinod Saharan,Ajay Pal
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 55
Release: 2016-07-13
ISBN: 8132236017
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chitosan Based Nanomaterials in Plant Growth and Protection Book Excerpt:

This brief describes various methods of chitosan nano-materials synthesis, with detailed discussion of various factors effecting its synthesis process, stability and physicochemical properties. Chitosan is naturally occurring biopolymer derived from chitin. Due to the unique biological properties of chitosan nano-materials such as antimicrobial, plant growth inducer, plant defense modulator, chitosan has gained attention in fields of plant sciences. Book further extended the details of different types of chitosan nano-materials specially for plant applications along with its future prospects in plant protection and growth. Bioactivities of chitosan nano-materials and its mechanism have also been covered. This book aims to widening the understanding of the synthesis, characterization and use of chitosan based nano-materials in plant system.

Nanotechnology in Plant Growth Promotion and Protection

Nanotechnology in Plant Growth Promotion and Protection
Author: Avinash P. Ingle
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2021-08-16
ISBN: 1119745853
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanotechnology in Plant Growth Promotion and Protection Book Excerpt:

Discover the role of nanotechnology in promoting plant growth and protection through the management of microbial pathogens In Nanotechnology in Plant Growth Promotion and Protection, distinguished researcher and author Dr. Avinash P. Ingle delivers a rigorous and insightful collection of some of the latest developments in nanotechnology particularly related to plant growth promotion and protection. The book focuses broadly on the role played by nanotechnology in growth promotion of plants and their protection through the management of different microbial pathogens. You’ll learn about a wide variety of topics, including the role of nanomaterials in sustainable agriculture, how nano-fertilizers behave as soil feed, and the dual role of nanoparticles in plant growth promotion and phytopathogen management. You’ll also discover why nanotechnology has the potential to revolutionize the current agricultural landscape through the development of nano-based products, like plant growth promoters, nano-fertilizers, nano-pesticides, and nano-insecticides. Find out why nano-based products promise to be a cost-effective, economically viable, and eco-friendly approach to tackling some of the most intractable problems in agriculture today. You’ll also benefit from the inclusion of: A thorough introduction to the prospects and impacts of using nanotechnology to promote the growth of plants and control plant diseases An exploration of the effects of titanium dioxide nanomaterials on plant growth and the emerging applications of zinc-based nanoparticles in plant growth promotion Practical discussions of nano-fertilizer in enhancing the production potentials of crops and the potential applications of nanotechnology in plant nutrition and protection for sustainable agriculture A concise treatment of nanotechnology in seed science and soil feed Toxicological concerns of nanomaterials used in agriculture Perfect for undergraduate, graduate, and research students of nanotechnology, agriculture, plant science, plant physiology, and crops, Nanotechnology in Plant Growth Promotion and Protection will also earn a place in the libraries of professors and researchers in these areas, as well as regulators and policymakers.