Spatial Analysis

Spatial Analysis
Author: Marie-Josée Fortin,Mark R. T. Dale
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 365
Release: 2005-04-21
ISBN: 9780521804349
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spatial Analysis Book Excerpt:

The spatial and temporal dimensions of ecological phenomena have always been inherent in the conceptual framework of ecology, but only recently have they been incorporated explicitly into ecological theory, sampling design, experimental design and models. Statistical techniques for spatial analysis of ecological data are burgeoning and many ecologists are unfamiliar with what is available and how the techniques should be used correctly. This book gives an overview of the wide range of spatial statistics available to analyse ecological data, and provides advice and guidance for graduate students and practising researchers who are either about to embark on spatial analysis in ecological studies or who have started but are unsure how to proceed. Only a basic understanding of statistics is assumed and many schematic illustrations are given to complement or replace mathematical technicalities, making the book accessible to ecologists wishing to enter this important and fast-growing field for the first time.

Spatial Statistics and Geostatistics

Spatial Statistics and Geostatistics
Author: Yongwan Chun,Daniel A Griffith
Publsiher: SAGE
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2013-01-11
ISBN: 1446272117
Category: Reference
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spatial Statistics and Geostatistics Book Excerpt:

"Ideal for anyone who wishes to gain a practical understanding of spatial statistics and geostatistics. Difficult concepts are well explained and supported by excellent examples in R code, allowing readers to see how each of the methods is implemented in practice" - Professor Tao Cheng, University College London Focusing specifically on spatial statistics and including components for ArcGIS, R, SAS and WinBUGS, this book illustrates the use of basic spatial statistics and geostatistics, as well as the spatial filtering techniques used in all relevant programs and software. It explains and demonstrates techniques in: spatial sampling spatial autocorrelation local statistics spatial interpolation in two-dimensions advanced topics including Bayesian methods, Monte Carlo simulation, error and uncertainty. It is a systematic overview of the fundamental spatial statistical methods used by applied researchers in geography, environmental science, health and epidemiology, population and demography, and planning. A companion website includes digital R code for implementing the analyses in specific chapters and relevant data sets to run the R codes.

Spatial Statistics Methodological Aspects and Applications

Spatial Statistics  Methodological Aspects and Applications
Author: Marc Moore
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 1461301475
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spatial Statistics Methodological Aspects and Applications Book Excerpt:

This volume contains presentations by eminent researchers: Statistical Inference for Spatial Processes; Image Analysis; Applications of Spatial Statistics in Earth, Environmental, and Health Sciences; and Statistics of Brain Mapping. They range from asymptotic considerations for spatial processes to practical considerations related to particular applications including important methodological aspects. Many contributions concern image analysis, mainly images related to brain mapping.

Applied Spatial Statistics for Public Health Data

Applied Spatial Statistics for Public Health Data
Author: Lance A. Waller,Carol A. Gotway
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2004-07-29
ISBN: 0471662674
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applied Spatial Statistics for Public Health Data Book Excerpt:

While mapped data provide a common ground for discussions between the public, the media, regulatory agencies, and public health researchers, the analysis of spatially referenced data has experienced a phenomenal growth over the last two decades, thanks in part to the development of geographical information systems (GISs). This is the first thorough overview to integrate spatial statistics with data management and the display capabilities of GIS. It describes methods for assessing the likelihood of observed patterns and quantifying the link between exposures and outcomes in spatially correlated data. This introductory text is designed to serve as both an introduction for the novice and a reference for practitioners in the field Requires only minimal background in public health and only some knowledge of statistics through multiple regression Touches upon some advanced topics, such as random effects, hierarchical models and spatial point processes, but does not require prior exposure Includes lavish use of figures/illustrations throughout the volume as well as analyses of several data sets (in the form of "data breaks") Exercises based on data analyses reinforce concepts

Spatial Analysis Methods and Practice

Spatial Analysis Methods and Practice
Author: George Grekousis
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020-03-31
ISBN: 1108585507
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spatial Analysis Methods and Practice Book Excerpt:

This is an introductory textbook on spatial analysis and spatial statistics through GIS. Each chapter presents methods and metrics, explains how to interpret results, and provides worked examples. Topics include: describing and mapping data through exploratory spatial data analysis; analyzing geographic distributions and point patterns; spatial autocorrelation; spatial clustering; geographically weighted regression and OLS regression; and spatial econometrics. The worked examples link theory to practice through a single real-world case study, with software and illustrated guidance. Exercises are solved twice: first through ArcGIS, and then GeoDa. Through a simple methodological framework the book describes the dataset, explores spatial relations and associations, and builds models. Results are critically interpreted, and the advantages and pitfalls of using various spatial analysis methods are discussed. This is a valuable resource for graduate students and researchers analyzing geospatial data through a spatial analysis lens, including those using GIS in the environmental sciences, geography, and social sciences.

Statistics for Spatial Data

Statistics for Spatial Data
Author: Noel Cressie
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 928
Release: 2015-03-23
ISBN: 1119115175
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Statistics for Spatial Data Book Excerpt:

The Wiley Classics Library consists of selected books that have been made more accessible to consumers in an effort to increase global appeal and general circulation. With these new unabridged softcover volumes, Wiley hopes to extend the lives of these works by making them available to future generations of statisticians, mathematicians, and scientists. Spatial statistics — analyzing spatial data through statistical models — has proven exceptionally versatile, encompassing problems ranging from the microscopic to the astronomic. However, for the scientist and engineer faced only with scattered and uneven treatments of the subject in the scientific literature, learning how to make practical use of spatial statistics in day-to-day analytical work is very difficult. Designed exclusively for scientists eager to tap into the enormous potential of this analytical tool and upgrade their range of technical skills, Statistics for Spatial Data is a comprehensive, single-source guide to both the theory and applied aspects of spatial statistical methods. The hard-cover edition was hailed by Mathematical Reviews as an "excellent book which will become a basic reference." This paper-back edition of the 1993 edition, is designed to meet the many technological challenges facing the scientist and engineer. Concentrating on the three areas of geostatistical data, lattice data, and point patterns, the book sheds light on the link between data and model, revealing how design, inference, and diagnostics are an outgrowth of that link. It then explores new methods to reveal just how spatial statistical models can be used to solve important problems in a host of areas in science and engineering. Discussion includes: Exploratory spatial data analysis Spectral theory for stationary processes Spatial scale Simulation methods for spatial processes Spatial bootstrapping Statistical image analysis and remote sensing Computational aspects of model fitting Application of models to disease mapping Designed to accommodate the practical needs of the professional, it features a unified and common notation for its subject as well as many detailed examples woven into the text, numerous illustrations (including graphs that illuminate the theory discussed) and over 1,000 references. Fully balancing theory with applications, Statistics for Spatial Data, Revised Edition is an exceptionally clear guide on making optimal use of one of the ascendant analytical tools of the decade, one that has begun to capture the imagination of professionals in biology, earth science, civil, electrical, and agricultural engineering, geography, epidemiology, and ecology.

Spatial Analysis of Coastal Environments

Spatial Analysis of Coastal Environments
Author: Sarah M. Hamylton
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2017-04-13
ISBN: 1108158331
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spatial Analysis of Coastal Environments Book Excerpt:

At the convergence of the land and sea, coastal environments are some of the most dynamic and populated places on Earth. This book explains how the many varied forms of spatial analysis, including mapping, monitoring and modelling, can be applied to a range of coastal environments such as estuaries, mangroves, seagrass beds and coral reefs. Presenting empirical geographical approaches to modelling, which draw on recent developments in remote sensing technology, geographical information science and spatial statistics, it provides the analytical tools to map, monitor and explain or predict coastal features. With detailed case studies and accompanying online practical exercises, it is an ideal resource for undergraduate courses in spatial science. Taking a broad view of spatial analysis and covering basic and advanced analytical areas such as spatial data and geostatistics, it is also a useful reference for ecologists, geomorphologists, geographers and modellers interested in understanding coastal environments.

Spatial Analysis in Health Geography

Spatial Analysis in Health Geography
Author: Pavlos Kanaroglou,Eric Delmelle
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2016-03-09
ISBN: 1317051572
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spatial Analysis in Health Geography Book Excerpt:

Presenting current research on spatial epidemiology, this book covers topics such as exposure, chronic disease, infectious disease, accessibility to health care settings and new methods in Geographical Information Science and Systems. For epidemiologists, and for the management and administration of health care settings, it is critical to understand the spatial dynamics of disease. For instance, it is crucial that hospital administrators develop an understanding of the flow of patients over time, especially during an outbreak of a particular disease, so they can plan for appropriate levels of staffing and to carry out adaptive prevention measures. Furthermore, understanding where and why a disease occurs at a certain geographic location is vital for decision makers to formulate policy to increase the accessibility to health services (either by prevention, or adding new facilities). Spatial epidemiology relies increasingly on new methodologies, such as clustering algorithms, visualization and space-time modelling, the domain of Geographic Information Science. Implementation of those techniques appears at an increasing pace in commercial Geographic Information Systems, alongside more traditional techniques that are already part of such systems. This book provides the latest methods in GI Science and their use in health related problems.

Spatial Statistical Methods for Geography

Spatial Statistical Methods for Geography
Author: Peter A. Rogerson
Publsiher: SAGE
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2021-03-27
ISBN: 1529756359
Category: Reference
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spatial Statistical Methods for Geography Book Excerpt:

This accessible new textbook offers a straightforward introduction to doing spatial statistics in the context of unique considerations that apply with geographic data. Grounded in real world examples, it shows you how to extend traditional statistical methods for use with spatial data.

The Concise Encyclopedia of Statistics

The Concise Encyclopedia of Statistics
Author: Yadolah Dodge
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 622
Release: 2008-04-15
ISBN: 0387317422
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Concise Encyclopedia of Statistics Book Excerpt:

The Concise Encyclopedia of Statistics presents the essential information about statistical tests, concepts, and analytical methods in language that is accessible to practitioners and students of the vast community using statistics in medicine, engineering, physical science, life science, social science, and business/economics. The reference is alphabetically arranged to provide quick access to the fundamental tools of statistical methodology and biographies of famous statisticians. The more than 500 entries include definitions, history, mathematical details, limitations, examples, references, and further readings. All entries include cross-references as well as the key citations. The back matter includes a timeline of statistical inventions. This reference will be an enduring resource for locating convenient overviews about this essential field of study.

Environmental Statistics Assessment and Forecasting

Environmental Statistics  Assessment  and Forecasting
Author: C. Richard Cothern,N. Phillip Ross
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 432
Release: 1993-12-09
ISBN: 9780873719360
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Statistics Assessment and Forecasting Book Excerpt:

Environmental Statistics, Assessment, and Forecasting examines the current efforts to develop a coherent picture of national and regional environmental trends and conditions. The book includes sampling methodologies, statistical analysis techniques, environmental modeling, graphic presentation, including geographic information systems (GIS), and the problems involved in forecasting the future. The sampling and statistical techniques discussed include dealing with large variability and soft data; composite sampling; methods for combining data; data below the detection level; multivariate data; spatially censored, artificially censored, and incomplete data; kriging; and imputation. Geographic information system (GIS) analysis is discussed in the context of database management systems. Also covered are topics involved in the future of environmental statistics, including research planning, a bureau of environmental statistics, global interactions, and communication techniques. The book will interest statistical analysts, environmental planners, scientists, regulators, and policy makers in government, industry, and environmental groups.

Encyclopedia of Geography

Encyclopedia of Geography
Author: Barney Warf
Publsiher: SAGE Publications
Total Pages: 3560
Release: 2010-09-21
ISBN: 1452265178
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Geography Book Excerpt:

Simply stated, geography studies the locations of things and the explanations that underlie spatial distributions. Profound forces at work throughout the world have made geographical knowledge increasingly important for understanding numerous human dilemmas and our capacities to address them. With more than 1,200 entries, the Encyclopedia of Geography reflects how the growth of geography has propelled a demand for intermediaries between the abstract language of academia and the ordinary language of everyday life. The six volumes of this encyclopedia encapsulate a diverse array of topics to offer a comprehensive and useful summary of the state of the discipline in the early 21st century. Key Features Gives a concise historical sketch of geography's long, rich, and fascinating history, including human geography, physical geography, and GIS Provides succinct summaries of trends such as globalization, environmental destruction, new geospatial technologies, and cyberspace Decomposes geography into the six broad subject areas: physical geography; human geography; nature and society; methods, models, and GIS; history of geography; and geographer biographies, geographic organizations, and important social movements Provides hundreds of color illustrations and images that lend depth and realism to the text Includes a special map section Key Themes Physical Geography Human Geography Nature and Society Methods, Models, and GIS People, Organizations, and Movements History of Geography This encyclopedia strategically reflects the enormous diversity of the discipline, the multiple meanings of space itself, and the diverse views of geographers. It brings together the diversity of geographical knowledge, making it an invaluable resource for any academic library.

Applied Statistics

Applied Statistics
Author: Dieter Rasch,Rob Verdooren,Jürgen Pilz
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2019-10-07
ISBN: 1119551528
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applied Statistics Book Excerpt:

Instructs readers on how to use methods of statistics and experimental design with R software Applied statistics covers both the theory and the application of modern statistical and mathematical modelling techniques to applied problems in industry, public services, commerce, and research. It proceeds from a strong theoretical background, but it is practically oriented to develop one's ability to tackle new and non-standard problems confidently. Taking a practical approach to applied statistics, this user-friendly guide teaches readers how to use methods of statistics and experimental design without going deep into the theory. Applied Statistics: Theory and Problem Solutions with R includes chapters that cover R package sampling procedures, analysis of variance, point estimation, and more. It follows on the heels of Rasch and Schott's Mathematical Statistics via that book's theoretical background—taking the lessons learned from there to another level with this book’s addition of instructions on how to employ the methods using R. But there are two important chapters not mentioned in the theoretical back ground as Generalised Linear Models and Spatial Statistics. Offers a practical over theoretical approach to the subject of applied statistics Provides a pre-experimental as well as post-experimental approach to applied statistics Features classroom tested material Applicable to a wide range of people working in experimental design and all empirical sciences Includes 300 different procedures with R and examples with R-programs for the analysis and for determining minimal experimental sizes Applied Statistics: Theory and Problem Solutions with R will appeal to experimenters, statisticians, mathematicians, and all scientists using statistical procedures in the natural sciences, medicine, and psychology amongst others.

S SpatialStats

S SpatialStats
Author: Stephen P. Kaluzny,Silvia C. Vega,Tamre P. Cardoso,Alice A. Shelly
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 327
Release: 1998-03-24
ISBN: 9780387982267
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

S SpatialStats Book Excerpt:

S-PLUS has become the most popular statistical software program for statistical researchers in many disciplines. This manual provides the documentation for their spatial statistics module, a program of interest to researchers in statistics, petroleum engineering, natural resources, geography, geology, epidemiology, and demography.

The SAGE Handbook of Spatial Analysis

The SAGE Handbook of Spatial Analysis
Author: A Stewart Fotheringham,Peter A Rogerson
Publsiher: SAGE
Total Pages: 528
Release: 2008-12-22
ISBN: 1446206505
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The SAGE Handbook of Spatial Analysis Book Excerpt:

The widespread use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) has significantly increased the demand for knowledge about spatial analytical techniques across a range of disciplines. As growing numbers of researchers realise they are dealing with spatial data, the demand for specialised statistical and mathematical methods designed to deal with spatial data is undergoing a rapid increase. Responding to this demand, The Handbook of Spatial Analysis is a comprehensive and authoritative discussion of issues and techniques in the field of Spatial Data Analysis. Its principal focus is on: • why the analysis of spatial data needs separate treatment • the main areas of spatial analysis • the key debates within spatial analysis • examples of the application of various spatial analytical techniques • problems in spatial analysis • areas for future research Aimed at an international audience of academics, The Handbook of Spatial Analysis will also prove essential to graduate level students and researchers in government agencies and the private sector.

Handbook of Environmental and Ecological Statistics

Handbook of Environmental and Ecological Statistics
Author: Alan E. Gelfand,Montserrat Fuentes,Jennifer A. Hoeting,Richard Lyttleton Smith
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 854
Release: 2017-09-15
ISBN: 1351648543
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Environmental and Ecological Statistics Book Excerpt:

This handbook focuses on the enormous literature applying statistical methodology and modelling to environmental and ecological processes. The 21st century statistics community has become increasingly interdisciplinary, bringing a large collection of modern tools to all areas of application in environmental processes. In addition, the environmental community has substantially increased its scope of data collection including observational data, satellite-derived data, and computer model output. The resultant impact in this latter community has been substantial; no longer are simple regression and analysis of variance methods adequate. The contribution of this handbook is to assemble a state-of-the-art view of this interface. Features: An internationally regarded editorial team. A distinguished collection of contributors. A thoroughly contemporary treatment of a substantial interdisciplinary interface. Written to engage both statisticians as well as quantitative environmental researchers. 34 chapters covering methodology, ecological processes, environmental exposure, and statistical methods in climate science.

Landscape Ecological Analysis

Landscape Ecological Analysis
Author: Jeffrey M. Klopatek,Robert H. Gardner
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 1461205298
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Landscape Ecological Analysis Book Excerpt:

Growth in the field of landscape ecology has included the development of methods and results that can be applied to an impressive range of environmental issues. This book addresses a broad spectrum of political, theoretical and applied aspects that often arise in the design and execution of landscape studies. The concepts of geographical scale and hierarchy arising within the confines of landscape ecology are examined, and a series of techniques are presented to address problems in spatial and temporal analysis. This book will provide the reader with a current perspective on this rapidly evolving science.

The Handbook of Dialectology

The Handbook of Dialectology
Author: Charles Boberg,John Nerbonne,Dominic Watt
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 616
Release: 2018-01-30
ISBN: 1118827597
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Handbook of Dialectology Book Excerpt:

The Handbook of Dialectology provides an authoritative, up-to-date and unusually broad account of the study of dialect, in one volume. Each chapter reviews essential research, and offers a critical discussion of the past, present and future development of the area. The volume is based on state-of-the-art research in dialectology around the world, providing the most current work available with an unusually broad scope of topics Provides a practical guide to the many methodological and statistical issues surrounding the collection and analysis of dialect data Offers summaries of dialect variation in the world’s most widely spoken and commonly studied languages, including several non-European languages that have traditionally received less attention in general discussions of dialectology Reviews the intellectual development of the field, including its main theoretical schools of thought and research traditions, both academic and applied The editors are well known and highly respected, with a deep knowledge of this vast field of inquiry

An Introduction to Statistical Problem Solving in Geography

An Introduction to Statistical Problem Solving in Geography
Author: J. Chapman McGrew, Jr.,Charles B. Monroe
Publsiher: Waveland Press
Total Pages: 254
Release: 2009-04-22
ISBN: 1478609621
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Introduction to Statistical Problem Solving in Geography Book Excerpt:

Written for undergraduate geography majors and entry-level graduate students with limited backgrounds in statistical analysis and methods, McGrew and Monroe provide a comprehensive and understandable introduction to statistical methods in a problem-solving framework. Engaging examples and problems are drawn from a variety of topical areas in both human and physical geography and are fully integrated into the text. Without compromising statistical rigor or oversimplifying, the authors stress the importance of written narratives that explain each statistical technique. After introducing basic statistical concepts and terminology, the authors focus on nonspatial and spatial descriptive statistics. They transition to inferential problem solving, including probability, sampling, and estimation, before delving deeper into inferential statistics for geographic problem solving. The final chapters examine the related techniques of correlation and regression. A list of major goals and objectives is included at the end of each chapter, allowing students to monitor their own progress and mastery of geographic statistical materials. An epilogue, offering over 150 geographic situations, gives students a chance to figure out which statistical technique should be used for a particular situation.

Industrial Statistics

Industrial Statistics
Author: Christos P. Kitsos,Lutz Edler
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 302
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 3642592686
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Industrial Statistics Book Excerpt:

Devoted to the growing impact of statistical methodology and statistical computing in industry the aim of this book is to link the three components: Statistics - industry - computers. Different areas of industrial statistics are presented by a number of excellent contributions. The following topics are covered: Quality control, engineering and monitoring; reliability and failure time analysis, experimental design; repeated measurements - multiple inference; pharma - statistics; computing, imaging and perception. This book concentrates on the interface between statistical needs in industry and statistical methods developed by statisticians and engineers.