Studying Teacher Education

Author by : Marilyn Cochran-Smith
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 23
Total Download : 562
File Size : 43,7 Mb
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Description : This volume reports the work of the American Educational Research Association's Panel on Research and Teacher Education.It offers a synthesis of research on teacher education policies and practices in the US and an agenda for future research.


Studying Diversity In Teacher Education

Author by : Arnetha F. Ball
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rowman & Littlefield
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 51
Total Download : 778
File Size : 41,7 Mb
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Description : education research. --Book Jacket.


Self Study Teacher Research

Author by : Anastasia P. Samaras
Languange : en
Publisher by : SAGE Publications
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 84
Total Download : 631
File Size : 45,9 Mb
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Description : The first textbook to offer novice and experienced teachers guidelines for the "how" and "why" of self-study teacher research Designed to help pre- and in-service teachers plan, implement, and assess a manageable self-study research project, this unique textbook covers the foundation, history, theoretical underpinnings, and methods of self-study research. Author Anastasia Samaras encourages readers to think deeply about both the "how" and the "why" of this essential professional development tool as they pose questions and formulate personal theories to improve professional practice. Written in a reader-friendly style and filled with interactive activities and examples, the book helps teachers every step of the way as they learn and refine research skills; conduct a literature review; design a research study; work in validation groups; collect and analyze data; interpret findings; develop skills in peer critique and review; and write, present, and publish their studies. Key Features A Self-Study Project Planner assists teachers in understanding both the details and process of conducting self-study research. A Critical Friends Portfolio includes innovative critical collaborative inquiries to support the completion of a high quality final research project. Advice from the most senior self-study academics working in the U.S. and internationally is included, along with descriptions of the self-study methodology that has been refined over time. Examples demonstrate the connections between self-study research, teachers' professional growth, and their students' learning. Tables, charts, and visuals help readers see the big picture and stay organized.


Self Study In Physical Education Teacher Education

Author by : Alan Ovens
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 24
Total Download : 884
File Size : 49,8 Mb
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Description : In this in-depth examination of self-study as a research methodology, an international selection of physical education scholars share their ideas and experiences and consider the value of self-study as a vector for highlighting the emerging conflicts, dilemmas, and debates currently developing in teaching and teacher education pedagogies. A vital new addition to Springer’s series Self-Study of Teacher Education Practices, the volume is divided into three sections assessing the significance of the approach itself, offering detailed subject-relevant case studies, and exploring the nuances and controversies attending the evolution of the methodology. The contributors show how self-study enables reflexivity in pedagogical practice, a notable lacuna in current critical research, and at the same time they make the technique accessible to scholars of physical education wanting a practicable introduction to the subject. The analysis also explores the implications of applying self-study to pedagogy itself, to the curriculum, and to human movement and educational practice more generally. By embracing more organic, emergent notions of research practice and learning, the book achieves a broader and more inclusive survey of pedagogical work in physical education teacher education that fully acknowledges the complexities of the field.


International Handbook Of Teacher Education

Author by : John Loughran
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 55
Total Download : 658
File Size : 52,6 Mb
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Description : The International Handbooks of Teacher Education cover major issues in the field through chapters that offer detailed literature reviews, designed to help readers to understand the history, issues and research developments across those topics most relevant to the field of teacher education from an international perspective. This volume is divided into two sections: Teacher educators; and, students of teaching. The first examines teacher educators, their role, and the way that role influences the nature of teaching about teaching. In turn, the second explores who students of teaching are, and how that influences the relationship between teaching and learning about teaching.


Self Studies Of Science Teacher Education Practices

Author by : Shawn M. Bullock
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 68
Total Download : 478
File Size : 44,8 Mb
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Description : This book offers a range of contributions on self-study practices in teaching and teacher education. The self-studies presented here are unique, fresh and stimulating, and include the perspective of teachers and teacher educators from many backgrounds.


Professional Learning Through Transitions And Transformations

Author by : Judy Williams
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 10
Total Download : 275
File Size : 47,9 Mb
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Description : Through a narrative inquiry approach, this book examines the personal professional journeys of teacher educators who have undertaken self studies, and/or researched the professional development of teacher educators. The theme of the book is how change, through professional transitions and transformations and notably, through self study research, has shaped the professional identities and practices of these teacher educators. Each chapter is an exploration of how the author/s ‘became’ teacher educators in relation to personal and/or professional transitions, such as transitioning from teacher to teacher educator; moving between different institutional and geographic contexts; or from changes in philosophical, policy and/or pedagogical understandings over time. Each narrative draws on the author’s self study experience, and develops their knowledge further by presenting the wisdom they have gained over their career as teacher educators. The book concludes with a discussion of the connections between the diverse experiences of the authors, and what can be learned from their accumulated wisdom about what is means to become a teacher educator in a dynamic and ever-changing educational landscape.


Gender Feminism And Queer Theory In The Self Study Of Teacher Education Practices

Author by : Monica Taylor
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 96
Total Download : 592
File Size : 40,5 Mb
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Description : This edited volume gives explicit attention to the influence of gender, feminism, and queer theory in self-study of teacher education practices. It builds on the self-study community’s interest in social justice that has mostly been focused on race, ethnicity, gender, disability, and power, as well as broad conceptions that include multiculturalism and ways of knowing. This is the time to examine gender both because our community is growing and because of the reconceptualization of issues of gender, feminism, and queer theory in teacher education. This collection of papers provides a space for members of the self-study field, from founders to welcomed new members, along with the general community of teacher educators to problematize these issues through a variety of theoretical lenses. As always with self-study the impetus of the research is on the improvement of individual practice. Readers will find innovative approaches and insights into their own work as teacher educators.


Academic Work And Identities In Teacher Education

Author by : Jean Murray
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 20
Total Download : 905
File Size : 52,6 Mb
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Description : With its focus on the work and identity of teacher educators, this book addresses an essential but under-researched area in teacher education. It makes a major contribution to analysing the field and develops existing research on the working lives and identities of teacher educators. The book explores ideas about the future of teacher education and the implications for policy changes in education systems across the world. It brings together studies from across the globe on how teacher educators, within higher education institutions, function as both academics and professionals in different institutions and nations. It also considers professional learning for teacher educators as an occupational group and makes practical suggestions for change and improvement in this often neglected area of higher education. The book deliberately draws on research from a range of traditions, including life history, policy analysis, ethnography and self-study. The contributions come from major researchers in teacher education in Australia, Continental Europe, the USA and Canada, the UK and Asia. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Education for Teaching.


Study To Teach

Author by : Steve Herne
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 20
Total Download : 665
File Size : 43,9 Mb
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Description : For all those preparing to teach or involved in further professional development it will provide an essential, accessible and readable companion to their course. Theories of learning are integrated with practical strategies for approaching a topic. Each of the following areas discussed: *active reading and using the library *referencing correctly *making notes and writing clearly *presenting your work orally *developing subject knowledge *using information and communications technology *continuing professional development *developing key relationships *partnerships between schools and universities. The book explores the process of getting to know yourself as a learner and the nature of knowledge and understanding. A useful and comprehensive introduction to research identifies and demystifies aspects more relevant to the education student. Each chapter is written by professional educators with a wide range of experience and expertise.


Teaching Learning And Enacting Of Self Study Methodology

Author by : Jason K. Ritter
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 12
Total Download : 844
File Size : 53,8 Mb
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Description : This book offers a collection of original, peer-reviewed studies by scholars working to develop a knowledge base of teaching and facilitating self-study research methodology. Further, it details and interconnects perspectives and experiences of new self-study researchers and their facilitators, in self-study communities in different countries and across different continents. Offering a broad range of perspectives and contexts, it opens up possibilities for encouraging the collaborative and continuous growth of teaching and facilitating self-study research within and beyond the field of teacher education. The breadth of the scholarship presented expands scholarly discussions concerning designing, representing, and theorising self-study research in response to pressing educational and social questions. By documenting and understanding what teaching and learning self-study looks like in different contexts and what factors might influence its enactment, the book contributes to building a kaleidoscopic knowledge base of self-study research. Overall, this book demonstrates the impact on participants' professional learning and validates the authenticity and generative professional applications of self-study methodology for and beyond teacher education, providing implications and recommendations for practitioners on a global level.


Constructing New Professional Identities

Author by : Judy Williams
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 68
Total Download : 138
File Size : 45,9 Mb
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Description : This book provides a unique insight into the learning experiences of career change professionals in teacher education. Many studies have provided a brief glimpse into the experiences of people making a career change into teaching, but this book offers an in-depth analysis of the day to day struggles and triumphs of a small group of career change students studying teacher education in Australia. This study locates teacher professional learning within a sociocultural research paradigm, highlighting the importance of social, cultural and institutional contexts in learning. Learning to become a teacher is not merely the acquisition of a set of technical skills and propositional knowledge, but a far more complex personal struggle to construct a new professional identity. This book uncovers some of the trials, tribulations and joys of becoming a teacher for those who have already worked in other careers. It examines the impact of previous career experiences on the construction of a new professional identity as a teacher. This process is discussed using the conceptual framework of learning within communities of practice. Firstly, a broad-brush picture is presented through analysis and discussion of extensive quantitative data obtained via an on-line survey, after which a small group of survey respondents provide a more nuanced exploration of their experiences as student teachers. This is followed by three case studies that delve more deeply into the experiences, frustrations and joys of being an ‘expert novice’ in teacher education. These case studies examine the stories of three career changers who provide personal insights into what it is like to be an experienced professional embarking on a new journey as a novice student teacher.


Fostering A Relational Pedagogy

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 27
Total Download : 628
File Size : 41,9 Mb
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Description : Through critical, qualitative, creative, and arts-integrated approaches, this collection seeks to advance teacher self-study and, through it, transformative praxis.


Writing As A Method For The Self Study Of Practice

Author by : Julian Kitchen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 33
Total Download : 454
File Size : 54,5 Mb
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Description : This book focuses on the writing process in the self-study of teaching and teacher education practices. It addresses writing as an area in which teacher educators can develop their skills and represents how to write in ways that are compatible with self-study's orientations towards the inquiry, both personal and on practice. The book examines effective self-study writing with chapters written by experienced self-study practitioners. In addition to considering elements of writing as a method for the self-study of practice, it delves into the cognitive processes of real writers making explicit their writing practices. Practical suggestions are connected to the lived experiences of self-study practitioners making sense of their field through the process of writing. This book will be of interest to doctoral and novice self-study writers, and experienced authors seeking to develop their practice. It demonstrates that writing as a method of inquiry in self-study and beyond can be learned, modeled and taught.


Studying Teachers Lives

Author by : I Goodison
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 19
Total Download : 491
File Size : 45,6 Mb
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Description : To develop a mode of educational research which speaks both of and to the teacher we require more study of the lives of teachers. This book provides a vital insight into the ways in which teachers' bakgrounds and career histories affect their teaching methods and approaches. Many issues are covered ranging from the question of teacher drop-out to the importance of teacher socialisation. The studies employ a range of different methodologies allowing the reader to assess their varying strengths and weaknesses, but throughout they reaffirm the centrality of the teacher in educational research.


Policy Practice And Politics In Teacher Education

Author by : Marilyn Cochran-Smith
Languange : en
Publisher by : Corwin Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 35
Total Download : 379
File Size : 49,5 Mb
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Description : Gathered here are distinguished educator Marilyn Cochran-Smith's editorials from the Journal of Teacher Education. Spanning her editorship from May/June 2000 through March/April 2006, these essays track the major issues and trends during a period of intense scrutiny and contention around teacher preparation.


Self Study Of Language And Literacy Teacher Education Practices

Author by : Judy Sharkey
Languange : en
Publisher by : Emerald Group Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 32
Total Download : 617
File Size : 47,7 Mb
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Description : Self-Study in Teacher Education Practices (S-STEP) contribute to teacher education in culturally and linguistically diverse communities and contexts. The chapters reflect the scholarly inquiry of teacher educators dedicated to investigating and improving their practice.


Physical Education Teacher Education In A Global Policy Space

Author by : Mary O'Sullivan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 20
Total Download : 972
File Size : 41,6 Mb
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Description : This book seeks to focus attention on physical education teacher education (PETE) by building the knowledge base and broadening the geographical, theoretical, and innovative writing about PETE, PETE teacher educators, and those who shape and experience PETE. Teacher competence is a major factor in influencing student learning. Teacher educator competence is also a key factor in preparing high-quality teachers for schools. Therefore, there is a high value in focussing on who teacher educators are and which knowledge bases can inform careful program design as well as pedagogical and assessment strategies around the intended processes of teacher learning. Developed around a framework for studying teacher education, insights into two key elements of teacher education are used to structure the content of this book. Five of the six chapters focus on pedagogies of teacher education, while the last chapter explores the lives of an international cohort of teacher educators and their motives for engagement in research. Based on elements presented and those provided in the framework an agenda exploring pressing issues for teacher education is posed. This book was originally published as a special issue of Curriculum Studies in Health and Physical Education.


Narrative Inquiries Into Curriculum Making In Teacher Education

Author by : Julian Kitchen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Emerald Group Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 13
Total Download : 781
File Size : 40,8 Mb
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Description : Explores how individuals' identity and personal practical knowledge are being formed, shifted or interrupted through moments in teacher education.


Teacher Learning And Development

Author by : Peter Aubusson
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 47
Total Download : 156
File Size : 47,8 Mb
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Description : This series in teacher education, Self-study of Teacher Education Practices (S-STEP), is designed to capture and portray a range of approaches to se- study of teaching and teacher education practices. In so doing, it is anti- pated that the work of teachers and teacher educators might come to be better understood and valued as the complexity of the work of teaching and teaching about teaching is articulated and described for others. The series was initiated in order to complement the International Handbook of Self-study of Teaching and Teacher Education Practices (Loughran et al., 2004) so that the diversity in approaches to self-study could be highlighted for all those involved in the teaching and researching of professional practice. Pinnegar (1998) described self-study as a methodology for studying the s- tings in which professional practice takes place and, as such, suggested that self-study should lead to improvements in teaching and teacher education by uncovering and articulating insights in the processes of teaching and learning. In this way, a clear intention of self-study is that it might ultimately enhance s- dents’learning and teacher and teacher educators’understanding of practice.


Living Teacher Education In Hawai I

Author by : Sarah Jane Twomey
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Hawaii Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 54
Total Download : 363
File Size : 51,5 Mb
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Description : He ‘a‘ali‘i kū makani mai au, ‘a‘ohe makani nāna e kula‘i. I am the wind withstanding ‘a‘ali‘i. No gale can push me over. —Mary Kawena Pukui, ‘Ōlelo No‘eau: Hawaiian Proverbs and Poetical Sayings These stories talk back to hegemonic education systems of United States reform that may seem insurmountable. Like the humble ‘a‘ali‘i withstanding the wind, these scholarly endeavors stand as examples of how small, lived stories can have profound influence in the face of dominant knowledge systems. —Eōmailani Kukahiko Working across diverse research boundaries, Living Teacher Education in Hawai‘i: Critical Perspectives shares teacher education narratives analyzed through embodied and postcolonial approaches to educational research. Each of the six essays offers meaningful application to educational contexts by provoking counternarratives that inspire new paradigms for teacher learning and research. The contributors analyze vivid cases of their own daily classroom and school-wide experiences as examples that give insight into current issues in teacher education in Hawai‘i, including indigenous methods and pedagogy; autoethnographic approaches for studying teacher experience; multilingual paradigms for teacher training; performative inquiry in becoming a teacher; women as leaders in education; and Native Hawaiian drama-driven storytelling as lived curriculum. This set of essays gives evidence of how critical engagement and lively writing do not have to be mutually exclusive. Laced with the powerful voices and perspectives of experienced teacher educators who are wise, creative, and critical in their grasp of current teacher education practices around the country, Living Teacher Education in Hawai‘i should be read by teachers and teacher educators who dedicate their lives to grappling with the challenges of practicing social justice in diverse educational communities.


Self Study Of Language And Literacy Teacher Education Practices

Author by : Judy Sharkey
Languange : en
Publisher by : Emerald Group Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 23
Total Download : 894
File Size : 52,8 Mb
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Description : Self-Study in Teacher Education Practices (S-STEP) contribute to teacher education in culturally and linguistically diverse communities and contexts. The chapters reflect the scholarly inquiry of teacher educators dedicated to investigating and improving their practice.


Teacher Education Concepts Methodologies Tools And Applications

Author by : Management Association, Information Resources
Languange : en
Publisher by : IGI Global
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 16
Total Download : 553
File Size : 41,5 Mb
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Description : Educators play a significant role in the intellectual and social development of children and young adults. Next-generation teachers can only be as strong as their own educational foundation which serves to cultivate their knowledge of the learning process, uncover best practices in the field of education, and employ leadership abilities that will inspire students of all ages. Teacher Education: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications explores the current state of pre-service teacher programs as well as continuing education initiatives for in-service educators. Emphasizing the growing role of technology in teacher skill development and training as well as key teaching methods and pedagogical developments, this multi-volume work compiles research essential to higher education professionals and administrators, educational software developers, and researchers studying pre-service and in-service teacher training.


Pedagogies For The Future

Author by : Robyn Brandenburg
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 91
Total Download : 932
File Size : 55,6 Mb
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Description : Pedagogies for the Future illustrates a unique and exciting endeavor whereby a group of academics across one university developed a professional learning community for the purposes of investigating, articulating and developing their scholarship of practice. Through their collaborative efforts, these educator-researchers sit at the forefront of calls to take teaching seriously in higher education and to recognize the powerful potential of interdisciplinary collaboration. The book provides a model for establishing learning communities in higher education and demonstrates that such work is not only possible but also successful. From vision to reality, Pedagogies for the Future offers important insights into the complex nature of researching teaching and learning in higher education from the perspectives of those directly engaged in it. This book will be of great interest and value to both scholars and administrators. Associate Professor Amanda Berry Leiden University, The Netherlands Pedagogies for the Future is an ambitious but critically important work ... This book reminds us of the complex interactions between culture and pedagogy and the importance of paying the closest possible attention to the effects of how we teach and how well our students learn. Professor Tom Russell Queen’s University, Canada


Teacher Education And Teaching As Struggling For The Soul

Author by : Thomas S Popkewitz
Languange : en
Publisher by : Taylor & Francis
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 24
Total Download : 842
File Size : 46,6 Mb
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Description : Challenging conventional ways of thinking about school reforms and teacher education, this book analyses how the "knowledge systems" which organize how teachers' observe, supervise, and evaluate children produces norms that have the effect of excluding children who are poor and of color. Building on Struggling for the Soul (1998), his original study of the day-to-day life of new teachers in the Teach for America program, Popkewitz delves deeper into how the teaching and learning practices of urban and rural schools. Applying an ethnographic focus to how difference and divisions are produced to exclude despite efforts to include, he explores the complexities of educational change and raises important questions about the politics of schooling, knowledge and power. This book provides an original way of thinking about ethnography through a critical post-foundational approach. Conceptually focusing the ethnography of "the system of reason" that organizes teacher practices, the analysis offers a critical lens to understand the contemporary politics of school reform, the limits of teacher research, and suggests why current teacher and teacher education reforms may conserve the very conditions required for change. Beyond its relevance to U.S. schools, the conceptual and methodological resources of the book have relevance internationally, especially given the global important of education responding to cultural and social diversity through teacher and teacher education reforms.


Studying Education

Author by : Janet Lord
Languange : en
Publisher by : SAGE
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 37
Total Download : 725
File Size : 48,8 Mb
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Description : An introduction to the study and exploration of education. This book gives readers a strong introduction to what education is, the challenges it faces and how to study education at university and beyond. It also explores how educationalists research, engage with debate and explore particular themes and how this impacts on their practice. This book: Covers key themes, foundation knowledge and essential theory from across the education sector Supports students in knowing what to study and understand – and how to study and develop their understanding Helps readers to see the ‘bigger picture’ of education Includes support for academic writing, critical exploration of themes, evaluating evidence and engaging with debates


Teachers Professional Development In Global Contexts

Author by : Juanjo Mena
Languange : en
Publisher by : Brill
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 12
Total Download : 491
File Size : 45,6 Mb
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Description : "The essence of this book is to capture the nature of current educational practices from a variety of theoretical perspectives. Both teachers and teacher educators provide a lens on better understanding teacher training and learning processes. The mutual interrelations and provision of knowledge between the academia and schools are essential to combine discourses and align positions. Therefore, bringing practice into theory and theory to practice in nowadays teaching is key to offer adapted responses to multiple problems and increasingly diverse contexts. On the other hand, the array of studies from around the world compiled in this volume allow the readership to find commonplaces, draw shared concerns, and define goals. Studying teaching and teacher education across-contexts allow to gauge the pulse of the discipline and identify those issues that enable educators to understand the complexities of teaching and learning. The chapters examine the development of knowledge and understanding of teaching practices, analyze engaging learning environments, the sustainability of learning and teaching practices, and show new practices based on the use of Information and Communication Technologies. The diverse teaching contexts from this compilation of international research are organized according to the following themes: - Teaching professional learning and knowledge; - Teacher beliefs and reflective thinking; - Innovative teacher procedures"--


Teacher Socialization In Physical Education

Author by : K. Andrew R. Richards
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 28
Total Download : 962
File Size : 44,7 Mb
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Description : Socialization is a complex process which has a profound effect on how we experience teaching and learning. The study of teachers’ lives and careers through the lens of occupational socialization theory has a rich history in physical education. However, as the social and political climates surrounding education have changed, so have the experiences of teachers. This book pushes beyond traditional perspectives to explore alternative and innovative approaches to socialization. Written by a team of leading international physical education scholars, this is the first edited collection of scholarship on teacher socialization to be published in more than two decades. Divided into five parts, the book provides a review of current knowledge on teacher socialization in school settings, as well as suggestions for different approaches to understanding teacher socialization and recommendations for future directions for studying teachers’ lives and careers. A testament to what is known and what still needs to be learned about the lived experiences of physical educators, Teacher Socialization in Physical Education: New Perspectives provides valuable insights for all physical education students, teachers, and instructors.


Teacher Education

Author by : Kate Walsh
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 27
Total Download : 809
File Size : 53,8 Mb
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Description : Kate Walsh, president of the National Council on Teacher Quality, takes on teacher education in this essay published for the Thomas B. Fordham Foundation's white paper series "Fwd: Arresting Insights in Education." Walsh highlights a 2005 study, "Studying Teacher Education," a nearly 800-page report by a panel of the American Educational Research Association Panel on Research and Teacher Education, in which the nation's leading teacher educators admit that there is little evidence to prove the effectiveness of the methods used to prepare the nation's teachers. While applauding the panel's admission of this failure, she calls them out on a lack of attention to both the achievement gap and scientific reading strategies. Walsh writes that "The achievement gap, unquestionably the primary education problem of the 21st Century, is mentioned by name only once in the volume, and then only to assert a baseless theory that the gap may be caused (partially) by too many White teachers in the classroom." Walsh states that the report does not mention that some pedagogies and curricula have demonstrated far more effectiveness than others. Instead, teacher candidates are encouraged to arrive at their own solutions by developing their own "equity pedagogy," meaning that the teacher candidate should devise their own "methods and materials that support the academic achievement of students from diverse and minority groups" by creating curriculum based on student's backgrounds. Walsh asks, "And if the novice gets it wrong?" She also asks what happens after the child sitting before the teacher is black and poor and says the same can said for the few references to English as a Second Language teacher preparation. Teacher candidates are taught to appreciate the diversity of the non-English speaking child, with preparation programs bearing no responsibility for imparting strategies for helping them learn the language. Walsh states that the most remarkable question that was not asked by the AERA panel was whether programs effectively teach reading instruction to teacher candidates and that reading instruction is completely missing when it comes to preparing candidates to teach high-poverty, high-minority, and special-education populations. Walsh finds the AERA panel's report omission "breathtaking" that the extensive science packaged by the National Reading Panel is ignored. Walsh concludes this article by stating that: "In ignoring the role that teacher education could play in giving teachers the necessary skills to alleviate the ill-effects of poverty, the profession misses its best chance to counter its many critics," and instead passes on its mandate to help correct educational inequities, thus consigning itself to irrelevance.