The Clinical And Ethical Practice Of Neuromodulation Deep Brain Stimulation And Beyond

Author by : Markus Christen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Frontiers Media SA
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 62
Total Download : 557
File Size : 55,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Neuromodulation is among the fastest-growing areas of medicine, involving many diverse specialties and affecting hundreds of thousands of patients with numerous disorders worldwide. It can briefly be described as the science of how electrical, chemical, and mechanical interventions can modulate the nervous system function. A prominent example of neuromodulation is deep brain stimulation (DBS), an intervention that reflects a fundamental shift in the understanding of neurological and psychiatric diseases: namely as resulting from a dysfunctional activity pattern in a defined neuronal network that can be normalized by targeted stimulation. The application of DBS has grown remarkably and more than 130,000 patients worldwide have obtained a DBS intervention in the past 30 years—most of them for treating movement disorders. This Frontiers Research Topics provides an overview on the current discussion beyond basic research in DBS and other brain stimulation technologies. Researchers from various disciplines, who are working on broader clinical, ethical and social issues related to DBS and related neuromodulation technologies, have contributed to this research topic.


Rights Come To Mind

Author by : Joseph J. Fins
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 90
Total Download : 102
File Size : 45,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Through the sobering story of Maggie Worthen and her mother, Nancy, this book tells of one family's struggle with severe brain injury and how developments in neuroscience call for a reconsideration of what society owes patients at the edge of consciousness. Drawing upon over fifty in-depth family interviews, the history of severe brain injury from Quinlan to Schiavo, and his participation in landmark clinical trials, such as the first use of deep brain stimulation in the minimally conscious state, Joseph J. Fins captures the paradox of medical and societal neglect even as advances in neuroscience suggest new ways to mend the broken brain. Responding to the dire care provided to these marginalized patients, after heroically being saved, Fins places society's obligations to patients with severe injury within the historical legacy of the civil and disability rights movements, offering a stirring synthesis of public policy and physician advocacy.


Neuromodulation

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Academic Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 99
Total Download : 717
File Size : 52,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Neuromodulation will be the first comprehensive and in-depth reference textbook covering all aspects of the rapidly growing field of neuromodulation. This book provides a complete discussion of the fundamental principles of neuromodulation and therapies applied to the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, autonomic nerves and various organs. The textbook is highly structured and organized into overarching sections that cover chronic pain, movement disorders, psychiatric disorders, epilepsy, functional electrical stimulation, cardiac, gastrointestinal, genitourinary and organ neuromodulation. The fundamental principles of electricity and infusion, neural tissue interface, biomedical engineering, neuromodulation devices, basic science, neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, imaging and mechanisms are emphasized. In addition to providing details pertaining to the state-of-the-art current practice, innovative and emerging applications are discussed in specific chapters. Finally, the textbook provides specific chapters focusing on the technical aspects of the various neuromodulation procedures as well as technical specifications of various implantable devices. All of the contributors to Neuromodulation represent leading experts in the field. The editors are internationally renowned in their respective fields of neuromodulation, pain management, functional neurosurgery and biomedical engineering. Neuromodulation will be the first and foremost authoritative text on neuromodulation therapies and will establish the gold standard that defines the field for years to come. Key Features The first comprehensive reference on the emerging field of Neuromodulation Editors and authors include all leading figures in the field, and the leaders of the International Neuromodulation Society Over 90 chapters on topics ranging from a layout of the fundamentals (e.g. neuroanatomy, plasticity, bioelectrical effects, infusion therapies), solutions for the biomedical engineering challenges (e.g. materials, how to preserve normal function etc.), to a rundown of the existing applications and their future promise Over 1200 pages in splendid full color, richly illustrated Important areas of application include: control of chronic pain delivery of drugs to the nervous system via implanted devices control of epilepsy, Parkinson, etc. functional restoration, e.g. visual, auditory, restoration after stroke, restoration of motor function after traumatic events stimulation of body organs via neural devices (incl. the heart, abdominal organs, genitourinary organs) overview over newly emerging fields - control of obesity, blood pressure, tinnitus, brain injury, neurodegenerative diseases, brain-machine interfaces


Emerging Horizons In Neuromodulation

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Academic Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 91
Total Download : 673
File Size : 55,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This issue of International Review of Neurobiology brings together cutting-edge research on neuromodulation. It reviews current knowledge and understanding, provides a starting point for researchers and practitioners entering the field, and builds a platform for further research and discovery. Brings together cutting-edge research on neuromodulation Reviews current knowledge and understanding Provides a starting point for researchers and practitioners entering the field, and builds a platform for further research and discovery


Neuromodulation In Psychiatry

Author by : Clement Hamani
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 62
Total Download : 995
File Size : 52,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : "Neuromodulation strategies, including both invasive and non-invasive approaches, are growing in popularity. Transcranial magnetic stimulation has been approved for the treatment of depression, and an increasing number of patients have access to this intervention. At the other end of the spectrum, deep brain stimulation is showing promise for patients with severe, treatment-resistant psychiatric illness. Other neuromodulation approaches are in various stages of clinical use and/or investigation. Importantly, many of these approaches are no longer limited to tertiary centers, but can be office-based for greater accessibility. This book provides a comprehensive and detailed guide to the use of neuromodulation strategies in psychiatry. It begins with a review of the history of this controversial field and the lessons learned, followed by a chapter on the ethics of modern usage of such techniques. Subsequent chapters are devoted to neuromodulation and surgical strategies used in psychiatry, including transcranial magnetic stimulation, transcranial direct current stimulation, vagus nerve stimulation, direct cortical stimulation, and deep brain stimulation. For each technique, a chapter describes the basic principles of each technique, using figures and schematics to illustrate details for people who do not have personal experience of using these techniques. Another chapter then focuses on the results of clinical research, trials and applications for that strategy. The book is the first comprehensive reference work to cover all neuromodulation strategies now used or with potential use in psychiatry. It allows psychiatrists to evaluate results obtained using such strategies and to make decisions regarding the best course of treatment for their patients"--Provided by publisher.


Machine Medical Ethics

Author by : Simon Peter van Rysewyk
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 83
Total Download : 584
File Size : 47,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The essays in this book, written by researchers from both humanities and science, describe various theoretical and experimental approaches to adding medical ethics to a machine, what design features are necessary in order to achieve this, philosophical and practical questions concerning justice, rights, decision-making and responsibility in medical contexts, and accurately modeling essential physician-machine-patient relationships. In medical settings, machines are in close proximity with human beings: with patients who are in vulnerable states of health, who have disabilities of various kinds, with the very young or very old and with medical professionals. Machines in these contexts are undertaking important medical tasks that require emotional sensitivity, knowledge of medical codes, human dignity and privacy. As machine technology advances, ethical concerns become more urgent: should medical machines be programmed to follow a code of medical ethics? What theory or theories should constrain medical machine conduct? What design features are required? Should machines share responsibility with humans for the ethical consequences of medical actions? How ought clinical relationships involving machines to be modeled? Is a capacity for empathy and emotion detection necessary? What about consciousness? This collection is the first book that addresses these 21st-century concerns.


Cognitive Enhancement

Author by : Elisabeth Hildt
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 41
Total Download : 740
File Size : 55,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Cognitive enhancement is the use of drugs, biotechnological strategies or other means by healthy individuals aiming at the improvement of cognitive functions such as vigilance, concentration or memory without any medical need. In particular, the use of pharmacological substances (caffeine, prescription drugs or illicit drugs) has received considerable attention during the last few years. Currently, however, little is known concerning the use of cognitive enhancers, their effects in healthy individuals and the place and function of cognitive enhancement in everyday life. The purpose of the book is to give an overview of the current research on cognitive enhancement and to provide in-depth insights into the interdisciplinary debate on cognitive enhancement.


The Development Of Deep Brain Stimulation For Neurological And Psychiatric Disorders Clinical Societal And Ethical Issues

Author by : Thomas E. Schlaepfer
Languange : en
Publisher by : Frontiers E-books
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 24
Total Download : 261
File Size : 48,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : To date more than eighty thousand patients worldwide have received deep brain stimulation (DBS), mainly in order to alleviate symptoms of treatment-resistant disorders such as tremor associated with Parkinson’s disease, essential tremor, chronic pain, epilepsy, obsessive compulsive disorder, major depression and Tourette syndrome. The number of indications for neurological and psychiatric conditions using this technology is rapidly increasing, raising important societal and ethical issues that cannot be dealt with by scientists and clinicians on their own, but need discussions among all possible stakeholders on questions such as: what are the comprehensive risks and benefits of this technology? what is the real impact on patients’ life, in terms of health, quality of life and personal identity? This Research Topic provides an overview of potentials and limitations of deep brain stimulation as used to treat neurological and psychiatric conditions, bringing together Mini Reviews, Perspectives and Opinion papers from key stakeholders interested in the development and social impact of this technology. It is also a continuation of the debate that started among scientists, clinicians, patients, sociologists, journalists, philosophers and other experts during the “brains in dialogue on deep brain stimulation” workshop that was organized in September 2010 in Warsaw, Poland, by the FP7 project bid – brains in dialogue (www.neuromedia.eu) coordinated by the Interdisciplinary Laboratory of SISSA (Trieste, Italy).


Brain Injury Medicine Third Edition

Author by : Nathan D. Zasler, MD
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Publishing Company
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 52
Total Download : 955
File Size : 42,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This revised and greatly expanded Third Edition of Brain Injury Medicine continues its reputation as the key core textbook in the field, bringing together evidence-based medicine and years of collective author clinical experience in a clear and comprehensive guide for brain injury professionals. Universally praised as the gold standard text and go-to clinical reference, the book covers the entire continuum of care from early diagnosis and assessment through acute management, rehabilitation, associated medical and quality of life issues, and functional outcomes. With 12 new chapters and expanded coverage in key areas of pathobiology and neuro-recovery, special populations, sport concussion, disorders of consciousness, neuropharmacology, and more, this "state of the science" resource promotes a multi-disciplinary approach to a complex condition with consideration of emerging topics and the latest clinical advances. Written by over 200 experts from all involved disciplines, the text runs the full gamut of practice of brain injury medicine including principles of public health and research, biomechanics and neural recovery, neuroimaging and neurodiagnostic testing, sport and military, prognosis and outcome, acute care, treatment of special populations, neurologic and other medical complications post-injury, motor and musculoskeletal problems, post-trauma pain disorders, cognitive and behavioral problems, functional mobility, neuropharmacology and alternative treatments, community reentry, and medicolegal and ethical issues. Unique in its scope of topics relevant to professionals working with patients with brain injury, this third edition offers the most complete and contemporary review of clinical practice standards in the field. Key Features: Thoroughly revised and updated Third Edition of the seminal reference on brain injury medicine Evidence-based consideration of emerging topics with new chapters covering pathobiology, biomarkers, neurorehabilitation nursing, neurodegenerative dementias, anoxic/hypoxic ischemic brain injury, infectious causes of acquired brain injury, neuropsychiatric assessment, PTSD, and capacity assessment Multi-disciplinary authorship with leading experts from a wide range of specialties including but not limited to physiatry, neurology, psychiatry, neurosurgery, neuropsychology, physical therapy, occupational therapy speech language pathology, and nursing New online chapters on survivorship, family perspectives, and resources for persons with brain injury and their caregivers Purchase includes digital access for use on most mobile devices or computers


Operative Neuromodulation

Author by : Damianos E. Sakas
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 81
Total Download : 628
File Size : 47,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This is the second part in a two-volume work on neuromodulation. It describes the techniques and procedures applied by direct contact with the central nervous system or cranial nerves (in order to modulate the function of neural networks) or in deeply located structures inside the nervous system (in order to alter the function on specific networks).


Debates About Neuroethics

Author by : Eric Racine
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 90
Total Download : 862
File Size : 47,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This is the first book entirely dedicated to exploring issues associated with the nature of neuroethics. It reflects on some of the underlying assumptions in neuroethics, and the implications of those assumptions with respect to training and education programs, research activities, policy engagement, public discourse, teaching, ethics consultation and mentoring, to name but a few areas of interest. Internationally respected and emerging leaders in the area have taken up the pen to express and debate their views about the development, focus and future of neuroethics. They share their analyses and make recommendations regarding how neuroscience could more effectively explore and tackle its philosophical, ethical, and societal implications.


Brain Injury Medicine 2nd Edition

Author by : David B. Arciniegas, MD
Languange : en
Publisher by : Demos Medical Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 34
Total Download : 987
File Size : 44,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Brain Injury Medicine - which includes free ebook access with every print purchase - is a clear and comprehensive guide to all aspects of the management of traumatic brain injury-from early diagnosis and evaluation through the post-acute period and rehabilitation. An essential reference for physicians and other health care professionals who work with patients with brain injury, the book focuses on assessment and treatment of the wider variety of clinical problems these patients face and addresses many associated concerns such as epidemiology, ethical issues, legal issues, and life-care planning. Written by over 190 acknowledged leaders, the text covers the full spectrum of the practice of brain injury medicine including principles of neural recovery, neuroimaging and neurodiagnostic testing, prognosis and outcome, acute care, rehabilitation, treatment of specific populations, neurologic and other medical problems following injury, cognitive and behavioral problems, post-trauma pain disorders, pharmacologic and alternative treatments, and community reentry and productivity. Brain Injury Medicine, 2nd Edition Features: The acknowledged gold standard reference-brings together knowledge, experience, and evidence-based medicine Comprehensive and current-completely revised, updated, and expanded to include emerging topics and the latest clinical and research advances Multi-disciplinary focus-expert authorship from a wide range of specialties promotes a holistic team approach to a complex, many-faceted condition Covers the entire continuum of care from early diagnosis and assessment through acute management, rehabilitation, associated medical and quality of life issues, and functional outcomes New to the Second Edition: Three new Associate Editors from related disciplines provide added expertise Five new sections: acute rehabilitative care, pediatric TBI, special senses, autonomic and other organ system problems, post-trauma pain disorders 25 new chapters running the gamut from health policy to biomechanics, to military TBI to pediatric issues and more Print + Digital Access: Purchase price includes enhanced e-book containing the complete and fully searchable text plus additional digital-only content


Oxford Textbook Of Neuropsychiatry

Author by : Niruj Agrawal
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 36
Total Download : 609
File Size : 42,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : A survey of over 900 trainees at the Royal College of Psychiatrists (RCPsych) in the United Kingdom showed that over three-quarters of psychiatry trainees desired some knowledge and training in the field of neuropsychiatry. Recent years have given rise to a substantial global focus on integrating neurosciences and neuropsychiatry in psychiatric training. Neuropsychiatry forms an important part of the psychiatric curriculum and is examined in theory and in clinical exams. Similarly, neuropsychiatry is also of interest to neurology trainees, and it is increasingly recognised that all neurology trainees should have some knowledge and experience in neuropsychiatry. Despite this growing interest, there is a dearth of neuropsychiatry textbooks specifically geared towards trainees and other clinicians who are not specialist in the field. Part of the Oxford Textbooks in Psychiatry series, the Oxford Textbook of Neuropsychiatry helps to bridge the gap between general psychiatric textbooks and reference texts in neuropsychiatry. Organised into four sections, the book covers the basic knowledge and skills relevant to neuropsychiatry, the various neuropsychiatric conditions, the principles of treatment, and perspectives for neuropsychiatry worldwide. Chapters have been written by international experts who are leaders in their own fields with the view to taking an evidence-based, up-to-date, global perspective on neuropsychiatric problems and treatment. The book is relevant to trainees in psychiatry, neurology, neurorehabilitation and also to various allied professionals in neuroscience and mental health. It covers core knowledge and skills for practice in all psychiatric disciplines including core knowledge for training in neuropsychiatry. The book meets curriculum requirements for various international training programmes and examinations, and serves as an essential training text book for all psychiatric and neurology trainees worldwide.


Tms Improvement Of Human Cognitive Abilities

Author by : J. E. Desmond
Languange : en
Publisher by : IOS Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 83
Total Download : 924
File Size : 50,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Based on a premise that it is both possible and in a clinical context desirable to influence brain function and that it can serve to improve behaviour and promote recovery of function.