The Financial Foundations Of The British Raj

Author by : Sabyasachi Bhattacharya
Languange : en
Publisher by : Orient Blackswan
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 40
Total Download : 176
File Size : 48,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This revised edition of the book, first published in 1971, comprises an expanded introduction, that reviews recent research in this area, and a new imprint of the original text which has been edited afresh to slightly abbreviate some parts. The theme of this work may be summed up as the economic aspects of the theory and practice of the colonial state. The focus is upon the ideas and interests and contestations which went into the making of the policies of the Raj in the formative period following 1857, the years which saw the appointment of the first finance minister of India (then called the Finance Member), the introduction of the budget system and other innovations like the paper currency and income tax.


The British Raj

Author by : Charles River Charles River Editors
Languange : en
Publisher by : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 15
Total Download : 888
File Size : 54,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : *Includes pictures *Includes contemporary accounts written about the Raj by British and Indians *Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading "A significant fact which stands out is that those parts of India which have been longest under British rule are the poorest today. Indeed some kind of chart might be drawn up to indicate the close connection between length of British rule and progressive growth of poverty." - Jawaharlal Nehru, The Discovery of India The British East India Company served as one of the key players in the formation of the British Empire. From its origins as a trading company struggling to keep up with its superior Dutch, Portuguese, and Spanish competitors to its tenure as the ruling authority of the Indian subcontinent to its eventual hubristic downfall, the East India Company serves as a lens through which to explore the much larger economic and social forces that shaped the formation of a global British Empire. As a private company that became a non-state global power in its own right, the East India Company also serves as a cautionary tale all too relevant to the modern world's current political and economic situation. On its most basic level, the East India Company played an essential part in the development of long-distance trade between Britain and Asia. The trade in textiles, ceramics, tea, and other goods brought a huge influx of capital into the British economy. This not only fueled the Industrial Revolution, but also created a demand for luxury items amongst the middle classes. The economic growth provided by the East India Company was one factor in Britain's ascendancy from a middling regional power to the most powerful nation on the planet. The profits generated by the East India Company also created incentive for other European powers to follow its lead, which led to three centuries of competition for colonies around the world. This process went well beyond Asia to affect most of the planet, including Africa and the Middle East.. Beyond its obvious influence in areas like trade and commerce, the East India Company also served as a point of cultural contact between Western Europeans, South Asians, and East Asians. Quintessentially British practices such as tea drinking were made possible by East India Company trade. The products and cultural practices traveling back and forth on East India Company ships from one continent to another also reconfigured the way societies around the globe viewed sexuality, gender, class, and labor. On a much darker level, the East India Company fueled white supremacy and European concepts of Orientalism. Ultimately, the company's activity across the Indian subcontinent led to further British involvement there, and the British Raj, a period of British dominance and rule over India that formally began in 1857 and lasted until 1947, remains a highly debated topic amongst historians, political scientists, the British people, and the people of modern India. It's necessary to seek an understanding of the people, forces, and events shaping the history of British India to arrive at valid conclusions about the British-Indian experience and to understand the continued divide over its legacy. Perhaps then it's possible to answer Lewis's question: "Is it possible that British rule was both destructive and creative at the same time?" The British Raj: The History and Legacy of Great Britain's Imperialism in India and the Indian Subcontinent looks at the importance of British colonialism in the region, and how it has affected the course of history to this day. Along with pictures and a bibliography, you will learn about the British Raj like never before.


Tibet And The British Raj

Author by : Alex McKay
Languange : en
Publisher by : Psychology Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 85
Total Download : 724
File Size : 46,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This text explores the diplomatic representatives of the Raj in Tibet. Besides being scholars, spies and empire-builders, they also influenced events in Tibet but as well as shaping our modern understanding of that land.


The Lion And The Tiger

Author by : Denis Judd
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press, USA
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 20
Total Download : 960
File Size : 44,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : An authoritative and lively account of the long and controversial history of the British in India, from the foundation of the East India Company in 1600; to Ghandi's innovative leadership of the increasingly militant Indian Nationalist movement: and finally to Lord Mountbatten's 'swift surgeryof partition', leaving behind the Independent states of India and Pakistan.Against this epic backdrop, Judd explores the consequences of British control for both Indians and the British in India.What was the effect on their daily lives, and on the lives they were effectively controlling? Were the British intent on development or exploitation? Were they a 'civilizing'force? Easy answers are avoided, and difficult questions provoked in this fascinating book.


Kashmir And The British Raj 1847 1947

Author by : Robert A. Huttenback
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press, USA
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 14
Total Download : 530
File Size : 50,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book represents a broad coverage of water resources topics and approaches to the assessment of the risks posed by chemicals and radionuclides. The papers presented concern country-specific and regional cases, studied from a practical and applied viewpoint. The book will interest scientists, regulatory decision-makers and public health professionals who have worked or plan to work in Central Asia. It is also of interest to firms whose products or services are useful in the public health, water purification, water distribution and environmental consulting fields.


The British Raj In India

Author by : S. M. Burke
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press, USA
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 86
Total Download : 753
File Size : 40,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This scholarly study is different from earlier books on the Raj in that it is neither hero-oriented nor self justifying. The emphasis instead is on world events and developments inside the subcontinent which influenced the conduct of the leaders, and affected the course of events. It is the crucial transfer of power process resulting in the partition of Britain's Indian Empire into two independent states that is appraised. The authors have made good use of the massive documentation made available by the British Government since 1983, as well as the unique archives kept in the British Museum. These have enabled the authors to throw some new light on the partition process, in particular on the workings of the Radcliff Boundary Awards Commission.


Revolutionaries And The British Raj

Author by : Shiri Ram Bakshi
Languange : en
Publisher by : Atlantic Publishers & Distri
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 79
Total Download : 696
File Size : 43,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The Role Played By Revolutionaries In The Freedom Struggle Is A Romantic Saga In The Annals Of Our Country. The Patri¬Otic Zeal Indeed Was Proverbial As They Came Out Of Their Educational Institutions At A Very Young Age. The Cult Of Violence Against The Raj Was In Operation For A Number Of Years And In These Efforts The Young Patriots Succeeded Well In Their Mission.The Aim Of Life To Them Was A Sacred Duty Towards Their Country. They Did Not Like Constitutional Methods To Be Used In The Course Of The Freedom Struggle. Their Methods, They Opined, Were Result-Orien¬Ted As They Did Not Wish To Go Slow In Their Methods. In Numerous The Youths Were Cut Off At The Prime Of Their Life. Indeed Their Sacrifices Were Supreme And The Role They Played Was Noble And Patriotic. The Raj Was At Its Nerves To See The Operations Of The Youths In The Second And Third Decades Of The Twentieth Century.


The Magic Mountains

Author by : Dane Keith Kennedy
Languange : en
Publisher by : Univ of California Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 87
Total Download : 280
File Size : 44,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Perched among peaks that loom over heat-shimmering plains, hill stations remain among the most curious monuments to the British colonial presence in India. In this engaging and meticulously researched study, Dane Kennedy explores the development and history of the hill stations of the raj. He shows that these cloud-enshrouded havens were sites of both refuge and surveillance for British expatriates: sanctuaries from the harsh climate as well as an alien culture; artificial environments where colonial rulers could nurture, educate, and reproduce themselves; commanding heights from which orders could be issued with an Olympian authority. Kennedy charts the symbolic and sociopolitical functions of the hill stations over the course of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, arguing that these highland communities became much more significant to the British colonial government than mere places for rest and play. Particularly after the revolt of 1857, they became headquarters for colonial political and military authorities. In addition, the hill stations provided employment to countless Indians who worked as porters, merchants, government clerks, domestics, and carpenters. The isolation of British authorities at the hill stations reflected the paradoxical character of the British raj itself, Kennedy argues. While attempting to control its subjects, it remained aloof from Indian society. Ironically, as more Indians were drawn to these mountain areas for work, and later for vacation, the carefully guarded boundaries between the British and their subjects eroded. Kennedy argues that after the turn of the century, the hill stations were increasingly incorporated into the landscape of Indian social and cultural life. Perched among peaks that loom over heat-shimmering plains, hill stations remain among the most curious monuments to the British colonial presence in India. In this engaging and meticulously researched study, Dane Kennedy explores the development and history of the hill stations of the raj. He shows that these cloud-enshrouded havens were sites of both refuge and surveillance for British expatriates: sanctuaries from the harsh climate as well as an alien culture; artificial environments where colonial rulers could nurture, educate, and reproduce themselves; commanding heights from which orders could be issued with an Olympian authority. Kennedy charts the symbolic and sociopolitical functions of the hill stations over the course of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, arguing that these highland communities became much more significant to the British colonial government than mere places for rest and play. Particularly after the revolt of 1857, they became headquarters for colonial political and military authorities. In addition, the hill stations provided employment to countless Indians who worked as porters, merchants, government clerks, domestics, and carpenters. The isolation of British authorities at the hill stations reflected the paradoxical character of the British raj itself, Kennedy argues. While attempting to control its subjects, it remained aloof from Indian society. Ironically, as more Indians were drawn to these mountain areas for work, and later for vacation, the carefully guarded boundaries between the British and their subjects eroded. Kennedy argues that after the turn of the century, the hill stations were increasingly incorporated into the landscape of Indian social and cultural life.


The Military In British India

Author by : T. A. Heathcote
Languange : en
Publisher by : Manchester University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 11
Total Download : 661
File Size : 48,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : A study of the conflicts which established British rule in South Asia, and of the military's position in the constitution of British India. It outlines the course and the causes of the campaigns which the British in India fought against their European and South Asian rivals for the succession to the Mughal Empire. It also shows how, at times, there was conflict amongst the British themselves - between the British governments in London and India; between civil governors and their military commanders; and between officers and men.