Description : From the Book's Foreword: Long-awaited, Mary C Gillett's final work The Army Medical Department, 1917-1941, complete her four-volume study covering the years from 1775 to 1941. Although the Medical Department had improved medical standards and practices because of the latest advances in scientific medicine and was making significant progress toward creating an organizational structure and a supply system able to handle the demands of a conflict of any size, its reserves of trained personnel and supplies were seriously inadequate when the nation entered world War I in the spring of 1917. The narrative first describes the struggle of an unprepared department to meet the myriad demands of a war unprecedented size and complexity, then follows postwar efforts to meet the needs of the peacetime army during nearly two decades of continental isolationism and budgetary neglect, and finally covers the brief period of growing awareness of America's involvement in another major conflict and the intensive preparation efforts that ensued.
Description : "The Army Medical Department, 1917-1941," completes a four-volume study covering the years from 1775 to 1941. Although the Medical Department had improved medical standards and practices because of the latest advances in scientific medicine and was making significant progress toward creating an organizational structure and a supply system able to handle the demands of a conflict of any size, its reserves of trained personnel and supplies were seriously inadequate when the nation entered World War I in the spring of 1917. The narrative first describes the struggle of an unprepared department to meet the myriad demands of a war of unprecedented size and complexity, then follows postwar efforts to meet the needs of the peacetime army during nearly two decades of continental isolationism and budgetary neglect, and finally covers the brief period of growing awareness of America's probable involvement in another major conflict and the intensive preparation efforts that ensued. Taken together, Gillett's four volumes provide a wealth of information on the development of the Army Medical Department and its contributions to scientific medicine. They also challenge long-standing myths that during times of crisis effective medical organizations can be created with relative ease and that the advances in one or more medical specialties do not have a deep and lasting impact on the profession's many other fields of endeavor, from hospital organization to emergency medical procedures and evacuation policies and methods. In sum, Gillett's four-volume compendium will be a welcome addition to command libraries of all officers responsible for the health of their soldiers while also benefiting greatly those interested in the history of military medicine. However, The Army Medical Department, 1917-1941, has a much broader application than the basic subject matter would suggest. Its major lessons tell much about how the Army continually attempts to transform itself to meet the exigencies of its ever-changing environment; underscore the impact of key leaders in times of crisis; and highlight the value of careful planning, organizational flexibility, and decisive implementation to achieve the most beneficial results.
Description : CMH 30-10-1. Army Historical Series. Provides a long-needed in-depth analysis of the Army Medical Department's struggle to maintain the health and fighting ability of the nation's soldiers during both World War 1, a conflict of unexpectedd proportions and violence, and the years that preceded World War 2.
Description : In the World War I era, veterans fought for a unique right: access to government-sponsored health care. In the process, they built a pillar of American social policy. Burdens of War explores how the establishment of the veterans’ health system marked a reimagining of modern veterans’ benefits and signaled a pathbreaking validation of the power of professionalized institutional medical care. Adler reveals that a veterans’ health system came about incrementally, amid skepticism from legislators, doctors, and army officials concerned about the burden of long-term obligations, monetary or otherwise, to ex-service members. She shows how veterans’ welfare shifted from centering on pension and domicile care programs rooted in the nineteenth century to direct access to health services. She also traces the way that fluctuating ideals about hospitals and medical care influenced policy at the dusk of the Progressive Era; how race, class, and gender affected the health-related experiences of soldiers, veterans, and caregivers; and how interest groups capitalized on a tense political and social climate to bring about change. The book moves from the 1910s—when service members requested better treatment, Congress approved new facilities and increased funding, and elected officials expressed misgivings about who should have access to care—to the 1930s, when the economic crash prompted veterans to increasingly turn to hospitals for support while bureaucrats, politicians, and doctors attempted to rein in the system. By the eve of World War II, the roots of what would become the country’s largest integrated health care system were firmly planted and primed for growth. Drawing readers into a critical debate about the level of responsibility America bears for wounded service members, Burdens of War is a unique and moving case study. -- Jennifer D. Keene, Chapman University, author of Doughboys, the Great War, and the Remaking of America
Description : This volume, covering 1945 to 1992, is the third of three volumes on the role of federal military forces in domestic disorders. Summarizing institutional and other changes that took place in the Army and in American society during this period, it carries the reader through the nation's use of federal troops during the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s and the domestic upheavals of the 1960s and 1970s associated with the Vietnam War. The development and refinement of the Army's domestic support role, as well as the disciplined manner in which the Army conducted these complex and often unpopular tasks, are major themes of this volume. In addition, the study demonstrates the Army's progress in coordinating its operational and contingency planning with the activities of other federal agencies and the National Guard. --from the Foreword.
Description : " Who Watches the Watchmen?" could hardly be more timely as we debate the recent leaking of the largest trove of documentsin American history. The "WikiLeaks" case drives home the need for what this book lays out: an approach to protecting classified information thatgoes beyond law enforcement.
Description : Few American military figures are more revered than General John J. "Black Jack" Pershing (1860--1948), who is most famous for leading the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I. The only soldier besides George Washington to be promoted to the highest rank in the U.S. Army (General of the Armies), Pershing was a mentor to the generation of generals who led America's forces during the Second World War. Though Pershing published a two-volume memoir, My Experiences in the World War, and has been the subject of numerous biographies, few know that he spent many years drafting a memoir of his experiences prior to the First World War. In My Life Before the World War, 1860--1917, John T. Greenwood rescues this vital resource from obscurity, making Pershing's valuable insights into key events in history widely available for the first time. Pershing performed frontier duty against the Apaches and Sioux from 1886--1891, fought in Cuba in 1898, served three tours of duty in the Philippines, and was an observer with the Japanese Army in 1905 during the Russo-Japanese War. He also commanded the Mexican Punitive Expedition to capture Pancho Villa in 1916--1917. My Life Before the World War provides a rich personal account of events, people, and places as told by an observer at the center of the action. Carefully edited and annotated, this memoir is a significant contribution to our understanding of a legendary American soldier and the historic events in which he participated.
Description : Get an inside look at the lives of military and civilian pharmacists during wartime! Pharmacy in World War II is a comprehensive history of American pharmacy, both in the military and on the home front, from 1941 to 1945. The book provides a unique insight into the profession, the practice, and its practitioners through the memories of those who served as pharmacist mates, corpsmen, or civilian pharmacists. Through accounts recorded in publications, stored in archives, or told first-hand, you’ll learn about the fight to establish an Army Pharmacy Corps, the work of the Selective Service committees to preserve an adequate pool of pharmacists for civilian practice, the bond drives that would buy hospital airplanes and trains, and a great deal more. Pharmacy in World War II also looks at the organizational, economic, educational, professional, and societal issues that molded pharmacy during a watershed in modern American history. Author Dennis B. Worthen, editor-in-chief of Haworth’s Pharmaceutical Heritage book series, compiled a database of more than 11,000 pharmacists, pharmacy students, and veterans in pharmacy school during wartime as part of the “Memories Project” that recalls the activities of the professional, trade, and educational institutions of pharmacy, their goals and development, and their interactions, agreements, and differences. The book examines the fight for an Army Pharmacy Corps, shortages and rationing on the home front, manpower shortages, the impact of the Selective Service, and the prevalent attitude in the military that pharmacy was a business, not a learned profession, and that pharmaceutical services could be learned with 90 days of training. Pharmacy in World War II includes memories of: pharmacy in the pre-World War II years pharmacy education the Selective Service the drugstore’s role in the war effort the Pharmacy Corps returning veterans The book also includes photographs and images as well as appendices listing colleges and schools of pharmacy, Selective Service pharmacy advisory committees, pharmacy organizations and leaders, extracts from Army medical departments supply catalogs, and pharmacists and pharmacy students who died in the war. Pharmacy in World War II is an invaluable document for pharmacy students, practitioners, and educators, and for students of American history.