The Concept of Mind

The Concept of Mind
Author: Gilbert Ryle
Publsiher: University of Chicago Press
Total Pages: 334
Release: 1984
ISBN: 9780226732954
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Concept of Mind Book Excerpt:

This now-classic work challenges what Ryle calls philosophy's "official theory, " the Cartesian "myth" of the separation of mind and matter. Ryle's linguistic analysis remaps the conceptual geography of mind, not so much solving traditional philosophical problams as dissolving them into the mere consequences of misguided language. His plain language and essentially simple purpose put him in the tradition of Locke, Berkeley, Mill, and Russell - philisophers whose best work, like Ryle's, has become a part of our general literature.

The Concept of Reduction

The Concept of Reduction
Author: Raphael van Riel
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 226
Release: 2014-02-19
ISBN: 3319041622
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Concept of Reduction Book Excerpt:

This volume investigates the notion of reduction. Building on the idea that philosophers employ the term ‘reduction’ to reconcile diversity and directionality with unity, without relying on elimination, the book offers a powerful explication of an “ontological”, notion of reduction the extension of which is (primarily) formed by properties, kinds, individuals, or processes. It argues that related notions of reduction, such as theory-reduction and functional reduction, should be defined in terms of this explication. Thereby, the book offers a coherent framework, which sheds light on the history of the various reduction debates in the philosophy of science and in the philosophy of mind, and on related topics such as reduction and unification, the notion of a scientific level, and physicalism. The book takes its point of departure in the examination of a puzzle about reduction. To illustrate, the book takes as an example the reduction of water. If water reduces to H2O, then water is identical to H2O – thus we get unity. Unity does not come at the price of elimination – claiming that water reduces to H2O, we do not thereby claim that there is no water. But what about diversity and directionality? Intuitively, there should be a difference between water and H2O, such that we get diversity. This is required for there to be directionality: in a sense, if water reduces to H2O, then H2O is prior to, or more basic than water. At least, if water reduces to H2O, then H2O does not reduce to water. But how can this be, if water is identical to H2O? The book shows that the application of current models of reduction does not solve this puzzle, and proposes a new coherent definition, according to which unity is tied to identity, diversity is descriptive in nature, and directionality is the directionality of explanation.

Gregory of Nyssa and the Concept of Divine Persons

Gregory of Nyssa and the Concept of Divine Persons
Author: Lucian Turcescu
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 186
Release: 2005-02-17
ISBN: 9780198038832
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gregory of Nyssa and the Concept of Divine Persons Book Excerpt:

The concept of personhood is central to a wide range of contemporary issues, ranging from reproductive rights to the death penalty and euthanasia. We may think that the concept of person is a modern development. In fact, however, this idea does not originate with our discovery of human rights, consciousness, and individuality. In this study Lucian Turcescu shows that the fourth-century theologian Gregory of Nyssa developed a very sophisticated concept of the person in the context of his attempts to clarify the paradox of the Trinity-a single God comprising three distinct persons. Turcescu offers the first in-depth analysis of Gregory's writings about the divine persons. He shows that Gregory understood personhood as characterized by uniqueness, relationality, and freedom. He reasoned that the three persons of the Trinity have distinctive properties that make them individuals, that is, capable of being enumerated and circumscribed. But this idea of individuation, inherited from the neo-Platonists, falls short of expressing a clear notion of personal uniqueness. By itself it would suggest that a person is merely a collection of properties. Gregory's great contribution was to perceive the importance of relationality to personhood. The three divine persons know and love each other, are in communion with each other, and freely act together in their common will. This understanding, argues Turcescu, adds up to a concept of personal uniqueness much like our modern one. Turcescu's work not only contributes to our knowledge of the history of Trinitarian theology but can be helpful to theologians who are dealing with issues in contemporary ethics.

The Concept of Religion

The Concept of Religion
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 204
Release: 2015-06-01
ISBN: 9004299327
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Concept of Religion Book Excerpt:

In The Concept of Religion Hans Schilderman edits a volume on the definition and empirical study of religious beliefs and practices within a variety of settings of schools, churches and society at large.

The Concept of History

The Concept of History
Author: Dmitri Nikulin
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2017-01-26
ISBN: 1474269133
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Concept of History Book Excerpt:

The Concept of History reflects on the presuppositions behind the contemporary understanding of history that often remain implicit and not spelled out. It is a critique of the modern understanding of history that presents it as universal and teleological, progressively moving forward to an end. Although few contemporary philosophers and historians maintain the view that there is strict universality and teleology in history, the remnants of these positions still affect our understanding of history. But if history is not universal and singular, evolving toward an objective universal end, it should be possible to admit of multiple histories, some of which we appropriate as our own. An another important aspect of this book is that if provides an account of history that is itself both historical and rooted in attempts to narrate and explain history from its inception in antiquity. The book seeks to establish features or constituents of history that might be found in any historical account and might themselves be considered historical invariants in history.

Lacan and the Concept of the Real

Lacan and the Concept of the  Real
Author: T. Eyers
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2012-08-07
ISBN: 1137026391
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lacan and the Concept of the Real Book Excerpt:

This is the first book in English to explore in detail the genesis and consequences of Lacan's concept of the 'Real', providing readers with an invaluable key to one of the most influential ideas of modern times.

Thought and Faith The concept of divinity

Thought and Faith  The concept of divinity
Author: Vassilis Vitsaxis
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 713
Release: 2009
ISBN: 1935244051
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thought and Faith The concept of divinity Book Excerpt:

The Concept of Freedom in Anthropology

The Concept of Freedom in Anthropology
Author: David Bidney
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 291
Release: 2020-05-18
ISBN: 3112319370
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Concept of Freedom in Anthropology Book Excerpt:

The Concept of Meaninglessness

The Concept of Meaninglessness
Author: Edward Erwin
Publsiher: JHU Press
Total Pages: 178
Release: 2019-12-01
ISBN: 1421431068
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Concept of Meaninglessness Book Excerpt:

He then tries to show how the concept of meaninglessness, when interpreted in the manner he suggests, can be profitably used by philosophers, despite the many persuasive objections to its use that philosophers have raised in their disputes over it.

The Concept of Justice and Equality

The Concept of Justice and Equality
Author: Eliane Saadé
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 235
Release: 2015-09-25
ISBN: 3110448904
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Concept of Justice and Equality Book Excerpt:

Unless considered on a practical level, where a precise distribution of social goods is chosen, John Rawls’s and Gerald Cohen’s approaches to social justice cannot be complementary. Their disagreement about justice and its principles calls for a choice, which opts either for the Rawlsian theory or for the Cohenian one. What is the more plausible approach to social justice? This work compares both approaches and aims to defend Cohen’s position in the light of two considerations. It answers the philosophical question about the analysis of the idea of justice, which puts the virtue of justice in its philosophical context. It, however, presents a method everyone can apply in order to arrive at the fundamental principles of justice by employing the power of reason. An analysis of the concept of justice based on the power of reason should seek to uncover the ultimate nature of justice, which is independent of facts and of other virtues. Once exposed, the understanding of justice arrived at should inform social institutions and determine people’s daily decisions. A just society is therefore a society where just persons and just institutions exhibit the virtue of justice.

Issues in Bioethics and the Concept of Scale

Issues in Bioethics and the Concept of Scale
Author: William Andrew Cook
Publsiher: Peter Lang
Total Pages: 136
Release: 2008
ISBN: 9781433101991
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Issues in Bioethics and the Concept of Scale Book Excerpt:

Issues in Bioethics and the Concept of Scale arose from the author's deep and committed interest in ecology, moral philosophy, and medicine, and how they are interrelated. William A. Cook expands on the recognition that spatial and temporal scale characteristics are factors in the understanding and modeling of ecological systems and in decision-making around ecological and environmental issues, and introduces this dynamic to the field of bioethics. The concept of scale, from hierarchy theory as it is used in ecology to deal with the complexity and interrelationships of systems, is explored and identified as a factor and potential source of conflict in the field of bioethics. This notion of scale is conceptually useful for considering the complexity of some bioethical issues.

The Concept of Analytic Contact

The Concept of Analytic Contact
Author: Robert Waska
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2007-08-07
ISBN: 1134099924
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Concept of Analytic Contact Book Excerpt:

The Concept of Analytic Contact presents practitioners with new ways to assist the often severely disturbed patients that come to see them in both private and institutional settings. In this book Robert Waska outlines the use of psychoanalysis as a method of engagement that can be utilised with or without the addition of multiple weekly visits and the analytic couch. The chapters in this book follow a wide spectrum of cases and clinical situations where hard to reach patients are provided with the best opportunity for health and healing through the establishment of analytic contact. Divided into four parts, this book covers: the concept of analytic contact caution and reluctance concerning psychological engagement drugs, mutilation, and psychic fragmentation clinical reality, psychoanalysis and the utility of analytic contact. Analytic contact is demonstrated to be a valuable clinical approach to working analytically with a complicated group of patients in a successful manner. It will be of great interest to all practitioners in the field of psychoanalysis and psychotherapy.

The Concept of the Social

The Concept of the Social
Author: Malcolm Bull
Publsiher: Verso Books
Total Pages: 356
Release: 2021-10-12
ISBN: 184467293X
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Concept of the Social Book Excerpt:

From here to utopia, new directions in political theory What does political agency mean for those who don't know what to do or can't be bothered to do it? This book develops a novel account of collective emancipation in which freedom is achieved not through knowledge and action but via doubt and inertia. In essays that range from ancient Greece to the end of the Anthropocene, Bull addresses questions central to contemporary political theory in novel readings of texts by Aristotle, Machiavelli, Marx, and Arendt, and shows how classic philosophical problems have a bearing on issues like political protest and climate change. The result is an entirely original account of political agency for the twenty-first century in which uncertainty and idleness are limned with utopian promise.

Jeff Wall and the Concept of the Picture

Jeff Wall and the Concept of the Picture
Author: Naomi Merritt
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 206
Release: 2020-12-30
ISBN: 1000182703
Category: Photography
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Jeff Wall and the Concept of the Picture Book Excerpt:

This book grapples with fundamental questions about the evolving nature of pictorial representation, and the role photography has played in this ongoing process. These issues are explored through a close analysis of key themes that underpin the photography practice of Canadian artist Jeff Wall and through examining important works that have defined his oeuvre. Wall’s strategic revival of ‘the picture’ has had a resounding influence on the development of contemporary art photography, by expanding the conceptual and technical frameworks of the medium and introducing a self-reflexive criticality. Naomi Merritt brings a new and original contribution to the scholarship on one of the most significant figures to have shaped the course of contemporary art photography since the 1970s and shines a light on the multilayered connections between photography and art. This book will be of interest to scholars in the history of photography, art and visual culture, and contemporary art history.

Allah The Concept of God in Islam

Allah  The Concept of God in Islam
Author: Yasin T. al-Jibouri
Publsiher: Author House
Total Pages: 540
Release: 2012-01-19
ISBN: 1468532723
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Allah The Concept of God in Islam Book Excerpt:

Humans are comprised of a body and a soul, yet most of them take care of their bodies and forget about their souls. This book wakes them up, the author hopes, and provides them with a dose of spirituality which they may never have had before. This book is written for everyone, and its stories will appeal to many, if not most, people who will find in them beauty and universality: There is One God, one human family started by Adam and Eve, one truth, one heaven, one hell, one right and one wrong... and one religion. Call any of these by any name, it does not matter, for calling a rose by any other name does not change its beauty, hue, aroma or anything else. So is the case particularly with God whom the Muslims prefer to call “All¡h” for reasons which the book explains. This Volume discusses the “99 Attributes of All¡h” or how Muslims view their Creator. Knowing a maker is done by knowing what he makes. It discusses not only prominent figures but other beings as well: jinns (or genies), angels, demons, etc. It narrates interesting tales about a number of God’s prophets and messengers such as Noah, Moses, Abraham, David, Solomon and Jesus Christ, peace with them all and many, many salutations.

Aristotle on the Concept of Shared Life

Aristotle on the Concept of Shared Life
Author: Sara Brill
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2020-05-21
ISBN: 019257597X
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Aristotle on the Concept of Shared Life Book Excerpt:

According to the terms of Aristotle's Politics, to be alive is to instantiate a form of rule. In the growth of plants, the perceptual capacities and movement of animals, and the impulse that motivates thinking, speaking, and deliberating Aristotle sees the working of a powerful generative force come to expression in an array of forms of life, and it is in these, if anywhere, that one could find the resources needed for a philosophic account of the nature of life as such. Aristotle on the Concept of Shared Life explores this intertwining of power and life in Aristotle's thought, and argues that Aristotle locates the foundation of human political life in the capacity to share one's most vital activities with others. A comprehensive study of the relationality which shared life reveals tells us something essential about Aristotle's approach to human political phenomena; namely, that they arise as forms of intimacy whose political character can only be seen when viewed in the context of Aristotle's larger inquiries into animal life, where they emerge not as categorically distinct from animal sociality, but as intensifications of it. Tracing the human capacity to share life thus illuminates the interrelation between the zoological, ethical, and political lenses through which Aristotle pursues his investigation of the polis. In following this connection, this volume also examines — and critically evaluates — the reception of Aristotle's political thought in some of the most influential concepts of contemporary critical theory.

The Concept of Prayer

The Concept of Prayer
Author: Dewi Zephaniah Phillips
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 167
Release: 1981
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Prayer
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Concept of Prayer Book Excerpt:

The Concept of Property Among Shoshoneans

The Concept of Property Among Shoshoneans
Author: Stephen Clement Cappannari
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 254
Release: 1950
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Indians of North America
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Concept of Property Among Shoshoneans Book Excerpt:

The Concept of the Chemical Bond

The Concept of the Chemical Bond
Author: Zvonimir B. Maksic,Dieter Cremer
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 664
Release: 1990-06-13
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Concept of the Chemical Bond Book Excerpt:

The state-of-the-art in contemporary theoretical chemistry is presented in this 4-volume set with numerous contributions from the most highly regarded experts in their field. It provides a concise introduction and critical evaluation of theoretical approaches in relation to experimental evidence.

Typology of Knowledge Skills and Competences

Typology of Knowledge  Skills and Competences
Author: Jonathan Winterton,Françoise Delamare-Le Deist,Emma Stringfellow,European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training
Publsiher: European Communities
Total Pages: 131
Release: 2006
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Typology of Knowledge Skills and Competences Book Excerpt:

The third in a series of Cedefop publications dealing with technical aspects of the European Qualification Framework and European Credit Transfer System, this book analyses current practice in countries that have made progress with evaluating and defining competence. It proposes a typology of knowledge, skills and competence, to be used not as an instrument of 'harmonisation' between countries, but as a template to enable comparison. The aim is to promote mobility in every sense, bringing work-based learning and knowledge acquired in higher education closer together.