Description : Until surprisingly recently the history of the Irish Catholic Church during the Northern Irish Troubles was written by Irish priests and bishops and was commemorative, rather than analytical. This study uses the Troubles as a case study to evaluate the role of the Catholic Church in mediating conflict. During the Troubles, these priests and bishops often worked behind the scenes, acting as go-betweens for the British government and republican paramilitaries, to bring about a peaceful solution. However, this study also looks more broadly at the actions of the American, Irish and English Catholic Churches, as well as that of the Vatican, to uncover the full impact of the Church on the conflict. This critical analysis of previously neglected state, Irish, and English Catholic Church archival material changes our perspective on the role of a religious institution in a modern conflict.
Description : During the Northern Irish Troubles of the past thirty years, a war of words has accompanied and interpenetrated with the actual conduct of violence in highly complex ways. This book considers how literature of the period engages and participates in this war of words. It draws on a range of contemporary authors and on a variety of printed sources, including journalists' reports, political speeches, interviews, memoirs, pamphlets and autobiography. The book places the Northern Ireland conflict within a broad European debate about the legitimate use of force, and provides an original analysis of the inter-relationship between language, literature and violence.
Description : Faith, War, and Violence analyzes the age-old links between religion and violence perpetrated in the name of God, and the role religion performs in politically infusing the state with romantic spiritualism. The volume examines instances of this phenomenon from ancient Rome to the modern day; it finds that religion-inspired violence is not restricted to Abrahamic faiths or to one geographic region. The fact that symbolically charged religious violence has destructive consequences is not lost on contributors to Faith, War, and Violence. Among the subjects tackled are: the ideological and religious foundations that inspired the founders of Al-Qaeda and its role in the Arab Spring; the long history of religious conflict in Ireland known as the Troubles; Sikh extremism; and the evolution of the Christian approach to war. As the contributors demonstrate, in Western societies, the unity of religious fervor and warmongering stretches from Constantine's incorporation of Christian symbols into Roman army flags to slogans like Gott mit uns (God is with us), which appeared on the belt buckles of German soldiers in World War I. In recent years, George W. Bush declared the war on terror a "crusade," and his speechwriter, David Frum, coined the religiously inspired term "Axis of Evil," to describe Iraq and other countries opposing the United States.
Description : Fianna FÃ¡il, the Republican Party, has been defined by its emphasis on partition and its ideological commitment to reunification. Through its use of anti-partitionist rhetoric, it has been the most vociferous political party in the Republic of Ireland on Northern Ireland. Its emotive and divisive response to the outbreak of the Troubles in Northern Ireland was seen most clearly in the Arms Crisis of 1970 which threatened to destroy the party and the stability of the state in the Republic. However, the party has also been at the centre of the Northern Ireland peace process, and the attempts at reconciliation between Unionists and Nationalists and North and South. Yet there has been no substantive study of Fianna FÃ¡il's language, ideology, and policy on Northern Ireland since the outbreak of the Troubles. How could 'The Republican Party' be such a central player in the political changes in Northern Ireland? Has Fianna FÃ¡il changed its traditional republicanism and anti-partitionism? This fascinating and important new book provides an examination of Fianna FÃ¡il's record on Northern Ireland since 1968. It outlines the party's response to the Troubles and its guiding principles in the search for the solution. Catherine O'Donnell argues that the relationship between Fianna FÃ¡il and Sinn FÃ©in is central to understanding Fianna FÃ¡il's role in the peace process, which began with the Fianna FÃ¡il-Sinn FÃ©in talks in 1988. She investigates the implications of the peace process and the Good Friday Agreement for Fianna FÃ¡il's ideology and policy on Northern Ireland and highlights the continued centrality of the relationship between Fianna FÃ¡il and Sinn FÃ©in to the peace process and politics in the Republic of Ireland. As Sinn FÃ©in make further electoral gains in the Republic of Ireland, this book will be essential reading for anyone wishing to understand how Republicanism is a contested electoral resource within southern politics.Ã²
Description : This study uses a wide range of survey data to examine present-day differences in identity and political allegiance between Catholics and Protestants on the island of Ireland but also to show the extensive cultural similarities that cut across the Catholic-Protestant divide.
Description : 1972 proved to be by far the bloodiest and most eventful year of the Northern Ireland conflict. The January shootings in Derry precipitated the downfall of the Stormont administration in March. British military reinforcements struggled to cope with the ferocity of the IRA's escalating campaign, the worst manifestations of which were no-warning attacks such as those in Claudy and Belfast on `Bloody Friday'. Yet 1972, regarded by republicans as their, `Year of Victory', arguably marked both the high point of their campaign and the beginning of its demise. Loyalist paramilitarism was rampant during the year, as both the UVF and UDA were responsible for an increasing number of sectarian attacks and stand-offs with the British Army. 1972 also witnessed a further haemorrhaging of unionism, the emergence of the potentially sinister Vanguard movement and the substitution of Westminster grandees for locally elected politicians when it came to the governance of the region. Amidst such frenetic political and military activity, what impact did unfolding events have upon the lives of ordinary people? Combining an analysis of the major events of the year with the oral testimony of a wide range of respondents, this book tells the story of the most extraordinary year of the modern Northern conflict, as well as analysing its impact upon subsequent events.
Description : A revised and updated guide to reference material. It contains selective and evaluative entries to guide the enquirer to the best source of reference in each subject area, be it journal article, CD-ROM, on-line database, bibliography, encyclopaedia, monograph or directory. It features full critical annotations and reviewers' comments and comprehensive author-title and subject indexes. The contents include: philosophy and psychology; religion; social sciences, sociology, statistics, politics, economics, labour and employment; land and property, business organizations, finance and banking, and economic surveys; economic policies and controls, trade and commerce, business and management, and law; public administration, social services and welfare, education, customs and traditions; geography; biography; and history.
Description : Religious beliefs and traditions have moulded Ireland's past and present in spectacular ways. Told here for the first time, the 2,000-year-old story of faith sometimes bringing the Irish people together and sometimes dividing them.