The Crystalline States of Organic Compounds

The Crystalline States of Organic Compounds
Author: Angelo Gavezzotti
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 302
Release: 2021-11-25
ISBN: 0128237481
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Crystalline States of Organic Compounds Book Excerpt:

The Crystalline States of Organic Compounds is a broad survey of the techniques by which molecular crystals are investigated, modeled, and applied, starting with the fundamentals of intra- and intermolecular bonding supplemented by a concise tutorial on present-day diffraction methods, then proceeding to an examination of crystallographic databases with their statistics and of such fundamental and fast-growing topics as intermolecular potentials, polymorphism, co-crystallization, and crystal structure prediction by computer. A substantial part of the book is devoted to the techniques of choice in modern simulation, Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics, with their most recent developments and application to formed crystals and to the concomitant phases involved in nucleation and growth. Drawing on the decades-long experience of its author in teaching and research in the field of organic solid state, The Crystalline States of Organic Compounds is an indispensable source of key insights and future directions for students and researchers at any level, in academia and in industry. Condenses theoretical information and practical methods in a single resource Provides a guide on the use of crystallographic databases, structure statistics, and molecular simulations Includes a large number of worked examples and tutorials, with extensive graphics and multimedia

The Crystalline States of Organic Compounds

The Crystalline States of Organic Compounds
Author: Angelo Gavezzotti
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 290
Release: 2021-09-17
ISBN: 0323991009
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Crystalline States of Organic Compounds Book Excerpt:

The Crystalline States of Organic Compounds, Volume 22 provides a concise, objective survey of how molecular crystals are theoretically described, modeled, and applied, covering both foundational and fast-growing areas ranging from chemical bonding and crystallographic database use, to polymorphism, co-crystallization, crystal structure prediction, and molecular dynamics simulation. Drawing on the extensive experience of its expert author, the book provides authoritative insight into the key knowledge, methods, and future directions in the field for researchers interested in crystal chemistry across academia and industry. Part 1 introduces the key information needed to understand the formation, structure, and properties of crystals in organic compounds, beginning with a guide to electron densities and chemical bonding, intermolecular bonds, and multi-molecular asymmetric units. Chapters go on to discuss organic crystal potentials, crystal polymorphism, and organic crystal nucleation, before Part 2 goes on to explore methods and approaches in more detail. X-ray analysis of crystals, crystal structure prediction from molecular structure, dynamic simulation of aggregate chemical systems, and nonconventional techniques are all discussed in detail. Distills key theoretical information and practical methods in a single resource Describes effective use of such tools as X-ray analysis, dynamic simulations, and databases Provides additional clarity through a high number of carefully selected visuals, multimedia elements and a crystallography tutorial

The Thermal Anisotropy of Organic Compounds in the Crystalline State

The Thermal Anisotropy of Organic Compounds in the Crystalline State
Author: R. E. Gilbert
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1954
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Thermal Anisotropy of Organic Compounds in the Crystalline State Book Excerpt:

Advances in Organic Crystal Chemistry

Advances in Organic Crystal Chemistry
Author: Rui Tamura,Mikiji Miyata
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 706
Release: 2015-08-06
ISBN: 4431555552
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Organic Crystal Chemistry Book Excerpt:

For the last decade, the topics of organic crystal chemistry have become diversified, and each topic has been substantially advanced in concert with the rapid development of various analytical and measurement techniques for solid-state organic materials. The aim of this book is to systematically summarize and record the recent notable advances in various topics of organic crystal chemistry involving liquid crystals and organic–inorganic hybrid materials that have been achieved mainly in the last 5 years or so. The authors are invited members of the Division of Organic Crystals, The Chemical Society of Japan (CSJ), and prominent invited experts from abroad. This edited volume is planned to be published periodically, at least every 5 years, with contributions by prominent authors in Japan and from abroad.

Handbook of Organic Materials for Electronic and Photonic Devices

Handbook of Organic Materials for Electronic and Photonic Devices
Author: Oksana Ostroverkhova
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 911
Release: 2018-11-30
ISBN: 0081022859
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Organic Materials for Electronic and Photonic Devices Book Excerpt:

Handbook of Organic Materials for Electronic and Photonic Devices, Second Edition, provides an overview of the materials, mechanisms, characterization techniques, structure-property relationships, and most promising applications of organic materials. This new release includes new content on emerging organic materials, expanded content on the basic physics behind electronic properties, and new chapters on organic photonics. As advances in organic materials design, fabrication, and processing that enabled charge unprecedented carrier mobilities and power conversion efficiencies have made dramatic advances since the first edition, this latest release presents a necessary understanding of the underlying physics that enabled novel material design and improved organic device design. Provides a comprehensive overview of the materials, mechanisms, characterization techniques, and structure property relationships of organic electronic and photonic materials Reviews key applications, including organic solar cells, light-emitting diodes electrochemical cells, sensors, transistors, bioelectronics, and memory devices New content to reflect latest advances in our understanding of underlying physics to enable material design and device fabrication

Crystalline State Photoreactions

Crystalline State Photoreactions
Author: Yuji Ohashi
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2014-02-18
ISBN: 4431543732
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Crystalline State Photoreactions Book Excerpt:

This book focuses on a variety of photochemical reaction processes in the crystalline state. The crystalline state reaction is a new category of solid state reaction, in which a reaction occurs with retention of the single crystal form. The whole reaction processes were observed directly by X-ray and neutron diffractions. In this book, not only the structures of metastable intermediates, such as radicals, carbenes, and nitrenes, but also the unstable species of photochromic compounds and photo-excited structures are shown with colored figures of the molecular structures, with more than 200 figures. The book is an indispensable resource not only for organic, inorganic and physical chemists but also for graduate students, as it furnishes more than 300 references.

The Thermal Anistropy of Organic Compounds in the Crystalline State

The Thermal Anistropy of Organic Compounds in the Crystalline State
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 276
Release: 1954
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Thermal Anistropy of Organic Compounds in the Crystalline State Book Excerpt:

Crystallization of Organic Compounds

Crystallization of Organic Compounds
Author: Hsien-Hsin Tung,Edward L. Paul,Michael Midler,James A. McCauley
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2009-06-17
ISBN: 9780470447789
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Crystallization of Organic Compounds Book Excerpt:

Filled with industrial examples emphasizing the practical applications of crystallization methodologies Based on the authors' hands-on experiences as process engineers at Merck, Crystallization of Organic Compounds guides readers through the practical aspects of crystallization. It uses plenty of case studies and examples of crystallization processes, ranging from development through manufacturing scale-up. The book not only emphasizes strategies that have been proven successful, it also helps readers avoid common pitfalls that can render standard procedures unsuccessful. The goal of this text is twofold: Build a deeper understanding of the fundamental properties of crystallization as well as the impact of these properties on crystallization process development. Improve readers' problem-solving abilities by using actual industrial examples with real process constraints. Crystallization of Organic Compounds begins with detailed discussions of fundamental thermodynamic properties, nucleation and crystal growth kinetics, process dynamics, and scale-up considerations. Next, it investigates modes of operation, including cooling, evaporation, anti-solvent, and reactive crystallization. The authors conclude with special applications such as ultrasound in crystallization and computational fluid dynamics in crystallization. Most chapters feature multiple examples that guide readers step by step through the crystallization of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs). With its focus on industrial applications, this book is recommended for chemical engineers and chemists who are involved with the development, scale-up, or operation of crystallization processes in the pharmaceutical and fine chemical industries.

Organic Chemistry in Confining Media

Organic Chemistry in Confining Media
Author: Zory Vlad Todres
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 194
Release: 2013-07-17
ISBN: 3319001582
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Organic Chemistry in Confining Media Book Excerpt:

Zory Vlad Todres' monograph offers a fresh insight into an important and developed area of organic chemistry. Calixarene, cyclodextrins, and cucurbiturils as host molecules are well known, but the corresponding new and demonstrative publications deserve new exposition. This book principally widens our consideration of organic reactivity in confining media. Topics discussed include: effects of micellization, porous effects, effects of solvent cages, complexation to organometallic compounds, hydrogen-bond or charge-transfer complexation, sorption effects, effects of solvents, and stereochemical changes upon confinement. Organic Chemistry in Confining Media is useful for experienced organic chemists working in academia or industry, as well as chemists working in fields contiguous to organic chemistry.

Organic Solid State Reactions

Organic Solid State Reactions
Author: Fumio Toda
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 275
Release: 2013-03-14
ISBN: 9401700893
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Organic Solid State Reactions Book Excerpt:

Most organic reactions have long been carried out in organic solvents without concern for their real necessity, reaction efficiency, and pollution problems. Very recently, we have found that most organic reactions can be carried out in the absence of a solvent, namely, in the solid state. In many cases, the solid-state reaction proceeds more easily and efficiently, and even more selectively than solution reaction. This shows that molecules move easily and selectively in the solid state. This finding changed the classical idea which suggests "molecules do not move and reactions do not occur in the solid state", and opened up a new research field for the study molecular dynamics in the solid state. The organic solid state reactions have many possibilities to be developed. For example, enantioselective reactions can easily be accomplished by carrying out the reaction in an inclusion complex crystal with an optically active host compound. Catalytic reactions also proceed in the solid state. Moreover, the solid-state reactions are more economical and ecologically sound. In the future, pollution-free synthetic procedures in the solid state will become increasingly important, not only in chemical industries but also in university laboratories.

Characterization of Polymorphism in Crystalline Organic Compounds Using Solid state NMR Spectrsocopy

Characterization of Polymorphism in Crystalline Organic Compounds Using Solid state NMR Spectrsocopy
Author: Brian Edward Padden
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 442
Release: 2000
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Characterization of Polymorphism in Crystalline Organic Compounds Using Solid state NMR Spectrsocopy Book Excerpt:

Engineering of Crystalline Materials Properties

Engineering of Crystalline Materials Properties
Author: Juan J. Novoa,Dario Braga,Lia Addadi
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 518
Release: 2007-12-14
ISBN: 1402068239
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Engineering of Crystalline Materials Properties Book Excerpt:

This volume collects the state of the art in molecular materials. It collects the lecture notes of a series of lectures given by some of the best specialists in the field at the 2007 Erice International School of Crystallography, and also a NATO-ASI course. The school first established "where we are" in terms of modeling, design, synthesis and applications of crystalline solids with predefined properties and then defined current and possible futuristic lines of development.

Turning Points in Solid state Materials and Surface State

Turning Points in Solid state  Materials and Surface State
Author: Kenneth D. M. Harris,Peter P. Edwards
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 909
Release: 2008
ISBN: 0854041141
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Turning Points in Solid state Materials and Surface State Book Excerpt:

The scientific exploration of solid materials represents one of the most important, fascinating and rewarding areas of scientific endeavour in the present day, not only from the viewpoint of advancing fundamental understanding but also from the industrial perspective, given the immense diversity of applications of solid materials across the full range of commercial sectors. Turning Points in Solid-State, Materials and Surface Science provides a state-of-the-art survey of some of the most important recent developments across the spectrum of solid-state, materials and surface sciences, while at the same time reflecting on key turning points in the evolution of this scientific discipline and projecting into the directions for future research progress. The book serves as a timely tribute to the life and work of Professor Sir John Meurig Thomas FRS, who has made monumental contributions to this field of science throughout his distinguished 50-year career in research, during which he has initiated, developed and exploited many important branches of this field. Indeed, the depth and breadth of his contributions towards the evolution and advancement of this scientific discipline, and his critical role in elevating this field to the important position that it now occupies within modern science, are demonstrated recurrently throughout the chapters of this book. Individual chapters are contributed by internationally leading experts in their respective fields, and the topics covered include solid-state chemistry of inorganic and organic materials, heterogeneous catalysis, surface science and materials science, with one section of the book focusing on modern developments in electron microscopy and its contributions to chemistry and materials science. The book serves as a modern and up-to-date monograph in these fields, and provides a valuable resource to researchers in academia and industry who require a comprehensive source of information on this important and rapidly developing subject.

Turning Points in Solid State Materials and Surface Science

Turning Points in Solid State  Materials and Surface Science
Author: Kenneth D M Harris,Peter P Edwards
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 946
Release: 2007-11-30
ISBN: 1847558186
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Turning Points in Solid State Materials and Surface Science Book Excerpt:

The scientific exploration of solid materials represents one of the most important, fascinating and rewarding areas of scientific endeavour in the present day, not only from the viewpoint of advancing fundamental understanding but also from the industrial perspective, given the immense diversity of applications of solid materials across the full range of commercial sectors. Turning Points in Solid-State, Materials and Surface Science provides a state-of-the-art survey of some of the most important recent developments across the spectrum of solid-state, materials and surface sciences, while at the same time reflecting on key turning points in the evolution of this scientific discipline and projecting into the directions for future research progress. The book serves as a timely tribute to the life and work of Professor Sir John Meurig Thomas FRS, who has made monumental contributions to this field of science throughout his distinguished 50-year career in research, during which he has initiated, developed and exploited many important branches of this field. Indeed, the depth and breadth of his contributions towards the evolution and advancement of this scientific discipline, and his critical role in elevating this field to the important position that it now occupies within modern science, are demonstrated recurrently throughout the chapters of this book. Individual chapters are contributed by internationally leading experts in their respective fields, and the topics covered include solid-state chemistry of inorganic and organic materials, heterogeneous catalysis, surface science and materials science, with one section of the book focusing on modern developments in electron microscopy and its contributions to chemistry and materials science. The book serves as a modern and up-to-date monograph in these fields, and provides a valuable resource to researchers in academia and industry who require a comprehensive source of information on this important and rapidly developing subject.

World Directory of Crystallographers

World Directory of Crystallographers
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2013-11-11
ISBN: 9401737037
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

World Directory of Crystallographers Book Excerpt:

Pharmaceutical Preformulation and Formulation

Pharmaceutical Preformulation and Formulation
Author: Mark Gibson
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2016-04-19
ISBN: 1420073184
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pharmaceutical Preformulation and Formulation Book Excerpt:

Pharmaceutical Preformulation and Formulation: A Practical Guide from Candidate Drug Selection to Commercial Dosage Form reflects the mounting pressure on pharmaceutical companies to accelerate the new drug development and launch process, as well as the shift from developing small molecules to the growth of biopharmaceuticals. The book meets the need for advanced information for drug preformulation and formulation and addresses the current trends in the continually evolving pharmaceutical industry. Topics include: Candidate drug selection Drug discovery and development Preformulation predictions and drug selections Product design to commercial dosage form Biopharmaceutical support in formulation Development The book is ideal for practitioners working in the pharmaceutical arena—including R&D scientists, technicians, and managers—as well as for undergraduate and postgraduate courses in industrial pharmacy and pharmaceutical technology.

Structure And Properties Of Engineering Materials

Structure And Properties Of Engineering Materials
Author: V. S. R. Murthy
Publsiher: Tata McGraw-Hill Education
Total Pages: 566
Release: 2003-05-01
ISBN: 9780070482876
Category: Electronic books
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Structure And Properties Of Engineering Materials Book Excerpt:

Designed for the first year course on Materials Science the book exhaustively covers all the topics taught to students of engineering. The book benefits from an updated treatment of the subject and emphasises on common characteristics of engineering mate.

Geometric Methods In Elastic Theory Of Membranes In Liquid Crystal Phases Second Edition

Geometric Methods In Elastic Theory Of Membranes In Liquid Crystal Phases  Second Edition
Author: Zhanchun Tu,Jixing Liu,Yuzhang Xie,Zhong-can Ou-yang
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2017-11-29
ISBN: 9813227745
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geometric Methods In Elastic Theory Of Membranes In Liquid Crystal Phases Second Edition Book Excerpt:

'The book is highly recommended as a reference for advanced graduate students and scholars involved in geometric analysis of membranes and other elastic surfaces. Valuable techniques may be learned from the book’s model constructions and sequential derivations and presentations of governing equations. Detailed analysis and solutions enable the reader with an increased understanding of the physical characteristics of membranes in liquid crystal phases such as their preferred shapes.'Contemporary PhysicsThis is the second edition of the book Geometric Methods in Elastic Theory of Membranes in Liquid Crystal Phases published by World Scientific in 1999. This book gives a comprehensive treatment of the conditions of mechanical equilibrium and the deformation of membranes as a surface problem in differential geometry. It is aimed at readers engaging in the field of investigation of the shape formation of membranes in liquid crystalline state with differential geometry. The material chosen in this book is mainly limited to analytical results. The main changes in this second edition are: we add a chapter (Chapter 4) to explain how to calculate variational problems on a surface with a free edge by using a new mathematical tool — moving frame method and exterior differential forms — and how to derive the shape equation and boundary conditions for open lipid membranes through this new method. In addition, we include the recent concise work on chiral lipid membranes as a section in Chapter 5, and in Chapter 6 we mention some topics that we have not fully investigated but are also important to geometric theory of membrane elasticity.

Organic Crystal Engineering

Organic Crystal Engineering
Author: Edward R. T. Tiekink,Jagadese Vittal,Michael Zaworotko
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2010-01-15
ISBN: 0470681802
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Organic Crystal Engineering Book Excerpt:

Organic Crystal Engineering provides reviews of topics in organic crystal engineering that will be of interest to all researchers in molecular solid-state chemistry. Specialist reviews written by internationally recognized researchers, drawn from both academia and industry, cover topics including crystal structure prediction features, polymorphism, reactions in the solid-state, designing new arrays and delineating prominent intermolecular forces for important organic molecules.

Specific Intermolecular Interactions of Organic Compounds

Specific Intermolecular Interactions of Organic Compounds
Author: Alexei K. Baev
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 434
Release: 2012-01-13
ISBN: 3642216218
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Specific Intermolecular Interactions of Organic Compounds Book Excerpt:

Prof. Baev presents in his book the development of the thermodynamic theory of specific intermolecular interactions for a wide spectrum of organic compounds: ethers, ketones, alcohols, carboxylic acids, and hydrocarbons. The fundamentals of an unconventional approach to the theory of H-bonding and specific interactions are formulated based on a concept of pentacoordinate carbon atoms. New types of hydrogen bonds and specific interactions are substantiated and on the basis of the developed methodology their energies are determined. The system of interconnected quantitative characteristics of the stability of specific intermolecular interactions is presented. The laws of their transformations are discussed and summarized. The new concept of the extra stabilizing effect of isomeric methyl groups on the structure and stability of organic molecules is introduced and the destabilization action on specific interactions is outlined.