Stochastic Modelling in Process Technology

Stochastic Modelling in Process Technology
Author: Herold G. Dehling,Timo Gottschalk,Alex C. Hoffmann
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 290
Release: 2007-07-03
ISBN: 9780080548975
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Stochastic Modelling in Process Technology Book Excerpt:

There is an ever increasing need for modelling complex processes reliably. Computational modelling techniques, such as CFD and MD may be used as tools to study specific systems, but their emergence has not decreased the need for generic, analytical process models. Multiphase and multicomponent systems, and high-intensity processes displaying a highly complex behaviour are becoming omnipresent in the processing industry. This book discusses an elegant, but little-known technique for formulating process models in process technology: stochastic process modelling. The technique is based on computing the probability distribution for a single particle's position in the process vessel, and/or the particle's properties, as a function of time, rather than - as is traditionally done - basing the model on the formulation and solution of differential conservation equations. Using this technique can greatly simplify the formulation of a model, and even make modelling possible for processes so complex that the traditional method is impracticable. Stochastic modelling has sporadically been used in various branches of process technology under various names and guises. This book gives, as the first, an overview of this work, and shows how these techniques are similar in nature, and make use of the same basic mathematical tools and techniques. The book also demonstrates how stochastic modelling may be implemented by describing example cases, and shows how a stochastic model may be formulated for a case, which cannot be described by formulating and solving differential balance equations. Introduction to stochastic process modelling as an alternative modelling technique Shows how stochastic modelling may be succesful where the traditional technique fails Overview of stochastic modelling in process technology in the research literature Illustration of the principle by a wide range of practical examples In-depth and self-contained discussions Points the way to both mathematical and technological research in a new, rewarding field

Energy Efficiency in Process Technology

Energy Efficiency in Process Technology
Author: P.A. Pilavachi
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 1280
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 9401114544
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy Efficiency in Process Technology Book Excerpt:

Since 1975 the Commission has been stimulating R & D work aimed at energy saving. The conference objective was to provide an international forum for the presentation and discussion of recent R & D relevant to energy efficiency, taking into account environmental aspects, in the energy intensive process industries.

Stochastic Modelling in Innovative Manufacturing

Stochastic Modelling in Innovative Manufacturing
Author: Anthony H. Christer,Shunji Osaki,Lyn C. Thomas
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 361
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 3642591051
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Stochastic Modelling in Innovative Manufacturing Book Excerpt:

This monograph contains some ofthe papers presented at a UK-Japanese Workshop on Stochastic Modelling in Innovative Manufacturing held at Churchill College, Cambridge on July 20 and 21st 1995, sponsored jointly by the UK Engineering and Physical Science Research Council and the British Council. Attending were 19 UK and 24 Japanese delegates representing 28 institutions. The aim of the workshop was to discuss the modelling work being done by researchers in both countries on the new activities and challenges occurring in manufacturing. These challenges have arisen because of the increasingly uncertain environment of modern manufacturing due to the commercial need to respond more quickly to customers demands, and the move to just-in-time manufacturing and flexible manufacturing systems and the increasing requirements for quality. As well as time pressure, the increasing importance of the quality of the products, the need to hold the minimum stock of components, and the importance of reliable production systems has meant that manufacturers need to design production systems that perform well in randomly varying conditions and that their operating procedures can respond to changes in conditions and requirements. This has increased the need to understand how manufacturing systems work in the random environments, and so emphasised the importance of stochastic models of such systems.

Advances in Stochastic Modelling and Data Analysis

Advances in Stochastic Modelling and Data Analysis
Author: Jacques Janssen,Christos H. Skiadas,Constantin Zopounidis
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 428
Release: 2013-04-17
ISBN: 9401706638
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Stochastic Modelling and Data Analysis Book Excerpt:

Advances in Stochastic Modelling and Data Analysis presents the most recent developments in the field, together with their applications, mainly in the areas of insurance, finance, forecasting and marketing. In addition, the possible interactions between data analysis, artificial intelligence, decision support systems and multicriteria analysis are examined by top researchers. Audience: A wide readership drawn from theoretical and applied mathematicians, such as operations researchers, management scientists, statisticians, computer scientists, bankers, marketing managers, forecasters, and scientific societies such as EURO and TIMS.

Stochastic Modeling of Manufacturing Systems

Stochastic Modeling of Manufacturing Systems
Author: George Liberopoulos,Chrissoleon T. Papadopoulos,Barış Tan,James MacGregor Smith,Stanley B. Gershwin
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 363
Release: 2005-12-12
ISBN: 3540290575
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Stochastic Modeling of Manufacturing Systems Book Excerpt:

Manufacturing systems rarely perform exactly as expected and predicted. Unexpected events, such as order changes, equipment failures and product defects, affect the performance of the system and complicate decision-making. This volume is devoted to the development of analytical methods aiming at responding to variability in a way that limits its corrupting effects on system performance. The book includes fifteen novel chapters that mostly focus on the development and analysis of performance evaluation models of manufacturing systems using decomposition-based methods, Markovian and queuing analysis, simulation, and inventory control approaches. They are organized into four distinct sections to reflect their shared viewpoints: factory design, unreliable production lines, queuing network models, production planning and assembly.

Software Process Technology

Software Process Technology
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1995
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Computer software
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Software Process Technology Book Excerpt:

Cyber Physical Systems Advances in Design Modelling

Cyber Physical Systems  Advances in Design   Modelling
Author: Alla G. Kravets,Alexander A. Bolshakov,Maxim V. Shcherbakov
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 347
Release: 2019-11-25
ISBN: 3030325792
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cyber Physical Systems Advances in Design Modelling Book Excerpt:

This book presents new findings on cyber-physical systems design and modelling approaches based on AI and data-driven techniques, identifying the key industrial challenges and the main features of design and modelling processes. To enhance the efficiency of the design process, it proposes new approaches based on the concept of digital twins. Further, it substantiates the scientific, practical, and methodological approaches to modelling and simulating of cyber-physical systems. Exploring digital twins of cyber-physical systems as well as of production systems, it proposes combining both mathematical models and data processing techniques as advanced methods for cyber-physical system design and modelling. Moreover, it presents the implementation of the developed prototypes, including testing in real industries, which have collected and analyzed big data and proved their effectiveness. The book is intended for practitioners, enterprise representatives, scientists, and Ph.D. and master’s students interested in the research and applications of cyber-physical systems in different domains.

Software Process Technology

Software Process Technology
Author: Wilhelm Schäfer
Publsiher: Springer-Verlag New York Incorporated
Total Pages: 259
Release: 1995-03-22
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Software Process Technology Book Excerpt:

This volume presents the proceedings of the Fourth European Workshop on Software Process Technology, EWSPT '95, held in Noordwijkerhout, The Netherlands in April 1995. The book contains 28 revised full research papers selected from a total of 50 submissions; in addition, the session chairpersons contributed 7 short surveys on the topics treated. Among the issues addressed are analysis and metrics, application experiments, language experiments, models for distributions, mechanisms for cooperation, and change and meta-processes. This book documents that software process technology has become a key technology to cope with the challenges of team-oriented production of large and high-quality software systems.

Recent Advances In Stochastic Modeling And Data Analysis

Recent Advances In Stochastic Modeling And Data Analysis
Author: Christos H Skiadas
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 668
Release: 2007-11-16
ISBN: 9814474479
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recent Advances In Stochastic Modeling And Data Analysis Book Excerpt:

This volume presents the most recent applied and methodological issues in stochastic modeling and data analysis. The contributions cover various fields such as stochastic processes and applications, data analysis methods and techniques, Bayesian methods, biostatistics, econometrics, sampling, linear and nonlinear models, networks and queues, survival analysis, and time series. The volume presents new results with potential for solving real-life problems and provides novel methods for solving these problems by analyzing the relevant data. The use of recent advances in different fields is emphasized, especially new optimization and statistical methods, data warehouse, data mining and knowledge systems, neural computing, and bioinformatics.

Parallel and Distributed Processing

Parallel and Distributed Processing
Author: Jose Rolim
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 1332
Release: 2000-04-19
ISBN: 354067442X
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Parallel and Distributed Processing Book Excerpt:

This volume contains the proceedings from the workshops held in conjunction with the IEEE International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium, IPDPS 2000, on 1-5 May 2000 in Cancun, Mexico. The workshopsprovidea forum for bringing together researchers,practiti- ers, and designers from various backgrounds to discuss the state of the art in parallelism.Theyfocusondi erentaspectsofparallelism,fromruntimesystems to formal methods, from optics to irregular problems, from biology to networks of personal computers, from embedded systems to programming environments; the following workshops are represented in this volume: { Workshop on Personal Computer Based Networks of Workstations { Workshop on Advances in Parallel and Distributed Computational Models { Workshop on Par. and Dist. Comp. in Image, Video, and Multimedia { Workshop on High-Level Parallel Prog. Models and Supportive Env. { Workshop on High Performance Data Mining { Workshop on Solving Irregularly Structured Problems in Parallel { Workshop on Java for Parallel and Distributed Computing { WorkshoponBiologicallyInspiredSolutionsto ParallelProcessingProblems { Workshop on Parallel and Distributed Real-Time Systems { Workshop on Embedded HPC Systems and Applications { Recon gurable Architectures Workshop { Workshop on Formal Methods for Parallel Programming { Workshop on Optics and Computer Science { Workshop on Run-Time Systems for Parallel Programming { Workshop on Fault-Tolerant Parallel and Distributed Systems All papers published in the workshops proceedings were selected by the p- gram committee on the basis of referee reports. Each paper was reviewed by independent referees who judged the papers for originality, quality, and cons- tency with the themes of the workshops.

Group Technology and Cellular Manufacturing

Group Technology and Cellular Manufacturing
Author: Nallan C. Suresh,John M. Kay
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 550
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 1461554675
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Group Technology and Cellular Manufacturing Book Excerpt:

Group Technology and Cellular Manufacturing (GT/CM) have been widely-researched areas in the past 15 years and much progress has been made in all branches of GT/CM. Resulting from this research activity has been a proliferation of techniques for part-machine grouping, engineering data bases, expert system-based design methods for identifying part families, new analytical and simulation tools for evaluating performance of cells, new types of cell incorporating robotics and flexible automation, team-based approaches for organizing the work force and much more; however, the field lacks a careful compilation of this research and its outcomes. The editors of this book have commissioned leading researchers and implementers to prepare specific treatments of topics for their special areas of expertise in this broad-based philosophy of manufacturing. The editors have sought to be global both in coverage of topic matters and contributors. Group Technology and Cellular Manufacturing addresses the needs and interests of three groups of individuals in the manufacturing field: academic researchers, industry practitioners, and students. (1) The book provides an up-to-date perspective, incorporating the advances made in GT/CM during the past 15 years. As a natural extension to this research, it synthesizes the latest industry practices and outcomes to guide research to greater real-world relevance. (2) The book makes clear the foundations of GT/CM from the core elements of new developments which are aimed at reducing developmental and manufacturing lead times, costs, and at improving business quality and performance. (3) Finally, the book can be used as a textbook for graduate students in engineering and management for studying the field of Group Technology and Cellular Manufacturing.

Strategic Investment Planning with Technology Choice in Manufacturing Systems

Strategic Investment Planning with Technology Choice in Manufacturing Systems
Author: Shan Ling Li
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 168
Release: 2018-07-27
ISBN: 0429835108
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Strategic Investment Planning with Technology Choice in Manufacturing Systems Book Excerpt:

Originally published in 1994 this book examines problems related to investment planning, capacity additions, and choice of technology in dynamic manufacturing systems characterized by multiple products, dynamic demand growth, uncertainty in demand and availability of alternative technologies. A model-based methodology is developed that focuses on trade-offs between flexible and conventional technology. The research conducted for this book is directed to the development of tools to support investment decisions in production capacity over medium and long-term planning horizons.

Computational Methods for Modeling of Nonlinear Systems by Anatoli Torokhti and Phil Howlett

Computational Methods for Modeling of Nonlinear Systems by Anatoli Torokhti and Phil Howlett
Author: Anatoli Torokhti,Phil Howlett
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 322
Release: 2007-04-11
ISBN: 9780080475387
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Methods for Modeling of Nonlinear Systems by Anatoli Torokhti and Phil Howlett Book Excerpt:

In this book, we study theoretical and practical aspects of computing methods for mathematical modelling of nonlinear systems. A number of computing techniques are considered, such as methods of operator approximation with any given accuracy; operator interpolation techniques including a non-Lagrange interpolation; methods of system representation subject to constraints associated with concepts of causality, memory and stationarity; methods of system representation with an accuracy that is the best within a given class of models; methods of covariance matrix estimation; methods for low-rank matrix approximations; hybrid methods based on a combination of iterative procedures and best operator approximation; and methods for information compression and filtering under condition that a filter model should satisfy restrictions associated with causality and different types of memory. As a result, the book represents a blend of new methods in general computational analysis, and specific, but also generic, techniques for study of systems theory ant its particular branches, such as optimal filtering and information compression. Best operator approximation Non-Lagrange interpolation Generic Karhunen-Loeve transform Generalised low-rank matrix approximation Optimal data compression Optimal nonlinear filtering

Stochastic Models in Operations Research Stochastic optimization

Stochastic Models in Operations Research  Stochastic optimization
Author: Daniel P. Heyman,Matthew J. Sobel
Publsiher: Courier Corporation
Total Pages: 580
Release: 2004-01-01
ISBN: 9780486432601
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Stochastic Models in Operations Research Stochastic optimization Book Excerpt:

This two-volume set of texts explores the central facts and ideas of stochastic processes, illustrating their use in models based on applied and theoretical investigations. They demonstrate the interdependence of three areas of study that usually receive separate treatments: stochastic processes, operating characteristics of stochastic systems, and stochastic optimization. Comprehensive in its scope, they emphasize the practical importance, intellectual stimulation, and mathematical elegance of stochastic models and are intended primarily as graduate-level texts.

Solving Urban Infrastructure Problems Using Smart City Technologies

Solving Urban Infrastructure Problems Using Smart City Technologies
Author: John R. Vacca
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 818
Release: 2020-09-22
ISBN: 012816817X
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solving Urban Infrastructure Problems Using Smart City Technologies Book Excerpt:

Solving Urban Infrastructure Problems Using Smart City Technologies is the most complete guide for integrating next generation smart city technologies into the very foundation of urban areas worldwide, showing how to make urban areas more efficient, more sustainable, and safer. Smart cities are complex systems of systems that encompass all aspects of modern urban life. A key component of their success is creating an ecosystem of smart infrastructures that can work together to enable dynamic, real-time interactions between urban subsystems such as transportation, energy, healthcare, housing, food, entertainment, work, social interactions, and governance. Solving Urban Infrastructure Problems Using Smart City Technologies is a complete reference for building a holistic, system-level perspective on smart and sustainable cities, leveraging big data analytics and strategies for planning, zoning, and public policy. It offers in-depth coverage and practical solutions for how smart cities can utilize resident’s intellectual and social capital, press environmental sustainability, increase personalization, mobility, and higher quality of life. Brings together experts from academia, government and industry to offer state-of- the-art solutions for urban system problems, showing how smart technologies can be used to improve the lives of the billions of people living in cities across the globe Demonstrates practical implementation solutions through real-life case studies Enhances reader comprehension with learning aid such as hands-on exercises, questions and answers, checklists, chapter summaries, chapter review questions, exercise problems, and more

Radio Technologies and Concepts for IMT Advanced

Radio Technologies and Concepts for IMT Advanced
Author: Martin Döttling,Werner Mohr,Afif Osseiran
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 624
Release: 2009-10-01
ISBN: 0470748087
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radio Technologies and Concepts for IMT Advanced Book Excerpt:

Radio Technologies and Concepts for IMT-Advanced presents the findings of the Wireless World Initiative New Radio (WINNER) project in Framework Program 6 of the European Commission. It provides an insight into the key concepts and technologies for the IMT-Advanced radio interface, based on the collaborative research of manufacturers, network operators, research centres and universities within WINNER. The book covers the fundamental radio characteristics of a typical 4G wireless communication system, focusing on the transceiver’s chain from the physical layer to layers 2 and 3. Starting by defining realistic and futuristic usage scenarios, the authors provide in-depth discussion of key technologies including modulation and coding, link level procedures, spatial-temporal processing, multiple access schemes and inter-cell interference mitigation, channel estimation and newly developed channel models. Finally, a cost assessment and optimisation methodology is developed for different deployment concepts in order to assess a wireless system in a condition close to reality. The book provides an important system-level approach to the latest radio technologies in the field, and evaluates IMT-Advanced research in relation to international standardisation. Presents the research findings of IMT-Advanced radio interface from the WINNER project Covers the latest concepts for relaying, multiple access, radio resource control, flexible spectrum use, and ITU-R spectrum demand calculation Examines the most recent Multiple-Input, Multiple-Output (MIMO) techniques, and Distributed Antenna Systems (Coordinated Multipoint Transmissions) Describes a 4G system concept and all major building blocks Provides 4G propagation models and system-level evaluation methodologies

Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis

Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1986
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Power resources
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis Book Excerpt:

Advanced Parallel Processing Technologies

Advanced Parallel Processing Technologies
Author: Ming Xu,Yinwei Zhan,Jiannong Cao,Yijun Liu
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 772
Release: 2007-11-07
ISBN: 3540768378
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Parallel Processing Technologies Book Excerpt:

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Workshop on Advanced Parallel Processing Technologies, APPT 2007, held in Guangzhou, China, in November 2007. The 78 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 346 submissions. All current aspects in parallel and distributed computing are addressed ranging from hardware and software issues to algorithmic aspects and advanced applications. The papers are organized in topical sections.

Novel Food Processing Technologies

Novel Food Processing Technologies
Author: Gustavo V. Barbosa-Canovas,Maria S. Tapia,M. Pilar Cano
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 720
Release: 2004-11-30
ISBN: 0203997271
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Novel Food Processing Technologies Book Excerpt:

Reflecting current trends in alternative food processing and preservation, this reference explores the most recent applications in pulsed electric field (PEF) and high-pressure technologies, food microbiology, and modern thermal and nonthermal operations to prevent the occurrence of food-borne pathogens, extend the shelf-life of foods, and improve

Intelligent Energy Field Manufacturing

Intelligent Energy Field Manufacturing
Author: Wenwu Zhang
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 728
Release: 2018-10-03
ISBN: 1351834649
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Intelligent Energy Field Manufacturing Book Excerpt:

Edited by prominent researchers and with contributions from experts in their individual areas, Intelligent Energy Field Manufacturing: Interdisciplinary Process Innovations explores a new philosophy of engineering. An in-depth introduction to Intelligent Energy Field Manufacturing (EFM), this book explores a fresh engineering methodology that not only integrates but goes beyond methodologies such as Design for Six Sigma, Lean Manufacturing, Concurrent Engineering, TRIZ, green and sustainable manufacturing, and more. This book gives a systematic introduction to classic non-mechanical manufacturing processes as well as offering big pictures of some technical frontiers in modern engineering. The book suggests that any manufacturing process is actually a process of injecting human intelligence into the interaction between material and the various energy fields in order to transfer the material into desired configurations. It discusses technological innovation, dynamic M-PIE flows, the generalities of energy fields, logic functional materials and intelligence, the open scheme of intelligent EFM implementation, and the principles of intelligent EFM. The book takes a highly interdisciplinary approach that includes research frontiers such as micro/nano fabrication, high strain rate processes, laser shock forming, materials science and engineering, bioengineering, etc., in addition to a detailed treatment of the so called "non-traditional" manufacturing processes, which covers waterjet machining, laser material processing, ultrasonic material processing, EDM/ECM, etc. Filled with illustrative pictures, figures, and tables that make technical materials more absorbable, the book cuts across multiple engineering disciplines. The majority of books in this area report the facts of proven knowledge, while the behind-the-scenes thinking is usually neglected. This book examines the big picture of manufacturing in depth before diving into the details of an individual process, demonstrating how innovations are achieved. It lowers barriers to technical innovation, meets new engineering challenges, and systematically introduces manufacturing processes.