The Analysis of Burned Human Remains

The Analysis of Burned Human Remains
Author: Christopher W. Schmidt,Steven A. Symes
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2015-06-01
ISBN: 0128005211
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Analysis of Burned Human Remains Book Excerpt:

The Analysis of Burned Human Remains, Second Edition, provides a primary source for osteologists and the medical/legal community for the understanding of burned bone remains in forensic or archaeological contexts. It describes in detail the changes in human bone and soft tissues as a body burns at both the chemical and gross levels and provides an overview of the current procedures in burned bone study. Case studies in forensic and archaeological settings aid those interested in the analysis of burned human bodies, from death scene investigators to biological anthropologists. A timely state-of-the-art analyses of burned bone studies for bioarchaeologists and forensic anthropologists Covers the diagnostic patterning of color changes, the positioning of the body, and presence (or absence of soft tissues during the burning event Chapters on bones and teeth give step-by-step recommendations for hot to study and recognize burned hard tissues New chapters include improved analyses of thermally induced impacts on bone microstructure, development, and appearance; they also cover sites from a greater geographic range adding Alaska, Italy, Jordan, Mexico, and Southeast Asia

The Analysis of Burned Human Remains

The Analysis of Burned Human Remains
Author: Christopher W. Schmidt,Steven A. Symes
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2011-10-10
ISBN: 008055928X
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Analysis of Burned Human Remains Book Excerpt:

This unique reference provides a primary source for osteologists and the medical/legal community for the understanding of burned bone remains in forensic or archaeological contexts. It describes in detail the changes in human bone and soft tissues as a body burns at both the chemical and gross levels and provides an overview of the current procedures in burned bone study. Case studies in forensic and archaeological settings aid those interested in the analysis of burned human bodies, from death scene investigators, to biological anthropologists looking at the recent or ancient dead. Includes the diagnostic patterning of color changes that give insight to the severity of burning, the positioning of the body, and presence (or absence) of soft tissues during the burning event Chapters on bones and teeth give step-by-step recommendations for how to study and recognize burned hard tissues

The Archaeology of Cremation

The Archaeology of Cremation
Author: Tim Thompson
Publsiher: Oxbow Books
Total Pages: 257
Release: 2015-03-31
ISBN: 1782978488
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Archaeology of Cremation Book Excerpt:

Human societies have disposed of their dead in a variety of ways. However, while considerable attention has been paid to bodies that were buried, comparatively little work has been devoted to understanding the nature of cremated remains, despite their visibility through time. It has been argued that this is the result of decades of misunderstanding regarding the potential information that this material holds, combined with properties that make burned bone inherently difficult to analyse. As such, there is a considerable body of knowledge on the concepts and practices of inhumation yet our understanding of cremation ritual and practice is by comparison, woefully inadequate. This timely volume therefore draws together the inventive methodology that has been developed for this material and combines it with a fuller interpretation of the archaeological funerary context. It demonstrates how an innovative methodology, when applied to a challenging material, can produce new and exciting interpretations of archaeological sites and funerary contexts. The reader is introduced to the nature of burned human remains and the destructive effect that fire can have on the body. Subsequent chapters describe important cremation practices and sites from around the world and from the Neolithic period to the modern day. By emphasising the need for a robust methodology combined with a nuanced interpretation, it is possible to begin to appreciate the significance and wide-spread adoption of this practice of dealing with the dead.

Cremains what remains

Cremains  what remains
Author: Tristan Krap
Publsiher: Gompel&Svacina
Total Pages: 202
Release: 2022-05-19
ISBN: 9463713751
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cremains what remains Book Excerpt:

Salvaging burned human remains can be a challenging task for the forensic specialists and interpreting evidence from thermally altered skeletal elements can be difficult. Based on the findings of latest research, more is possible than was previously known. In this publication, novel ways of finding and analyzing burned human remains are presented to the field of, specifically, forensic anthropology. The reader is introduced to new methods; to collect and differentiate cremated bone from construction debris from a fire scene, and estimate the exposure temperature that bones have been exposed to. All an important part of the forensic investigation. Further, this book provides the reader with new knowledge on heat induced bio-physical changes and characteristics that aids the interpretation of skeletal damage that occurred before, during or after the fire. Importantly, new methods for forensic practice should comply to legal standards. The value of the presented methods for practice in both the field and the courtroom is thoroughly discussed to inform both the forensic practitioner as well as the legal experts.

The Forensic Evaluation of Burnt Human Remains

The Forensic Evaluation of Burnt Human Remains
Author: Sarah Ellingham,Joe Adserias-Garriga,Sara C. Zapico,Douglas H. Ubelaker
Publsiher: Wiley
Total Pages: 326
Release: 2022-09-26
ISBN: 9781119682608
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Forensic Evaluation of Burnt Human Remains Book Excerpt:

An all-encompassing reference and guide designed for professionals involved in the forensic analysis of burnt remains The Forensic Evaluation of Burnt Human Remains presents an in-depth multidisciplinary approach to the detection, recovery, analysis, and identification of thermally altered remains. Bridging the gap between research and practice, this invaluable one-stop reference provides detailed coverage of analytical techniques in forensic medicine and pathology, forensic anthropology, forensic odontology, and forensic chemistry and forensic biology. Contributions from a panel of expert authors review the newest findings in forensics research and discuss their applicability to forensic case work. Opening with a historical overview of the discipline, the book covers the search and recovery aspects of burnt human remains, medico-legal investigations, determination of the post mortem interval of burnt remains, structural changes of burnt bone and teeth, DNA extraction from burnt remains, and much more. Throughout the text, the authors emphasize the importance of understanding the changes undergone by bodies when subjected to fire for establishing identity, reconstructing the events leading up to incineration, and determining the cause and manner of death. Provides a systemic framework that integrates established forensic methods and state-of-the-art analytical approaches Describes different forensic analyses from the macroscopical, microscopical, biochemical, and molecular level Features international case studies of challenging individual cases as well as natural or man-made mass fatalities requiring the identification of incinerated remains Demonstrates how changes to the macro- and microstructure of burnt remains can reveal information about incineration conditions Discusses organizations and programs focused on developing standards and best practice for the recovery and analysis burnt remains The Forensic Evaluation of Burnt Human Remains is an indispensable resource for all practitioners engaged in the interpretation of burned human tissue, including pathologists, forensic chemists, forensic biologists, forensic anthropologists, forensic odontologists, and archaeologists.

Taphonomy of Human Remains

Taphonomy of Human Remains
Author: Eline M. J. Schotsmans,Nicholas Márquez-Grant,Shari L. Forbes
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2017-01-23
ISBN: 1118953339
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Taphonomy of Human Remains Book Excerpt:

A truly interdisciplinary approach to this core subject within Forensic Science Combines essential theory with practical crime scene work Includes case studies Applicable to all time periods so has relevance for conventional archaeology, prehistory and anthropology Combines points of view from both established practitioners and young researchers to ensure relevance

Skeletal Trauma Analysis

Skeletal Trauma Analysis
Author: Nicholas V. Passalacqua,Christopher W. Rainwater
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2015-04-27
ISBN: 1118384199
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Skeletal Trauma Analysis Book Excerpt:

In the post-Daubert era, forensic science disciplines areincreasingly informed by robust, statistically-sound experimentalresearch. The educational value of the well-documented case study,however, remains as important as ever. Emphasizing known contextualinformation, this volume serves as a case-driven guide to skeletaltrauma analysis through the unique perspective of eachchapter’s authors. Both forensic anthropologists andpathologists contribute skeletal trauma cases covering a range oftopics including child abuse, blunt force trauma, descents fromheight, plane crashes, sharp force trauma and dismemberment,gunshot wounds, blast trauma, and burned body interpretation.Several chapters also include a discussion of potentiallyconfounding taphonomic influences such as animal scavenging, waterimmersion, burning, and extended postmortem intervals. Detaileddescriptions with multiple supporting images allow thepractitioner’s skeletal trauma interpretation to be comparedto the “answer” as it pertains to the knowncircumstances surrounding the traumatic events of each case.

Cannibalism in the Linear Pottery Culture The Human Remains from Herxheim

Cannibalism in the Linear Pottery Culture  The Human Remains from Herxheim
Author: Bruno Boulestin,Anne-Sophie Coupey
Publsiher: Archaeopress Publishing Ltd
Total Pages: 152
Release: 2015-10-31
ISBN: 178491214X
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cannibalism in the Linear Pottery Culture The Human Remains from Herxheim Book Excerpt:

This volume presents the first extensive study of the human remains found during 2005-2010 excavations of the Herxheim enclosure, Germany. The site is is one of the major discoveries of the last two decades regarding the Linear Pottery Culture, and probably one of the most significant in advancing understanding of how this culture ended.

A Companion to Forensic Anthropology

A Companion to Forensic Anthropology
Author: Dennis Dirkmaat
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 752
Release: 2015-04-20
ISBN: 1118959795
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Companion to Forensic Anthropology Book Excerpt:

A Companion to Forensic Anthropology presents the most comprehensive assessment of the philosophy, goals, and practice of forensic anthropology currently available, with chapters by renowned international scholars and experts. Highlights the latest advances in forensic anthropology research, as well as the most effective practices and techniques used by professional forensic anthropologists in the field Illustrates the development of skeletal biological profiles and offers important new evidence on statistical validation of these analytical methods. Evaluates the goals and methods of forensic archaeology, including the preservation of context at surface-scattered remains, buried bodies and fatal fire scenes, and recovery and identification issues related to large-scale mass disaster scenes and mass grave excavation.

Forensic Anthropology

Forensic Anthropology
Author: Natalie R. Langley,MariaTeresa A. Tersigni-Tarrant
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 477
Release: 2012-09-19
ISBN: 1439898235
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic Anthropology Book Excerpt:

The field of forensic anthropology has evolved dramatically in the past 40 years, as technological advances have led to new research initiatives and extended applications. This robust, dynamic, and international field has grown to include interdisciplinary research, continually improving methodology, and globalization of training. Reflecting the di

The Archaeology of Human Bones

The Archaeology of Human Bones
Author: Simon Mays
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 434
Release: 2021-02-17
ISBN: 1351696017
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Archaeology of Human Bones Book Excerpt:

The Archaeology of Human Bones provides an up to date account of the analysis of human skeletal remains from archaeological sites, introducing students to the anatomy of bones and teeth and the nature of the burial record. Drawing from studies around the world, this book illustrates how the scientific study of human remains can shed light upon important archaeological and historical questions. This new edition reflects the latest developments in scientific techniques and their application to burial archaeology. Current scientific methods are explained, alongside a critical consideration of their strengths and weaknesses. The book has also been thoroughly revised to reflect changes in the ways in which scientific studies of human remains have influenced our understanding of the past, and has been updated to reflect developments in ethical debates that surround the treatment of human remains. There is now a separate chapter devoted to archaeological fieldwork on burial grounds, and the chapters on DNA and ethics have been completely rewritten. This edition of The Archaeology of Human Bones provides not only a more up to date but also a more comprehensive overview of this crucial area of archaeology. Written in a clear style with technical jargon kept to a minimum, it continues to be a key work for archaeology students.

Advances in Forensic Human Identification

Advances in Forensic Human Identification
Author: Xanthe Mallett,Teri Blythe,Rachel Berry
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 474
Release: 2014-01-24
ISBN: 1439825165
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Forensic Human Identification Book Excerpt:

As forensic human identification receives increased global attention, practitioners, policy makers, and students need an appropriate resource that describes current methods and modalities that have shaped today‘s policies and protocols. A supplemental follow-up to Forensic Human Identification: An Introduction, Advances in Forensic Human Identifica

Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology

Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology
Author: Soren Blau,Douglas H. Ubelaker
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 696
Release: 2016-07-28
ISBN: 1315528924
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology Book Excerpt:

With contributions from 70 experienced practitioners from around the world, this second edition of the authoritative Handbook of Forensic Archaeology and Anthropology provides a solid foundation in both the practical and ethical components of forensic work. The book weaves together the discipline’s historical development; current field methods for analyzing crime, natural disasters, and human atrocities; an array of laboratory techniques; key case studies involving legal, professional, and ethical issues; and ideas about the future of forensic work--all from a global perspective. This fully revised second edition expands the geographic representation of the first edition by including chapters from practitioners in South Africa and Colombia, and adds exciting new chapters on the International Commission on Missing Persons and on forensic work being done to identify victims of the Battle of Fromelles during World War I. The Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology provides an updated perspective of the disciplines of forensic archaeology and anthropology.

A Laboratory Manual for Forensic Anthropology

A Laboratory Manual for Forensic Anthropology
Author: Angi M. Christensen,Nicholas V. Passalacqua
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 338
Release: 2018-01-09
ISBN: 0128123303
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Laboratory Manual for Forensic Anthropology Book Excerpt:

A Laboratory Manual for Forensic Anthropology approaches forensic anthropology as a modern and well-developed science, and includes consideration of forensic anthropology within the broader forensic science community, with extensive use of case studies and recent research, technology and challenges that are applied in field and lab contexts. This book covers all practical aspects of forensic anthropology, from field recoveries, to lab analyses, emphasizing hands-on activities. Topics include human osteology and odontology, examination methods, medicolegal significance, scene processing methods, forensic taphonomy, skeletal processing and sampling, sex estimation, ancestry estimation, age estimation, stature estimation, skeletal variation, trauma analysis, and personal identification. Although some aspects are specific to the United States, the vast majority of the material is internationally-relevant and therefore suitable for forensic anthropology courses in other countries. Provides a comprehensive lab manual that is applicable to coursework in forensic anthropology and archaeology Covers all practical aspects of forensic anthropology, from field recoveries, to lab analyses Includes discussions of human osteology and odontology, examination methods, medicolegal significance, scene processing methods, forensic taphonomy, skeletal processing and sampling, sex estimation, and more Emphasizes best practices in the field, providing an approach that is in line with today's professional forensic anthropology

Manual of Forensic Taphonomy

Manual of Forensic Taphonomy
Author: James T. Pokines,Ericka N. L'Abbe,Steven A. Symes
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 768
Release: 2021-12-22
ISBN: 1000480682
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Manual of Forensic Taphonomy Book Excerpt:

The main goals in any forensic skeletal analysis are to answer who is the person represented (individualization), how that person died (trauma/pathology) and when that person died (the postmortem interval or PMI). The analyses necessary to generate the biological profile include the determination of human, nonhuman or nonosseous origin, the minimum number of individuals represented, age at death, sex, stature, ancestry, perimortem trauma, antemortem trauma, osseous pathology, odontology, and taphonomic effects—the postmortem modifications to a set of remains. The Manual of Forensic Taphonomy, Second Edition covers fundamental principles of these postmortem changes encountered during case analysis. Taphonomic processes can be highly destructive and subtract information from bones regarding their utility in determining other aspects of the biological profile, but they also can add information regarding the entire postmortem history of the remains and the relative timing of these effects. The taphonomic analyses outlined provide guidance on how to separate natural agencies from human-caused trauma. These analyses are also performed in conjunction with the field processing of recovery scenes and the interpretation of the site formation and their postdepositional history. The individual chapters categorize these alterations to skeletal remains, illustrate and explain their significance, and demonstrate differential diagnosis among them. Such observations may then be combined into higher-order patterns to aid forensic investigators in determining what happened to those remains in the interval from death to analysis, including the environment(s) in which the remains were deposited, including buried, terrestrial surface, marine, freshwater, or cultural contexts. Features Provides nearly 300 full-color illustrations of both common and rare taphonomic effects to bones, derived from actual forensic cases. • Presents new research including experimentation on recovery rates during surface search, timing of marine alterations, trophy skulls, taphonomic laboratory and field methods, laws regarding the relative timing of taphonomic effects, reptile taphonomy, human decomposition, and microscopic alterations by invertebrates to bones. • Explains and illustrates common taphonomic effects and clarifies standard terminology for uniformity and usage within in the field. While the book is primarily focused upon large vertebrate and specifically human skeletal remains, it effectively synthesizes data from human, ethological, geological/paleontological, paleoanthropological, archaeological artifactual, and zooarchaeological studies. Since these taphonomic processes affect other vertebrates in similar manners, The Manual of Forensic Taphonomy, Second Edition will be invaluable to a broad set of forensic and investigative disciplines.

Manual of Forensic Taphonomy

Manual of Forensic Taphonomy
Author: James Pokines,Steven A. Symes
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2013-10-08
ISBN: 1439878439
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Manual of Forensic Taphonomy Book Excerpt:

Forensic taphonomy is the study of the postmortem changes to human remains, focusing largely on environmental effects including decomposition in soil and water and interaction with plants, insects, and other animals. While other books have focused on subsets such as forensic botany and entomology, Manual of Forensic Taphonomy is the first update of

Bone Fracture Interpretation in Anthropology and the Forensic Sciences

Bone Fracture Interpretation in Anthropology and the Forensic Sciences
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2023
ISBN: 9780128092040
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bone Fracture Interpretation in Anthropology and the Forensic Sciences Book Excerpt:

Forensic Anthropology

Forensic Anthropology
Author: Angi M. Christensen,Nicholas V. Passalacqua,Eric J. Bartelink
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2014-01-22
ISBN: 9780124186712
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic Anthropology Book Excerpt:

Forensic Anthropology: Current Methods and Practice-winner of a 2015 Textbook Excellence Award (Texty) from The Text and Academic Authors Association-approaches forensic anthropology through an innovative style using current practices and real case studies drawn from the varied experiences, backgrounds, and practices of working forensic anthropologists. This text guides the reader through all aspects of human remains recovery and forensic anthropological analysis, presenting principles at a level that is appropriate for those new to the field, while at the same time incorporating evolutionary, biomechanical, and other theoretical foundations for the features and phenomena encountered in forensic anthropological casework. Attention is focused primarily on the most recent and scientifically valid applications commonly employed by working forensic anthropologists. Readers will therefore learn about innovative techniques in the discipline, and aspiring practitioners will be prepared by understanding the necessary background needed to work in the field today. Instructors and students will find Forensic Anthropology: Current Methods and Practice comprehensive, practical, and relevant to the modern discipline of forensic anthropology. Winner of a 2015 Most Promising New Textbook Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association Focuses on modern methods, recent advances in research and technology, and current challenges in the science of forensic anthropology Addresses issues of international relevance such as the role of forensic anthropology in mass disaster response and human rights investigations Includes chapter summaries, topicoriented case studies, keywords, and reflective questions to increase active student learning

Cremation and the Archaeology of Death

Cremation and the Archaeology of Death
Author: Jessica Cerezo-Román,Anna Wessman,Howard Williams
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2017-04-14
ISBN: 0192519093
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cremation and the Archaeology of Death Book Excerpt:

The fiery transformation of the dead is replete in our popular culture and Western modernity's death ways, and yet it is increasingly evident how little this disposal method is understood by archaeologists and students of cognate disciplines in the humanities and social sciences. In this regard, the archaeological study of cremation has much to offer. Cremation is a fascinating and widespread theme and entry-point in the exploration of the variability of mortuary practices among past societies. Seeking to challenge simplistic narratives of cremation in the past and present, the studies in this volume seek to confront and explore the challenges of interpreting the variability of cremation by contending with complex networks of modern allusions and imaginings of cremations past and present and ongoing debates regarding how we identify and interpret cremation in the archaeological record. Using a series of original case studies, the book investigates the archaeological traces of cremation in a varied selection of prehistoric and historic contexts from the Mesolithic to the present in order to explore cremation from a practice-oriented and historically situated perspective.

Case Studies in Forensic Anthropology

Case Studies in Forensic Anthropology
Author: Heather M. Garvin,Natalie R. Langley
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2019-11-04
ISBN: 042979259X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Case Studies in Forensic Anthropology Book Excerpt:

Through a set of unique case studies written by an international group of practicing forensic anthropologists, Case Studies in Forensic Anthropology: Bonified Skeletons prepares students and professionals for the diverse range of cases and challenges they will encounter in the field. Every forensic anthropology case is unique. Practitioners routinely face new challenges and unexpected outcomes. Courses and introductory texts generally address standard or ideal cases. In practice, however, forensic anthropologists must improvise frequently during forensic archaeological recoveries and laboratory analyses based on case circumstances. Most forensic anthropologists have encountered unconventional cases with surprising results. While these cases act as continuing education for practitioners—better preparing them for future encounters— such learning opportunities may be limited by the extent of personal experiences. This text exposes practitioners and students to a diverse array of case examples they may not otherwise encounter, sharing experiential knowledge and contributing to the advancement the field. Case Studies in Forensic Anthropology aims to both prepare aspiring forensic anthropologists and inform current practitioners. The cases are interesting and unique, detailing how specific challenges contribute to the body of forensic anthropological knowledge and practice. Key Features Full-color photographs illustrate the scenes and skeletal features "Lessons Learned" sections for each case study emphasize take-away points Thought-provoking "Discussion Questions" encourage readers to think critically and facilitate group discussions Actual case experiences by diverse array of forensic anthropologists who discuss innovative methods and unique challenges