The Archaeology Of Destruction

Author by : Lila Rakoczy
Languange : un
Publisher by : Cambridge Scholars Pub
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Description : Buildings and landscapes are traditionally analysed with their construction and use in mind, with less interest shown in their destruction or end. This innovative book, canvassing the opinions of historians, archaeologists, and other professionals, highlights the complexity of destruction both as a concept and a phenomenon. Drawing from a variety of time periods and cultures, it explores the multiplicity of meanings that destruction can have, and the many complications this creates. Included in this are the politics behind how destruction is remembered (or forgotten), the logistical and ethical dilemmas it presents us with, and the power tensions and transitions that often accompany it. One of the most fundamental themes explored in this book is what destruction is: who defines it and how we choose to recognise it, and why these questions need to be debated. It clearly demonstrates the importance of understanding the complexity of destructive acts, and argues that the best way to achieve this is by establishing channels of dialogue between archaeologists and other disciplines.


The Archaeology Of The Holy Land

Author by : Jodi Magness
Languange : un
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Description : "In the heart of the ancient Near East (modern Middle East) and at a crossroads between once mighty powers such as Assyria to the east and Egypt to the south is a tiny piece of land -- roughly the size of New Jersey -- that is as contested as it is sacred. One cannot even name this territory without sparking controversy. Originally called Canaan after its early inhabitants (the Canaanites), it has since been known by various names. To Jews this is Eretz-Israel (the Land of Israel), the Promised Land described by the Hebrew Bible as flowing with milk and honey. To Christians it is the Holy Land where Jesus Christ -- the messiah or anointed one -- was born, preached, and offered himself as the ultimate sacrifice. Under the Greeks and Romans, it was the province of Judea, a name which hearkened back to the biblical kingdom of Judah. After the Bar-Kokhba revolt ended in 135 C.E., Hadrian renamed the province Syria-Palestina, reviving the memory of the long-vanished kingdom of Philistia. Under early Islamic rule the military district (jund) of Filastin was part of the province of Greater Syria (Arabic Bilad al-Sham). In this book, the term Palestine is used to denote the area encompassing the modern state of Israel, the Hashemite kingdom of Jordan, and the Palestinian territories"--


Archaeology Of Destruction

Author by : Lila Rakoczy
Languange : un
Publisher by :
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Destruction

Author by : Jan Driessen
Languange : un
Publisher by : Presses universitaires de Louvain
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Description : Destruction remains a relatively unexplored and badly understood topic in archaeology and history. The term itself refers to some form and measurable degree of damage inflicted to an object, a system or a being, usually exceeding the stage during which repair is still possible but most often it is examined for its impact with destructive events interpreted in terms of a punctuated equilibrium, extraordinary features that represent the end of an archaeological culture or historical phase and the beginning of a new one. The three-day international workshop of which this volume presents the proceedings took place at Louvain-la-Neuve in Belgium, from November 24 to 26, 2011 and was organized by CEMA – Centre d'Étude des Mondes Antiques – one of the research centres within INCAL – Institut de Civilisations, Arts et Lettres. Our aim with organising this gathering was to seriously engage with destruction as a phenomenon and how it is perceived by archaeologists, historians and philologists of the ancient world. The volume is similarly structured to the workshop which it reflects, with first a series of more theoretical papers and then following a chronological and geographical order.


The Archaeology Of Violence

Author by : Sarah Ralph
Languange : en
Publisher by : SUNY Press
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Description : Interdisciplinary study of the role of violence in the Mediterranean and Europe.


The New Chronology Of Iron Age Gordion

Author by : C. Brian Rose
Languange : un
Publisher by : University of Pennsylvania Press
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Description : The New Chronology of Iron Age Gordion argues that the history and archaeology of the site of Gordion, in central Turkey, have been misunderstood since the beginning of its excavation in the 1950s. The first excavation director, Rodney Young, found evidence for substantial destruction during the first decade of fieldwork; this was interpreted as proof that Gordion had been destroyed ca. 700 B.C. by the Kimmerians, a group of invaders from the Caucusus/Black Sea region, as attested in several ancient literary sources. During the last decade, however, renewed research on the archaeological evidence, within, above, and below the destruction level indicated that the catastrophe that destroyed much of Gordion occurred 100 years earlier, in 800 B.C., and was the result of a fire that quickly got out of control rather than a foreign invasion. This discovery requires a reassessment of Anatolian history during the entire first millennium B.C. and has serious implications for our understanding of the surrounding regions, such as Assyria, Syria, Greece, and Urartu, among others. The New Chronology of Iron Age Gordion is the product of a multidisciplinary research program, with dendrochronology and radiocarbon dating working hand in hand with textual and artifact analysis, each of which is treated in a separate chapter in this volume. All of these categories of evidence point to the same conclusion and demonstrate that we need to look at Gordion, and much of the ancient Near East, in a completely new way. University Museum Monograph, 133


The Destruction Of Cultural Heritage In Iraq

Author by : Peter G. Stone
Languange : en
Publisher by : Boydell & Brewer Ltd
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Total Read : 25
Total Download : 379
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Description : An important study of the treatment of cultural property, and cultural heritage in general, in all modern theatres of conflict.


Economies Of Destruction

Author by : David Fontijn
Languange : un
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 23
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Description : Why do people destroy objects and materials that are important to them? This book aims to make sense of this fascinating, yet puzzling social practice by focusing on a period in history in which such destructive behaviour reached unseen heights and complexity: the Bronze Age and Early Iron Age in Europe (c. 2300–500 BC). This period is often seen as the time in which a ‘familiar’ Europe took shape due to the rise of a metal-based economy. But it was also during the Bronze Age that massive amounts of scarce and recyclable metal were deliberately buried in the landscape and never taken out again. This systematic deposition of metalwork sits uneasily with our prevailing perception of the Bronze Age as the first ‘rational-economic’ period in history – and therewith – of ourselves. Taking the patterned archaeological evidence of these seemingly un-economic metalwork depositions at face value, it is shown that the ‘un-economic’ giving-up of metal valuables was an integral part of what a Bronze Age ‘economy’ was about. Based on case studies from Bronze Age Europe, this book attempts to reconcile the seemingly conflicting political and cultural approaches that are currently used to understand this pivotal period in Europe’s deep history. It seems that to achieve something in society, something else must be given up. Using theories from economic anthropology, this book argues that – paradoxically – giving up that which was valuable created value. It will be invaluable to scholars and archaeologists interested in the Bronze Age, ancient economies, and a new angle on metalwork depositions.


The Oxford Handbook Of The Archaeology Of The Contemporary World

Author by : Paul Graves-Brown
Languange : en
Publisher by : OUP Oxford
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 28
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Description : It has been clear for many years that the ways in which archaeology is practised have been a direct product of a particular set of social, cultural, and historical circumstances - archaeology is always carried out in the present. More recently, however, many have begun to consider how archaeological techniques might be used to reflect more directly on the contemporary world itself: how we might undertake archaeologies of, as well as in the present. This Handbook is the first comprehensive survey of an exciting and rapidly expanding sub-field and provides an authoritative overview of the newly emerging focus on the archaeology of the present and recent past. In addition to detailed archaeological case studies, it includes essays by scholars working on the relationships of different disciplines to the archaeology of the contemporary world, including anthropology, psychology, philosophy, historical geography, science and technology studies, communications and media, ethnoarchaeology, forensic archaeology, sociology, film, performance, and contemporary art. This volume seeks to explore the boundaries of an emerging sub-discipline, to develop a tool-kit of concepts and methods which are applicable to this new field, and to suggest important future trajectories for research. It makes a significant intervention by drawing together scholars working on a broad range of themes, approaches, methods, and case studies from diverse contexts in different parts of the world, which have not previously been considered collectively.


Economies Of Destruction

Author by : David Fontijn
Languange : un
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 34
Total Download : 661
File Size : 54,6 Mb
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Description : Why do people destroy objects and materials that are important to them? This book aims to make sense of this fascinating, yet puzzling social practice by focusing on a period in history in which such destructive behavior reached unseen heights and complexity: the Bronze Age and Early Iron Age in Europe (c. 2300-500 BC). This period is often seen as the time in which a 'familiar' Europe took shape due to the rise of a metal-based economy. But it was also during the Bronze Age that massive amounts of scarce and recyclable metal were deliberately buried in the landscape and never taken out again. This systematic deposition of metalwork sits uneasily with our prevailing perception of the Bronze Age as the first 'rational-economic' period in history - and therewith - of ourselves. Taking the patterned archaeological evidence of these seemingly un-economic metalwork depositions at face value, it is shown that the 'un-economic' giving-up of metal valuables was an integral part of what a Bronze Age 'economy' was about. Based on case studies from Bronze Age Europe, this book attempts to reconcile the seemingly conflicting political and cultural approaches that are currently used to understand this pivotal period in Europe's deep history. It seems that to achieve something in society, something else must be given up. Using theories from economic anthropology, this book argues that -paradoxically - giving up that which was valuable createdvalue. It will be invaluable to scholars and archaeologists interested in the Bronze Age, ancient economies, and a new angle on metalwork depositions. ntegral part of what a Bronze Age 'economy' was about. Based on case studies from Bronze Age Europe, this book attempts to reconcile the seemingly conflicting political and cultural approaches that are currently used to understand this pivotal period in Europe's deep history. It seems that to achieve something in society, something else must be given up. Using theories from economic anthropology, this book argues that -paradoxically - giving up that which was valuable createdvalue. It will be invaluable to scholars and archaeologists interested in the Bronze Age, ancient economies, and a new angle on metalwork depositions.


The Archaeology Of Human Bones

Author by : Simon Mays
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 40
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Description : The aim of this book is to provide an introduction to what can be learnt from the scientific study of human skeletal remains from archaeological sites.


The Archaeology Of The London Area

Author by : Desmond Collins
Languange : en
Publisher by : London & Middlesex Archaeological Society, Surrey Archaeological Society
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 88
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The Archaeology Of Religious Hatred

Author by : Eberhard Sauer
Languange : en
Publisher by : Tempus Pub Limited
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 76
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Description : Sauer explores how destruction and pressure was used in the late Roman period and in the early Middle Ages to achieve for Christianity what persuiasion alone could not attain.


The Archaeology Of A Catastrophe

Author by : William Francis Keegan
Languange : un
Publisher by :
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The Archaeological Review

Author by :
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Total Read : 16
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Lahav Ii Households And The Use Of Domestic Space At Iron Ii Tell Halif

Author by : James Hardin
Languange : un
Publisher by : Penn State Press
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Total Read : 13
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Description : This volume focuses on the reconstruction of household organization during the Iron II period at Tell Halif. It centers in particular on one four-room, pillared-type building located in Area F7 of Field IV and on its remains, which were sealed in a massive destruction that eclipsed the site in the late eighth century B.C.E. This study was first prepared as a Ph.D. dissertation for the Department of Near Eastern Studies at the University of Arizona (Hardin 2001) and has since been amplified and embellished by further research. Published here are the results of research deliberately designed by the author to provide for more complete recovery and detailed recording in the field of all artifacts and other remains within a special refined three-dimensional grid matrix. These data in turn established a framework for studying the formation processes active on the materials and for conducting a spatial analysis of the assemblages in the building. Along with developing ethnographic and ethnoarchaeological inferences, these techniques are used to identify activities, activity areas, and social organization related to the building, ultimately defining an “archaeological household” consisting of the pillared dwelling and its occupants. Finally, these conclusions are also related to reconstructions of the Iron II-period household suggested by Hebrew Bible sources.


An Archaeology Of Destruction

Author by : James Walker Hardin
Languange : un
Publisher by :
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The Archeology Of Palestine

Author by : William Foxwell Albright
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Total Read : 85
Total Download : 221
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Current Archaeology

Author by :
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Total Read : 73
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The Archaeology Of Geological Catastrophes

Author by : Immigration Museum
Languange : en
Publisher by : Geological Society Publishing House
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 39
Total Download : 102
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Description : Archaeology is helping to unravel the details of geological catastrophes during the past few millennia. This text describes archaeological techniques, and their application to examining the impacts of volcanoes and earthquakes. There are case studies from around the world including Europe, Africa, South East Asia, Central and North America. There is also a strong focus on the Minoan eruption of Santorini and the AD eruption of Vesuvius.


The Destruction Of Ancient Rome

Author by : Rodolfo Amedeo Lanciani
Languange : un
Publisher by :
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Total Read : 45
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Fundamentals Of Archaeology

Author by : Robert J. Sharer
Languange : en
Publisher by : Benjamin-Cummings Publishing Company
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 57
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Description : "This textbook surveys the techniques, methods, and theoretical frameworks of contemporary prehistoric archaeology. In our presentation we view prehistoric archaeology as an integral part of the larger field of anthropology, conditioned by the historical development, concepts and goals of its parent discipline. While we treat the evolving perspectives of archaeological method and theory, together with their implications for understanding the prehistoric past, the text is not a manifesto for any single doctrine or 'school' within the field. Rather, it seeks to synthesize those aspects of both the 'traditional' and the 'new' archaeology that have contributed significantly to the current status of prehistoric archaeology."--p. ix.


The Archaeology Of Difference

Author by : Douglas R. Edwards
Languange : en
Publisher by : Amer School of Oriental
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Total Read : 36
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Description : What distinguishes an individual or a group in ancient society? How do issues of gender, ethnicity, social stratification and the view of the 'other' impact individuals, groups, and societal attitudes? Foucault in his classic work, The Archaeology of Knowledge, observes that layers of information embedded in language and society often elucidate the unspoken assumptions that individuals, groups or societies hold most dear. What is perceived to distinguish one group can carry such symbolic power that whole societies structure their laws, gender roles, ethnic identities, and views toward the "other" in the light of perceived differences. The ancient world was dominated by such differences. Clothing, hair, costume, housing, gender, religion, set apart one from the other. Ascertaining the rules governing difference in antiquity is challenging. Such rules were generally assumed, not clearly delineated. To determine "the archaeology of difference" the studies in this volume draw on textual and material culture. How does archaeological data illuminate gender or ethnicity or interactions and views of the "other"? What in the archaeological evidence elucidates the attitude toward women's role in society or Jewish perspectives on the Gentiles or attitudes toward the dead? What in texts illuminates the "other" especially as it relates to the writer's or narrator's perception?


Ephesos Bir Harabenin Cazibesi

Author by : Sabine Ladstätter
Languange : un
Publisher by : Edition Lammerhuber
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Description : A fascinating documentary of the archaeological excavations in Ephesos.


The Archaeology Of Qumran And The Dead Sea Scrolls

Author by : Jodi Magness
Languange : en
Publisher by : Eerdmans Publishing Company
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 61
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Description : Magness (early Judaism, U. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill), who has extensive archaeological experience in the area, has written a popular account of the archaeology, meaning, and controversies surrounding the Dead Seas Scrolls and the archaeological site of Qumran where they were found. Without sacrificing content, Magness turns this story into a fascinating page-turner. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR


Provincial Cilicia And The Archaeology Of Temple Conversion

Author by : Richard Andrew Bayliss
Languange : en
Publisher by : British Archaeological Reports Limited
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Total Read : 90
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Description : With the advent of Christianity, many symbols of paganism were removed or abandoned, and many public structures and buildings were the first to go.


Landscape Archaeology In Ireland

Author by : Terence Reeves-Smyth
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Total Read : 12
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Description :