Synthetic Aesthetics

Synthetic Aesthetics
Author: Alexandra Daisy Ginsberg,Jane Calvert,Pablo Schyfter,Alistair Elfick,Drew Endy
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2017-01-06
ISBN: 0262534010
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Synthetic Aesthetics Book Excerpt:

As synthetic biology transforms living matter into a medium for making, what is the role of design and its associated values? Synthetic biology manipulates the stuff of life. For synthetic biologists, living matter is programmable material. In search of carbon-neutral fuels, sustainable manufacturing techniques, and innovative drugs, these researchers aim to redesign existing organisms and even construct completely novel biological entities. Some synthetic biologists see themselves as designers, inventing new products and applications. But if biology is viewed as a malleable, engineerable, designable medium, what is the role of design and how will its values apply? In this book, synthetic biologists, artists, designers, and social scientists investigate synthetic biology and design. After chapters that introduce the science and set the terms of the discussion, the book follows six boundary-crossing collaborations between artists and designers and synthetic biologists from around the world, helping us understand what it might mean to 'design nature.' These collaborations have resulted in biological computers that calculate form; speculative packaging that builds its own contents; algae that feeds on circuit boards; and a sampling of human cheeses. They raise intriguing questions about the scientific process, the delegation of creativity, our relationship to designed matter, and, the importance of critical engagement. Should these projects be considered art, design, synthetic biology, or something else altogether? Synthetic biology is driven by its potential; some of these projects are fictions, beyond the current capabilities of the technology. Yet even as fictions, they help illuminate, question, and even shape the future of the field.

The Elusive Synthesis Aesthetics and Science

The Elusive Synthesis  Aesthetics and Science
Author: A.I. Tauber
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 9400917864
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Elusive Synthesis Aesthetics and Science Book Excerpt:

The tension between art and science may be traced back to the Greeks. What became "natural philosophy" and later "science" has traditionally been posed as a fundamental alternative to poetry and art. It is a theme that has commanded central attention in Western thought, as it captures the ancient conflict of Apollo and Dionysus over what deserves to order our thought and serve as the aspiration of our cultural efforts. The modern schi sm between art and science was again clearly articulated in the Romantic period and seemingly grew to a crescendo fifty years aga as a result of the debate concerning atomic power. The discussion has not abated in the physical sciences, and in fact has dramatically expanded most prominently into the domains of ecology and medicine. Issues concerning the role of science in modern society, although heavily political, must be regarded at heart as deeply embedded in our cultural values. Although each generation addresses them anew, the philosophical problems which lay at the foundation of these fundamental concerns always appear fresh and difficult. This anthology of original essays considers how science might have a greater commonality with art than was perhaps realized in a more positivist era. The contributors are concerned with how the aesthetic participates in science, both as a factor in constructing theory and influencing practice. The collec tion is thus no less than a spectrum of how Beauty and Science might be regarded through the same prism.

Synthetic Biology

Synthetic Biology
Author: Manuel Porcar,Juli Peretó
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 77
Release: 2014-09-09
ISBN: 9401793824
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Synthetic Biology Book Excerpt:

Synthetic Biology (SB) is a revolutionary discipline with a vast range of practical applications, but is SB research really based on engineering principles? Does it contributing to the artificial synthesis of life or does it utilise approaches sufficiently advanced to fall outside the scope of biotechnology or metabolic engineering? This volume reviews the development of SB and includes the major milestones of the discipline, the ‘top-down’ and ‘bottom-up’ approaches towards the construction of an artificial cell and the development of the “iGEM” competition. We conclude that SB is an emerging field with extraordinary technological potential, but that most research projects actually are an extension of metabolic engineering since the complexity of living organisms, their tight dependence on evolution and our limited knowledge of the interactions between the molecules, actually make life difficult to engineer.

Synthetic Biology and Morality

Synthetic Biology and Morality
Author: Gregory E. Kaebnick
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 214
Release: 2013-07-26
ISBN: 0262019396
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Synthetic Biology and Morality Book Excerpt:

A range of views on the morality of synthetic biology and its place in public policy and political discourse.

Ambivalences of Creating Life

Ambivalences of Creating Life
Author: Kristin Hagen,Margret Engelhard,Georg Toepfer
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 335
Release: 2015-08-27
ISBN: 3319210882
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ambivalences of Creating Life Book Excerpt:

"Synthetic biology" is the label of a new technoscientific field with many different facets and agendas. One common aim is to "create life", primarily by using engineering principles to design and modify biological systems for human use. In a wider context, the topic has become one of the big cases in the legitimization processes associated with the political agenda to solve global problems with the aid of (bio-)technological innovation. Conceptual-level and meta-level analyses are needed: we should sort out conceptual ambiguities to agree on what we talk about, and we need to spell out agendas to see the disagreements clearly. The book is based on the interdisciplinary summer school "Analyzing the societal dimensions of synthetic biology", which took place in Berlin in September 2014. The contributions address controversial discussions around the philosophical examination, public perception, moral evaluation and governance of synthetic biology.

Advances in Manufacturing and Processing of Materials and Structures

Advances in Manufacturing and Processing of Materials and Structures
Author: Yoseph Bar-Cohen
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2018-09-03
ISBN: 1351867954
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Manufacturing and Processing of Materials and Structures Book Excerpt:

This book cover the latest advances in materials and structures in manufacturing and processing including additive and subtractive processes. It's intended to provide a compiled resource that reviews details of the advances that have been made in recent years in manufacturing and processing of materials and structures. A key development incorporated within this book is 3D printing, which is being used to produce complex parts including composites with odd shape fibers, as well as tissue and body organs. This book has been tailored for engineers, scientists and practitioners in a number of different fields such as aerospace, mechanical engineering, materials science and biomedicine. Biomimetic principles have also been integrated.

Evolutionary Aesthetics

Evolutionary Aesthetics
Author: Eckart Voland,Karl Grammer
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 377
Release: 2003-06-12
ISBN: 9783540436706
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evolutionary Aesthetics Book Excerpt:

Evolutionary aesthetics is the attempt to understand the aesthetic judgement of human beings and their spontaneous distinction between "beauty" and "ugliness" as a biologically adapted ability to make important decisions in life. The hypothesis is - both in the area of "natural beauty" and in sexuality, with regard to landscape preferences, but also in the area of "artificial beauty" (i.e. in art and design) - that beauty opens up fitness opportunities, while ugliness holds fitness risks. In this book, this adaptive view of aesthetics is developed theoretically, presented on the basis of numerous examples, and its consequences for evolutionary anthropology are illuminated.

Organic Homiletic

Organic Homiletic
Author: Richard Hee-Chun Park
Publsiher: Peter Lang
Total Pages: 201
Release: 2006
ISBN: 9780820486109
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Organic Homiletic Book Excerpt:

Organic form theory of Romanticism helps writers, artists, and preachers free themselves from potentially limiting norms and rules of form. Organic Homiletic: Samuel T. Coleridge, Henry G. Davis, and the New Homiletic will inspire preachers to express their individual voices and create their own authentic forms by offering preachers innovative methods to creatively imitate, blend, and mix a wide variety of sermon forms. The book is a motivator for preachers to intuitively discover sermon content in the rhetorical context of a given preaching situation, and to develop that content utilizing organic form in the process of sermon preparation. Organic Homiletic is a must-read for seminarians, experienced preachers, creative writers, and artists - all those who seek to be fresh, authentic, creative, liberated, and organic.

Red Kant Aesthetics Marxism and the Third Critique

Red Kant  Aesthetics  Marxism and the Third Critique
Author: Michael Wayne
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2014-09-25
ISBN: 1472508688
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Red Kant Aesthetics Marxism and the Third Critique Book Excerpt:

Is Kant really the 'bourgeois' philosopher that his advocates and opponents take him to be? In this bold and original re-thinking of Kant, Michael Wayne argues that with his aesthetic turn in the Third Critique, Kant broke significantly from the problematic philosophical structure of the Critique of Pure Reason. Through his philosophy of the aesthetic Kant begins to circumnavigate the dualities in his thought. In so doing he shows us today how the aesthetic is a powerful means for imagining our way past the apparent universality of contemporary capitalism. Here is an unfamiliar Kant: his concepts of beauty and the sublime are reinterpreted as attempts to socialise the aesthetic while Wayne reconstructs the usually hidden genealogy between Kant and important Marxist concepts such as totality, dialectics, mediation and even production. In materialising Kant's philosophy, this book simultaneously offers a Marxist defence of creativity and imagination grounded in our power to think metaphorically and in Kant's concept of reflective judgment. Wayne also critiques aspects of Marxist cultural theory that have not accorded the aesthetic the relative autonomy and specificity which it is due. Discussing such thinkers as Adorno, Bourdieu, Colletti, Eagleton, Lukács, Ranciére and others, Red Kant: Aesthetics, Marxism and the Third Critique presents a new reading of Kant's Third Critique that challenges Marxist and mainstream assessments of Kant alike.

Aesthetics

Aesthetics
Author: Vasily Sesemann
Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2007-01-01
ISBN: 9004357998
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Aesthetics Book Excerpt:

This work by Lithuania's most important philosopher Vasily Sesemann (1884-1963) is a European classic. Having been published in Lithuanian for the first time in 1970 (though written much earlier) it has now finally become accessible to an international public. Sesemann's Aesthetics is not only an extremely useful introduction to the discipline of aesthetics; it also engages in stimulating analyses of a whole range of subjects that remain of interest for the contemporary reader. Sesemann explains in a clear and systematic way almost all problems linked to aesthetic production and perception, providing inquiries into, for example, philosophical problems of space, tectonicity in architecture, and film. Sesemann's personal philosophical vision of aesthetic experience as well as of the ambiguity of aesthetic form makes this book a must for specialists in German and Eastern European interwar philosophy as well as in Russian Formalism.

The Color of Citizenship

The Color of Citizenship
Author: Diego A. von Vacano
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 226
Release: 2014-03
ISBN: 0199368880
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Color of Citizenship Book Excerpt:

Looking to the way that race has been conceived through the tradition of Latin American political thought, The Color of Citizenship examines the centrality of race in the making of modern citizenship. It posits race as synthetic, dynamic, and fluid - a concept that will have methodological, historical, and normative value for understanding race in other diverse societies.

Textiles Identity and Innovation Design the Future

Textiles  Identity and Innovation  Design the Future
Author: Gianni Montagna,Cristina Carvalho
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 454
Release: 2018-10-03
ISBN: 1351585436
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Textiles Identity and Innovation Design the Future Book Excerpt:

D_TEX presents itself as a starting point at a crossroads of ideas and debates around the complex universe of Textile Design in all its forms, manifestations and dimensions. The textile universe, allied to mankind since its beginnings, is increasingly far from being an area of exhausted possibilities, each moment proposing important innovations that need a presentation, discussion and maturation space that is comprehensive and above all inter- and transdisciplinary. Presently, the disciplinary areas where the textile area is present are increasing and important, such as fashion, home textiles, technical clothing and accessories, but also construction and health, among others, and can provide new possibilities and different disciplinary areas and allowing the production of new knowledge. D_TEX proposes to join the thinking of design, with technologies, tradition, techniques, and related areas, in a single space where ideas are combined with the technique and with the projectual and research capacity, thus providing for the creation of concepts, opinions, associations of ideas, links and connections that allow the conception of ideas, products and services. The interdisciplinary nature of design is a reality that fully reaches the textile material in its essence and its practical application, through the synergy and contamination by the different interventions that make up the multidisciplinary teams of research. The generic theme of D_TEX Textile Design Conference 2017, held at Lisbon School of Architecture of the University of Lisbon, Portugal on November 2-4, 2017, is Design the Future, starting from the crossroads of ideas and debates, a new starting point for the exploration of textile materials, their identities and innovations in all their dimensions.

The Philosophy of Design

The Philosophy of Design
Author: Glenn Parsons
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 176
Release: 2015-11-18
ISBN: 150950219X
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Philosophy of Design Book Excerpt:

The Philosophy of Design is an introduction to the fundamental philosophical issues raised by the contemporary practice of design. The first book to systematically examine design from the perspective of contemporary philosophy, it offers a broad perspective, ranging across key philosophical areas such as aesthetics, epistemology, metaphysics and ethics. The first part of the book explores central issues about the nature of design and its products, and the rationality of design methods. A central theme is that Modernist ideas, such as those offered by Loos and Gropius, provide important responses to these philosophical issues. In the second part of the book, these Modernist ideas serve as touchstones in the exploration of key issues for design, including: the place of aesthetics in design; design's relation to personal expression; the meaning of function; and design's relation to consumerism. The social responsibility of designers, and the impact of design practice on ethical reasoning are also discussed. Written in an accessible style, The Philosophy of Design presents a new perspective on design and a provocative reassessment of the Modernist legacy. It will engage students and designers with current philosophical debates, helping them to bring into clearer focus the meaning of contemporary design, and its unique challenges and possibilities.

The Aesthetics of Horror Films

The Aesthetics of Horror Films
Author: Forrest Adam Sopuck
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 131
Release: 2021-09-24
ISBN: 3030843467
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Aesthetics of Horror Films Book Excerpt:

This book analyzes the nature and functions of horror films from the vantage of a theoretical reconstruction of George Santayana’s account of beauty. This neo-Santayanan framework forms the conceptual backdrop for a new model of horror’s aesthetic enjoyment, the nature of which is detailed through the examination of plot, cinematic, and visual devices distinctive of the popular genre. According to this model, the audience derives pleasure from the films through confronting the aversive scenarios they communicate and rationalizing a denial of their personal applicability. The films then come to embody these acts of self-assertion and intellectual overcoming and become objects of pride. How horror films can acquire necropolitical functions within the context of abusive systems of power is also clarified. These functions, which exploit the power of anti-tragedy, downward social comparison, or vicarious emotion, work to remediate aggressive, ascetic, or revolutionary impulses in ways that are not injurious to the status quo. This book champions horror as a source of self-empowerment and unmitigated beauty, but also attests to the potential social harms of the genre.

Recent Advances in Natural Computing

Recent Advances in Natural Computing
Author: Yasuhiro Suzuki,Masami Hagiya
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 132
Release: 2014-07-29
ISBN: 4431551050
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recent Advances in Natural Computing Book Excerpt:

This book highlights recent advances in natural computing, including biology and its theory, bio-inspired computing, computational aesthetics, computational models and theories, computing with natural media, philosophy of natural computing and educational technology. It presents extended versions of the best papers selected from the symposium “7th International Workshop on Natural Computing” (IWNC7), held in Tokyo, Japan, in 2013. The target audience is not limited to researchers working in natural computing but also those active in biological engineering, fine/media art design, aesthetics and philosophy.

Design Synthesis

Design Synthesis
Author: Graeme Arthur Britton,Seppo Torvinen
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 380
Release: 2013-10-28
ISBN: 1439881642
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Design Synthesis Book Excerpt:

The biggest challenge in any marketplace is uncertainty. The major changes taking place in world economies, politics, and demographics has raised market uncertainty to its highest level in the past 50 years. However, with new markets opening up in emerging and developing economies, the opportunities have never been better. To compete in this challenging atmosphere, product design/redesign and manufacturing must be integrated to produce better quality products faster and cheaper. Design Synthesis: Integrated Product and Manufacturing System Design provides a conceptual framework and methodologies to do just that. The book explains how to integrate innovative product design with the design of a batch manufacturing system. It covers the technical and social aspects of integration, presents research and best practices, and embeds integration within a framework of sustainable development. It covers the two methods for achieving design synthesis: integration and harmonisation. Product, manufacturing system, and social system architectures are integrated (united or combined to form a whole that is greater than the sum of the parts). The concurrent processes to design the architectures are harmonised (made compatible or coincident with one another). Wide in scope, the book supplies a multi-disciplinary perspective and an extensive discussion on how to maintain integrity during the design process. The authors present research and practices that are difficult or almost impossible to find. They describe the different types of system lifecycles and include guidelines on how to select the appropriate lifecycle for a specific design situation.

The Social Life of Materials

The Social Life of Materials
Author: Adam Drazin,Susanne Küchler
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2015-08-27
ISBN: 1472592662
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Social Life of Materials Book Excerpt:

Materials play a central role in society. Beyond the physical and chemical properties of materials, their cultural properties have often been overlooked in anthropological studies: finished products have been perceived as 'social' yet the materials which comprise them are considered 'raw' or natural'. The Social Life of Materials proposes a new perspective in this interdisciplinary field. Diverting attention from the consumption of objects, the book looks towards the properties of materials and how these exist through many transformations in a variety of cultural contexts. Human societies have always worked with materials. However, the customs and traditions surrounding this differ according to the place, the time and the material itself. Whether or not the material is man-made, materials are defined by social intervention. Today, these constitute one of the most exciting areas of global scientific research and innovation, harboring the potential to act as key vehicles of change in the world. But this 'materials revolution' has complex social implications. Smart materials are designed to anticipate our actions and needs, yet we are increasingly unable to apprehend the composite materials which comprise new products. Bringing together ethnographic studies of cultures from around the world, this collection explores the significance of materials by moving beyond questions of what may be created from them. Instead, the text argues that the materials themselves represent a shifting ground around which relationships, identities and powers are constantly formed and dissolved in the act of making and remaking.

Dialogues Between Artistic Research and Science and Technology Studies

Dialogues Between Artistic Research and Science and Technology Studies
Author: Henk Borgdorff,Peter Peters,Trevor Pinch
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 206
Release: 2019-11-18
ISBN: 042979830X
Category: Art
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dialogues Between Artistic Research and Science and Technology Studies Book Excerpt:

This edited volume maps dialogues between science and technology studies research on the arts and the emerging field of artistic research. The main themes in the book are an advanced understanding of discursivity and reasoning in arts-based research, the methodological relevance of material practices and things, and innovative ways of connecting, staging, and publishing research in art and academia. This book touches on topics including studies of artistic practices; reflexive practitioners at the boundaries between the arts, science, and technology; non-propositional forms of reasoning; unconventional (arts-based) research methods and enhanced modes of presentation and publication.

Hegel and Aesthetics

Hegel and Aesthetics
Author: Colo.) Hegel Society of America Meeting 1996 (Keystone,Hegel Society of America. Meeting
Publsiher: SUNY Press
Total Pages: 209
Release: 2000-05-18
ISBN: 9780791445518
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hegel and Aesthetics Book Excerpt:

Leading scholars consider Hegel's philosophy of art and its contemporary significance.

Marginal Modernity The Aesthetics of Dependency from Kierkegaard to Joyce

Marginal Modernity The Aesthetics of Dependency from Kierkegaard to Joyce
Author: Leonard Lisi
Publsiher: Fordham Univ Press
Total Pages: 334
Release: 2013
ISBN: 0823245322
Category: Literary Criticism
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Marginal Modernity The Aesthetics of Dependency from Kierkegaard to Joyce Book Excerpt:

Marginal Modernity traces the emergence and dissemination of a new aesthetic paradigm from the periphery to the core of European culture. This "aesthetics of dependency" is distinct from the aesthetics of autonomy and fragmentation usually relied on and provides a different structure, philosophical foundation and historical condition for modernist works.