The Army Medical Department 1818 1865 Paperback

Author by : Mary C. Gillett
Languange : en
Publisher by : Government Printing Office
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The Army Medical Department 1818 1865

Author by : Mary C. Gillett
Languange : en
Publisher by : Department of the Army
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 80
Total Download : 650
File Size : 44,8 Mb
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Description : This volume traces the development of the department from its establishment on a permanent basis in 1818 through the final days of the Civil War in 1865. The uninterrupted existence of the Medical Department after 1818 made possible the gradual transformation of its staff from a collection of physicians of varying skills and attitudes into a group of highly trained and disciplined medical officers, proud of their organization and of their roles in it. Photographs are interspersed through this text and an extensive bibliography is included.


The Army Medical Department 1818 1865

Author by : Mary C. Gillett
Languange : en
Publisher by : U.S. Government Printing Office
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 87
Total Download : 777
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The Army Medical Department 1818 1865 Laying The Foundation Covering The War With Mexico The American Civil War And Achievements And Failures

Author by : Center of Military History
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Total Read : 34
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File Size : 52,8 Mb
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Description : This Army military history volume traces the development of the Medical Department from its establishment on a permanent basis in 1818 through the final days of the Civil War in 1865. The uninterrupted existence of the Medical Department after 1818 made possible the gradual transformation of its staff from a collection of physicians of varying skills and attitudes into a group of highly trained and disciplined medical officers, proud of their organization and of their roles in it. Although the state of the art of medicine before 1865 gave the military surgeon few effective weapons against illness and infection, after 1818, the length of the military career of the average medical officer and his professional attitude toward the challenges he met led him to concentrate his efforts on the Army's health problems and to work persistently to improvise ways in which to meet them. The Army Medical Department, 1818-1865 is a significant and long-needed contribution to the history of military medicine. Contents: 1. THE STATE OF THE ART * Medicine * Surgery * Medical Education * Conclusion * 2. LAYING THE FOUNDATION, 1818-1835 * Organization and Administration * Surgeons in the Field * The Black Hawk War * Conclusion * 3. INDIAN REMOVAL IN THE SOUTHEAST: THE SECOND SEMINOLE WAR * New Leadership for the Medical Department * Removal of the Creeks * Character of the Second Seminole War * Assignment of Surgeons * Supply * General Hospitals * Care of the Sick and Wounded at a Temporary Fort * An Army Surgeon in the Field * Conclusion * 4. LAWSON'S FIRST YEARS AS SURGEON GENERAL, 1836-1845 * Administration in Washington * Problems of Surgeons in the Field * Conclusion * 5. THE WAR WITH MEXICO: THE TAYLOR AND KEARNY CAMPAIGNS. * Administration of the Medical Department * Surgeons in the Field * Conclusion * 6. THE WAR WITH MEXICO: SCOTT'S CAMPAIGN * Preparing for Invasion * Establishing a Base: Vera Cruz * The Drive on Mexico City * After the Victory * Conclusion * 7. LAWSON'S LAST YEARS, 1846-1861 * Administration * The Work of the Army Surgeon as a Physician * Surgeons as Soldiers and Scientists * Conclusion * 8. THE CIVIL WAR, 1861: MANY PROBLEMS, FEW SOLUTIONS * Administrative Problems of the Medical Department * Care of the Sick and Wounded in the East * Care of the Sick and Wounded in the West * Conclusion * 9. THE CIVIL WAR IN 1862: LEARNING ON THE JOB * Care of the Sick and Wounded in the East * Care of the Sick and Wounded in the West * Conclusion * 10. THE CIVIL WAR IN 1863: HAMMOND'S LAST YEAR * Administration of the Medical Department * Care of the Sick and Wounded in the East * Care of the Sick and Wounded in the West * Conclusion * 11. THE CIVIL WAR IN 1864: THE BEGINNING OF THE END * Hammond's Trial * Barnes' Administration * Medical Care of Forces in Virginia * Sherman's Campaign in Georgia * Trans-Mississippi Campaign * Conclusion * 12. THE END * Administration * Grant's Campaign in Northern Virginia * Sherman's Campaign * Prisoners of War * Conclusion * 13. ACHIEVEMENTS AND FAILURES DURING THE CIVIL WAR * Disease * Infection and Wounds * Organization and Administration * Epilogue * BIBLIOGRAPHY The years between 1818 and the start of the Civil War were in many ways the darkest in the history of medicine in the United States. Doubts as to the validity of time-honored medical practices were growing. Licensing requirements fell victim to egalitarianism, and medical education became a profit-making venture. In any army, disease still caused more deaths than wounds, even during wartime. A few significant new developments, however, stood in stark contrast to the generally stagnant state of the art. and disillusionment with old ways was already beginning to stimulate a search for more scientific methods. Before the start of the Civil War in 1861, an increasing awareness of the need for research and critical observation was emphasizing the Army Medical Department's potential for major contributions to medical science.


The Army Medical Department 1775 1818

Author by : Mary C. Gillett
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Description : Militärmedizin / Geschichte / USA.


The Army Medical Department

Author by : Mary C. Gillett
Languange : en
Publisher by : CreateSpace
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Total Read : 72
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Description : "The Army Medical Department, 1917-1941," completes a four-volume study covering the years from 1775 to 1941. Although the Medical Department had improved medical standards and practices because of the latest advances in scientific medicine and was making significant progress toward creating an organizational structure and a supply system able to handle the demands of a conflict of any size, its reserves of trained personnel and supplies were seriously inadequate when the nation entered World War I in the spring of 1917. The narrative first describes the struggle of an unprepared department to meet the myriad demands of a war of unprecedented size and complexity, then follows postwar efforts to meet the needs of the peacetime army during nearly two decades of continental isolationism and budgetary neglect, and finally covers the brief period of growing awareness of America's probable involvement in another major conflict and the intensive preparation efforts that ensued. Taken together, Gillett's four volumes provide a wealth of information on the development of the Army Medical Department and its contributions to scientific medicine. They also challenge long-standing myths that during times of crisis effective medical organizations can be created with relative ease and that the advances in one or more medical specialties do not have a deep and lasting impact on the profession's many other fields of endeavor, from hospital organization to emergency medical procedures and evacuation policies and methods. In sum, Gillett's four-volume compendium will be a welcome addition to command libraries of all officers responsible for the health of their soldiers while also benefiting greatly those interested in the history of military medicine. However, The Army Medical Department, 1917-1941, has a much broader application than the basic subject matter would suggest. Its major lessons tell much about how the Army continually attempts to transform itself to meet the exigencies of its ever-changing environment; underscore the impact of key leaders in times of crisis; and highlight the value of careful planning, organizational flexibility, and decisive implementation to achieve the most beneficial results.


Bullets And Bacilli

Author by : Vincent J. Cirillo
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rutgers University Press
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Total Read : 80
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Description : "The influence of military experiences on the history of American medicine is often overlooked. Cirillo shows how preventable deaths during the Spanish-American War led to reforms that continue to save the lives of both soldiers and civilians to the present day."--BOOK JACKET.


The Army Medical Department 1865 1917

Author by : Mary C. Gillett
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Total Read : 49
Total Download : 904
File Size : 40,8 Mb
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Description :


Burdens Of War

Author by : Jessica L. Adler
Languange : en
Publisher by : JHU Press
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Total Read : 77
Total Download : 788
File Size : 52,6 Mb
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Description : In the World War I era, veterans fought for a unique right: access to government-sponsored health care. In the process, they built a pillar of American social policy. Burdens of War explores how the establishment of the veterans’ health system marked a reimagining of modern veterans’ benefits and signaled a pathbreaking validation of the power of professionalized institutional medical care. Adler reveals that a veterans’ health system came about incrementally, amid skepticism from legislators, doctors, and army officials concerned about the burden of long-term obligations, monetary or otherwise, to ex-service members. She shows how veterans’ welfare shifted from centering on pension and domicile care programs rooted in the nineteenth century to direct access to health services. She also traces the way that fluctuating ideals about hospitals and medical care influenced policy at the dusk of the Progressive Era; how race, class, and gender affected the health-related experiences of soldiers, veterans, and caregivers; and how interest groups capitalized on a tense political and social climate to bring about change. The book moves from the 1910s—when service members requested better treatment, Congress approved new facilities and increased funding, and elected officials expressed misgivings about who should have access to care—to the 1930s, when the economic crash prompted veterans to increasingly turn to hospitals for support while bureaucrats, politicians, and doctors attempted to rein in the system. By the eve of World War II, the roots of what would become the country’s largest integrated health care system were firmly planted and primed for growth. Drawing readers into a critical debate about the level of responsibility America bears for wounded service members, Burdens of War is a unique and moving case study. -- Jennifer D. Keene, Chapman University, author of Doughboys, the Great War, and the Remaking of America


The Army Medical Department 1917 1941

Author by : Mary C. Gillett
Languange : en
Publisher by : Government Printing Office
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 64
Total Download : 778
File Size : 45,6 Mb
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Description : From the Book's Foreword: Long-awaited, Mary C Gillett's final work The Army Medical Department, 1917-1941, complete her four-volume study covering the years from 1775 to 1941. Although the Medical Department had improved medical standards and practices because of the latest advances in scientific medicine and was making significant progress toward creating an organizational structure and a supply system able to handle the demands of a conflict of any size, its reserves of trained personnel and supplies were seriously inadequate when the nation entered world War I in the spring of 1917. The narrative first describes the struggle of an unprepared department to meet the myriad demands of a war unprecedented size and complexity, then follows postwar efforts to meet the needs of the peacetime army during nearly two decades of continental isolationism and budgetary neglect, and finally covers the brief period of growing awareness of America's involvement in another major conflict and the intensive preparation efforts that ensued.