The Cognitive Neuroscience of Metacognition

The Cognitive Neuroscience of Metacognition
Author: Stephen M. Fleming,Christopher D. Frith
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 407
Release: 2014-01-31
ISBN: 364245190X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Cognitive Neuroscience of Metacognition Book Excerpt:

Metacognition is the capacity to reflect upon and evaluate cognition and behaviour. Long of interest to philosophers and psychologists, metacognition has recently become the target of research in the cognitive neurosciences. By combining brain imaging, computational modeling, neuropsychology and insights from psychiatry, the present book offers a picture of the metacognitive functions of the brain. Chapters cover the definition and measurement of metacognition in humans and non-human animals, the computational underpinnings of metacognitive judgments the cognitive neuroscience of self-monitoring ranging from confidence to error-monitoring and neuropsychiatric studies of disorders of metacognition. This book provides an invaluable overview of a rapidly emerging and important field within cognitive neuroscience.

Metacognition and Cognitive Neuropsychology

Metacognition and Cognitive Neuropsychology
Author: Giuliana Mazzoni,Thomas O. Nelson
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2014-05-12
ISBN: 1317778421
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Metacognition and Cognitive Neuropsychology Book Excerpt:

Control processes are those mental functions that allow us to initiate, monitor, and prioritize mental activities. They are crucial to normal mental functioning. A better understanding of the nature of control processes and their deficits is important for clinical work and for an adequate theory of consciousness. Previously, control processes have been examined within the frameworks of two parallel but independent paradigms: those of cognitive psychology and of neuropsychology. Cognitive psychologists have stressed the theoretical and empirical nature of normal unimpaired control processes; neuropsychologists have focused on the relationships between damage to specific functional areas of the brain and deficits in specific control processes. Both have contributed extensively to our understanding of control processes. However, they have tended to operate independently, with little if any cross-talk between disciplines, despite the potential benefits such dialogue is likely to generate. This book represents the first attempt to synthesize cognitive and neuropsychological perspectives on control processes. It contains state-of-the-art reports on various aspects of control processes by experts from both disciplines.

Implicit Memory and Metacognition

Implicit Memory and Metacognition
Author: Lynne M. Reder
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2014-01-14
ISBN: 1317779622
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Implicit Memory and Metacognition Book Excerpt:

Metacognition is a term that spans many sub-areas in psychology and means different things to different people. A dominant view has been that metacognition involves the monitoring of performance in order to control cognition; however, it seems reasonable that much of this control runs implicitly (i.e., without awareness). Newer still is the field of implicit memory, and it has different connotations to different sub-groups as well. The editor of this volume takes it to mean that a prior experience affects behavior without the individual's appreciation (ability to report) of this influence. Implicit memory and metacognition seem to be at two opposite ends of the spectrum -- one seemingly conscious and control-oriented, the other occurring without subjects' awareness. Do these processes relate to each other in interesting ways, or do they operate independently without reference to each other? The relatively novel conjecture that much of the control of cognition operates at an implicit level sparked Reder's desire to explore the interrelationship between the two fields. Developed within the last two decades, both fields are very new and generate a great deal of excitement and research interest. Hundreds of articles have been written about metacognition and about implicit memory, but little if any material has been published about the two areas in combination. In other words, Metacognition and Implicit Memory is the first book attempting to integrate what should be closely linked efforts in the study of cognitive science.

Cognitive Development and Cognitive Neuroscience

Cognitive Development and Cognitive Neuroscience
Author: Usha Goswami
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 630
Release: 2019-09-26
ISBN: 131741005X
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Development and Cognitive Neuroscience Book Excerpt:

Cognitive Development and Cognitive Neuroscience: The Learning Brain is a thoroughly revised edition of the bestselling Cognitive Development. The new edition of this full-colour textbook has been updated with the latest research in cognitive neuroscience, going beyond Piaget and traditional theories to demonstrate how emerging data from the brain sciences require a new theoretical framework for teaching cognitive development, based on learning. Building on the framework for teaching cognitive development presented in the first edition, Goswami shows how different cognitive domains such as language, causal reasoning and theory of mind may emerge from automatic neural perceptual processes. Cognitive Neuroscience and Cognitive Development integrates principles and data from cognitive science, neuroscience, computer modelling and studies of non-human animals into a model that transforms the study of cognitive development to produce both a key introductory text and a book which encourages the reader to move beyond the superficial and gain a deeper understanding of the subject matter. Cognitive Development and Cognitive Neuroscience is essential for students of developmental and cognitive psychology, education, language and the learning sciences. It will also be of interest to anyone training to work with children.

Implicit Memory and Metacognition

Implicit Memory and Metacognition
Author: Lynne M. Reder
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2014-01-14
ISBN: 1317779630
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Implicit Memory and Metacognition Book Excerpt:

Metacognition is a term that spans many sub-areas in psychology and means different things to different people. A dominant view has been that metacognition involves the monitoring of performance in order to control cognition; however, it seems reasonable that much of this control runs implicitly (i.e., without awareness). Newer still is the field of implicit memory, and it has different connotations to different sub-groups as well. The editor of this volume takes it to mean that a prior experience affects behavior without the individual's appreciation (ability to report) of this influence. Implicit memory and metacognition seem to be at two opposite ends of the spectrum -- one seemingly conscious and control-oriented, the other occurring without subjects' awareness. Do these processes relate to each other in interesting ways, or do they operate independently without reference to each other? The relatively novel conjecture that much of the control of cognition operates at an implicit level sparked Reder's desire to explore the interrelationship between the two fields. Developed within the last two decades, both fields are very new and generate a great deal of excitement and research interest. Hundreds of articles have been written about metacognition and about implicit memory, but little if any material has been published about the two areas in combination. In other words, Metacognition and Implicit Memory is the first book attempting to integrate what should be closely linked efforts in the study of cognitive science.

Metacognitive Diversity

Metacognitive Diversity
Author: Joëlle Proust,Martin Fortier
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2018-03-09
ISBN: 0192506889
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Metacognitive Diversity Book Excerpt:

Metacognition refers to our awareness of our own mental processes, such as perceiving, remembering, learning, and problem solving. It is a fascinating area of research for psychologists, neuroscientists, anthropologists, sociologists and philosophers. This book explores the variability of metacognitive skills across cultures, since a person's decision to allocate effort, motivation to learn, sense of being right or wrong in perceptions, memories, and other cognitive tasks depends on specific transmitted goals, norms, and values. Across nineteen chapters, a group of leading authors analyze the variable and universal features associated with these dimensions, drawing on cutting-edge evidence. Additionally, new domains of metacognitive variability are considered in this volume, including those generated by metacognition-oriented embodied practices (present in rituals and religious worship), and culture-specific lay theories about subjective uncertainty and knowledge regarding natural or supernatural entities. It also documents universal metacognitive features, such as children's earlier sensitivity to their own ignorance than to that of others, people's intuitive understanding of what counts as knowledge, and speakers' sensitivity to informational sources (independently of the way the information is linguistically expressed). The book is important reading for students and scholars in cognitive and cultural psychology, anthopology, developmental and social psychology, linguistics, and philosophy.

The Taxonomy of Metacognition

The Taxonomy of Metacognition
Author: Pina Tarricone
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2011-02-25
ISBN: 1136822933
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Taxonomy of Metacognition Book Excerpt:

This book clarifies the construct of metacognition so that researchers and teachers can develop a better understanding of it. This is an important and broad ranging contribution, which can be drawn upon and applied in many related areas, by researchers, psychologists, teachers and any profession interested in psychological learning processes.

The Oxford Handbook of Metamemory

The Oxford Handbook of Metamemory
Author: John Dunlosky,Sarah Tauber
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2016-04-12
ISBN: 019933675X
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Metamemory Book Excerpt:

The Oxford Handbook of Metamemory investigates the human ability to evaluate and control learning and information retrieval processes. Each chapter in this authoritative guide highlights a different facet of metamemory research, including classical metamemory judgments; applications of metamemory research to the classroom and courtroom; and cutting-edge perspectives on continuing debates and theory. Chapters also provide broad historical overviews of each research area and discussions of promising directions for future research. The breadth and depth of coverage on offer in this Handbook make it ideal for seminars on metamemory or metacognition. It would also be a valuable supplement for advanced courses on cognitive psychology, of use especially to graduate students and more seasoned researchers who are interested in exploring metamemory for the first time.

Stevens Handbook of Experimental Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience Learning and Memory

Stevens  Handbook of Experimental Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience  Learning and Memory
Author: John T. Wixted,Lila Davachi
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 624
Release: 2018-03-13
ISBN: 111917001X
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Stevens Handbook of Experimental Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience Learning and Memory Book Excerpt:

I. Learning & Memory: Elizabeth Phelps & Lila Davachi (Volume Editors) Topics covered include working memory; fear learning; education and memory; memory and future imagining; sleep and memory; emotion and memory; motivation and memory; inhibition in memory; attention and memory; aging and memory; autobiographical memory; eyewitness memory; and category learning.

The Handbook of the Neuroscience of Multilingualism

The Handbook of the Neuroscience of Multilingualism
Author: John W. Schwieter
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 880
Release: 2022-03-14
ISBN: 1119387698
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Handbook of the Neuroscience of Multilingualism Book Excerpt:

The definitive guide to 21st century investigations of multilingual neuroscience The Handbook of the Neuroscience of Multilingualism provides a comprehensive survey of neurocognitive investigations of multiple-language speakers. Prominent scholar John W. Schwieter offers a unique collection of works from globally recognized researchers in neuroscience, psycholinguistics, neurobiology, psychology, neuroimaging, and others, to provide a multidisciplinary overview of relevant topics. Authoritative coverage of state-of-the-art research provides readers with fundamental knowledge of significant theories and methods, language impairments and disorders, and neural representations, functions, and processes of the multilingual brain. Focusing on up-to-date theoretical and experimental research, this timely handbook explores new directions of study and examines significant findings in the rapidly evolving field of multilingual neuroscience. Discussions on the bilingual advantage debate, recovery and rehabilitation patterns in multilingual aphasia, and the neurocognitive effects of multilingualism throughout the lifespan allow informed investigation of contemporary issues. Presents the first handbook-length examination of the neuroscience and neurolinguistics of multilingualism Demonstrates how neuroscience and multilingualism intersect several areas of research, such as neurobiology and experimental psychology Includes works from prominent international scholars and researchers to provide global perspective Reflects cutting-edge research and promising areas of future study in the dynamic field of multilingual neuroscience The Handbook of the Neuroscience of Multilingualism is an invaluable resource for researchers and scholars in areas including multilingualism, psycholinguistics, second language acquisition, and cognitive science. This versatile work is also an indispensable addition to the classroom, providing advanced undergraduate and graduate students a thorough overview of the field.

In Consciousness we Trust

In Consciousness we Trust
Author: Hakwan Lau
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2022-02-10
ISBN: 0192598805
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

In Consciousness we Trust Book Excerpt:

In Consciousness We Trust is a synthesis of Hakwan Lau's 20-year research programme exploring the neuroscience of consciousness. Discussing studies from his own laboratory, Lau uses various neuroscience techniques to address challenging philosophical questions about the nature of our subjective experience. Considering the qualitative nature of subjective experience, the book reviews the current cognitive neuroscience literature on conscious perception, attention, and metacognition and puts forward a mechanistic account of experience through the context of personal journey. Chapters cover different major theoretical positions, to relate the nature of consciousness to relevant phenomena such as attention, metacognition, rational control, emotion, and sense of agency. This is a must-read for graduate students and researchers in cognitive neuroscience and philosophy, and an important contribution to the consciousness literature. This is an open access title available under the terms of a [CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 International] licence.

International Handbook of Metacognition and Learning Technologies

International Handbook of Metacognition and Learning Technologies
Author: Roger Azevedo,Vincent Aleven
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 721
Release: 2013-04-23
ISBN: 1441955461
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

International Handbook of Metacognition and Learning Technologies Book Excerpt:

Education in today's technologically advanced environments makes complex cognitive demands on students pre-learning, during, and post-learning. Not surprisingly, these analytical learning processes--metacognitive processes--have become an important focus of study as new learning technologies are assessed for effectiveness in this area.Rich in theoretical models and empirical data, the International Handbook of Metacognition and Learning Technologies synthesizes current research on this critical topic. This interdisciplinary reference delves deeply into component processes of self-regulated learning (SRL), examining theories and models of metacognition, empirical issues in the study of SRL, and the expanding role of educational technologies in helping students learn. Innovations in multimedia, hypermedia, microworlds, and other platforms are detailed across the domains, so that readers in diverse fields can evaluate the theories, data collection methods, and conclusions. And for the frontline instructor, contributors offer proven strategies for using technologies to benefit students at all levels. For each technology covered, the Handbook: Explains how the technology fosters students' metacognitive or self-regulated learning.Identifies features designed to study or support metacognitve/SRL behaviors.Reviews how its specific theory or model addresses learners' metacognitive/SRL processes.Provides detailed findings on its effectiveness toward learning.Discusses its implications for the design of metacognitive tools.Examines any theoretical, instructional, or other challenges.These leading-edge perspectives make the International Handbook of Metacognition and Learning Technologies a resource of great interest to professionals and researchers in science and math education, classroom teachers, human resource researchers, and industrial and other instructors.

Social Cognition and Metacognition in Schizophrenia

Social Cognition and Metacognition in Schizophrenia
Author: Paul Lysaker,Giancarlo Dimaggio,Martin Brüne
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 354
Release: 2014-07-04
ISBN: 012405174X
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Social Cognition and Metacognition in Schizophrenia Book Excerpt:

Deficits in social cognition and metacognition in schizophrenics makes it difficult for them to understand the speech, facial expressions and hence emotion and intention of others, as well as allowing little insight into their own mental state. These deficits are associated with poor social skills, fewer social relationships, and are predictive of poorer performance in a work setting. Social Cognition and Metacognition in Schizophrenia reviews recent research advances focusing on the precise nature of these deficits, when and how they manifest themselves, what their effect is on the course of schizophrenia, and how each can be treated. These deficits may themselves be why schizophrenia is so difficult to resolve; by focusing on the deficits, recovery may be quicker and long lasting. This book discusses such deficits in early onset, first episode, and prolonged schizophrenia; how the deficits relate to each other and to other forms of psychopathology; how the deficits affect social, psychological, and vocational functioning; and how best to treat the deficits in either individual or group settings. Summarizes the types of social cognitive and metacognitive deficits present in schizophrenia Discusses how deficits are related to each other and to other forms of psychopathology Describes how deficits impact function and affect the recovery process Provides treatment approaches for these deficits

Metacognition Fundaments Applications and Trends

Metacognition  Fundaments  Applications  and Trends
Author: Alejandro Peña-Ayala
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 367
Release: 2014-10-30
ISBN: 3319110624
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Metacognition Fundaments Applications and Trends Book Excerpt:

This book is devoted to the Metacognition arena. It highlights works that show relevant analysis, reviews, theoretical, and methodological proposals, as well as studies, approaches, applications, and tools that shape current state, define trends and inspire future research. As a result of the revision process fourteen manuscripts were accepted and organized into five parts as follows: · Conceptual: contains conceptual works oriented to: (1) review models of strategy instruction and tailor a hybrid strategy; (2) unveil second-order judgments and define a method to assess metacognitive judgments; (3) introduces a conceptual model to describe the metacognitive activity as an autopoietic system. · Framework: offers three works concerned with: (4) stimulate metacognitive skills and self-regulatory functions; (5) evaluate metacognitive skills and self-regulated learning at problem solving; (6) deal with executive management metacognition and strategic knowledge metacognition. · Studies: reports research related to: (7) uncover how metacognitive awareness of listening strategies bias listening proficiency; (8) unveil how metacognitive skills and motivation are achieved in science informal learning; (9) tackle stress at learning by means of coping strategies. · Approaches: focus on the following targets: (10) social metacognition to support collaborative problem solving; (11) metacognitive skills to be stimulated in computer supported collaborative learning; (12) metacognitive knowledge and metacognitive experiences are essential for teaching practices. · Tools: promotes the use of intelligent tutoring systems such as: (13) BioWorld allows learners to practice medical diagnostic by providing virtual patient cases; (14) MetaHistoReasoning provides examples to learners and inquiries about the causes of historical events. This volume will be a source of interest for researchers, practitioners, professors, and postgraduate students aimed at updating their knowledge and finding targets for future work in the metacognition arena.

The Handbook of Memory Disorders

The Handbook of Memory Disorders
Author: Alan D. Baddeley,Michael D. Kopelman,Barbara A. Wilson
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 880
Release: 2003-04-11
ISBN: 0470856300
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Handbook of Memory Disorders Book Excerpt:

The eagerly awaited 2nd edition of this classic handbook is a critical, thorough account of memory disorders relating to neurological processes and to developmental and acquired brain damage and presents comprehensive sections on theory, assessment, treatment and management of memory disorders. Written by a truly international team of experts, this completely updated edition offers an authoritative review of the key areas of research and development in this field. ? Completely updated and expanded ? New sections and chapters reflect many of the biggest growth areas in the field in recent years, such as confabulation, false memory and the frontal lobes ? Written by an international team of experts

Metacognition

Metacognition
Author: Patrick Chambres,Marie Izaute,Pierre-Jean Marescaux
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 281
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 1461510996
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Metacognition Book Excerpt:

The object of this volume is to promote the interaction, and indeed construct a synergistic reciprocity between the functional perspective on metacognition and the analytical perspective. The authors examine the role of metacognition in activities as varied as classroom learning, piloting airplanes, and eyewitness testimony. The ideas and questions developed in the book will give a dynamic impulse to research in the field.

Cognitive Neuroscience of Consciousness

Cognitive Neuroscience of Consciousness
Author: Anil Seth,Geraint Rees
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 88
Release: 2013-05-13
ISBN: 1135900671
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Neuroscience of Consciousness Book Excerpt:

How do conscious experience, subjectivity, and free will arise from the brain and the body? Even in the late 20th century, consciousness was considered to be beyond the reach of science. Now, understanding the neural mechanisms underlying consciousness is recognized as a key objective for 21st century science. The cognitive neuroscience of consciousness is a fundamentally multidisciplinary enterprise, involving powerful new combinations of functional brain imaging, computational modelling, theoretical innovation, and basic neurobiology. Its progress will be marked by new insights not only into the complex brain mechanisms underlying consciousness, but also by novel clinical approaches to a wide range of neurological and psychiatric disorders. These innovations are well represented by the contents of the present volume. A target article by Victor Lamme puts forward the contentious position that neural evidence should trump evidence from behaviour and introspection, in any theory of consciousness. This article and its several commentaries advance one of the fundamental debates in consciousness science, namely whether there exists non-reportable phenomenal consciousness, perhaps dependent on local rather than global neural processes. Other articles explore the wider terrain of the new science of consciousness. For example, Maniscalco and colleagues use theta-burst transcranial magnetic stimulation to selectively impair metacognitive awareness; Massimini and coworkers examine changes in functional connectivity during anesthesi, and Vanhaudenhuyse et al describe innovations in detecting residual awareness following traumatic brain injury. Together, then contents of this volume exemplify the `grand challenge of consciousness' in combining transformative questions about the human condition with a tractable programme of experimental and theoretical research.

Metacognition Strategy Use and Instruction

Metacognition  Strategy Use  and Instruction
Author: Harriet Salatas Waters,Wolfgang Schneider
Publsiher: Guilford Press
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2009-09-01
ISBN: 160623384X
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Metacognition Strategy Use and Instruction Book Excerpt:

Showcasing exemplary research programs, this book explores how the latest theories and findings on cognitive development can be used to improve classroom instruction. The focus is on how children acquire knowledge about the processes involved in learning—such as remembering, thinking, and problem solving—as well as strategies for mastering new information. The contributors are leading experts who illustrate ways teachers can support the development of metacognition and goal-directed strategy use throughout the school years and in different academic domains. Teacher behaviors and instructional methods that promote these abilities are identified, and innovative assessment approaches and research designs are described.

Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Systems

Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Systems
Author: Chris Forsythe,Huafei Liao,Michael Christopher Stefan Trumbo,Rogelio E. Cardona-Rivera
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 326
Release: 2014-09-26
ISBN: 1466570571
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Systems Book Excerpt:

While there have been tremendous advances in our scientific understanding of the brain, this work has been largely academic, and often oriented toward clinical publication. Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Systems: Work and Everyday Life addresses the relationship between neurophysiological processes and the performance and experience of humans in everyday life. It samples the vast neuroscience literature to identify those areas of research that speak directly to the performance and experience of humans in everyday settings, highlighting the practical, everyday application of brain science. The book explains the underlying basis for well-established principles from human factors, ergonomics, and industrial engineering and design. It also sheds new light on factors affecting human performance and behavior. This is not an academic treatment of neuroscience, but rather a translation that makes modern brain science accessible and easily applicable to systems design, education and training, and the development of policies and practices. The authors supply clear and direct guidance on the applications of principles from brain science to everyday problems. With discussions of topics from brain science and their relevance to everyday activities, the book focuses on the science, describing the findings and the studies producing these findings. It then decodes how these findings relate to everyday life and how you can integrate them into your work to achieve more effective outcomes based on a fundamental understanding of how the operations of the human brain produce behavior and modulate performance.

The Philosophy of Metacognition

The Philosophy of Metacognition
Author: Joëlle Proust
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 366
Release: 2013-11
ISBN: 0199602166
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Philosophy of Metacognition Book Excerpt:

Does metacognition—the capacity to self-evaluate one's cognitive performance—derive from a mindreading capacity, or does it rely on informational processes? Joëlle Proust draws on psychology and neuroscience to defend the second claim. She argues that metacognition need not involve metarepresentations, and is essentially related to mental agency.