Stationary Fuel Cells An Overview

Stationary Fuel Cells  An Overview
Author: Kerry-Ann Adamson
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 152
Release: 2010-07-07
ISBN: 9780080554709
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Stationary Fuel Cells An Overview Book Excerpt:

Fuel cells are, according to some, the answer to the future problems of energy resources. Rather than solve those problems alone, they will doubtless form part of a growing group of alternative energy sources such as wind, tidal, photovoltaic and nuclear sources which will reduce our dependence on oil. Stationary fuel cells are the kind used mainly for home, office and large-scale power plants. For those seeking a current overview of stationary fuel cells, their status and applications, market developments, market players, economics and future potential, this is where to look. Not a purely engineering textbook, it is designed to provide potential adopters of fuel cells with the information needed to make sensible decisions, and as such it is unique. *Expert summary of current and future status *Decision-making aid for non-engineers *Increasingly important fuel source

Fuel Cell Technologies Stationary Fuel Cell Power Systems Performance Test Methods for Small Fuel Cell Power Systems

Fuel Cell Technologies  Stationary Fuel Cell Power Systems  Performance Test Methods for Small Fuel Cell Power Systems
Author: British Standards Institute Staff
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 64
Release: 1913-09-30
ISBN: 9780580676000
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fuel Cell Technologies Stationary Fuel Cell Power Systems Performance Test Methods for Small Fuel Cell Power Systems Book Excerpt:

Fuel cells, Electric power systems, Performance, Test methods, Heat, Electric generators

Stationary Fuel Cells

Stationary Fuel Cells
Author: Anna Monis Shipley,American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 24
Release: 2004
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Fuel cell industry
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Stationary Fuel Cells Book Excerpt:

Fuel Cells are Coming

Fuel Cells are Coming
Author: Kathleen Snodgrass
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 6
Release: 2003
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Fuel cells
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fuel Cells are Coming Book Excerpt:

Explains the basics of how fuel cells work and how they might be useful for the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service at remote facilities and in other situations that require a clean, quiet alternative supply of electrical power.

Fuel Cell Fundamentals

Fuel Cell Fundamentals
Author: Ryan O'Hayre,Suk-Won Cha,Whitney Colella,Fritz B. Prinz
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 608
Release: 2016-05-02
ISBN: 1119113806
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fuel Cell Fundamentals Book Excerpt:

A complete, up-to-date, introductory guide to fuel cell technology and application Fuel Cell Fundamentals provides a thorough introduction to the principles and practicalities behind fuel cell technology. Beginning with the underlying concepts, the discussion explores fuel cell thermodynamics, kinetics, transport, and modeling before moving into the application side with guidance on system types and design, performance, costs, and environmental impact. This new third edition has been updated with the latest technological advances and relevant calculations, and enhanced chapters on advanced fuel cell design and electrochemical and hydrogen energy systems. Worked problems, illustrations, and application examples throughout lend a real-world perspective, and end-of chapter review questions and mathematical problems reinforce the material learned. Fuel cells produce more electricity than batteries or combustion engines, with far fewer emissions. This book is the essential introduction to the technology that makes this possible, and the physical processes behind this cost-saving and environmentally friendly energy source. Understand the basic principles of fuel cell physics Compare the applications, performance, and costs of different systems Master the calculations associated with the latest fuel cell technology Learn the considerations involved in system selection and design As more and more nations turn to fuel cell commercialization amidst advancing technology and dropping deployment costs, global stationary fuel cell revenue is expected to grow from $1.4 billion to $40.0 billion by 2022. The sector is forecasted to explode, and there will be a tremendous demand for high-level qualified workers with advanced skills and knowledge of fuel cell technology. Fuel Cell Fundamentals is the essential first step toward joining the new energy revolution.

Advancing Europe s Energy Systems

Advancing Europe s Energy Systems
Author: Heiko Ammermann,Philipp Hoff,Mirela Atanasiu,Jo Aylor,Markus Kaufmann,Ovidiu Tisler,Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking JU).,Roland Berger Strategy Consultants
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2015
ISBN: 9789292461348
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advancing Europe s Energy Systems Book Excerpt:

This study outlines a pathway for commercialisation of stationary fuel cells in distributed generation across Europe. It has been sponsored by the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCH JU), a public-private partnership between the European Commission, the fuel cell and hydrogen industry and a number of research bodies and associations. The FCH JU supports research, technology development and demonstration activities in the field of fuel cell and hydrogen technologies in Europe. The study explores how stationary fuel cells can benefit users, how they can be brought to the market, what hurdles still exist, and how their diffusion may foster Europe's transition into a new energy age.

Fuel Quality Issues in Stationary Fuel Cell Systems

Fuel Quality Issues in Stationary Fuel Cell Systems
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2012
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fuel Quality Issues in Stationary Fuel Cell Systems Book Excerpt:

Fuel cell systems are being deployed in stationary applications for the generation of electricity, heat, and hydrogen. These systems use a variety of fuel cell types, ranging from the low temperature polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) to the high temperature solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). Depending on the application and location, these systems are being designed to operate on reformate or syngas produced from various fuels that include natural gas, biogas, coal gas, etc. All of these fuels contain species that can potentially damage the fuel cell anode or other unit operations and processes that precede the fuel cell stack. These detrimental effects include loss in performance or durability, and attenuating these effects requires additional components to reduce the impurity concentrations to tolerable levels, if not eliminate the impurity entirely. These impurity management components increase the complexity of the fuel cell system, and they add to the system's capital and operating costs (such as regeneration, replacement and disposal of spent material and maintenance). This project reviewed the public domain information available on the impurities encountered in stationary fuel cell systems, and the effects of the impurities on the fuel cells. A database has been set up that classifies the impurities, especially in renewable fuels, such as landfill gas and anaerobic digester gas. It documents the known deleterious effects on fuel cells, and the maximum allowable concentrations of select impurities suggested by manufacturers and researchers. The literature review helped to identify the impurity removal strategies that are available, and their effectiveness, capacity, and cost. A generic model of a stationary fuel-cell based power plant operating on digester and landfill gas has been developed; it includes a gas processing unit, followed by a fuel cell system. The model includes the key impurity removal steps to enable predictions of impurity breakthrough, component sizing, and utility needs. These data, along with process efficiency results from the model, were subsequently used to calculate the cost of electricity. Sensitivity analyses were conducted to correlate the concentrations of key impurities in the fuel gas feedstock to the cost of electricity.

Fuel Cell Systems Program for Stationary Power

Fuel Cell Systems Program for Stationary Power
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: DIANE Publishing
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 1422345750
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fuel Cell Systems Program for Stationary Power Book Excerpt:

Fuel Cell Technology

Fuel Cell Technology
Author: Nigel Sammes
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2006-05-14
ISBN: 1846282071
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fuel Cell Technology Book Excerpt:

Fuel cells are a very promising technology for the clean and efficient production of power. Fuel Cell Technology is an up-to-date survey of the development of this technology and will be bought by researchers and graduate students in materials control and chemical engineering working at universities and institutions and researchers and technical managers in commercial companies working in fuel cell technology.

Stationary Fuel Cells

Stationary Fuel Cells
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 132
Release: 2006
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Stationary Fuel Cells Book Excerpt:

Advanced Tools for Better performing Stationary Fuel cell Systems

Advanced Tools for Better performing Stationary Fuel cell Systems
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020
ISBN: 9789292463489
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Tools for Better performing Stationary Fuel cell Systems Book Excerpt:

A series of projects funded by the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCH JU) have developed IT-based tools that monitor the health of fuel-cell stacks and quickly detect and isolate faults. The technologies will make stationary fuel-cell systems more reliable and easier to maintain, to drive increased uptake of clean, on-site power generation.

The Economic Dynamics of Fuel Cell Technologies

The Economic Dynamics of Fuel Cell Technologies
Author: Arman Avadikyan,Patrick Cohendet,Jean-Alain Héraud
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 233
Release: 2012-11-07
ISBN: 3540248226
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Economic Dynamics of Fuel Cell Technologies Book Excerpt:

Due to their environmental and efficiency characteristics fuel cells are promising technological solutions for many energy related applications (stationary power generation, vehicle propulsion, portable equipment). This book describes the economic dynamics of fuel cells by analyzing their diffusion perspectives as well as the strategic and organisational arrangements designed to promote their development. The costs, risks and economic stakes of fuel cell technologies require both a sustained involvement from public entities and the setting up of innovation networks with a large variety of heterogeneous actors. This context corresponds to a new space for technological competition located at the intersection between firms, networks and national/regional systems of innovation. The book presents a comprehensive analysis of this cooperation/competition phenomenon through different theoretical and empirical investigations.

Fuel Cell Technologies Stationary Fuel Cell Power Systems Safety

Fuel Cell Technologies  Stationary Fuel Cell Power Systems  Safety
Author: British Standards Institute Staff
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 82
Release: 1912-05-31
ISBN: 9780580737978
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fuel Cell Technologies Stationary Fuel Cell Power Systems Safety Book Excerpt:

Fuel cells, Energy technology, Fuels, Direct energy conversion, Electric cells, Stationary, Electrochemical devices, Chemical reactions, Electric power generation, Electric power stations, Equipment safety, Safety measures, Hazards, Performance, Type testing

Fuel Cell Technologies Stationary Fuel Cell Power Systems Performance Test Methods

Fuel Cell Technologies  Stationary Fuel Cell Power Systems  Performance Test Methods
Author: British Standards Institute Staff
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 92
Release: 1912-01-31
ISBN: 9780580609565
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fuel Cell Technologies Stationary Fuel Cell Power Systems Performance Test Methods Book Excerpt:

Fuel cells, Energy technology, Fuels, Direct energy conversion, Electric cells, Stationary, Performance testing, Electrical testing, Power output, Thermal efficiency, Efficiency, Environmental engineering

30th Fuel Cell Seminar

30th Fuel Cell Seminar
Author: M. C. Williams
Publsiher: The Electrochemical Society
Total Pages: 860
Release: 2007-01-01
ISBN: 1566775493
Category: Fuel cells
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

30th Fuel Cell Seminar Book Excerpt:

This issue of the 2006 Fuel Cell Seminar, held in Honolulu, Hawaii in 2006, marks the 30th Anniversary of the seminar, and contains papers dealing with stationary fuel cell systems, technology development, demonstration, and commercialization of fuel cells. Major topic of discussions throughout the three oral sessions and poster sessions were stationary fuel cell systems, hydrogen systems, and their efficient use as backup systems. Their use as alternative energies and portable fuel cells were also discussed.

Life Cycle Analysis of Stationary Fuel Cells

Life Cycle Analysis of Stationary Fuel Cells
Author: Jamie Lee Beyer
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 164
Release: 2002
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Life Cycle Analysis of Stationary Fuel Cells Book Excerpt:

Stationary fuel cells have the ability to produce electricity at efficiencies much higher than those of traditional power plants. In doing so, the fuel cell all but eliminates the harmful effects on the environment. Recent technological advancements to the fuel cell have made it a viable source of energy in certain niche markets. It is not known at this time when full market entry will occur but there must be a significant drop in the $4,000-$5,000 / kW for the fuel cell to provide economic benefit to the owner. The focus of this report is to conduct a financial analysis of the fuel cell life cycle with the purpose of determining when market entry may occur. The analysis has been performed on the life cycle of a 200 kW fuel cell unit including initial costs, future energy savings, future costs, and stack replacements. An economic spreadsheet produced by the Department of Defense is the starting point of the study and has been expanded upon to determine present value. The analysis is conducted using the time value of money approach that involves finding the net present value, the discounted payback rate, and the project's rate of returns. Government incentives for fuel cells and other distributed generation technology are discussed along with the effect they have on market entry.

Pem Fuel Cells

Pem Fuel Cells
Author: Frano Barbir
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 518
Release: 2012
ISBN: 0123877105
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pem Fuel Cells Book Excerpt:

This new edition of Dr. Barbir's groundbreaking book still lays the groundwork for engineers, technicians and students better than any other resource, covering fundamentals of design, electrochemistry, heat and mass transport, as well as providing the context of system design and applications. Yet it now also provides invaluable information on the latest advances in modeling, diagnostics, materials, and components, along with an updated chapter on the evolving applications areas wherein PEM cells are being deployed."--pub. desc.

Fuel Cell Technologies

Fuel Cell Technologies
Author: British Standards Institution
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 90
Release: 2020
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fuel Cell Technologies Book Excerpt:

Fuel Cell Technologies Stationary Fuel Cell Power Systems Installation

Fuel Cell Technologies  Stationary Fuel Cell Power Systems  Installation
Author: British Standards Institute Staff
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 20
Release: 2008-09-30
ISBN: 9780580537745
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fuel Cell Technologies Stationary Fuel Cell Power Systems Installation Book Excerpt:

Fuel cells, Energy technology, Fuels, Direct energy conversion, Electric cells, Stationary, Electrochemical devices, Chemical reactions, Electric power generation, Electric power stations, Installation, Safety measures, Siting, Ventilation, Exhaust gases, Instructions for use

Historical Analysis of FCH 2 JU Stationary Fuel Cell Projects

Historical Analysis of FCH 2 JU Stationary Fuel Cell Projects
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021
ISBN: 9789276376699
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Historical Analysis of FCH 2 JU Stationary Fuel Cell Projects Book Excerpt:

As a part of its knowledge management activities, the Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking 2 (FCH 2 JU) has commissioned the Joint Research Centre (JRC) to perform a series of historical analyses by topic area, to assess the impact of funded projects and the progression of its current Multi-Annual Work Plan (MAWP; 2014-2020) towards its objectives. These historical analyses consider all relevant funded projects since the programme's inception in 2008. This report considers the performance of projects against the overall FCH 2 JU programme targets for stationary Fuel Cells (FCs), using quantitative values of Key Performance Indicators (KPI) for assessment. The purpose of this exercise is to see whether and how the programme has enhanced the state of the art for stationary fuel cells and to identify potential Research & Innovation (R&I) gaps for the future. Therefore, the report includes a review of the current State of the Art (SoA) of fuel cell technologies used in the stationary applications sector. The programme has defined KPIs for three different power output ranges and equivalent applications: (i) micro-scale Combined Heat and Power (mCHP) for single family homes and small buildings (0.3 - 5 kW); (ii) mid-sized installations for commercial and larger buildings (5 - 400 kW); (iii) large scale FC installations, converting hydrogen and renewable methane into power in various applications (0.4 - 30 MW). Projects addressing stationary applications in these particular power ranges were identified and values for the achieved KPIs extracted from relevant sources of information such as final reports and the TRUST database (Technology Reporting Using Structured Templates). As much of this data is confidential, a broad analysis of performance of the programme against its KPIs has been performed, without disclosing confidential information. The results of this analysis are summarised within this report. The information obtained from this study will be used to suggest future modifications to the research programme and associated targets.