The Disordered Mind

The Disordered Mind
Author: Eric R. Kandel
Publsiher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2018-08-28
ISBN: 0374716102
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Disordered Mind Book Excerpt:

A Nobel Prize–winning neuroscientist’s probing investigation of what brain disorders can tell us about human nature Eric R. Kandel, the winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his foundational research into memory storage in the brain, is one of the pioneers of modern brain science. His work continues to shape our understanding of how learning and memory work and to break down age-old barriers between the sciences and the arts. In his seminal new book, The Disordered Mind, Kandel draws on a lifetime of pathbreaking research and the work of many other leading neuroscientists to take us on an unusual tour of the brain. He confronts one of the most difficult questions we face: How does our mind, our individual sense of self, emerge from the physical matter of the brain? The brain’s 86 billion neurons communicate with one another through very precise connections. But sometimes those connections are disrupted. The brain processes that give rise to our mind can become disordered, resulting in diseases such as autism, depression, schizophrenia, Parkinson’s, addiction, and post-traumatic stress disorder. While these disruptions bring great suffering, they can also reveal the mysteries of how the brain produces our most fundamental experiences and capabilities—the very nature of what it means to be human. Studies of autism illuminate the neurological foundations of our social instincts; research into depression offers important insights on emotions and the integrity of the self; and paradigm-shifting work on addiction has led to a new understanding of the relationship between pleasure and willpower. By studying disruptions to typical brain functioning and exploring their potential treatments, we will deepen our understanding of thought, feeling, behavior, memory, and creativity. Only then can we grapple with the big question of how billions of neurons generate consciousness itself.

The Emotional Brain and the Guilty Mind

The Emotional Brain and the Guilty Mind
Author: Federica Coppola
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2021-02-11
ISBN: 1509934316
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Emotional Brain and the Guilty Mind Book Excerpt:

This book seeks to reframe the normative narrative of the 'culpable person' in American criminal law through a more humanising lens. It embraces such a reframed narrative to revise the criteria of the current voluntarist architecture of culpability and to advance a paradigm of punishment that positions social rehabilitation as its core principle. The book constructs this narrative by considering behavioural and neuroscientific insights into the functions of emotions, and socio-environmental factors within moral behaviour in social settings. Hence, it suggests culpability notions that reflect a more contextualised view of human conduct, and argues that such revised notions are better suited to the principle of personal guilt. Furthermore, it suggests a model of 'punishment' that values the dynamic power of change of individuals, and acknowledges the importance of social relationships and positive environments to foster patterns of social (re)integration. Ultimately, this book argues that the potential adoption of the proposed models of culpability and punishment, which view people through a more comprehensive lens, may be a key factor for turning criminal justice into a less punitive, more inclusionary and non-stigmatising system.

Chaos and Nonlinear Psychology

Chaos and Nonlinear Psychology
Author: Shan Guisinger
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2022
ISBN: 0190465026
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chaos and Nonlinear Psychology Book Excerpt:

"Have you ever felt that human psychology is richer and more complex than the topics you learned in Psych 101, that great literature captured human motivational complexity better than scientists? Perhaps you, like the authors of this book, find that the linear math and statistical models that researchers have been using to capture psychology obscured many of the problems you would like to solve"--

Mobile Brain Body Imaging and the Neuroscience of Art Innovation and Creativity

Mobile Brain Body Imaging and the Neuroscience of Art  Innovation and Creativity
Author: Jose L. Contreras-Vidal,Dario Robleto,Jesus G. Cruz-Garza,José M. Azorín,Chang S. Nam
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 221
Release: 2019-11-15
ISBN: 3030243265
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mobile Brain Body Imaging and the Neuroscience of Art Innovation and Creativity Book Excerpt:

Mobile Brain–Body Imaging and the Neuroscience of Art, Innovation and Creativity is a trans-disciplinary, collective, multimedia collaboration that critically uncovers the challenges and opportunities for transformational and innovative research and performance at the nexus of art, science and engineering. This book addresses a set of universal and timeless questions with a profound impact on the human condition: How do the creative arts and aesthetic experiences engage the brain and mind and promote innovation? How do arts–science collaborations employ aesthetics as a means of problem-solving and thereby create meaning? How can the creative arts and neuroscience advance understanding of individuality and social cognition, improve health and promote life-long learning? How are neurotechnologies changing science and artistic expression? How are the arts and citizen science innovating neuroscience studies, informal learning and outreach in the public sphere? Emerging from the 2016 and 2017 International Conferences on Mobile Brain–Body Imaging and the Neuroscience of Art, Innovation and Creativity held in Cancun, Mexico and Valencia, Spain to explore these topics, this book intertwines disciplines and investigates not only their individual products—art and data—but also something more substantive and unique; the international pool of contributors reveals something larger about humanity by revealing the state of the art in collaboration between arts and sciences and providing an investigational roadmap projected from recent advances. Mobile Brain–Body Imaging and the Neuroscience of Art, Innovation and Creativity is written for academic researchers, professionals working in industrial and clinical centers, independent researchers and artists from the performing arts, and other readers interested in understanding emergent innovations at the nexus of art, science, engineering, medicine and the humanities. The book contains language, design features (illustrations, diagrams) to develop a conversational bridge between the disciplines involved supplemented by access to video, artistic presentations and the results of a hackathon from the MoBI conferences.

Healing Trauma in Group Settings

Healing Trauma in Group Settings
Author: Stephanie Wise,Emily Nash
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 198
Release: 2019-11-12
ISBN: 135167319X
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Healing Trauma in Group Settings Book Excerpt:

Healing Trauma in Group Settings offers a unique focus on the highly valuable role of attuned co-leader relationships in the practice of healing trauma. Drawing on their extensive experience of co-leadership, the authors demonstrate how to maximize the potential for effective trauma work while remaining attuned to the needs of individual group members and the group as a whole. With case studies, transcripts, and vignettes interwoven throughout, chapters suggest ways in which clinicians can model co-leader relationships as a means for developing a sense of interpersonal safety, exploring difficult material, and building opportunities for healing to take place. Demonstrating how concepts of attunement can be utilized in real-world settings, Healing Trauma in Group Settings enables mental health professionals to forge connections with clients while drawing on the potential of co-leadership in group therapy.

Managing Customer Experience and Relationships

Managing Customer Experience and Relationships
Author: Martha Rogers,Don Peppers
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 517
Release: 2022-04-19
ISBN: 1119815347
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Managing Customer Experience and Relationships Book Excerpt:

Every business on the planet is trying to maximize the value created by its customers Learn how to do it, step by step, in this newly revised Fourth Edition of Managing Customer Experience and Relationships: A Strategic Framework. Written by Don Peppers and Martha Rogers, Ph.D., recognized for decades as two of the world’s leading experts on customer experience issues, the book combines theory, case studies, and strategic analyses to guide a company on its own quest to position its customers at the very center of its business model, and to “treat different customers differently.” This latest edition adds new material including: How to manage the mass-customization principles that drive digital interactions How to understand and manage data-driven marketing analytics issues, without having to do the math How to implement and monitor customer success management, the new discipline that has arisen alongside software-as-a-service businesses How to deal with the increasing threat to privacy, autonomy, and competition posed by the big tech companies like Facebook, Amazon, and Google Teaching slide decks to accompany the book, author-written test banks for all chapters, a complete glossary for the field, and full indexing Ideal not just for students, but for managers, executives, and other business leaders, Managing Customer Experience and Relationships should prove an indispensable resource for marketing, sales, or customer service professionals in both the B2C and B2B world.

There Is Life After the Nobel Prize

There Is Life After the Nobel Prize
Author: Eric Kandel
Publsiher: Columbia University Press
Total Pages: 129
Release: 2021-12-07
ISBN: 0231553463
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

There Is Life After the Nobel Prize Book Excerpt:

One day in 1996, the neuroscientist Eric R. Kandel took a call from his program officer at the National Institute of Mental Health, who informed him that he had been awarded a key grant. Also, the officer said, he and his colleagues thought Kandel would win the Nobel Prize. “I hope not soon,” Kandel’s wife, Denise, said when she heard this. Sociologists had found that Nobel Prize winners often did not contribute much more to science, she explained. In this book, Kandel recounts his remarkable career since receiving the Nobel in 2000—or his experience of proving to his wife that he was not yet “completely dead intellectually.” He takes readers through his lab’s scientific advances, including research into how long-term memory is stored in the brain, the nature of age-related memory loss, and the neuroscience of drug addiction and schizophrenia. Kandel relates how the Nobel Prize gave him the opportunity to reach a far larger audience, which in turn allowed him to discover and pursue new directions. He describes his efforts to promote public understanding of science and to put brain science and art into conversation with each other. Kandel also discusses his return to Austria, which he had fled as a child, and observes Austria’s coming to terms with the Nazi period. Showcasing Kandel’s accomplishments, erudition, and wit, There Is Life After the Nobel Prize is a candid account of the working life of an acclaimed scientist.

Nature and Nurture in Mental Disorders

Nature and Nurture in Mental Disorders
Author: Joel Paris
Publsiher: American Psychiatric Pub
Total Pages: 204
Release: 2020-10-06
ISBN: 1615373683
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nature and Nurture in Mental Disorders Book Excerpt:

Over the last two decades, spurred particularly by the decoding of the genome, neuroscience has advanced to become the primary basis of clinical psychiatry, even as environmental risk factors for mental disorders have been deemphasized. In this thoroughly revised, second edition of Nature and Nurture in Mental Disorders, the author argues that an overreliance on biology at the expense of environment has been detrimental to the field -- that, in fact, the "nature versus nurture" dichotomy is unnecessary. Instead, he posits a biopsychosocial model that acknowledges the role an individual's predisposing genetic factors, interacting with environmental stressors, play in the etiology of many mental disorders. The first several chapters of the book provide an overview of the theories that affect the study of genes, the environment, and their interaction, examining what the empirical evidence has revealed about each of these issues. Subsequent chapters apply the integrated model to a variety of disorders, reviewing the evidence on how genes and environment interact to shape disorders including: Depressive disorders PTSD Neurodevelopmental disorders Eating disorders Personality disorders By rejecting both biological and psychosocial reductionism in favor of an interactive model, Nature and Nurture in Mental Disorders offers practicing clinicians a path toward a more flexible, effective treatment model. And where controversy or debate still exist, an extensive reference list provided at the end of the book, updated for this edition to reflect the most current literature, encourages further study and exploration.

The Unfit Brain and the Limits of Moral Bioenhancement

The Unfit Brain and the Limits of Moral Bioenhancement
Author: Fabrice Jotterand
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2022-03-03
ISBN: 9811696934
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Unfit Brain and the Limits of Moral Bioenhancement Book Excerpt:

In light of the potential novel applications of neurotechnologies in psychiatry and the current debate on moral bioenhancement, this book outlines the reasons why more conceptual work is needed to inform the scientific and medical community, and society at large, about the implications of moral bioenhancement before a possible, highly hypothetical at this point, broad acceptance, and potential implementation in areas such as psychiatry (e.g., treatment of psychopathy), or as a measure to prevent crime in society. The author does not negate the possibility of altering or manipulating moral behavior through technological means. Rather he argues that the scope of interventions is limited because the various options available to “enhance morality” improve, or simply manipulate, some elements of moral behavior and not the moral agent per se in the various elements constitutive of moral agency. The concept of Identity Integrity is suggested as a potential framework for a responsible use of neurotechnologies in psychiatry to avoid human beings becoming orderers and orderables of technological manipulations.

Understanding the Human Mind

Understanding the Human Mind
Author: John Edward Terrell,Gabriel Stowe Terrell
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 154
Release: 2020-07-24
ISBN: 1000093565
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Understanding the Human Mind Book Excerpt:

Drawing on current research in anthropology, cognitive psychology, neuroscience, and the humanities, Understanding the Human Mind explores how and why we, as humans, find it so easy to believe we are right—even when we are outright wrong. Humans live out their own lives effectively trapped in their own mind and, despite being exceptional survivors and a highly social species, our inner mental world is often misaligned with reality. In order to understand why, John Edward Terrell and Gabriel Stowe Terrell suggest current dual-process models of the mind overlook our mind’s most decisive and unpredictable mode: creativity. Using a three-dimensional model of the mind, the authors examine the human struggle to stay in touch with reality—how we succeed, how we fail, and how winning this struggle is key to our survival in an age of mounting social problems of our own making. Using news stories of logic-defying behavior, analogies to famous fictitious characters, and analysis of evolutionary and cognitive psychology theory, this fascinating account of how the mind works is a must-read for all interested in anthropology and cognitive psychology.

Einstein s Brain

Einstein   s Brain
Author: Sal Restivo
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 163
Release: 2019-11-19
ISBN: 3030329186
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Einstein s Brain Book Excerpt:

This book reviews the research on Einstein’s brain from a sociological perspective and in the context of the social brain paradigm. Instead of “Einstein, the genius of geniuses” standing on the shoulders of giants, Restivo proposes a concept of Einstein the social being standing on the shoulders of social networks. Rather than challenging Einstein’s uniqueness or the uniqueness of his achievements, the book grounds Einstein and his achievements in a social ecology opposed to the myths of the “I,” individualism, and the very idea of “genius.” “Einstein” is defined by the particular configuration of social networks that he engaged as his life unfolded, not by biological inheritances.

The Clinical Neuroscience of Lateralization

The Clinical Neuroscience of Lateralization
Author: Annakarina Mundorf,Sebastian Ocklenburg
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 136
Release: 2021-05-24
ISBN: 1000414221
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Clinical Neuroscience of Lateralization Book Excerpt:

The Clinical Neuroscience of Lateralization gives the first comprehensive transdiagnostic overview of the evidence for changes in hemispheric asymmetries in different psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders. Taking a multidisciplinary perspective informed by both basic science and clinical studies, the authors integrate recent breakthroughs on hemispheric asymmetries in psychology, neuroscience, genetics and comparative research. They give a general introduction to hemispheric asymmetries and the techniques used to assess them, and review the evidence for changes in hemispheric asymmetries in different psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders. The book also discusses neurological disorders like Parkinson’s disease and multiple sclerosis and highlights the importance of open science in clinical laterality research. Offering a fresh perspective on a longstanding issue in clinical neuroscience, this book will be of great interest for academics, researchers, and students in the fields of clinical and developmental neuroscience, biopsychology and neuropsychology.

Psychiatry in Crisis

Psychiatry in Crisis
Author: Vincenzo Di Nicola,Drozdstoj Stoyanov
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 174
Release: 2021-02-03
ISBN: 3030551407
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychiatry in Crisis Book Excerpt:

The field of academic psychiatry is in crisis, everywhere. It is not merely a health crisis of resource scarcity or distribution, competing claims and practice models, or level of development from one country to another, but a deeper, more fundamental crisis about the very definition and the theoretical basis of psychiatry. The kinds of questions that represent this crisis include whether psychiatry is a social science (like psychology or anthropology), whether it is better understood as part of the humanities (like philosophy, history, and literature), or if the future of psychiatry is best assured as a branch of medicine (based on genetics and neuroscience)? In fact, the question often debated since the beginning of modern psychiatry concerns the biomedical model so that part of psychiatry’s perpetual self-questioning is to what extent it is or is not a branch of medicine. This unique and bold volume offers a representative and critical survey of the history of modern psychiatry with deeply informed transdisciplinary readings of the literature and practices of the field by two professors of psychiatry who are active in practice and engaged in research and have dual training in scientific psychiatry and philosophy. In alternating chapters presenting contrasting arguments for the future of psychiatry, the two authors conclude with a dialogue between them to flesh out the theoretical, research, and practical implications of psychiatry’s current crisis, outlining areas of divergence, consensus, and fruitful collaborations to revision psychiatry today. The volume is scrupulously documented but written in accessible language with capsule summaries of key areas of theory, research, and practice for the student and practitioner alike in the social and human sciences and in medicine, psychiatry, and the neurosciences.

Connecting Literature and Science

Connecting Literature and Science
Author: Jay A. Labinger
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2021-11-19
ISBN: 1000472922
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Connecting Literature and Science Book Excerpt:

This book presents a case for engagement between the sciences and the humanities. The author, a professional chemist, seeks to demonstrate that the connections between those fields of intellectual activity are far more significant than anything that separates them. The book combines a historical survey of the relationships between science and literature with a number of case studies that examine specific scientific episodes—several drawn from the author’s own research—juxtaposed with a variety of literary works spanning a wide range of period and genre—Dante to detective fiction, War and Peace to White Teeth—to elicit their common themes. The work argues for an empirical, non-theory-based approach, one that is closely analogous to connectionist models of brain development and function, and that can appeal to general readers, as well as to literary scholars and practicing scientists, who are open to the idea that literature and science should not be compartmentalized.

Practitioner s Guide to Using Research for Evidence Informed Practice

Practitioner s Guide to Using Research for Evidence Informed Practice
Author: Allen Rubin,Jennifer Bellamy
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2022-03-08
ISBN: 1119858585
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Practitioner s Guide to Using Research for Evidence Informed Practice Book Excerpt:

The latest edition of an essential text to help students and practitioners distinguish between research studies that should and should not influence practice decisions Now in its third edition, Practitioner's Guide to Using Research for Evidence-Informed Practice delivers an essential and practical guide to integrating research appraisal into evidence-informed practice. The book walks you through the skills, knowledge, and strategies you can use to identify significant strengths and limitations in research. The ability to appraise the veracity and validity of research will improve your service provision and practice decisions. By teaching you to be a critical consumer of modern research, this book helps you avoid treatments based on fatally flawed research and methodologies. Practitioner's Guide to Using Research for Evidence-Informed Practice, Third Edition offers: An extensive introduction to evidence-informed practice, including explorations of unethical research and discussions of social justice in the context of evidence-informed practice. Explanations of how to appraise studies on intervention efficacy, including the criteria for inferring effectiveness and critically examining experiments. Discussions of how to critically appraise studies for alternative evidence-informed practice questions, including nonexperimental quantitative studies and qualitative studies. A comprehensive and authoritative blueprint for critically assessing research studies, interventions, programs, policies, and assessment tools, Practitioner's Guide to Using Research for Evidence-Informed Practice belongs in the bookshelves of students and practitioners of the social sciences.

The End of Individualism and the Economy

The End of Individualism and the Economy
Author: Ann E. Davis
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 244
Release: 2020-02-05
ISBN: 0429840497
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The End of Individualism and the Economy Book Excerpt:

Individualism has been one of the driving forces in the rise of modern capitalism, and methodological individualism has been dominant in social science for many years. In this paradigm the economy is seen as a machine to routinize production and improve efficiency, and the discipline of economics has come to focus on control and automation. Recent innovations in natural and social sciences, however, indicate a shift in thinking away from individualism and towards interconnectedness. The End of Individualism and the Economy: Emerging Paradigms of Connection and Community traces the origins of “the individual” in history, philosophy, economics, and social science. Drawing from linguistic philosophy, there is increasing attention to language as a social substrate for all institutions, including money and the market. One irony is that the "individual" is a key term, related to distinct institutions and associated expertise; that is, "the individual" is social. The book explores the influence of individualism in the subversion of class consciousness, the view of impersonality as a virtue, and the rise of financialization. The founding assumption of economics, the rational autonomous individual with exogenous tastes, undercuts social solidarity and blocks awareness of interconnections and interdependencies. The text looks forward and embraces the new paradigms and alternative forms of governance, economics, and science which can be developed based on collectives and communities, with new values, frameworks, and world views. This work is suitable for academics, students, scholars, and researchers with an interest in economic and social collectives and methodological individualism, as well as those studying the connections between economics and other disciplines in the social and natural sciences.

Autism 360

Autism 360
Author: Undurti N. Das,Neophytos Papaneophytou,Tatyana El-Kour
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 554
Release: 2019-10-08
ISBN: 0128184671
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Autism 360 Book Excerpt:

Autism 360 uses a hybrid and transdisciplinary methodology to identify mechanisms on how autism is prevented, diagnosed, treated and managed within personal and social constructs around the world. Adopting a lifespan approach, the book discusses lifestyle challenges and emphasizes issues relating to neurodiversity, individuality, best practices, and support of both people on the spectrum and their families. This book will help change population and individual attitudes and behaviors regarding autism. Its ultimate goal is to empower readers to become both agents of change and an integral part of the solution. Covers topics from the prevention and treatment of autism and how to live with it Adopts an integrated methods approach Features field experiences Provides valuable syntheses of scattered material Compares cross-cultural learnings Discusses the education and employment of those with autism

Social Impact of Research in Psychology

Social Impact of Research in Psychology
Author: Marta Soler-Gallart,Erica Rosenfeld Halverson,Sara Cadavid
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022-02-08
ISBN: 2889742954
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Social Impact of Research in Psychology Book Excerpt:

Basics of Child Neuropsychology

Basics of Child Neuropsychology
Author: Stephen R. Hooper
Publsiher: Guilford Publications
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2022-10-10
ISBN: 1462550401
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Basics of Child Neuropsychology Book Excerpt:

Written expressly for non-neuropsychologists, this book offers a concise, friendly introduction to the developing brain and its functions. Stephen R. Hooper renders complex concepts accessible as he describes the structure of the brain and the workings of the nervous system. The book explains how findings from neuropsychological assessments can help educators and clinicians to better understand and remediate children's difficulties. A range of neurodevelopmental and medical conditions that affect learning and behavior from early childhood through adolescence are explored through a neuropsychological lens. Helpful features include key Take-Home Points distilled from the chapters and recommended print and online resources.

Intentional Interviewing and Counseling Facilitating Client Development in a Multicultural Society

Intentional Interviewing and Counseling  Facilitating Client Development in a Multicultural Society
Author: Allen E. Ivey,Mary Bradford Ivey,Carlos P. Zalaquett
Publsiher: Cengage Learning
Total Pages: 456
Release: 2022-01-11
ISBN: 035762288X
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Intentional Interviewing and Counseling Facilitating Client Development in a Multicultural Society Book Excerpt:

Develop original interviewing skills with the hallmark microskills approach within INTENTIONAL INTERVIEWING AND COUNSELING: FACILITATING CLIENT DEVELOPMENT IN A MULTICULTURAL SOCIETY, 10E. Written by prominent leaders in the field, this edition provides the insights and tools to address individual and multicultural uniqueness. You learn to conduct interviews using six different theoretical approaches as you begin to develop a personalized style of interviewing and counseling that matches your aptitudes and affinities. This is the only book of its kind that demonstrates how to use the latest neuroscience developments in counseling practice. Updates detail how counseling and psychotherapy change the brain and build new neural networks in both client and counselor. New content also emphasizes telehealth and trauma counseling and the effects of stress and the pandemic. Timely case studies, sample interviews and a Portfolio of Competencies help you master key skills and become a better listener. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.