System Under Stress Homeland Security And American Politics

Author by : Donald F Kettl
Languange : en
Publisher by : SAGE
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 14
Total Download : 949
File Size : 54,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : In System under Stress, The Challenge to 21st Century Democracy, Third Edition, Donald F. Kettl looks at the latest stress to hit the system--the financial crisis of 2008. In his brief, gripping narrative, Kettl assesses how well the U.S. political system responds under extraordinary pressure--from 9/11, to Hurricane Katrina, to the Great Recession-- and asks if the government is ready to face that next challenge. A well-known scholar, commentator, and writer in the areas of federalism and governance, Kettl asks the hard questions, makes a credible and persuasive argument, and crafts a readable case study that is fascinating and thought-provoking.


System Under Stress

Author by : Donald F. Kettl
Languange : en
Publisher by : CQ Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 86
Total Download : 146
File Size : 44,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : In System under Stress, The Challenge to 21st Century Democracy, Third Edition, Donald F. Kettl looks at the latest stress to hit the system—the financial crisis of 2008. In his brief, gripping narrative, Kettl assesses how well the U.S. political system responds under extraordinary pressure—from 9/11, to Hurricane Katrina, to the Great Recession— and asks if the government is ready to face that next challenge. A well-known scholar, commentator, and writer in the areas of federalism and governance, Kettl asks the hard questions, makes a credible and persuasive argument, and crafts a readable case study that is fascinating and thought-provoking.


Laboratory Simulation Of A Police Communications System Under Stress

Author by : Thomas E. Drabek
Languange : en
Publisher by : Ohio st College of Admin Scienc
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 20
Total Download : 394
File Size : 42,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Many crucial variables and patterns which remain submerged under normal conditions become more apparent when organizations are under stress. This research project drew from selected aspects of previous research on complex organizations, community disasters, small groups, stress, and simulation. The research had three specific objectives - to develop a general conceptual framework whereby organizational stress might be analyzed, to explore the utility of realistic simulation as a methodological technique for the analysis of complex organizations through the construction of a simulate of the communications system of a large metropolitan police organization, and to test selected aspects of the theoretical framework by subjecting the constructed simulate to stress. Work groups were brought to the laboratory where they performed their usual roles in an ecological setting and with equipment paralleling that of their regular radio room. Their normal work load in the laboratory was a duplicate in both quantity and content of what they experienced when actually on the job at the police department. The demands placed on each team during the stress session followed closely those actually experienced by other police communications teams in a real disaster in another city.


The Financial System Under Stress

Author by : Marc Uzan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 83
Total Download : 306
File Size : 45,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The collapse of Barings bank and the currency crisis in Mexico are just two instances of stress in an international financial system still largely governed by the institutions established by the Bretton Woods Committee in 1944. Here, the authors put forward an agenda for a new system of international economic institutions to fit the changes in international relations. This agenda includes: * an analysis of the role of the Bretton Woods institutions and their relations with the newly created World Trade Organizations * a discussion of the search for world economic governance * an analysis of the crisis within EMS and the prospects for European Monetary Integration * an examination of the integration of private markets in the new economic architecture.


The System Under Stress

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 54
Total Download : 872
File Size : 52,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description :


Lake Veluwe A Macrophyte Dominated System Under Eutrophication Stress

Author by : W. van Vierssen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 91
Total Download : 740
File Size : 45,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The structure and functioning of eutrophicated aquatic ecosystems has received considerable attention from limnologists as well as water managers in recent years. Stress has often been on pelagic food webs of deeper lakes whilst littoral systems or shallower lakes have been less thoroughly investigated. Since Dutch aquatic systems are shallow, as a rule, they form a notable exception. But here, too, the orientation was often on pelagic food webs. The present study has a clearly different scope in that it takes the water plant as prime perspective. The editors consider water plants to be the key component in shallow aquatic ecosystems. They have compiled work on one water plant species, Potamogeton pectinatus L., and from one lake, Lake Veluwe, as a typical case, and set out to explain the fluctuations in abundance of this water plant as influenced by eutrophication. A working hypothesis on the mechanism responsible for water plant decline during eutrophication was adopted and tested in a combination of field and laboratory work. A simulation model, SAGAI, for the water plant P.pectinatus was developed and proved to fit independent data very well. The work started out as a joint effort of a single project team in the Department of Nature Conservation of Wageningen Agricultural University, but the present volume has benefited considerably from the inputs of several invited colleagues, as the list of contributors witnesses. The editors have made an invaluable contribution to the understanding of shallow aquatic ecosystems and to their scientifically based and sustainable management.


Coasts Under Stress

Author by : Rosemary E. Ommer
Languange : en
Publisher by : McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 11
Total Download : 913
File Size : 43,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : While coasts are often places of unsurpassing beauty, many coastal communities suffer from poverty, unemployment, health risks, and the effects of environmental degradation. Coasts Under Stress is a unique interdisciplinary exploration of the complex interplay of economy, culture, environment, and health in the coastal communities of eastern and western Canada.


Food Systems Under Stress

Author by : Kate O. Kwafo-Akoto
Languange : en
Publisher by : National Institute of Development Research & Documentation N
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 19
Total Download : 430
File Size : 55,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description :


Soils Under Stress

Author by : Yuriy Dmytruk
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 17
Total Download : 472
File Size : 52,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Dokuchaev carried out most of his research in Ukraine. His student and friend, Volodymyr Vernadsky, went on to create trans-disciplinary environmental sciences and the concept of Earth as a living organism, famously taken up by James Lovelock. That spring of ideas still flows and the researches captured in this volume are relevant to present-day problems, and not only in Ukraine. Soils have always been under stress but, in the Anthropocene, mankind is in the driving seat. As a sequel to Soil Science Working for a Living: Applications of soil science to present-day problems, we consider issues of policy as well as soil genesis, attributes and functions in various environments, natural and man-made. We consider human impacts on the soil cover through its use and misuse, highlight methods of research and assessment of soil quality, and the threats of soil degradation. The distinguished contributors also describe and propose various options for evaluation and remediation of degraded soils, drawing on the latest methods of modelling and cartography as well as long-term field experiments and long experience. The book will be invaluable to researchers and practitioners in soil science including graduate and post-graduate education, academics and professionals.


Mariners Adaptive Performance Under Stress

Author by : Athanassiou, Georgios
Languange : en
Publisher by : kassel university press GmbH
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 51
Total Download : 800
File Size : 40,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : “Mariners´ Adaptive Performance under Stress” focuses on the research question of direct and indirect effects of varying conditions of task-integral cognitive and affective demands on adaptive performance of novice bridge operators. The work draws theoretically on contextual models of cognition as well as appraisal theoretical frameworks of affect elicitation and experience. The respective research hypotheses reflect expected individual and team-related adaptive responses at and after the onset of ambiguous trigger events with a prominent affective component when performing a complex ship management task. Adaptive performance was measured by means of behavioural parameters with a relevance to normal and critical operations: Visual behaviour of officers of the watch, Threat and Error Management and Non-Technical Skill performance of bridge crews, and risk-related crew decision-making. Additional surveys were employed for the assessment of the task-related affective states and trigger event appraisals. The results suggest that the observed adaptive performance, especially on the team level, is strongly affected by the co-occurrence of constraining context conditions and the conspicuousness of the affective component of emerging events. Consequently, the work argues for an integrated approach towards combining cognition and affect for modelling human behaviour in dynamic environments. It showcases the need for further research of cognition, affect and their combined effects in the naturalistic context of work in order to comprehend the behaviour of the human element in practice beyond the obscuring veil of hindsight and outcome-based evaluations.


The Multilateral System Under Stress

Author by : Brigitte Dekker
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 86
Total Download : 969
File Size : 54,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The Netherlands depends upon a functioning multilateral system to achieve its policy goals in the fields of trade, arms control and human rights. The current instability generated by the ongoing Sino-American rivalry is threatening to upend many of the multilateral institutions that facilitate discussion and action in these fields. The retreat of the United States from the multilateral system has been a shock. The Dutch government and the EU now need to reposition themselves in a world dominated by great power rivalry. While the US retreat from the multilateral system could be viewed as harmful for the Netherlands, it also offered a wake-up call to address long-existing problems and an incentive to update the multilateral system for the coming century.


The Body Under Stress

Author by : Ed Conduit
Languange : en
Publisher by : Psychology Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 88
Total Download : 843
File Size : 53,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book seeks to define positive health, the skills needed to acquire it, and how to pass them on to others as part of education and counselling on health issues. Most people now view health as "fitness" - a repertoire of skills or health behaviours, necessary to overcome excessive workload; bereavement; reliance on alcohol, tobacco or other drugs; or over-use of back or neck. While many of these behaviours are acquired informally, some need to be taught by health professionals. This need is being recognised at a time when health services are increasing their interest in the maintenance of health, in addition to the treatment of illness. A scientific approach to positive health is relevant equally to medical and complementary health practices. The second half of this book examines the evidence that health behaviours can prevent illnesses such as heart disease; ulcers; back injuries. A comprehensive review of current research and development, this book will be of interest to many health professionals for whom patient education and counselling is a major part of their role. This includes many nurses, remedial therapists, clinical and health psychologists, and complementary practitioners. Such readers, and clients wishing to make better use of consultations with their doctors will find this book an indispensable storehouse of information.


Constitutionalism Under Stress

Author by : Uladzislau Belavusau
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 69
Total Download : 124
File Size : 49,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Constitutionalism under Stress reflects on comparative constitutionalism in Central and Eastern Europe through the work of eminent constitutional scholar Wojciech Sadurski. The book examines the current decline of liberal democracies and populist challenges to the rule of law in the region - events that Sadurski predicted early on in his writings about Jörg Haider affair in Austria and the introduction of Article 7 TEU by the Amsterdam Treaty. Sadurski's work has chronicled the transition from concern for the most basic of human rights under authoritarian rule to the challenges of democratic governance. The compelling rights discourse of an earlier period gave way to claims of abuse of majoritarian prerogatives as the hopes of liberal democracy encountered the power of illiberalism. The theoretical responses offered for the preservation of liberal democracy, in light of the current turbulence regarding the rule of law in the region, produces a far reaching and effective reference tool on matters of constitutional capture and illiberal democracy.


Decision Making In High Risk Organizations Under Stress Conditions

Author by : Anthony J. Spurgin
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 25
Total Download : 432
File Size : 54,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book discusses management decision-making under accident conditions as a vehicle to confirm the importance of clear decision-making guided by a systems approach on how an organization functions related to the role of managers, operators, and the operation of the plant. The book shows how to effectively assess the reliability of an organization particularly those organizations responsible for critical infrastructure. The authors have used Stafford Beer’s cybernetic model as a basis to model the behavior and reliability of such organizations. A series of case studies are used to draw conclusions not only how training, experience, and education can improve the strategy and response of management to reduce the probability of an economic or social disaster, but also draw attention to the fact that managers need to be made aware of the consequences of their decisions. Poor management decisions made under stress conditions can lead to the collapse of an organization together with its underlying business, possibly linked to a social disaster with loss of life. Some technology-ignorant management decisions even under non-stress conditions can lead to dangerous situations, which can increase the economic burden placed on an organization. This book describes such situations in order to promote improvement in organizational preparedness by training, experience, and education to reduce safety and economic risks. This book offers: • Case studies of accidents that have affected different HROs (high-risk organizations) and others, due to poor decision-making by management • Training methods (advocated by Admiral Hyman Rickover, adopted by military bodies and others) to prepare staff to make critical decisions under difficult conditions and examine their applicability to training managers of high-risk facilities • Documentation on how making decisions in difficult situations have psychological constraints related to the degree of preparedness and the tools available to aid the decision maker(s) • Studies on the key actions taken before, during, and after accidents and how these management decisions can affect accident propagation, and how one could improve management decision-making by the use of training in decision-making and an understanding of Ross Ashby’s Law of Requisite Variety. • Simulation techniques to improve training of front-line operators and management • Consideration of cost and investment evaluations and how they can distort the selection of tactics and measures that ensure successful operations and avoidance of accidents


System Under Stress Homeland Security And American Politics 2nd Edition

Author by : Donald F Kettl
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cq Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 94
Total Download : 767
File Size : 48,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Listen to Donald Kettl on his interview from &BAD:"Homeland Security Inside &BAD:& Out&BAD:" Click Here to ListenDonald Kettl InterviewInterview from 'Homeland Security Inside and Out' which airs on KAMU. Interview air date: May 20, 2008. WINNER OF THE LOUIS BROWNLOW BOOK AWARD!The massive bureaucratic reorganization under the Department of Homeland Security was a response to the system-wide coordination problems brought to light on 9/11. Better planning, new leadership, and far-reaching reform were to demonstrate that the U.S. had learned its lessons well, that it would be prepared for the next attack or disaster. But the catastrophic response to Hurricane Katrina unequivocally showed how this restructuring has not brought about the kinds of long term policy changes that are necessary to deal effectively and efficiently with threats&BAD:—whether manmade or natural.Is the system permanently broken? Should FEMA be removed from DHS or abolished altogether? Donald Kettl, in this thoroughly updated second edition, takes a hard look at the most recent stress on the system. He explores how the 9/11 Commission forever changed public discourse on the topic as well as discusses the ways in which FEMA might be reformed. The country faces solvable problems, he argues, yet is in dire need of new leadership at every level. In his brief, gripping narrative, Kettl assesses how well the U.S. political system responds under extraordinary pressure and asks if the focus will continue to be on fighting the last war. There is small chance the catastrophe that lies ahead will replicate the last one. Is the government ready to face that next challenge?


One Nation Under Stress

Author by : Dana Becker
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 55
Total Download : 248
File Size : 54,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Stress has long been considered the price Americans must pay for their way of life. Analyzing and interpreting both popular and academic accounts of stress in cultural terms, this book follows the development of the stress concept into an important vehicle for defining, expressing and containing middle-class anxieties.


Judgments Under Stress

Author by : Kenneth R. Hammond
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press on Demand
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 32
Total Download : 664
File Size : 43,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : "This book provides an ideal resource for researchers and students in cognitive science and cognitive psychology, as well as an excellent source of information for those who train others in stressful occupations. It will greatly benefit those interested in political science and social policy, or anyone who has ever wondered about the psychological effects of stress."--BOOK JACKET.


The International Monetary Fund 1966 1971

Author by : International Monetary Fund
Languange : en
Publisher by : International Monetary Fund
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 59
Total Download : 538
File Size : 49,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : IMF economists work closely with member countries on a variety of issues. Their unique perspective on country experiences and best practices on global macroeconomic issues are often shared in the form of books on diverse topics such as cross-country comparisons, capacity building, macroeconomic policy, financial integration, and globalization.


Performance Under Stress

Author by : James L Szalma
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 40
Total Download : 748
File Size : 48,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The world is a dangerous place and recent events have served to make it less safe. There are many arenas of conflict and even combat across the world. Such situations are the quintessential expression of stress; you stand in imminent danger and live with the knowledge that you may be attacked, injured or even killed at any moment. How do people perform under these conditions? How do they keep a heightened level of vigilance when nothing may happen in their immediate location for weeks or even months? What happens when the bullets actually start flying? How is it you distinguish friend from foe, and each from innocent bystanders when in immediate peril of your life? Can we design technology to help people make good decisions in these ultimately hazardous situations? To what degree does your membership in a team act to dissipate these particular effects? Can we generate sufficiently stressful field exercises to simulate these conditions and can we train and/or select those most able to withstand such adverse conditions? How will the next generation of servicemen deal with these inherent problems? These are the sorts of questions that Performance Under Stress addresses. This book is derived largely from a multiple-year, multiple university initiative (MURI) on stress and soldier performance on the modern, electronic battlefield. It involved leading researchers from many institutions who have brought their individual expertise to bear on these crucial, contemporary concerns. United by a common research framework, these groups attacked the issue from different methodological and conceptual approaches, ranging from traditional laboratory modeling and experimentation, to realistic simulations; from involved field exercises to personal experiences of actual combat conditions. The insights generated have been distilled and presented as a benchmark of current understanding and provide future directions for research in this arena. Although this work focuses on soldier stress and soldier performance, the principles that are derived extend well beyond this single application. Their findings can be applied to people facing the demands of the business world or research as much as to those who meet life or death situations, such as homeland security, first responders, and law enforcement personnel.


American Trade Politics

Author by : I. M. Destler
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 68
Total Download : 208
File Size : 41,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description :


Agency Under Stress

Author by : Martha Derthick
Languange : en
Publisher by : Brookings Institution Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 77
Total Download : 531
File Size : 46,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Prize-winning author Martha Derthick draws on the recent experience of the Social Security Administration to examine the quality of policymaker's guidance and the feasibility of their policies. Derthick concludes that many structural features of American government hinder good administration, that policymakers lack concern for administration, and that they often miscalculate the administrative consequences of their policy choices. To illustrate this argument, Agency Under Stress analyzes two much-publicized cases of poor performance by one of the biggest and best established of U.S. government agencies, the Social Security Administration. The first case is that of the supplemental security income program to support needy blind, aged and disabled persons. Given responsibility of administering the program in 1974, the Social Security Administration was unequal to the task: many payments were made in error; many eligible persons were not paid; computer systems were not ready; field employees worked millions of hours of overtime; and other agency programs suffered. The second case is that of an eligibility review that Congress ordered the Social Security Administration to conduct for disability insurance recipients in the 1980s. The results were similarly traumatic: of over 1.2 million cases examined, 495,000 had benefits terminated, and, flooded with appeals, the courts ruled overwhelmingly against the agency. Derthick's analysis and conclusions have far-reaching implications for how the government can effectively serve its clients.


Ecophysiology And Responses Of Plants Under Salt Stress

Author by : Parvaiz Ahmad
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 43
Total Download : 903
File Size : 54,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book will shed light on the effect of salt stress on plants development, proteomics, genomics, genetic engineering, and plant adaptations, among other topics. Understanding the molecular basis will be helpful in developing selection strategies for improving salinity tolerance. The book will cover around 25 chapters with contributors from all over the world.


Governing Under Stress

Author by : Marjorie Griffin Cohen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Zed Books
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 81
Total Download : 597
File Size : 55,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This volume is the first work to emerge from a major international comparative research project to explore the political economy of governance under conditions of globalization in Canada, Mexico, Norway and Australia. The essays throw a new light on globalization by examining it from the perspective of these nations on the "semi-periphery." Opening chapters examine the international institutions, including NAFTA, the WTO and the EU. In the second Part, contributors detail the constraints these countries face and the possibilities for their continuing to pursue policies unique to the needs and democratically defined goals of each country. And in the concluding Part, they discuss the new economic, political and social issues that arise as the shape of governance changes.


Plant Metabolites And Regulation Under Environmental Stress

Author by : Parvaiz Ahmad
Languange : en
Publisher by : Academic Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 67
Total Download : 790
File Size : 47,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Plant Metabolites and Regulation Under Environmental Stress presents the latest research on both primary and secondary metabolites. The book sheds light on the metabolic pathways of primary and secondary metabolites, the role of these metabolites in plants, and the environmental impact on the regulation of these metabolites. Users will find a comprehensive, practical reference that aids researchers in their understanding of the role of plant metabolites in stress tolerance. Highlights new advances in the understanding of plant metabolism Features 17 protocols and methods for analysis of important plant secondary metabolites Includes sections on environmental adaptations and plant metabolites, plant metabolites and breeding, plant microbiome and metabolites, and plant metabolism under non-stress conditions


The Physiology Of The Endocrine System

Author by : Olga Smirnova
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 40
Total Download : 420
File Size : 48,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Existing textbooks on endocrinology do not link theory to the practical world, and thus lead to students asking themselves “What should I do with all this knowledge?” This volume reduces the gap between theoretical knowledge and its practical applications through clinical references that reflect current trends in the management of endocrine disorders. Clinical problems included at the end of some chapters will help medical students to practice diagnosing and treating common hormonal disorders. Each topic also ends with a list of suggested reading that will allow the reader to gain further insights.


Success Under Stress

Author by : Sharon Melnick
Languange : en
Publisher by : AMACOM
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 69
Total Download : 565
File Size : 49,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : From overflowing priority lists to power-hungry colleagues to nagging parental guilt, stress is the defining characteristic of most of our lives. Real help is here-an all-encompassing, stress-busting tool kit that goes far beyond breathing exercises and visualization techniques. Such one-size-fits-all methods are no match for the stressors we experience daily in our overcomplicated lives. Whether you have too many projects, your confidence is flagging, or you are clashing with a coworker, Success Under Stress provides a flexible array of strategies. You will learn how to: * Adjust your perspective to see opportunity instead of obstacles * Alter your physiology to get focused when overwhelmed, energized when exhausted, and calm when wired * Change the problem to prevent the stress from returning All in all, Success Under Stress offers a veritable arsenal of "magic bullet" solutions-hundreds of situation-specific, quick-acting tips for defusing stress and boosting productivity. Complete with quizzes, examples, exercises, and more, this practical book helps you gain control, exude calmness and confidence amidst everyday chaos, and achieve the success you richly deserve.


Distance Education

Author by : Satyavan Bhatnagar
Languange : en
Publisher by : Concept Publishing Company
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 70
Total Download : 268
File Size : 49,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description :