The Auto Pact

Author by : Maureen Irish
Languange : en
Publisher by : Kluwer Law International B.V.
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 40
Total Download : 181
File Size : 46,7 Mb
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Description : Canada and the United States signed the Automotive Products Trade Agreement (Auto Pact) in 1965, thus resolving a competitive crisis in Canada's auto industry and extending that industry's vitality for another 35 years, until a decision of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in February 2000 determined that the Pact violated international trading rules. Following an unsuccessful appeal by Canada to the WTO's Appellate Body, the pact formally came to an end in February 2001. For policymakers and scholars concerned with international trade, the story of the Pact presents a fascinating case in its own right. The great value of this remarkable book, however, is its elucidation of the main issue underlying the Pact and its forced ending: the relationship between international trade rules on the one hand and investment measures intended to encourage local economic activity on the other. In this connection the Canadian auto industry and– centered in Windsor, Ontario, directly across the river from Detroit, the heart of the industry in the U.S.and– offers an intensely concentrated sample of the triple nexus of investment, labour and trade that lies at the core of economic development worldwide. Sixteen expert authors, both practitioners and academics, here open perspectives on this nexus that are of profound significance for the future of international trade. These encompass such matters as the following: and•the vulnerabilities of a local community dependent on trade and open borders; and•labour union tensions engendered by trade rule 'levelling' that takes little or no account of national or local economic realities; and•implications for developing countries of the WTO finding that a production-to-sales ratio is a prohibited export subsidy; and•the impact of Mexico's role under NAFTA on the Canadian auto industry; national and local regulation of government subsidies intended to attract investment; and•ongoing multinational efforts to create a multilateral regime to protect and regulate foreign direct investment; and and•the persistent failure of the WTO to reach a consensus on labour standards despite the clear provisions of major international law instruments. All these issues and more are brought into sharp focus by the history of the Auto Pact and the implications of its demise. For this reason, this collection of insightful essays will be of incomparable value to professionals in every area of international trade. The Auto Pact: Investment, Labour and the WTO was produced with the support of the Canadian-American Research Centre for Law and Policy at the Faculty of Law, University of Windsor.


The Auto Buyers Guide To Dealership Scams

Author by :
Languange : en
Publisher by : Tony Friesen
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 53
Total Download : 729
File Size : 49,8 Mb
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Industrial Competitiveness Of The Auto Parts Industries In Four Large Asian Countries

Author by : Richard F. Doner
Languange : en
Publisher by : World Bank Publications
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 32
Total Download : 155
File Size : 40,6 Mb
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Description : Abstract: Rationalization and stabilization following the Asian financial crisis of the late 1990s combined with the expansion and liberalization of regional and global trade to create significant parts industries in China, Indonesia, and the Republic of Korea. Conventional policies of stabilization and liberalization, however, cannot fully explain growth patterns. Japan and Korea grew into major players before liberalizing trade and investment, while even after extensive liberalization Indonesia has yet to move from extensive to intensive growth. These anomalies suggest that to explain success in the auto parts industry we need to move beyond liberalization to look at policies and institutions promoting economies of scale, skill formation, quality upgrading, supplier-linkage cooperation, and innovation. In Japan, the regional and global leader, innovative assemblers led industrial development and supported key suppliers, but the government also supported diffusion of quality control techniques and new technology to small and medium enterprises, and encouraged stable employment among core employees. Korea remains weaker on both small and medium enterprise and employment fronts, but government-encouraged consolidation around a small number of business groups, an extended period of protection, and support for export promotion led to economies of scale. Liberalization of foreign investment after the financial crisis helped ameliorate the excessive statism of earlier policies and strengthened the parts industry. In China, liberalization for WTO entry, rapid expansion in demand, and strong support by local governments encouraged a wave of foreign investment in both assembly and parts. In contrast, institutional weaknesses continue to constrain development opportunities in Indonesia.


Globalization And Employment Relations In The Auto Assembly Industry

Author by : Roger Blanpain
Languange : en
Publisher by : Kluwer Law International B.V.
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 18
Total Download : 106
File Size : 52,6 Mb
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Description : Describes work organization, skill formation, remuneration systems, staffing arrangements and employment security, and enterprise governance and employee-management relations in seven countries: the United States, Australia, Germany, Sweden, Japan, South Korea, and China.


The Auto Biographical I

Author by : Liz Stanley
Languange : en
Publisher by : Manchester University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 39
Total Download : 231
File Size : 47,7 Mb
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Description : This feminist literary study discusses postmodern ideas about the self, particularly about the way in which selves are constructed by biography and autobiography. The author particularly examines the manner in which women write about themselves.


Ending A Career In The Auto Industry

Author by : Melissa A. Hardy
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 38
Total Download : 728
File Size : 52,7 Mb
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Description : During the 1980s the news media were filled with reports of soaring unemployment as 'downsizing' and `restructuring' became the new buzzwords. Firms managed their workforce reduction by increasing the attractiveness of their pension plans-especially their early-retirement plans. In this volume, the authors examine the U.S. auto industry and present a full-scale analysis of the work and retirement decisions of its workers. They address organizational context and the logic of financial incentives in employer-provided early retirement plans. The impact of pension provisions, layoffs, plant closures, attitudes about `generational equity', and other factors influencing the workers' evaluation of the optimum time to end their careers in the auto industry are explored.


Determinants Of Supplier Plant Location Evidence From The Auto Industry

Author by : Thomas Klier
Languange : en
Publisher by : DIANE Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 83
Total Download : 307
File Size : 49,6 Mb
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Description : Analyzes the geography of the auto parts sector in North America. Drawing on a large plant-level data set, it shows an industry that is very spatially concentrated. Formal models of plant location highlight the role of transportation infrastructure as well as the importance of being within a day¿s drive of the assembly plant customer in the location choices of auto supplier plants. Tables.


The Auto Mechanics Calendar

Author by : Joel Arnold
Languange : en
Publisher by : Studio City
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 52
Total Download : 325
File Size : 50,7 Mb
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Description : It’s the kind of calendar you don’t see much of anymore, hanging on grimy backroom walls, a pin-up model posed over each month of the year showing a little skin. But there was something different about this calendar. Something…frightening. The old-timers at Morton’s Service Garage winced whenever a new page was revealed, glancing at the dates ahead with dread. What was it they saw that the new guy, Jordan, didn’t see? What were they so afraid of? Follow award-winning author Joel Arnold into the auto mechanics’ break room with this short story of mounting horror. You never know what you might see when you turn the page! 6500 words


Australia S Experience With Local Content Programs In The Auto Industry

Author by : Garry Pursell
Languange : en
Publisher by : World Bank Publications
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 34
Total Download : 513
File Size : 55,7 Mb
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Description :


The Auto Biography Of Goethe

Author by : Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 94
Total Download : 576
File Size : 53,9 Mb
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Description :