Structural Iron 1750 1850

Structural Iron 1750   1850
Author: R.J.M. Sutherland
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2016-12-05
ISBN: 1351897403
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Structural Iron 1750 1850 Book Excerpt:

This book deals with the period when iron became the dominant ’high-technology’ material, increasingly taking over from timber and masonry. It was necessary for the engines and machines of the new industries, but equally vital for the vast civil engineering works which supported this industrialisation. It was these works - mills, warehouses, dockyards, and above all bridges - which so impressed the public in the early 19th century. The papers selected here trace the evolving structural uses of cast and wrought iron in frames and roofs for buildings, and look in particular at the development of bridge design and construction, in America, France, and Russia, as well as in Britain. They cover the processes of design and testing, and at the same time throw much light on the attitudes and careers of the engineers themselves.

Studies in the History of Civil Engineering Structural iron 1750 1850

Studies in the History of Civil Engineering  Structural iron  1750 1850
Author: Joyce Brown
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1997
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Civil engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Studies in the History of Civil Engineering Structural iron 1750 1850 Book Excerpt:

Structures and Construction in Historic Building Conservation

Structures and Construction in Historic Building Conservation
Author: Michael Forsyth
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2014-06-16
ISBN: 1118916220
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Structures and Construction in Historic Building Conservation Book Excerpt:

This book is the second in a series of volumes that combine conservation philosophy in the built environment with knowledge of traditional materials, and structural and constructional conservation techniques and technology: Understanding Historic Building Conservation Structures & Construction in Historic Building Conservation Materials & Skills for Historic Building Conservation The series aims to introduce each aspect of conservation and to provide concise, basic and up-to-date knowledge for architects, surveyors and engineers as well as for commissioning client bodies, managers and advisors. In each book, Michael Forsyth draws together chapters by leading architects, structural engineers and related professionals to reflect the interdisciplinary nature of conservation work. The books are structured to be of direct practical application, taking the reader through the process of historic building conservation and emphasising throughout the integrative teamwork involved. This present volume – Structures & Construction in Historic Building Conservation - traces the history of structures in various materials and contains guidance on the survey, assessment and diagnosis of structures and the integration of building code requirements within the historic fabric. It discusses conservation engineering philosophy, exposes the conflict between building codes and conservation legislation, and offers solutions. Leading-edge, on-site metric survey techniques are described and a range of structural advice is given, including methods of repair in relation to philosophical principles. Causes of induced movement in historic buildings are explained, together with basic soil mechanics and the assessment and diagnosis of structural failure. Chapters also cover the conservation of different types of construction: masonry, iron and steel, and concrete and reinforced concrete. Fourteen chapters written by the experts present today's key issues in structures and construction for historic building conservation: Bill Blake, Michael Bussell, David Cook, Dina F. D'Ayala, Steve Emery, Michael Forsyth, Ian Hume, Peter Norris

Structural Iron and Steel 1850 1900

Structural Iron and Steel  1850   1900
Author: Robert Thorne
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 410
Release: 2017-05-15
ISBN: 1351897373
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Structural Iron and Steel 1850 1900 Book Excerpt:

This volume covers the second great period of developments in iron construction from 1850, following its establishment as a structural material described in volume 9 of this series. Using the Crystal Palace of 1851 as a starting-point, the papers trace the history of iron-frame construction in Britain, France and America, and show its importance in fireproof construction, and in lattice truss and arch bridge design. A final group of papers illustrates the emergence of steel in framed buildings in both Britain and America. The selection brings out the important and daring contribution of individual engineers in their use of this material.

Construction Materials Reference Book

Construction Materials Reference Book
Author: David Doran,Bob Cather
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 1501
Release: 2013-07-24
ISBN: 1135139202
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Construction Materials Reference Book Book Excerpt:

This book is the definitive reference source for professionals involved in the conception, design and specification stages of a construction project. The theory and practical aspects of each material is covered, with an emphasis being placed on properties and appropriate use, enabling broader, deeper understanding of each material leading to greater confidence in their application. Containing fifty chapters written by subject specialists, Construction Materials Reference Book covers the wide range of materials that are encountered in the construction process, from traditional materials such as stone through masonry and steel to advanced plastics and composites. With increased significance being placed on broader environmental issues, issues of whole life cost and sustainability are covered, along with health and safety aspects of both use and installation.

Factory

Factory
Author: Gillian Darley
Publsiher: Reaktion Books
Total Pages: 228
Release: 2003
ISBN: 9781861891556
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Factory Book Excerpt:

Examines a wide range of iconic modern objects across many design fields, including architecture, industrial design, graphics and fashion. Surveys the factory across a number of themes, including factory as image, icon, innovator and laboratory.

Conservation of Historic Buildings

Conservation of Historic Buildings
Author: Bernard Feilden
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 404
Release: 2007-06-07
ISBN: 1136415300
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Conservation of Historic Buildings Book Excerpt:

Since its publication in 1982 Sir Bernard Feilden's Conservation of Historic Buildings has become the standard text for architects and others involved in the conservation of historic structures. Leading practitioners around the world have praised the book as being the most significant single volume on the subject to be published. This third edition revises and updates a classic book, including completely new sections on conservation of Modern Movement buildings and non-destructive investigation. The result of the lifetime's experience of one of the world's leading architectural conservators, the book comprehensively surveys the fundamental principles of conservation in their application to historic buildings, and provides the basic information needed by architects, engineers and surveyors for the solution of problems of architectural conservation in almost every climatic region of the world. This edition is organized into three complementary parts: in the first the structure of buildings is dealt with in detail; the second focuses attention on the causes of decay and the materials they affect; and the third considers the practical role of the architect involved in conservation and rehabilitation. As well as being essential reading for architects and others concerned with conservation, many lay people with various kinds of responsibility for historic buildings will find this clearly written, jargon-free work a fruitful source of guidance and information.

The Development of Timber as a Structural Material

The Development of Timber as a Structural Material
Author: David T. Yeomans
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 438
Release: 2017-05-15
ISBN: 1351891650
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Development of Timber as a Structural Material Book Excerpt:

Woodworking has been one of the most important technologies from the earliest times. Carpentry was important for buildings and bridges and as an integral part of most construction processes. The history of this subject has been explored by a variety of scholars, from archaeologists who have studied medieval timber techniques to engineers who have been interested in the development of bridges. The different studies have explored the methods of carpentry, the behaviour of the structures that were built and even the economic and social histories behind the development of carpentry techniques. This book collects together a number of papers representing this full range of scholarship as well as providing a general review of work in the field.

Conservation of Bridges

Conservation of Bridges
Author: Graham Tilly
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2002-05-23
ISBN: 9780419259107
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Conservation of Bridges Book Excerpt:

This practical handbook is a comprehensive guide to the conservation of older bridges, commissioned by the UK Highways Agency. It provides essential guidance and recommendations for bridge conservation, repair and maintenance strategies, and proposes a new approach to best practice for bridge conservation. Conservation of Bridges covers all types of highway, foot, railway, river and canal bridges built before 1960. It comprehensively deals with state-of-the-art methods of conservation, as well as structural form and behaviour, architecture, archaeology, legislation, and attitudes to conservation. With case studies from all over the world and full colour illustrative photographs throughout, the book demonstrates what has, and can continue to be achieved in the pursuit of excellence in this field. Conservation of Bridges is essential reading for all engineers, architects and other professional groups responsible for the ongoing maintenance of a diverse bridge heritage.

Staircases

Staircases
Author: James W. P. Campbell,Michael Tutton
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2013-11-07
ISBN: 113466432X
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Staircases Book Excerpt:

The staircase dates back to the very beginning of architectural history. Virtually every significant building from the ziggurats of ancient Mesopotamia to the present day, has not only contained one or more staircases, but has celebrated them. For such an apparently simple part of a building they have been made in a bewildering variety of forms and from a wide range of materials. Every age has sought to out-perform the previous to produce ever more spectacular and gravity-defying designs. 'Staircases: History, Repair and Conservation' is the first major reference volume devoted entirely to the understanding of staircases and the issues surrounding their repair and conservation. Each chapter has been especially written by experts in their respective fields. The book is essential reading for professionals and anyone with an interest in staircases. It deals with the history; dating; archaeology; surveying and recording; engineering; curating; repair and conservation of the staircase in a single volume. No other book offers such a wide range of detail. The book is divided into three parts: Part 1 covers the history, development, identification and dating of staircases, providing detailed drawings and photographs and an introduction to the scientific techniques available to enable the accurate dating of staircases. Part 2 covers the design, engineering and maintenance of the staircase, giving a clear guide to the latest research into the design of safe staircases and their structural stability. Part 3 focuses on the materials commonly used to make stairs, detailing the appropriate techniques for their conservation and repair. The result is a comprehensive study encompassing considerable and far reaching research which aims to inform our understanding and advance the scholarship of the subject for years to come.

The Regeneration of Public Parks

The Regeneration of Public Parks
Author: Ken Fieldhouse,Jan Woudstra
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 188
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 1135157898
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Regeneration of Public Parks Book Excerpt:

The Urban Parks Programme, financed by the Heritage Lottery Fund, has sparked a new enthusiasm for the regeneration of Britain's parks. This unique reference book gives a valuable overview of all the elements of public park design. It emphasizes our parks' diversity and richness, and offers practical guidance as to their renovation and future care. It is essential reading for all those involved in the design, upkeep and regeneration of public parks.

Palace of Palms

Palace of Palms
Author: Kate Teltscher
Publsiher: Pan Macmillan
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2020-07-09
ISBN: 1529004861
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Palace of Palms Book Excerpt:

'A glorious green adventure story.' Ann Treneman, The Times 'Books of the Year' 'The most enthralling historical book I’ve read this year.' Claire Tomalin, New Statesman 'Books of the year' Daringly innovative when it opened in 1848, the Palm House in Kew Gardens remains one of the most beautiful glass buildings in the world today. Seemingly weightless, vast and yet light, the Palm House floats free from architectural convention, at once monumental and ethereal. From a distance, the crowns of the palms within are silhouetted in the central dome; close to, banana leaves thrust themselves against the glass. To enter it is to enter a tropical fantasy. The body is assaulted by heat, light and the smell of damp vegetation. In Palace of Palms, Kate Teltscher tells the extraordinary story of its creation and of the Victorians’ obsession with the palms that filled it. It is a story of breathtaking ambition, of scientific discovery and, crucially, of the remarkable men whose vision it was. The Palm House was commissioned by the charismatic first Director of Kew, Sir William Hooker, designed by the audacious Irish engineer, Richard Turner, and managed by Kew’s forthright curator, John Smith, who battled with boilers and floods to ensure the survival of the rare and wondrous plants it housed.

The Civil Engineering of Canals and Railways before 1850

The Civil Engineering of Canals and Railways before 1850
Author: Michael M. Chrimes
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2017-09-08
ISBN: 1351892630
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Civil Engineering of Canals and Railways before 1850 Book Excerpt:

Between 1750 and 1850 the British landscape was transformed by a transport revolution which involved engineering works on a scale not seen in Europe since Roman times. While the economic background of the canal and railway ages are relatively well known and many histories have been written about the locomotives which ran on the railways, relatively little has been published on how the engineering works themselves were made possible. This book brings together a series of papers which seek to answer the questions of how canals and railways were built, how the engineers responsible organised the works, how they were designed and what the role of the contractors was in the process.

Structural and Civil Engineering Design

Structural and Civil Engineering Design
Author: William Addis
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2016-12-05
ISBN: 1351897462
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Structural and Civil Engineering Design Book Excerpt:

The importance of design has often been neglected in studies considering the history of structural and civil engineering. Yet design is a key aspect of all building and engineering work. This volume brings together a range of articles which focus on the role of design in engineering. It opens by considering the principles of design, then deals with the application of these to particular subjects including bridges, canals, dams and buildings (from Gothic cathedrals to Victorian mills) constructed using masonry, timber, cast and wrought iron.

The Engineering of Medieval Cathedrals

The Engineering of Medieval Cathedrals
Author: Lynn T. Courtenay
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2016-12-05
ISBN: 1351890697
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Engineering of Medieval Cathedrals Book Excerpt:

The great cathedrals and churches of the medieval West continue to awe. How were they built, and why do they remain standing? What did their builders know about what they were doing? These questions have given rise to considerable controversy, which is fully reflected in the papers selected here. The first section of the book is concerned with the medieval builders and their design methods; the second focuses on engineering issues in the context of the infamous collapse of the choir at Beauvais in 1284. The following papers extend the analysis into the 15th century, looking for example at Brunelleschi’s dome for Florence Cathedral, and deal with the often neglected structures of roofs, towers and spires.

Masonry Bridges Viaducts and Aqueducts

Masonry Bridges  Viaducts and Aqueducts
Author: Ted Ruddock
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2017-05-15
ISBN: 1351919288
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Masonry Bridges Viaducts and Aqueducts Book Excerpt:

For 2,000 years the most durable spanning structures have been built of masonry, and the surviving bridges of the Roman Empire have challenged master masons, architects and engineers to emulate and surpass them. Down the centuries, bridge-builders have been commissioned by monarchs, bishops, councils of state, cities, private individuals and, more recently, waterway and railway companies. The studies collected in this volume focus chiefly on the bridges, viaducts and aqueducts themselves and the actions of the designers and builders, but also encompass the political, economic and social contexts and outcomes of their creation. Famous bridges in Britain, Italy, France, Iran and the USA are all featured. Narratives of conception, design and construction predominate, but there are also papers on construction techniques, on the analysis of documentary sources, and on the continuing search by modern engineers for satisfactory scientific description of the strength and stability of arch bridges.

Water Supply and Public Health Engineering

Water Supply and Public Health Engineering
Author: Denis Smith
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 428
Release: 2017-05-15
ISBN: 1351873563
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Water Supply and Public Health Engineering Book Excerpt:

This volume traces the evolution of the concept of Public Health and reveals the importance of political will and public spending in this field of civil engineering. Design, construction, operation and maintenance of water-supply and main drainage works are discussed. The period covered extends from Roman engineering through to the early 20th century, with examples from Europe, America and Japan.

Early Reinforced Concrete

Early Reinforced Concrete
Author: Frank Newby
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2016-12-05
ISBN: 135194231X
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Early Reinforced Concrete Book Excerpt:

This volume traces the process by which reinforced concrete emerged during the 19th century as the successful building material of today. Early work on testing the strength of cements led into a period of experimental work by a number of engineers, notably in Britain, France and America, to devise successful systems of embedding iron in concrete in such a way that the two materials would act together to carry imposed loads. The papers take the story to the early years of the 20th century and provide a thorough review of the gradual evolution of ideas and the contributions of individuals to this technology.

Dams

Dams
Author: Donald C. Jackson
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 404
Release: 2017-05-15
ISBN: 135194651X
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dams Book Excerpt:

Dams have been used to control water for thousands of years, with the oldest known dam being a small earthen structure in present-day Jordan dating to c.4000 BCE. Since then, cultures throughout the world have practised the art of dam-building and the technology has evolved in myriad ways. The papers selected here examine the key technical issues influencing dam construction from ancient times to the early 20th century. In addition they illustrate why various human societies have built dams and how ’social’ (or seemingly ’non-technical’) factors have influenced the process of dam design. Though hydraulic engineering is the primary focus of the book, it also reveals a keen interest in questions of water resources and environmental history.

Port and Harbour Engineering

Port and Harbour Engineering
Author: Adrian Jarvis
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 456
Release: 2016-12-05
ISBN: 1351909916
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Port and Harbour Engineering Book Excerpt:

During the 19th century, the engineering of ports and harbours became a large and specialised branch of the profession. This development began in ports in physically difficult locations and may be particularly identified with the growth of the Port of Liverpool. Stimulated by the arrival of ever-larger steamships and the heavy investment in port facilities that they demanded, it spread around much of the world. The opening papers give examples of what could be achieved in antiquity; the following ones set out the advances in design and technology from 1700 to the start of this century - and note some of the failures and recurrent problems. They also illustrate the critical importance of political and economic factors in determining what the engineers achieved.