The Complete History Of The Christian Church With Bible

Author by : Philip Schaff
Languange : en
Publisher by : e-artnow
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Description : This edition is an eight volume account of Christian history which covers the history of Christianity from the time of the apostles to the Reformation period. The book deals with seven periods in the history of the church: The First Period of Church History – Apostolic Christianity; The Second Period of Church History – Ante-Nicene Christianity; The Third Period of Church History – The Church in Union with the Roman Empire; The Fourth Period of Church History – The Church among the Barbarians; The Fifth Period of Church History – From Gregory VII to Boniface VIII A. D. 1049–1294; The Sixth Period of Church History – From Boniface VIII to Martin Luther ; The Seventh Period of Church History – The Reformation. The Bible is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans. With estimated total sales of over 5 billion copies, it is widely considered to be the most influential and best-selling book of all time. This is the "American Standard Version" (ASV) - a Bible translation into English that was completed in 1901, with the publication of the revision of the Old Testament; the revised New Testament had been released in 1900.


History Of The Christian Church

Author by : Philip Schaff
Languange : en
Publisher by : e-artnow
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 59
Total Download : 240
File Size : 49,5 Mb
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Description : "History of the Christian Church" is an eight volume account of Christian history which covers the history of Christianity from the time of the apostles to the Reformation period. The book deals with seven periods in the history of the church: The First Period of Church History – Apostolic Christianity; The Second Period of Church History – Ante-Nicene Christianity; The Third Period of Church History – The Church in Union with the Roman Empire; The Fourth Period of Church History – The Church among the Barbarians; The Fifth Period of Church History – From Gregory VII to Boniface VIII A. D. 1049–1294; The Sixth Period of Church History – From Boniface VIII to Martin Luther ; The Seventh Period of Church History – The Reformation. The Bible is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans. With estimated total sales of over 5 billion copies, it is widely considered to be the most influential and best-selling book of all time. This is the "American Standard Version" (ASV) - a Bible translation into English that was completed in 1901, with the publication of the revision of the Old Testament; the revised New Testament had been released in 1900.


New Testament Times

Author by : Merrill Chapin Tenney
Languange : en
Publisher by : Eerdmans Publishing Company
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 54
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Description : "New Testament Times" provides a short reconstruction of the cultural background in which Christianity arose and developed from the time of the Maccabean Revolt to A.D. 138. The book begins with an explanation of the relevance of the historical, political, social, and economic background during the first century which helps furnish a proper understanding of the New Testament. Dr. Tenney takes into account all the possible historical sources" canonical and non-canonical, literary and archaeological. A survey of the world situation after the death of Alexander the Great includes a summary of the Maccabean revolt, crucial to the understanding of the messianic hopes of the Jewish people. Dr. Tenney saw three cultural tensions playing upon the embryonic church: Judaism, Roman imperialism, and Hellenism. The survey continues by tracing the growth of Christianity under the Roman emperors: - The birth of Christ and the age of Augustus- Christ's ministry during the reign of Tiberius- The rise of the church- Persecutions under Nero and Domitian- The new era of Christianity under Trajan and Hadrian. "New Testament Times" provides the reader with the historical framework in which the Christian gospel is set, and makes the biblical message speak clearly and meaningfully by placing it in the perspective of history. Included are 130 illustrations, 3 original maps, 6 helpful charts, 4 exhaustive indices and a detailed bibliography.


The State In The New Testament

Author by : Oscar Cullmann
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Description : Studies the urgent problem of the Christian approach to politics.


Nazarene Jewish Christianity

Author by : Ray Pritz
Languange : en
Publisher by : Brill Archive
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 86
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The Old Testament Canon Of The New Testament Church

Author by : Roger T. Beckwith
Languange : en
Publisher by : Wipf and Stock Publishers
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 49
Total Download : 744
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Description : This new study of the Old Testament canon by Roger Beckwith is on a scale to match H. E. Ryle's classic work, which was first published in 1892. But Beckwith has the advantage of writing after the Qumran (and other) discoveries; and he has also made full use of all the available sources, including biblical manuscripts and rabbinical and patristic literature, taking into account the seldom studied Syriac material as well as the Greek and Latin material. The result of many years of study, this book is a major work of scholarship on a subject which has been neglected in recent times. It is both historical and theological, but Beckwith's first consideration has been to make a thorough and unprejudiced historical investigation. One of his most important concerns - and one that is crucial for all students of Judaism, and Christians in particular - is to decide when the limits of the Jewish canon were settled. In the answer to this question lies an important key to the teaching of Jesus and his apostles, and the resultant beliefs of the New Testament church. Furthermore, any answers to questions about the state of the canon in the New Testament period would help to open a way through the present ecumenical (and interfaith) impasse on the subject. With its meticulous research and evenhanded approach, this book is sure to become the starting point for study of the Old Testament canon in the years to come.


The Churches The Apostles Left Behind

Author by : Raymond Edward Brown
Languange : en
Publisher by : Paulist Press
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Total Read : 80
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Description : This book is a study of seven very different churches in the New Testament period after the death of the apostles.


Daughters Of The Church

Author by : Ruth Tucker
Languange : en
Publisher by : Zondervan
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 68
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Description : Daughters of the church is a fascinating account of women in the two-thousand-year span of church history that includes an exegetical study of relevant Scripture passages.


The First Bible Of The Church

Author by : Mogens Müller
Languange : en
Publisher by : Burns & Oates
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 32
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Description : The First Bible of the Church describes of the shape of the Jewish Bible at the time of the New Testament, with a special focus on the significance of the Greek translation, the Septuagint. The Jewish defence of the Septuagint version and its reception into the early Church makes it a representative of the Jewish Bible tradition fully on a par with the Hebrew Bible. This fact is especially important because the Septuagint is extensively used in the New Testament writings, whereby it-and not the Hebrew Bible (the Masoretic text)-is the most obvious candidate for the title of the first Bible of the Church.


The Literature And History Of New Testament Times

Author by : John Gresham Machen
Languange : en
Publisher by : BoD – Books on Demand
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Total Read : 59
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Description : Reproduction of the original: The Literature and History of New Testament Times by John Gresham Machen


Images Of The Church In The New Testament

Author by : Paul Sevier Minear
Languange : en
Publisher by : Westminster John Knox Press
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Total Read : 71
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Description : First published in 1960, Paul Minear's classic work identifies and explicates ninety-six images for the church found in the New Testament. Comprehensive and accessibly written, it has been used in seminary classes for over thirty years. Its range of reach and incredibly rich discussions of the many images and metaphors make this book a splendid resource for students and pastors. The New Testament Library offers authoritative commentary on every book and major aspect of the New Testament, as well as classic volumes of scholarship. The commentaries in this series provide fresh translations based on the best available ancient manuscripts, offer critical portrayals of the historical world in which the books were created, pay careful attention to their literary design, and present a theologically perceptive exposition of the text.


Introduction To The New Testament

Author by : Everett Falconer Harrison
Languange : en
Publisher by : Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
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Total Read : 48
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Description : The general purpose of this book is to provide a broad understanding of the background and message of the New Testament. It opens with chapters on the time between the Old and New Testaments, giving information on history, institutions and literature, and goes on to discuss the language of the New Testament, the text and its transmission, the canon, and the individual books of the New Testament. For each of them the author provides a helpful outline and introduces the reader to a greater understanding of the text by a discussion of such matters as purpose, background, date, authorship, characteristics or principal concepts, taking into full account the most significant findings and interpretations of recent scholars. The author also provides general essays on the Gospels and on the Epistles.


Preaching To The Nations

Author by : Alan Le Grys
Languange : en
Publisher by : Society for Promoting Christian
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Description : Was the Gentile mission a central driving force for the churches of the New Testament period? Indeed, did Jesus himself understand his ministry to reach beyond Israel to the Gentiles? To most Christian readers of the New Testament, the answer to both these questions is plainly yes. But Alan Le Grys in this book seeks to challenge both assumptions, and to do so in the light of critical biblical scholarship. Certainly, the early churches eventually became Gentile communities, largely as a result of the work of the apostle Paul. But was this the intention of Jesus and his first disciples?


From Malachi To Matthew

Author by : Walter Morison
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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The World Of Jesus And The Early Church

Author by : Craig A. Evans
Languange : en
Publisher by : Hendrickson Publishers
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 45
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Description : Prominent scholars in the fields of Archaeology, New Testament Studies, and the Dead Sea Scrolls have come together in "The World of Jesus and the Early Church" to focus on early Jewish and Christian communities of faith and their impact on the collections of texts that were their scriptures (and would become, in due time, part of their various canons). Professors, students, and pastors who are interested in how these communities lived--how they developed, what they believed, and how they regarded and preserved the written documents that were their scripture--will be interested in this comprehensive volume drawn from presentations made to key conferences on the subject. This book's emphasis on a variety of communities of faith (not just Christian) and their early (and critical) influence on the development of religious canonical materials sets it apart from others on New Testament-period culture.


Gleanings From Scripture For The Edification Of The Church

Author by : Mark Brisendine
Languange : en
Publisher by : Xulon Press
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Description : Gleanings from Scripture for the Edification of the Church, Volume I 45 concise messages written to fortify the 21st century Christian. Whether you need ammunition for neighborhood evangelism, biblical understanding for more effective Sunday school teaching, or merely thought-provoking ideas for family devotion, you'll find what you need in Gleanings from Scripture. Creation or evolution? Is warfare ever justifiable? What does it mean 'to believe'? Sign of the times The will of God And 40 other practical chapters Jesus beckons us to be knowledgeable with respect to what we believe when He says "be wise as serpents." Therefore, do not let the serpents of the world dominate your thinking any longer! Gleanings from Scripture for the Edification of the Church will help you mature in wisdom and spiritual stature as you pause and reflect upon matters of faith and practice. Rev. Mark A. Brisendine, a native of Atlanta, Georgia, currently lives and teaches in central Hungary. He is also part of the adjunct faculty of the American University of Biblical Studies where he serves as associate professor of systematic theology. He received a ThM from the Atlanta School of Biblical Studies and a BA in history from the State University of New York at Albany. He is married and has two children, Raymond and Barnabas.


Israel And The Covenants In New Testament Times

Author by : Peter Williams
Languange : en
Publisher by : Paragon Publishing
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Description : A Bible student reference A New Testament prophecy of a falling away from truth into apostasy and lawlessness, in the final generation before Jesus Christ returns in glory, is being fulfilled now and is shortly to end. Yet Christianity has overwhelmingly moved so far from its first century roots that it could not even recognise this – or that Christ’s return is therefore now almost upon us! How and why this is the case is here explained thoroughly and logically with many examples directly from the word of God. In God’s saving plan for the world, everyone must in time make a free will choice to become part of the ‘Israel of God’ in order to access eternal life in the kingdom of God. The route to take is the “strait and narrow” way (Mat 7:13-14) that very few have so far found, and it involves the biblical new and old covenants which both apply to this Israel. Embark on this voyage only if you are willing to: be challenged about some basic Christian preconceptions, be a serious open-minded Bible student, and trust what the Bible teaches - but remember that time is short. “What the Bible has taught me I see as both vital and urgent for our eternal salvation; yet I know of no church or individual theologian who teaches what this book deals with in any substantive way” “Be prepared for major challenges to your understanding just as God has challenged me.” “In the epistles, Paul refers to two Israels whom he calls Israel after the flesh (I Cor 10:18) and the Israel of God (Gal 6:16); I focus mainly on the latter (but I also explain an unexpected but critically important connection between them)” “Dependent on the teaching, nearly all Christian denominations either teach nothing at all on it or almost the opposite of what Scripture repeatedly showed me. Looking back, I find this absolutely staggering!” “Very few [Christians] understand that the new covenant also only applies to Israel (as I will clearly show).” “I no longer believe that the NT [New Testament] can be fully understood without this extra Israel dimension” “Had I felt I could deliver this in a more light-hearted way I would have done so, but its implications are too awesome and fundamental to our eternal life prospects for that”


Stewardship In The New Testament Church

Author by : Holmes Rolston
Languange : en
Publisher by : Wipf and Stock Publishers
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 32
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Description : "Our churches are sadly in need of the stewardship program that is inevitable if this book is given serious study. I can think of no greater contribution that could be made to the whole cause of missions, both at home and abroad, than the study of this volume in all the churches. The present crisis in world affairs--nay, the crisis in the church itself--calls for a new dedication of life and substance to the cause of Christ. This is the objective that I find running through these pages, and the least I can do is to commend it to all those who are concerned that the church achieve a new and greater impetus as it must now meet the larger demands that are upon it."-- Mark A. Dawber, from the foreword


The New Testament Era

Author by : Bo Reicke
Languange : en
Publisher by : Fortress Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 15
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Description : This book does what no other introductory work does; it displays clearly and simply the interplay of forces, people, and events that were key to the birth and gradual expansion of early Christianity.


The Church According To The New Testament

Author by : Daniel J. Harrington
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rowman & Littlefield
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 70
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Description : In the last days of the twentieth century, leading New Testament scholar and popular preacher Daniel Harrington, S.J., asked himself two powerful questions: What might the church of the first century have to say to the church of the twenty-first century? And How might a brief sythesis of what the New Testament says and does not say about the church help bring greater vitality within and unity among the churches? The result of Father Harrington's research and thinking is this timely and important book.


Cultivating The Christ A Deep Look Into The Ancestors Of Jesus From The Seed To The Tree

Author by : Dr. Jana Jones McDowell
Languange : en
Publisher by : Dr. Jana Jones McDowell
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 51
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Description : CULTIVATING THE CHRIST, Ancestors of Jesus. Ancestors of Jesus. Introduction to the book, Cultivating the Christ. Downloadable Here. There are many names in this book as we trace the lineage of Jesus Christ from the beginnings of Adam and Eve, all the way to his earthly mother, Mary. The only name that is important to remember, however is the one we center our life around, that being Jesus. Jesus Christ, our Savior is the only name that matters! The Great I Am. With that being said, we will focus on Genesis 3, and how God’s prophecy of the seed of the woman will produce a son who will deliver a death blow to the Devil. He will be the salvation of all humanity. Realizing that God could have crushed the Devil with one Divine command, it is a mystery to consider why he chose to involve us, flawed humans, as participating characters in his Master plan. It’s as if God wanted us, his Creation, to act out the solutions to the problems our sins created, learning along the way. God, being the Creator of the Masterpiece play, orchestrated the acts and scenes to draw us closer to Him through identifying with the leading men and women of the timeline of humanity. An underlying theme of this study is how God uses the most unlikely, and even the most unworthy people to accomplish His goals. We will see how the people God chooses to be in the lineage of the promised Messiah, our savior Jesus Christ, are unexpected and often misunderstood. Yet, when you examine God’s Word and attempt to piece together how and why these individuals were chosen, the misunderstood will become understood. We will see how Jesus Christ’s human lineage is composed of men and women who are all sinners, and are broken individuals. Yet, they are all heroes. They are heroes because they had faith in God. As we read-through this study and delve into the Bible, we will start to understand why God chose each one of them to be in Jesus’ family tree. We will study the people who God has chosen to be in the human lineage of Jesus. In doing so, unique characteristics of these individuals will be uncovered, as well as common themes among them. Interestingly, as we read God’s Holy Word, we will also see God insert himself into the Masterpiece story to save the day, and redeem flawed humanity. Sometimes the Lord will make cameo appearances, other times He may be disguised and serve as a messenger. Other times, He might be working quietly behind the scenes. A question we may have is why did it take God so long to send the Messiah, Jesus Christ to save humanity? Over three-thousand-plus years elapsed between the original sin committed by Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden, and the birth of Jesus. Realizing God can do anything in a blink of his Divine eye, we have to wonder what took Him so long? One only has to realize that we live in His “God-space”, where the time it takes between His promises and His fulfillment of His promises fits within His time-frame, not ours. That’s why God is such a mystery. This book explores the people God has chosen to be in Jesus’ lineage, who living in this God-space, endured the trials of everyday life and emerged victorious due to their faith and trust in the Lord. This study exemplifies how God uses the most ordinary, unexpected people who are misfits and outcasts as deemed by society, to ultimately be part of His Master Plan to save His creation, humanity. How undeserving we all may be, but isn’t wonderful to be loved by a God who has such amazing grace and mercy? Also, we will discover through studying God’s Word that as is demonstrated in the Bible book-after- book, the Old Testament continuously has important road signs leading to, and pointing directly to Jesus. As we read through and study the stories of Jesus’ ancestors in the Old Testament, we will examine the meanings behind them and look at supporting scripture, which are like enormous, flashing road signs leading us directly on the path to Christ. Cultivating the Roots of Christ We know that Jesus is the Christ, and is the Son of God, but what about Jesus’ human lineage? Jesus was born to a virgin human woman, Mary, and we are told in scripture and therefore believe that Jesus Christ is God in the flesh (John1: 1,14-18). Why did God choose to reveal himself to us as a human? In the Old Testament, He spoke through messengers, such as angels or prophets. He also appeared in abstract forms such as clouds of smoke or fire. Why did He choose to finally become flesh and walk the earth as a man? It seems that He became human, in order to be able to better communicate with us. He not only masterfully communicated with humanity through His Word, but needed to reach us through being physically present. God needed to use our language, and our culture of the day, to solidify our understanding of what He, the Almighty, was trying to communicate. Therefore, it is important when reading the Bible that we have insight into the culture of the times, so that we can better understand what God is trying to tell us. In other words, context is extremely important. We need to understand the culture of the day so we can put things into context. Only then can we thoroughly comprehend His meaning. Throughout this book, I have tried to include information that will help put the beautiful stories of God’s word into context, so that we can better understand what He is trying to convey to us. Jesus’ ancestors; Who were these people? ~ Two disparate Genealogies of Jesus ~ Jews kept extensive, very complete genealogies in order to establish and record peoples’ heritage. This important documentation was known to be kept in the Archives building in Jerusalem, and also was well documented in the Hebrew Bible for important figures of the faith. A person’s inheritance, legitimacy and rights, and even legal rights to the throne depended on a person’s heritage. The Jewish culture, being very legalistic, kept detailed accounts of people’s ancestors. Ancient genealogies were therefore very important documentation and were held safely in the Archives building in Jerusalem, along with public registers and bonds taken by money-lenders. The bonds were proof, which allowed the recovery of debts. The genealogies validated many things such as royalty and social status, and inheritance rights to property. With that being said, there are actually two genealogies for Jesus found in the New Testament. They are written in the Gospels of Luke (3:23-38) and of Matthew (1:1-17). Interestingly, the names are the same in both accounts through King David and Bathsheba, but differ somewhat after these two individuals. Pearl: Both genealogies for Jesus written in the New Testament are the same through King David and his wife, Bathsheba. How are they different? The two genealogies written in the Gospels of Luke and Matthew differ in several ways: ò Luke wrote a descending list, starting with Jesus and going all the way back to the first man, Adam. ò Matthew on the other hand wrote an ascending list, starting with Abraham and ending with Jesus. ò Comparison of the names in the genealogies of the lists from Luke and Matthew reveals that the two diverge after King David. ò The names from Abraham to David are the same in both lists. ò After David, the names in the lists are different except they converge on two names, beingZerubbabel and Shealtiel, which are listed in both Luke and Matthew. o Zerubbabel led the first group of Israelites given permission to return to Israel from the Babylonian exile ò Matthew’s lineage contains Jechoniah, whose line was cursed (Jeremiah 22:30, 2 Kings 24:8-9)~The hallmark in the difference between the two genealogies is:~ ò In Luke’s account, David and Bathsheba’s son Nathan continues the lineage to Jesus. ò In Matthew’s list, Solomon, who is also the son of David and Bathsheba, is noted to have been the ancestor of Jesus.Biblical scholars have tried to surmise why the names in the lists are not identical after David, and various reasons have been given. Some include: ò Matthew and Luke were writing to different audiences o Matthew wrote to a Jewish audience, tracing Jesus’ lineage to Abraham, to emphasize his Jewish heritage § Emphasized the importance of Jesus’ ancestry being intertwined with the Covenants God made with Israel § To prove Jesus was a true Israelite, and the rightful King of Israel § Referred to Jesus as the son of David, and the son of Abraham As the son of David, Jesus was a Messiah with a royal lineage o Jesus is the rightful legal heir to the covenant promises associatedwith the Davidic throne God’s covenant with Abraham established Israel as a chosen people, andalso affirmed that the whole world would be blessed through his line (Genesis 12:1-3; 22:18)o Jesus is the rightful legal heir to the covenant promises related to the Abrahamic seed and land Matthew took a legalistic view o To prove to the Jews that Jesus was the promised Messiahò Luke traced Jesus’ descent from a biological view to Adam o Emphasized that the Jesus is the fulfillment of the hopes of all people§ Acts 17:26 o The Good News of the Gospels was meant for Gentiles and Jews o Luke wrote to a Gentile audience§ He emphasized that Jesus is the Savior of the whole world, not just IsraelThere are many reasons that have been given as to why ancient genealogies differ, but perhaps another logical reason can be drawn by reading the comments of Rabbis in the Midrash concerning documentation of the lineage of King David in 1 Chronicles. The Rabbis noted that often there were instances of people being called by two different names. o These names were often copied from different historical documents. o Some names might be missing from one document, yet found in another. o Therefore, the ancient chronicler used multiple documents which varied slightly to complement each other to compile a complete list of ancestors. o This could lead to some names being different when the complete list was generated. o Many of the names could have been lost during the Babylonian exile o Often times, a father may actually be a grandfather. o Generations may have been skipped leading to confusion among the names. Another reason the genealogies may not be identical is that often the writer does not list all of the individuals in the family, only key names. An author may select different names that they may have considered to be important. An older reason used by biblical scholars for why the two genealogies differ, is that Matthew traced Joseph’s ancestry, while Luke traced Mary’s ancestry. This theory does not hold up well, as Matthew lists Mary in his account while Luke does not. The most commonly accepted theory among biblical scholars for accepting why the names in the two genealogies differ from David to Jesus is that: ò Matthew traces the line of royal succession o From King David through King Solomon ò Luke traces the lineage through actual physical descent o From King David through Nathan o Nathan was a little known son of David and Bathsheba, who never assumed kingship o Luke emphasizes the virgin birth (Luke 1:34-35; 3:23) Other reasons cited for differences later in the accounts of Matthew and Luke are the possibilities of Levirate marriage, or adoption. Both would be done to secure heirs for a father or a widowed wife, who did not have sons to assume the role as heir and head of the family line. Important to consider for the names post-King David being different is that the Kingdom of Israel came to an end in 722 BC, when Assyria conquered the Northern Kingdom (Israel). The ten tribes of Israel were exiled to provinces of the Assyrian empire, and records and recognition of the tribes disappeared. Likewise, the Kingdom of Judah (The Southern Kingdom) came to an end in 586 BC when King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylonia conquered Jerusalem, destroyed the first Holy Temple, and took the Israelites into captivity (2 Kings 25). This was the end of the dynasty of kings of the family of David, and many records of heritage, including the tribes of Israel, were destroyed. As time passed, only a small number of families knew which tribe their forefathers were from. Whatever the reason for the disparity, the important thing to remember is that both genealogies presented by Luke and Matthew agree that Jesus is the ‘son of David’ (Luke 3:31; Matt 1:6, Revelation 22:16), and both arrive at the same name, our Savior, Jesus Christ. As Jesus said of himself, as the Divine author of Revelation through his angel and through John to His churches, Revelation 22:16 “I, Jesus have sent my angel to testify to you about these things for the churches. I am the root and the descendant of David, the bright morning star.” Jesus is both David’s ‘son’ and his Lord, and the ruler arising from Israel to conquer the nations (Numbers 24:17, Isa 11:1-5,10, Mark 12:35-37). The Listing of Women in Jewish genealogies Ancient Hebrew genealogies are patriarchal in content, as hierarchal and tribal identity is passed on from the father. For this reason Jewish genealogies rarely include women. Matthew’s account of the genealogy of Jesus is unique, as he included many of the women God chose to be in Jesus’ family tree. This is appropriate, as we know that Jesus is the Son of God, conceived from the seed of a woman. Genesis 3:15 (KJV) “I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; he shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.” Fitting with God’s prophecy in Genesis 3:15, and the New Testament accounts in the gospels, we know that Jesus came to earth as God in the flesh. Matthew lists five women in the ancestry of Jesus. Luke, however does not include women in his genealogy of Jesus. Of the five women listed in Matthew’s genealogy of Jesus, only Mary comes in the lineage after David. The other three are documented ancestors of David, and the fourth is David’s wife, Bathsheba. The naming of women in Matthew’s genealogy of Jesus is unusual, but even more unusual is that many of the women listed in Matthew’s account are foreigners, or have questionable past histories. Or both. The five women listed in Matthew 1, that are in the direct line to Jesus Christ have one significant thing in common. That being that they are all unlikely people to be in the Holy family tree. These five women have come from various backgrounds ranging from being Gentiles from pagan cultures, were broken and sinful, or were from very poor, humble beginnings. For instance, In Matthew’s genealogy, we see five very unlikely women in the line of Judah leading to Jesus, including: ò Ruth, who was a Moabite (from Moab who the people of Israel did not care for, to say the least) ò Tamar who had a deceptive affair, and was originally from Canaan ò Rahab who was a prostitute, and a Canaanite living in Jericho ò Bathsheba who was a seduced woman ò Mary who was a humble, peasant teenager. These women, due to their heritage and/or unlikely character, vividly illustrate that imperfect, unexpected people show up in the genealogy of Jesus! These imperfect people serve as the explanation point in God’s masterful Word, as all of these women fit beautifully into God’s Master Plan of demonstrating how His Love is inclusive of all humanity. A reminder of how God uses the most unexpected people to show His Glory was written by the Apostle Paul in 1 Corinthians 1: 28-31: “Consider your calling brothers: not many of you were wise according to worldly standards, not many were powerful, not many were of noble birth. But God chose what is foolish to shame the wise; God chose what is weak in the world to shame the strong; God chose what is low and despised in the world, even things are not, to bring to nothing things that are, so that no human being may boast in the presence of God. And because of Him, you are in Christ Jesus, who became to us, wisdom from God, righteousness and sanctification and redemption, so that as it is written. Let the one who boasts, boast in the Lord.” Although there are many names listed in Jesus’ family tree, my aim in this particular teaching of Jesus’ genealogy is not to necessarily give a detailed account of every person listed. This actually is not possible, as Jesus’ ancestors after the exile to Babylonia, exist in name only. For the complete list of these names, I refer you to the Bible, as well as an excellent reference I have cited at the end of this book. In this book, my aim is to focus on key characters who are Jesus’ ancestors who have been described in God’s Word. With the intent to explore them in detail and gain a deeper understanding of Jesus’ ancestors, we can better comprehend God’s Word and grow in our faith. I have attempted to conflate the two lineages of Jesus as presented in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke, to have a better understanding of both the men and women who are in Jesus’ ancestry. We will see their weaknesses and strengths of these members of Jesus’ family tree, as the Bible so honestly tells us. As we look at the ancestry of Jesus, we will learn about God’s relationship with His people, and His promise to redeem His creation from our sinful beginnings in the Garden of Eden. Through the study of Jesus’ descendants, the entire puzzle of the mystery of the ‘Messiah’ will come together as God’s Masterplan unfolds. What do we mean by the Messiah? Pearl: The Hebrew word for messiah is mashiach, meaning ‘anointed one’. The Hebrew meaning of Mashiach is a savior or liberator of a group of people. In Jewish eschatology, the Mashiach is the future Jewish king, descended from the Davidic Line who will be expected to save the Jewish nation and rule during the Messianic Age. In Christianity, we believe that the messiah is Christ, and the Son of God. The word Christ is taken from the Romanized Greek word, Christos, meaning the ‘anointed one’. Christ is the savior of all the world’s people, not just the Jewish nation. We will see in the end, in order to restore the chaos humanity created through sin, God needed to send Heaven down to us by sending His son, Jesus Christ. To restore our relationship with Him, God had to come to earth, and become flesh. The most amazing event in all of history occurred, where the eternal, infinitely Holy Son of God took on human nature and lived among humanity. Although He became human, He was both God and man at the same time, in one person. John 1:14 “And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth.” For a Full EBook Download Click Here Other Ebooks by Dr. Jana Jones McDowell Rahab, the Amorite Prostitute......Behind the Scenes Ruth and Boaz, the Redeemer and the Moabite David and Bathsheba, Behind the Scenes “The Promise” Behind the Scenes with Abraham and Sarah “David ~ In the Midst of a Plague” Biblical Perspectives of COVID-19 Noah and the Ark~Behind the Scenes Cultivating the Christ....From the Seed to the Tree About the Author Jana Jones McDowell DVM, DAVCA, DAVECC has spent a lifetime practicing Veterinary Medicine and former Professor at a College of Veterinary Medicine. A Christian, Dr. Jones began her research into Biblical studies a number of years ago, focusing on "context." Her research revolves around the "context," with the study and application of the Judaica Books of the Prophets and the Hagiographa (A new English translation of the Hebrew Masoretic text and commentaries by Rashi and other Rabbinical scholars), and the books of the Midrash Rabbah. The basis of this was the exegesis of the Hebrew bible with application to the origins of Christianity. Now retired, Dr. Jones spends time researching and applying the depth of her studies into books and as a student of the Israel Bible Center, studying deeper into Jewish context and it’s application to Christianity. Dr. Jones and her husband, reside in the southwest with their horses, bengal cat named Ravi and their border collie, Sarah.


The Greco Roman World Of The New Testament Era

Author by : James S. Jeffers
Languange : en
Publisher by : InterVarsity Press
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Description : James S. Jeffers provides an informative tour of the various facets of the Roman world--class and status, family and community, work and leisure, religion and organization, city and country, law and government, death and taxes, and the events of Roman history.


Jesus And The Rise Of Early Christianity

Author by : Paul Barnett
Languange : en
Publisher by : InterVarsity Press
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Description : Paul Barnett not only places the New Testament within the world of caesars and Herods, proconsuls and Pharisees, Sadducee and revolutionaries, but argues that the mainspring and driving force of early Christian history is the historical Jesus.


The Church Of God

Author by : Thomas Blackbum Baines
Languange : en
Publisher by : Irving Risch
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Description : Everybody is aware of the difference prevailing among the Lord's people as to the interpretation of those passages of Scripture which foretell the future in reserve for the Church and the world. The ordinary interpretation is, that the promises contained in the Psalms and Old Testament prophecies refer to the Church, which, as the spiritual Israel, has taken the place, in God's purposes, of the literal Israel, to whom these promises were given. So, the fulfilment of the promises is taken to be spiritual rather than literal, being brought about by the gradual spread of Christianity, and the blessings of peace and prosperity following the universal triumph of the gospel. This world-wide dominion of truth and happiness is presumed to be the period of a thousand years, during which Satan is bound, and the saints reign with Christ. It is supposed that at the close of this time, after another brief outbreak of Satan's craft and human wickedness, the world is destroyed; and that there is then a general resurrection of the dead, both bad and good, to be judged before the great white throne This is interpreted as the event called "the coming of the Lord," "the appearing of the Lord," "the day of the Lord;" "the end of the age" (mis-translated "world"), and "the coming of the Son of man" — names supposed all to refer to the same period, the closing up of the history, and indeed, of the existence, of the habitable globe. There is, however, another interpretation given to the Scriptures describing these events, which may be briefly stated as follows. The Old Testament prophecies, except where manifestly figurative, are to receive a literal fulfilment. The promises given to Israel are to be made good to Israel, not to the Church. The Old Testament prophecies being thus taken from the Church, the New Testament is found to contain no prediction of the universal spread of Christianity, but, on the contrary, sad forecasts of corruption, leading to judgment, in the body professing the name of Christ. In the midst of this gloom, however, the prospect of the Lord's coming for His saints shines as a bright hope for the hearts of the faithful. This coming, the date of which is purposely left undetermined, instead of being at the end of the world, is preliminary to the judgments awaiting the world, and to the reign of Christ with His saints. When it occurs, the living saints will be caught up to meet the Lord in the air, and at the same time will take place, in part at least "the first resurrection," when the dead in Christ will be raised. Then follow the woes which usher in "the day of the Lord," when Israel is restored, Old Testament prophecy fulfllled, Satan bound, and the dominion of Christ established. on the earth. At its close Satan is loosed, the nations rebel, the world is consumed, and the "rest of the dead" are raised and judged. I propose to inquire which of these interpretations is correct. The question is not one of mere curiosity, still less an intrusion into regions we are forbidden to tread. The distinction which our Lord draws between the servant and the friend is that "the servant knoweth not what his Lord doeth," while He told His disciples, as friends, all things that He had heard of His Father (John 15: 15). In the same discourse He promises to send "the Spirit of truth," the Comforter; to show them "things to come" (John 16: 13). Indeed, the very thought that the constant references to the future scattered through the sacred writings are not meant to be understood, carries its own refutation. And, as if foreseeing the spirit of unbelief and indifference which characterises the present time, the Holy Ghost has, in the introduction to the Apocalypse, the most distinctively prophetic portion of the New Testament, pronounced a special blessing on those "that hear the words of this prophecy and keep those things which are written therein" (Rev. 1: 3). While, moreover, it is admitted that the interpretation of prophecy may be attempted in a frivolously inquisitive spirit, are not those who turn a deaf ear to its promises and warnings themselves guilty of the same irreverence which they censure in others? For the object of prophecy is to unfold God's purposes with respect to the glory of His Son, whom man has refused, but whom God has exalted, and to whom every knee shall bow, and every tongue confess. In the contemplation of this theme, He invites His chosen ones to share. And who are these chosen ones? Are they mere lookers on? No, thanks be to God, we who believe in Jesus are His fellow-heirs — all things are ours. God invites us to look at the inheritance He has Himself prepared for us in joint possession with the Son of His love. And surely, as in the enjoyment of that inheritance, the "first-born," in whom we have our acceptance, will be the one object of our worship and delight, so in its contemplation now, our brightest thought should be that we are gazing on the portion prepared for Him who alone is worthy "to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing." To study prophecy with any more trivial object is to lose sight of this glorious end. It is like studying the movements of the solar system from the orbits of the more distant planets, without taking account of the central globe round which the whole revolves. But, on the other hand, to neglect it as unprofitable, because it does not contribute to our personal salvation, is a piece of selfishness derogatory to the claims of Christ, and unworthy of the condescending goodness of God in thus taking us into His own counsels. It is a deliberate preference of the position of a servant to that of a friend, a declaration that so long as our own interests are secured, we are indifferent as to what God has told us concerning the glories of Him who loved us and gave himself for us. Nor can we overlook the great practical importance of the inquiry. For surely there is a vast moral chasm between the two interpretations of coming events just indicated. If God's Word teaches that Christianity, instead of overspreading the world, will only prove, like Judaism, the incurable enmity of man to God, the jubilant and self-congratulatory tone prevalent in Christendom is nothing better than Laodicean self-complacency, saying, "I am rich and increased with goods, and have need of nothing, while really it should be mourning that it is "wretched and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked" (Rev. 3: 17). It is holding out a false and delusive hope, saying, "peace and safety," when "sudden destruction" is approaching. And if the world is hurrying on to judgment, Christians who see it will duly estimate the seductive cry of modern progress, and beware of entangling themselves in affairs over which such a doom is howling While, therefore, the deep solemnity of the subject forbids all idle curiosity, its importance equally condemns all selfish indifference. These things are written for our instruction, and it cannot be a matter of little moment whether the instruction which God has given is received or slighted, understood or misapprehended. Reverence for God's Holy Word, regard for the honour and glory of Christ, as well as the immense practical questions involved in the different schemes of interpretation, all unite in rebuking both the curious spirit in which the subject is too often approached, and the careless spirit in which it is too often avoided. For the sake of clearness the best mode of looking at the subject will be to inquire — First; What is the immediate prospect placed before the believer? in other words, What is the hope of the Church, according to the Word of God? This will naturally lead us to look, Secondly, At the promises of blessing and righteousness upon earth contained in the Old Testament Scriptures, and the mode in which these promises are to receive their fulfilment. Having thus distinguished between the hope of the Church and the prospect of blessing before the world, we shall be in a better position to ascertain and understand, Thirdly, The teaching of the Holy Ghost concerning the position held by the Church in God's dispensational dealings, and the moral relationship in which it stands towards the world, a matter involving the deepest and most practical lessons us to the walk suited to believers in the present age.


Introducing The New Testament

Author by : Joe Blair
Languange : en
Publisher by : B&H Publishing Group
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Description : Helps students understand the New Testament by introducing its contents and principles for its interpretation.


Where Has The Body Been For 2000 Years

Author by : David Pawson
Languange : en
Publisher by : Anchor Recordings Ltd.
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 31
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Description : This is an intensely readable look at the the Christian Church down the ages, providing powerful messages for our own times. Many church members know little or nothing about the story of Christianity between the New Testament period and today. They therefore may not realise how much they have been influenced by traditions developed during that time. These can have both a negative and positive benefit. Negative, because ‘those who forget history are condemned to relive it’. Most of the mistakes we make and errors we fall into have happened before and we can learn from our forefathers to avoid them. Positive, because we have such a rich heritage it would be folly to ignore. We can draw inspiration and examples from the spiritual giants who went before us and, after all, we can look forward to meeting them personally in glory.


The Bible History Old Testament Volume 2

Author by : Alfred Edersheim
Languange : en
Publisher by : CreateSpace
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Description : Alfred Edersheim was a Jewish convert to Christianity who wrote a massive multi-volume tome on the history of the Bible. From the preface: "THE period covered by the central books of the Pentateuch is, in many respects, the most important in Old Testament history, not only so far as regards Israel, but the Church at all times. Opening with centuries of silence and seeking Divine forgetfulness during the bondage of Egypt, the pride and power of Pharaoh are suddenly broken by a series of miracles, culminating in the deliverance of Israel and the destruction of Egypt's host. In that Paschal night and under the blood-sprinkling, Israel as a nation is born of God, and the redeemed people are then led forth to be consecrated at the Mount by ordinances, laws, and judgments. Finally, we are shown the manner in which Jehovah deals with His people, both in judgment and in mercy, till at the last He safely brings them to the promised inheritance. In all this we see not only the history of the ancient people of God, but also a grand type of the redemption and the sanctification of the Church. There is yet another aspect of it, since this narrative exhibits the foundation of the Church in the Covenant of God, and also the principles of Jehovah's government for all time. For, however great the difference in the development, the essence and character of the covenant of grace are ever the same. The Old and New Testaments are essentially one - not two covenants but one, gradually unfolding into full perfectness, "Jesus Christ Himself being the chief corner stone" of the foundation which is alike that of the apostles and prophets. (Ephesians 2:20) There is yet a further consideration besides the intrinsic importance of this history. It has, especially of late, been so boldly misrepresented, and so frequently misunderstood, or else it is so often cursorily read - neither to understanding nor yet to profit - that it seemed desirable to submit it anew to special investigation, following the sacred narrative consecutively from Chapter to Chapter, and almost from Section to Section. In so doing, I have endeavored to make careful study of the original text, with the help of the best critical appliances. So far as I am conscious, I have not passed by any real difficulty, nor yet left unheeded any question that had a reasonable claim to be answered. If this implied a more detailed treatment, I hope it may also, with God's blessing, render the volume more permanently useful. Further, it has been my aim, by the aid of kindred studies, to shed additional light upon the narrative, so as to render it vivid and pictorial, enabling readers to realize for themselves the circumstances under which an event took place. Thus I have in the first two chapters sought to read the history of Israel in Egypt by the light of its monuments, and also to portray the political, social, and religious state of the people prior to the Exodus. Similarly, when following the wanderings of Israel up to the eastern bank of the Jordan, I have availed myself of the best recent geographical investigations, that so the reader might, as it were, see before him the route followed by Israel, the scenery, and all other accessories."


Biblical Interpretation In The Russian Orthodox Church

Author by : Alexander I. Negrov
Languange : en
Publisher by : Mohr Siebeck
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Total Read : 28
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Description : In the majority of western pre-modern and modern handbooks and surveys of the history of biblical scholarship, Eastern Orthodoxy is mostly and habitually dismissed. A clear orientation towards the western branch of the Christian church is maintained throughout. However, as the Russian Orthodox church is an organic part of the universal church this book attempts to assist in the Orthodox-Protestant interactions and serves as an introduction to Russian Orthodox hermeneutics. Alexander Negrov surveys the development of biblical interpretation within the history of the Russian Orthodox church from the Kiev period of its history (tenth to thirteenth centuries) until the Synodal period (1721-1917). The purpose of his study is to present a coherent analysis of the essential elements of Orthodox biblical hermeneutics as it developed over a period of several centuries which were critical to the defining of the Orthodox church and to present a case study of hermeneutical approach to the New Testament of D. I. Bogdashevskii (1861-1933). The main hermeneutical features of the Russian Orthodox church show that the church and tradition are the indispensable guides to the understanding of Scripture. Christ is considered as the beginning, centre, and end of biblical interpretation and exegesis is based upon cooperation between the Holy Spirit and the human interpreter. The church demands reading of the Scriptures guided by church dogmatics as well as a multi-discipline approach to the text.