Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Science

Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Science
Author: Hamid Reza Pourghasemi,Candan Gokceoglu
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 870
Release: 2019-02-15
ISBN: 9780128152263
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Science Book Excerpt:

Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Science offers an integrated approach to spatial modelling using both GIS and R. Given the importance of Geographical Information Systems and geostatistics across a variety of applications in Earth and Environmental Science, a clear link between GIS and open source software is essential for the study of spatial objects or phenomena that occur in the real world and facilitate problem solving. Organized into clear sections on applications and using case studies, the book helps researchers to more quickly understand GIS data and formulate more complex conclusions. Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Science is the first reference to provide methods and applications for combining the use of R and GIS in modeling spatial processes and is therefore an essential tool for students and researchers in earth and environmental science, especially those looking to better utilize GIS and spatial modeling. Offers a clear interdisciplinary guide to serve researchers in a variety of fields including hazards, land surveying, remote sensing, cartography, geophysics, geology, natural resources, environment, and geography Provides an overview, methods, and case studies for each application Expresses concepts and methods at an appropriate level for both students and new users to learn by example

Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Sciences

Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Sciences
Author: Hamid Reza Pourghasemi,Candan Gokceoglu
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 798
Release: 2019-01-18
ISBN: 0128156953
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Sciences Book Excerpt:

Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Sciences offers an integrated approach to spatial modelling using both GIS and R. Given the importance of Geographical Information Systems and geostatistics across a variety of applications in Earth and Environmental Science, a clear link between GIS and open source software is essential for the study of spatial objects or phenomena that occur in the real world and facilitate problem-solving. Organized into clear sections on applications and using case studies, the book helps researchers to more quickly understand GIS data and formulate more complex conclusions. The book is the first reference to provide methods and applications for combining the use of R and GIS in modeling spatial processes. It is an essential tool for students and researchers in earth and environmental science, especially those looking to better utilize GIS and spatial modeling. Offers a clear, interdisciplinary guide to serve researchers in a variety of fields, including hazards, land surveying, remote sensing, cartography, geophysics, geology, natural resources, environment and geography Provides an overview, methods and case studies for each application Expresses concepts and methods at an appropriate level for both students and new users to learn by example

Computers in Earth and Environmental Sciences

Computers in Earth and Environmental Sciences
Author: Hamid Reza Pourghasemi
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 704
Release: 2021-09-22
ISBN: 0323886159
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computers in Earth and Environmental Sciences Book Excerpt:

Computers in Earth and Environmental Sciences: Artificial Intelligence and Advanced Technologies in Hazards and Risk Management addresses the need for a comprehensive book that focuses on multi-hazard assessments, natural and manmade hazards, and risk management using new methods and technologies that employ GIS, artificial intelligence, spatial modeling, machine learning tools and meta-heuristic techniques. The book is clearly organized into four parts that cover natural hazards, environmental hazards, advanced tools and technologies in risk management, and future challenges in computer applications to hazards and risk management. Researchers and professionals in Earth and Environmental Science who require the latest technologies and advances in hazards, remote sensing, geosciences, spatial modeling and machine learning will find this book to be an invaluable source of information on the latest tools and technologies available. Covers advanced tools and technologies in risk management of hazards in both the Earth and Environmental Sciences Details the benefits and applications of various technologies to assist researchers in choosing the most appropriate techniques for purpose Expansively covers specific future challenges in the use of computers in Earth and Environmental Science Includes case studies that detail the applications of the discussed technologies down to individual hazards

Spatial Modelling of Flood Risk and Flood Hazards

Spatial Modelling of Flood Risk and Flood Hazards
Author: Biswajeet Pradhan
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 3030945448
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spatial Modelling of Flood Risk and Flood Hazards Book Excerpt:

Gully Erosion Studies from India and Surrounding Regions

Gully Erosion Studies from India and Surrounding Regions
Author: Pravat Kumar Shit,Hamid Reza Pourghasemi,Gouri Sankar Bhunia
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2019-11-19
ISBN: 3030232433
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gully Erosion Studies from India and Surrounding Regions Book Excerpt:

This book offers the scientific basis for the ample evaluation of badland management in India and some surrounding regions. It examines the processes operating in the headwaters and main channels of ephemeral rivers in lateritic environments of India. In particular, the book covers a range of vital topics in the areas of gully erosion and water to soil erosion at lateritic uplands regions of India and other regions in Asia. It explores the probable gully erosion modeling through Remote Sensing & GIS Techniques. It is divided into three units. Unit I deals with the introduction of badland, types of badland and the process of badland formation. Unit II is devoted to a description of quantitative measurements. Unit III deals with the control and management processes related to various issues from different regions. As such this book serves as a reference book for research activities in this area. It is an efficient guide for aspiring researchers in applied geography, explaining advanced techniques to help students recognize both simple and complex concepts.

Soil and Groundwater Remediation Technologies

Soil and Groundwater Remediation Technologies
Author: Yong Sik Ok,Jörg Rinklebe,Deyi Hou,Daniel C.W. Tsang,Filip M.G. Tack
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 338
Release: 2020-04-14
ISBN: 1000046966
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Soil and Groundwater Remediation Technologies Book Excerpt:

This book offers various soil and water treatment technologies due to increasing global soil and water pollution. In many countries, the management of contaminated land has matured, and it is developing in many others. Topics covered include chemical and ecological risk assessment of contaminated sites; phytomanagement of contaminants; arsenic removal; selection and technology diffusion; technologies and socio-environmental management; post-remediation long-term management; soil and groundwater laws and regulations; and trace element regulation limits in soil. Future prospects of soil and groundwater remediation are critically discussed in this book. Hence, readers will learn to understand the future prospects of soil and groundwater contaminants and remediation measures. Key Features: Discusses conventional and novel aspects of soil and groundwater remediation technologies Includes new monitoring/sensing technologies for soil and groundwater pollution Features a case study of remediation of contaminated sites in the old, industrial, Ruhr area in Germany Highlights soil washing, soil flushing, and stabilization/solidification Presents information on emerging contaminants that exhibit new challenges This book is designed for undergraduate and graduate courses and can be used as a handbook for researchers, policy makers, and local governmental institutes. Soil and Groundwater Remediation Technologies: A Practical Guide is written by a team of leading global experts in the field.

River Sand Mining Modelling and Sustainable Practice

River Sand Mining Modelling and Sustainable Practice
Author: Raj Kumar Bhattacharya,Nilanjana Das Chatterjee
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2021-07-31
ISBN: 3030722961
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

River Sand Mining Modelling and Sustainable Practice Book Excerpt:

Worldwide demand for sand and gravel is increasing daily, as the need for these materials continues to rise, for example in the construction sector, in land filling and for transportation sector based infrastructural projects. This results in over-extraction of sand from channel beds, and hampers the natural renewal of sediment, geological setup and morphological processes of the riverine system. In India, illegal sand mining (of alluvial channels) and gravel mining (of perennial channels) are two anthropogenic issues that negatively affect the sustainable drainage system. Along the Kangsabati River in India, the consequences of sand mining are very serious. The construction of Mukutmonipur Dam (1958) on the river causes huge sediment deposition along the middle and downstream areas, these same areas are also intensely mined for sand (instream and on the flood plain). Geospatial models are applied in order to better understand the state and the resilience of stream hydraulics, morphological and river ecosystem variables during pre-mining and post-mining stages, using micro-level datasets of the Kangsabati River. The book also includes practicable measures to minimize the environmental consequences of instream mining in respect to optimum sand mining. It discusses the threshold limits of each variable in stream hydraulics, morphological and river ecological regime, and also discusses the most affected variables. Consequently, all outputs will be very useful for students, researchers, academicians, decision makers and practitioners and will facilitate applying these techniques to create models for other river basins.

Recent Trends in Image Processing and Pattern Recognition

Recent Trends in Image Processing and Pattern Recognition
Author: KC Santosh
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 3031070054
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recent Trends in Image Processing and Pattern Recognition Book Excerpt:

Water Engineering Modeling and Mathematic Tools

Water Engineering Modeling and Mathematic Tools
Author: Pijush Samui,Hossein Bonakdari,Ravinesh C. Deo
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 590
Release: 2021-02-05
ISBN: 0128208775
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Water Engineering Modeling and Mathematic Tools Book Excerpt:

Water Engineering Modeling and Mathematic Tools provides an informative resource for practitioners who want to learn more about different techniques and models in water engineering and their practical applications and case studies. The book provides modelling theories in an easy-to-read format verified with on-site models for specific regions and scenarios. Users will find this to be a significant contribution to the development of mathematical tools, experimental techniques, and data-driven models that support modern-day water engineering applications. Civil engineers, industrialists, and water management experts should be familiar with advanced techniques that can be used to improve existing systems in water engineering. This book provides key ideas on recently developed machine learning methods and AI modelling. It will serve as a common platform for practitioners who need to become familiar with the latest developments of computational techniques in water engineering. Includes firsthand experience about artificial intelligence models, utilizing case studies Describes biological, physical and chemical techniques for the treatment of surface water, groundwater, sea water and rain/snow Presents the application of new instruments in water engineering

Innovations in Smart Cities Applications Edition 3

Innovations in Smart Cities Applications Edition 3
Author: Mohamed Ben Ahmed,Anouar Abdelhakim Boudhir,Domingos Santos,Mohamed El Aroussi,İsmail Rakıp Karas
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 1266
Release: 2020-02-04
ISBN: 303037629X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Innovations in Smart Cities Applications Edition 3 Book Excerpt:

This book highlights original research and recent advances in various fields related to smart cities and their applications. It gathers papers presented at the Fourth International Conference on Smart City Applications (SCA19), held on October 2–4, 2019, in Casablanca, Morocco. Bringing together contributions by prominent researchers from around the globe, the book offers an invaluable instructional and research tool for courses on computer science, electrical engineering, and urban sciences. It is also an excellent reference guide for professionals, researchers, and academics in the field of smart cities. This book covers topics including: • Smart Citizenship • Smart Education • Digital Business and Smart Governance • Smart Health Care • New Generation of Networks and Systems for Smart Cities • Smart Grids and Electrical Engineering • Smart Mobility • Smart Security • Sustainable Building • Sustainable Environment

Computational Intelligence for Water and Environmental Sciences

Computational Intelligence for Water and Environmental Sciences
Author: Omid Bozorg-Haddad,Babak Zolghadr-Asli
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 540
Release: 2022-08-09
ISBN: 9811925194
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Intelligence for Water and Environmental Sciences Book Excerpt:

This book provides a comprehensive yet fresh perspective for the cutting-edge CI-oriented approaches in water resources planning and management. The book takes a deep dive into topics like meta-heuristic evolutionary optimization algorithms (e.g., GA, PSA, etc.), data mining techniques (e.g., SVM, ANN, etc.), probabilistic and Bayesian-oriented frameworks, fuzzy logic, AI, deep learning, and expert systems. These approaches provide a practical approach to understand and resolve complicated and intertwined real-world problems that often imposed serious challenges to traditional deterministic precise frameworks. The topic caters to postgraduate students and senior researchers who are interested in computational intelligence approach to issues stemming from water and environmental sciences.

The Effect of Hydrology on Soil Erosion

The Effect of Hydrology on Soil Erosion
Author: Jesús Rodrigo-Comino,José María Senciales-González,José Damián Ruiz-Sinoga
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 244
Release: 2021-01-21
ISBN: 3039366440
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Effect of Hydrology on Soil Erosion Book Excerpt:

This Special Issue includes manuscripts about soil erosion and degradation processes and the accelerated rates due to hydrological processes and climate change. The new research included in this issue focuses on measurements, modeling, and experiments in field or laboratory conditions developed at different scales (pedon, hillslope, and catchment). This Special Issue received investigations from different parts of the world such as Ethiopia, Morocco, China, Iran, Italy, Portugal, Greece, and Spain, among others. We are happy to see that all papers presented findings characterized as unconventional, provocative, innovative, and methodologically new. We hope that the readers of the journal Water can enjoy and learn about hydrology and soil erosion using the published material, and share the results with the scientific community, policymakers, and stakeholders to continue this amazing adventure, facing plenty of issues and challenges.

Water and Energy Management in India

Water and Energy Management in India
Author: Mrinmoy Majumder,Ganesh D. Kale
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 275
Release: 2021-03-05
ISBN: 3030666832
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Water and Energy Management in India Book Excerpt:

This book provides an innovative, realistic and reliable solution to the common problem of Indian water and energy sector due to the onset of the Impact of Climate Change and Large-Scale Urbanization. Twelve Case Studies and One Review Paper that were included in this book depict the way soft computation techniques, simulation and decision-making framework can optimize the best solution from multiple solutions to the problems of water and energy management which corresponds to a novel symbiotic and synchronous nexus between water and the energy sector. All the studies included in this book are collected from all parts of India. The selected studies utilized the latest technologies like Multi-Criteria Decision Frame Work, Neural Networks and Nature-Based Optimization techniques to achieve diverse objectives from the prediction of climatic parameters to yield from ungauged watershed to performance optimization of Water Treatment Plant, Hydropower as well as futuristic alternative energy systems like Wave to Power Plants.

Spatial Modelling of the Terrestrial Environment

Spatial Modelling of the Terrestrial Environment
Author: Richard E.J. Kelly,Nicholas A. Drake,Stuart L. Barr
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 290
Release: 2004-10-22
ISBN: 0470093994
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spatial Modelling of the Terrestrial Environment Book Excerpt:

Understanding and predicting the behaviour of natural and human environmental systems is crucial for the effective management of the Earth’s limited resources. Recently, great advances have been made through spatial modelling. This book provides a snapshot of the latest research in modelling technologies and methodologies within five environmental fields; the cryosphere, hydrology, geomorphology, vegetation interfaces and urban environments. Spatial Modelling of the Terrestrial Environment deals with the use of remote sensing, numerical models and GIS in addressing important natural and human environmental sciences issues, focusing on the theory and application of modelling remotely sensed data within the context of environmental processes. Extensive case material exemplifies the latest research and modelling paradigms presented in the book.

Principles of Geographical Information Systems

Principles of Geographical Information Systems
Author: Peter A. Burrough,Rachael McDonnell,Rachael A. McDonnell,Christopher D. Lloyd
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2015
ISBN: 0198742843
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles of Geographical Information Systems Book Excerpt:

Geographical data are used in so many aspects of our lives today, from disaster relief operations to finding directions on our cellphones. Geographical Information Systems (GIS) are the software tools that turn raw data into useful information that can help us understand our world better.Principles of Geographical Information Systems presents a strong theoretical basis for GIS-often lacking in other texts-and an account of its practice. Through real-world examples, this text clearly explains the importance of spatial data and the information systems based upon them in solving arange of practical problems.

Fundamentals of Spatial Analysis and Modelling

Fundamentals of Spatial Analysis and Modelling
Author: Jay Gao
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2021-12-15
ISBN: 1000519880
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Spatial Analysis and Modelling Book Excerpt:

This textbook provides comprehensive and in-depth explanations of all topics related to spatial analysis and spatiotemporal simulation, including how spatial data are acquired, represented digitally, and spatially aggregated. Also features the nature of space and how it is measured. Descriptive, explanatory, and inferential analyses are covered for point, line, and area data. It captures the latest developments in spatiotemporal simulation with cellular automata and agent-based modelling, and through practical examples discusses how spatial analysis and modelling can be implemented in different computing platforms. A much-needed textbook for a course at upper undergraduate and postgraduate levels.

Advanced Methodologies and Technologies in Engineering and Environmental Science

Advanced Methodologies and Technologies in Engineering and Environmental Science
Author: Khosrow-Pour, D.B.A., Mehdi
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 506
Release: 2018-09-07
ISBN: 1522573607
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Methodologies and Technologies in Engineering and Environmental Science Book Excerpt:

The ever-increasing awareness and growing focus on environmental issues such as climate change and energy use is bringing about an urgency in expanding research to provide possible solutions to these problems. Through current engineering research and emerging technologies, scientists work to combat modern environmental and ecological problems plaguing the globe. Advanced Methodologies and Technologies in Engineering and Environmental Science provides emerging research on the current and forthcoming trends in engineering and environmental sciences to resolve several issues plaguing researchers such as fossil fuel emission and climate change. While highlighting these challenges, including chemical toxicity environmental responsibility, readers will learn how engineering applications can be used across disciplines to aid in reducing environmental hazards. This book is a vital resource for engineers, researchers, professors, academicians, and environmental scientists seeking current research on how engineering tools and technologies can be applied to environmental issues.

River Basin Management

River Basin Management
Author: Daniel Bucur
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 314
Release: 2016-08-10
ISBN: 9535126040
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

River Basin Management Book Excerpt:

Many of the challenges facing farmers and human communities from hydrographical basins are not new. But, due to the fact that the nature and extents of the problems vary from one region to another and from one basin to another, the responses are highly diversified. There is no generally valid solution for all the problems. However, in addressing issues on ensuring the prevention or mitigation of the destructive consequences of flood damage or prolonged drought as for the optimal use of water by consumers, sustainable basin land use, biodiversity conservation, and environment protection as well, fourteen specialists and their colleagues present the state of the art in these important matters and new possible solutions to solve, identified from the scientific investigations undertaken.

Spatial Modeling and Assessment of Urban Form

Spatial Modeling and Assessment of Urban Form
Author: Biswajeet Pradhan
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 331
Release: 2017-05-08
ISBN: 3319542176
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spatial Modeling and Assessment of Urban Form Book Excerpt:

This book discusses the application of Geospatial data, Geographic Information System (GIS) and Remote Sensing (RS) technologies in analysis and modeling of urban growth process, and its pattern, with special focus on sprawl and compact form of urban development. The book explains these two kinds of urban forms (sprawl and compact urban development) in detail regarding their advantages, disadvantages, indicators, assessment, modeling, implementation and their relationship with urban sustainability. It confirms that the proposed modeling approaches, geospatial data and GIS are very practical for identifying urban growth, land use change patterns and their general trends in future. The analyses and modeling approaches presented in this book can be employed to guide the identification and measurements of the changes and growth likely to happen in urban areas. In addition, this book can be helpful for town planning and development in order to design urban areas in a compact form and eventually sustainable manner.

Environmental Modelling with GIS and Remote Sensing

Environmental Modelling with GIS and Remote Sensing
Author: Andrew Skidmore
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2017-08-11
ISBN: 1134578725
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Modelling with GIS and Remote Sensing Book Excerpt:

Most government agencies and private companies are investing significant resources in the production and use of geographical data. The capabilities of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) for data analysis are also improving, to the extent that the potential performance of GIS software and the data available for analysis outstrip the abilities of