The Armenian Commentaries On Exodus Deuteronomy Attributed To Ephrem The Syrian

Author by : Ephraem,
Languange : en
Publisher by : Peeters Pub & Booksellers
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Description : In the various early Christian traditions of the life of Ephrem the Syrian, he was widely known even more for his biblical commentaries than his poetry, for which he is now so highly regarded. Only three commentaries have survived in his native Syriac, and only the Commentary on Genesis survives in a complete version. A large corpus of commentaries has survived in Armenian and all these were long considered to be genuine. A study of the Armenian Commentary on Genesis has demonstrated that at least the Old Testament commentaries were influenced by Syriac traditions based on the exegesis of Jacob of Edessa (d. 708). Thus, these commentaries rather reflect a medieval Armenian exegesis strongly influenced by Syriac traditions. The present work offers a new edition of the text of the Armenian commentaries on Exodus-Deuteronomy attributed to Ephrem the Syrian, with their first ever translation into any modern language. These volumes constitute the second of three installments of the Old Testament commentaries attributed to Ephrem the Syrian. These commentaries should be of interest to anyone interested in the history of biblical interpretation, and to those interested in the history of Syrian-Armenian ecclesiastical relations.


Histoire D Une Civilisation Foresti Re I Dans La For T D Afrique Centrale Les Pygm Es Aka Et Baka

Author by : Saint Ephraem (Syrus)
Languange : en
Publisher by : Peeters Pub & Booksellers
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Description : These volumes make available a diplomatic text and an English translation, the first ever modern translation, of the Commentary on Genesis preserved in Armenian and attributed to the fourth century poet, Ephrem the Syrian. Heretofore this text was known only from a single Venice manuscript, V873, printed by the Mekhitarist Fathers in 1836. This diplomatic edition utilizes the two other known manuscripts: another from the Venice Mekhitarist library, V352; and one from the library at Bzommar, Bza437. A lengthy introduction, the first real study of this text, demonstrates that while this Commentary is clearly based on a Syriac original, it represents a text that cannot have been written by the fourth-century Ephrem, but rather one that stems from a Syrian-Armenian milieu of around the tenth or eleventh centuries. This Commentary displays no correspondence with the surviving genuine Syriac Commentary on Genesis by Ephrem the Syrian, and makes manifest use of the work of Severus of Edessa (d. 861). This Commentary also shows marked characteristics of the translation technique well-known to have been supplied by the Armenians of the tenth to twelfth centuries.


The Book Of Genesis In Jewish And Oriental Christian Interpretation

Author by : Judith Frishman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Peeters Publishers
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Description : This volume consists of sixteen essays, most of which are revised versions of papers read at a symposium held in May 1995 in Jerusalem at the Hebrew University and the Institute for Advanced Studies. Students of various religious and cultural traditions present their research in Jewish and Christian biblical interpretation. Fields covered include the Second Temple Period (Dead Sea Scrolls and the Life of Adam and Eve), Rabbinic literature, Early Greek and Syriac Antiochene exegesis, Syriac literature, Armenian reflections of Greek and Syriac exegesis (esp. the Armenian translations and reworkings of Eusebius of Emesa, Ephrem the Syrian and Jacob of Edessa), Ethiopic commentary tradition. Particular attention is devoted to the interrelationship between various traditions, e.g. Jewish and Christian, Greek and Syriac, Syriac and Armenian. The volume gives some telescoped insight into the cultural complexity of the Near East in Late Antiquity, where dynamic processes of cultural and religious interaction were continuously at work.


Shenoute S Literary Corpus

Author by : Stephen Emmel
Languange : en
Publisher by : Peeters Publishers
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Description : T.111 Shenoute's Literary Corpus. Volume One. -- t.112 Shenoute's Literary Corpus. Volume Two.


The Church Of The Holy Cross Of A T Amar

Author by :
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
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Description : This book discusses the celebrated church of the Holy Cross of Ałt‘amar founded by King Gagik of Vaspurakan and built in the tenth century. It analyzes this church from multiple perspectives, such as the contemporary intellectual climate, biblical exegesis, historiography, royal ideology, patronage of relics, medieval architecture and art.


The Book Of Gifts

Author by : Subhalmaran (Bisbe de Karka D-Beit Seluk.)
Languange : en
Publisher by : Peeters Pub & Booksellers
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Description : This work provides a Syriac text and English translation of writings on ascetical life by Subhalmaran, early seventh-century metropolitan of Beth Seloq, now Kirkuk in Iraq. He was a contemporary of Catholicos Gregory I, of the monastic reformer Babai the Great, and of the writer Barhadbesabba. The Syriac material, found in British Library Oriental Manuscript 6714, is there passed off as a single work, but is an editorial collection of five pieces on asceticism and one on the Last Things. This last is similar to, possibly the same as, a piece known elsewhere as being by Babai the Great. Subhalmaran's approach is biblically based, perceptive and witty. His theme is that gifts of the virtues come to those who, by conquering passions and combatting demons, live so as to acquire what is mediated through Old and New Testament ascetics and their successors from their Lord and perfecter, the Messiah.


Caught In Translation Studies On Versions Of Late Antique Christian Literature

Author by : Madalina Toca
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
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Description : This volume gathers studies on translations into Latin, Syriac, Armenian, Georgian, Coptic, Old Nubian, Old Slavonic, Sogdian, Arabic and Ethiopic, sampling the range of approaches to the reception of Christian literature across the various languages in which it was transmitted.


The Portrayal Of Christ In The Syriac Commentary On The Diatessaron

Author by : Christian Lange
Languange : en
Publisher by : Peeters Publishers
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Description : For a long time the Diatessaron has drawn the interest of modern scholars. Some of the problems related to the Syriac Harmony of the Gospels have been solved. Others still remain in dispute. The Syriac Commentary on the Diatessaron, attributed to Ephraem (306-373), is one of the most important witnesses to the wording of the Harmony. Unfortunately, most of the surviving Syriac folios of the text have been discovered only recently. Consequently, no detailed study on the Commentary has been undertaken yet. It is the aim of this study to present this scholarly demand. This Oxford dissertation deals with the questions of the difficult process of the Commentary's transmission and analyses both the Trinitarian and Christological understanding of its author. By way of a comparison with the "genuine" Ephraem, this study argues that the Commentary in its present form is a compilation from the hand of one of his disciples. However, it serves as an important source on the theological discussions in the Edessa of the late fourth and early fifth centuries.


Tatian And The Jewish Scriptures

Author by : R. F. Shedinger
Languange : en
Publisher by : Peeters Publishers
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Description : It has long been argued that Tatian, in the production of the Diatessaron, made regular reference to the Old Testament Peshitta when he came across Old Testament citations in the Gospels. This book argues on the contrary that Tatian made little or no use of the Old Testament Peshitta, but regularly took over the text of the Old Testament citations as he found them in the Gospel sources out of which he created his harmony. Where they differ from the form of these citations in the standard Greek text tradition of the Gospels, it is because, in the second century, Tatian had access to Gospel sources which may have varied significantly from the text of the later manuscripts on which our modern critical editions are based. Thus, Tatian's Diatessaron becomes a window into an early state of the Gospel texts and supports the idea that a significant amount of textual fluidity characterized the Gospel texts in the first two centuries of their transmission. This study will be of interest to those working in the fields of Diatessaronic studies, New Testament Textual Criticism, and the history of the Syriac Church.


On Virginity

Author by : David Brakke
Languange : en
Publisher by : Peeters Publishers
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Description : This late ancient Christian treatise, preserved in Syriac and falsely attributed to Athanasius of Alexandria (d. 373), exhorts female virgins to be "holy in body and spirit" (1 Cor. 7:34) and to abstain from "all that is in the world - the desire of the flesh, the desire of the eyes, the pride in riches" (1 John 1:16). Drawing on themes developed in the de virginitate literature of the fourth and fifth centuries, the author instructs virgins on their proper physical deportment and use of the five senses, but he incorporates into his work exhortations to purity and repentance originally addressed to a wider audience of male and female ascetics and perhaps even laity. Most likely a translation of a Greek original composed between the fifth and ninth centuries, the treatise is of interest also for its frequent and inventive use of the Bible in support of the ascetic ideal.


Hebrew Bible Old Testament I From The Beginnings To The Middle Ages Until 1300 Part 2 The Middle Ages

Author by : Magne Saebo
Languange : en
Publisher by : Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
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Description : 24 scholars – Jewish, Protestant, Roman Catholic – from North America, Israel, and various European countries, contribute to this rich volume on medieval interpretation and exegesis of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament (5th through 12th centuries). Geographically, they cover most of the world as it was known in these times: from Syria to Spain, from Rome to the Rhine and the Seine.The volume also contains supplements to the previous volume, on Ben Sira and the Wisdom of Solomon. The indexes (names, topics, references to biblical sources and a broad body of literature beyond) are the key to the wealth of information provided. Undoubtedly, this volume will meet the high expectations set by the reviewers of the first volume (I/1) of the series:“Definitive reference work” (Religious Studies Review)“Mine d’information d’une grande richesse” (Revue d’histoire et de philosophie religieuses)“Monumental ouvrage” (Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique)“A veritable treasury” (Catholic Biblical Quarterly)“The foremost account of Jewish and Christian biblical interpretation” (Expository Times)“Onmisbaar handboek voor jeder een die zich serieus met bijbelstudie bezighoudt” (Stem van het boek)“Respekt gebietende Summe wissenschaftsgeschichtlicher Forschung” (Zeitschrift für Altes Testament)Selected chapters / Aus dem Inhalt23. The Problem of Periodization of Middle Ages25. Jewish Bible Interpretation in Early Post-Talmudic Times 26. Gregory the Great28. Seventh through Ninth Century 1. Isidore of Seville 3. Exegesis in the time of Charlemagne 4. From Angelomus of Luxeuil to Remigius of Auxerre31. The Flourishing Era of Jewish Exegesis in Spain 1. The Linguistic School: Judah Hayyuj, Jonah ibn Janah, Moses ibn Chiquitilla and Judah ibn Bal’am 2. The Aesthetic Exegesis of Moses ibn Ezra 32. The School of Literal Jewish Exegesis in Northern France 4. Menahem ben Helbo 5. Solomon Yishaqi / Rashi (1040–1105) 8. Samuel ben Meir / Rashbam (1080–1160) 33. Jewish Exegesis in Spain and Provence and in the East 2. Abraham ibn Ezra 4. Moses ben Nahman / Nahmanides (Ramban) 5. Abraham Maimonides and the Yemenite School34. The School of St. Victor in Paris35. Christian Interpretation of the Old Testament 1. Bernard of Clairvaux on the Song of Songs 2. Gilbert of Poitiers and Peter Lombard 6. Albert, Thomas, Bonaventure 36. Development of Biblical Interpretation in the Syrian Churches38. Literal and Spiritual Scriptural Interpretation: Aspects of Correspondence and Tension between Christian and Jewish Exegesis


Selected Prose Works

Author by : Saint Ephrem the Syrian
Languange : en
Publisher by : CUA Press
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Description : This volume presents for the first time in the Fathers of the Church series the work of an early Christian writer who did not write in either Greek or Latin. It offers new English translations of selected prose works by St. Ephrem the Syrian (c. A.D. 309-373).


The Impact Of Yom Kippur On Early Christianity

Author by : Daniel Stökl Ben Ezra
Languange : en
Publisher by : Mohr Siebeck
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Description : Revision of the author's thesis (Ph. D.)--Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 2002.


Revue Des Tudes Arm Niennes

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Publisher by :
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Description : Includes proceedings of the Société des études arméniennes; also sections "Comptes rendus" and "Bibliographie".


The Sons Of God In Genesis 6 1 4

Author by : J.J.T. Doedens
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
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Description : In The Sons of God in Genesis 6:1–4, Jaap Doedens offers an overview of the history of exegesis of the enigmatic biblical text about the ‘sons of God’, the ‘daughters of men’, and the ‘giants’.


Jacob Of Edessa And The Syriac Culture Of His Day

Author by : R. B. ter Haar Romeny
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
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Description : Jacob of Edessa (c.640-708) is considered the most learned Christian of the early days of Islam. In all fifteen contributions to this volume, written by prominent specialists, the interaction between Christianity, Judaism, and the new religion is an important issue. The articles discuss Jacoba (TM)s biography as well as his position in early Islamic Edessa, and give a full picture of the various aspects of Jacob of Edessaa (TM)s life and work as a scholar and clergyman. Attention is paid to his efforts in the fields of historiography, correspondence, canon law, text and interpretation of the Bible, language and translation, theology, philosophy, and science. The book, which marks the 1300th anniversary of Jacoba (TM)s death, also contains a bibliographical clavis.


Eve In Three Traditions And Literatures

Author by : Mishael Caspi
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Description : This book revives the tradition of Eve in three traditions and literatures. The discussion of Islamic material is particularly valuable, since it examines the exchanges of ideas between early Islam and Judaism. It displays an amazing ability to uncover irony and sarcasm in ancient writings that have a profound implication for understanding ancient religion, and also examines contemporary references to Eve.