Description : SALUTIS UNITAS, Unity for Health, an organization 'Uniting physicians of the world to foster better health for all people through international exchange of technological information', was officially founded in 1972 after preceding years of preparation. One of its main objectives is the scientific communication, be it by meeting or by publications. So several scientific meetings could be held, mostly together with other scientific organizations, and resulted in the publication of the respective proceedinqs 1. Studies were commissioned 2 to investigate trends in health care delivery and their socio-economic consequences, which also provided the basis for further investigations 3. So also in 1978 an international congress was organized by SALUTIS UNITAS and sponsored by the international Menarini Foundation under its directorship of Dr. Gorini. This volume is based on the contributions of SALUTIS UNITAS mewbers of this meeting 'Man and his World, Technology and Health', supplemented by further studies and materials. The main objective was to look at various recipients of health care delivery: the individual, the community, the region and the nation. Emphasis was placed on systems analysis, simulation techniques and evaluation. According to the composition of the SALUTIS UNITAS membership, conceptual and interdisciplinary aspects prevail over descriptions of in-depth methodology,thus providing a broad access to the problems investigated. For the Editors Amonqst others see: Mas~, E., Collen, ~.F., Gorini, S. (Eds): The Computer in Health Care Systems in Some European Countries and in the United States (Piccin, Padua 1976).
Description : The worldwide economic recession of the last years - sometimes described as an outright depression similar to the one of the early thirties - has led many health policy analysts and even policy makers to revive the old question of whether, and in what respect, there is a close relationship between economic development and health. In tackling this question, to day's health services research looks rather helpless: even if a truth has the appearance of a truism, it will not necessarily be aCknowledged in practice. While it is an established fact that social as well as (macro)economic conditions or events have an important influence on the health of people, this subject has been rarely pursued by medical or epidemiological research and rather has been treated - in industrial countries at least - as a quantit~ n~gligeable. Yet, this ahistoric and even parochial attitude must be questioned on methodological as well as political grounds. - As to methodological aspects, further investigation into the relation ship between health and the economy is essential in order to identify the real relevance, i. e. opportunity costs, of medical care; even more important, it might also direct attention to the interfaces - fairly neglected by our over-specialized system of sciences - between biome tries and econometrics, medicine and epidemiology, epidemiology and socio-economics. It is, hence,an area of research from which methodo l09iCa-l development can receive' major stimuli.
Description : The German edition of this manual appeared in 1979. Its main objective then was to extend help to those engaged in multiaentric therapeutic studies, especially with respect to the "Federal Government's Program on Promoting Research and Development in the Service of Health". Experience with therapeutic studies in the Federal Republic of Germany showed that considerable problems as to methods and implementation of such studies exist. The manual was an attempt to present current metho dological knowledge and the experience obtained from completed studies in the light of the international literature. No radically new methodo logy was produced; however, the information representing the state-of the art, which is widely scattered up to now, has been compiled. For the American edition of this manual a few changes have been made. These concern especially the literature where references to German un published manuscripts were omitted. The authors wish to thank Dr. Andreas Jaffe for the translation, and Evelyn Birke who typewrited the lecture-notes manuscrip~ • . GUnzburg and Munich Sibylle Biefang November 1981 Wolfgang Kopcke Martin A. Schreiber Contents Page Foreword 1. Methods of Therapeutic Studies 2 1. 1. Terminology 4 1. 2. Experimental Design 11 1. 3. Types of Studies 20 1. 4. Steps in Drug Testing 2. Checklist for the Planning, Implementation and Evaluation 22 of Therapeutic Studies 22 2. 1. Planning of Experiments 29 2. 2. Documentation 36 2. 3. Organization 41 2. 4. Statistical Analysis 44 2. 5.
Description : Psychoanalysis and information science are two disciplines that twenty years ago hardly anyone would have considered closely related with re gard either to persons or subject matter. The cooperation between the two fields was made possible, on the one hand, by the development of information science from a technological discipline to a theoretically founded scientific discipline, and on the other, by the development of psychoanalysis from a hermetically closed special discipline to an open and empirical science. This study reports the successful inclusion of information science as an instrument of research on the psychoanalytic process. This direction of work was initiated by Donald Spence and Hartvig Dahl from the Re search Institute of Mental Health, New York, at the end of the 1960s. H. Thom~, H. K~che1e, and their research group in Ulm must be credited with having adopted Spence's programs as early as 1974; at that time the programs even had to be implemented far away on the IBM computer at the University of Heidelberg. The efforts to expand computer-aided con tent analysis to a method for process research led in 1975 to the ac quisition of the Hamburg program for Electronic Verbal Analysis (EVA). In the following years the author of this study revised, extended, and supplemented the EVA to create the U1m version. This book now describes another step in the integration of information technology in fundamen tal research in psychoanalysis.
Description : Health technology is a pivotal locus of change and controversy in health care systems, and The Problem of Health Technology offers a comprehensive and novel analysis of the topic. The book illuminates the scientific and policy arguments that are currently deployed in industrialized countries by addressing the perspectives of clinicians, health care managers, scholars, policymakers, patients, and industry. And by establishing a dialogue between two interdisciplinary fields--Health Technology Assessment and Science and Technology Studies--Pascale Lehoux argues for re-centering the debate around social and political questions rather than questions of affordability, thereby developing an alternative framework for thinking about the implications of health technology.
Description : Technologies of Sexuality, Identity and Sexual Health highlights the complex ways in which sexuality is expressed and enacted through local ideologies, global identities and material cultures, and their influence on people's sexual health and wellbeing. Its impetus is the renewed interest in technology and the 'social life of things, ' including pharmaceuticals, expanded sexual and related surgery, the growing exploitation of markets for sexual and contraceptive products, and the impact of these on sexual and health practices and outcomes. The book is organised into three parts. The first section on cultural practices consists of four chapters exploring the durability of various traditional practices, products and beliefs about bodies, illustrating how these technologies enable the exercise of power and draw attention to the complex tasks for individuals who may resist, challenge or avoid their imposition.The second part looks at commonalities across cultural borders and gendered identities -- how products and procedures travel, not only in formal economies and through the vectors of globalisation, but also informally, carried by individuals across cultural and social boundaries though sexual, social and commercial interactions. The final part discusses power and cultural norms in relation to contemporary technologies and to modern rights, places and spaces -- with violence highlighted as a technology of control. The volume brings together anthropologists, sociologists and cultural studies scholars, both senior and emerging scholars from around the globe -- and contains ethnographic data from Australia (indigenous and Anglo), Bangladesh, Brazil, France, India, Indonesia, Mozambique and Zambia, Papua New Guinea, Turkey, the United States, and the cyberworld. Offering an important and topical contribution to the developing global literature on sexuality, sexual identity, culture and health, it is of interest to researchers and advanced students in these areas