Description : Bridging law, genetics, and statistics, this book is an authoritative history of the long and tortuous process by which DNA science has been integrated into the American legal system. In a history both scientifically sophisticated and comprehensible to the nonspecialist, David Kaye weaves together molecular biology, population genetics, the legal rules of evidence, and theories of statistical reasoning as he describes the struggles between prosecutors and defense counsel over the admissibility of genetic proof of identity. Combining scientific exposition with stories of criminal investigations, scientific and legal hubris, and distortions on all sides, Kaye shows how the adversary system exacerbated divisions among scientists, how lawyers and experts obfuscated some issues and clarified others, how probability and statistics were manipulated and misunderstood, and how the need to convince lay judges influenced the scientific research. Looking to the future, Kaye uses probability theory to clarify legal concepts of relevance and probative value, and describes alternatives to race-based DNA profile frequencies. Essential reading for lawyers, judges, and expert witnesses in DNA cases, "The Double Helix and the Law of Evidence" is an informative and provocative contribution to the interdisciplinary study of law and science.
Description : This handbook addresses legal reasoning and argumentation from a logical, philosophical and legal perspective. The main forms of legal reasoning and argumentation are covered in an exhaustive and critical fashion, and are analysed in connection with more general types (and problems) of reasoning. Accordingly, the subject matter of the handbook divides in three parts. The first one introduces and discusses the basic concepts of practical reasoning. The second one discusses the general structures and procedures of reasoning and argumentation that are relevant to legal discourse. The third one looks at their instantiations and developments of these aspects of argumentation as they are put to work in the law, in different areas and applications of legal reasoning.
Description : Some revision of public schooling history is necessary to challenge the dominant mythology that public schools were established on the grounds of values-neutrality. In fact, those responsible for the foundations of public education in Australia were sufficiently pragmatic to know that its success relied on its charter being in accord with public sentiment. Part of the pragmatism was in convincing those whose main experience of education had been through some form of church-based education that state-based education was capable of meeting the same ends. Hence, the documents of the 1870s and 1880s that contained the charters of the various state and territory systems witness to a breadth of vision about the scope of education. Beyond the standard goals of literacy and numeracy, education was said to be capable of assuring personal morality for each individual and a suitable citizenry for the soon-to-be new nation. As an instance, the NSW Public Instr- tion Act of 1880 (cf. NSW, 1912), under the rubric of “religious teaching”, stressed the need for students to be inculcated into the values of their society, including understanding the role that religious values had played in forming that society’s legal codes and social ethics. The notion, therefore, that public education is part of a deep and ancient heritage around values neutrality is mistaken and in need of se- ous revision. The evidence suggests that public education’s initial conception was of being the complete educator, not only of young people’s minds but of their inner character as well.
Description : Pathologist Janis Saunders heads up an investigation into a devastating plane crash. Everything adds up, with one exception: A passenger is missing from the wreckage. Saunders' obsession to solve the mystery of what happened to this beautiful young lady is driving a wedge between her and her new husband. But, no matter the cost, Saunders will either find the missing woman or prove she is dead.
Description : Written by a noted historian of science, this in-depth account traces how Watson and Crick achieved one of science's most dramatic feats: their 1953 discovery of the molecular structure of DNA.
Description : Includes a Foreword by Dr. James D. Watson, the co-discoverer ofthe DNA double helix, and Dr. Jan A. Witkowski. "From the Foreword by Drs. Watson and Witkowski: 'DNA: Forensic andLegal Applications is a comprehensive and invaluable guide to thefield, covering topics ranging from collecting samples in the fieldto presenting the complex results to a jury. We are sure that itwill play its part in promoting this most powerful tool in theforensic scientist's armamentarium.'" DNA: Forensic and Legal Applications covers the technology and lawsrelated to DNA, as well as the use of DNA evidence in the legalsystem. This combination of science and law makes it the firstcomprehensive title of its kind and an appropriate reference forthose with both elementary and advanced knowledge of the topic. Itdraws together in one source information that would previously haverequired extensive research and reliance on experts to obtain,offering both breadth and depth in a clear style without sacrificing scholarly goals. With material from both scientific and legal areas, DNA: Forensicand Legal Applications covers the latest advances in technology. Itprovides an ideal text for forensic scientists and students offorensic science, analytical chemists, lawyers, judges, policeofficers, and detectives.
Description : What happens when two systems, law and medicine, are joined in the arena of the court? This work deals with the structure and the premises of two diverse discourse models; the approach is anthropological. Several chapters are preponderantly based on legal research, addressing cases requiring testimony by expert witnesses on recent technologies used in the laboratories of medical scientists. Descriptions of other societies and cultures consider the identical problems of rights, privileges, and duties, and provide perspectives to cultural self-knowledge. This volume can be used as a text for courses taught in medical schools and law schools. It will be of particular interest to students taking courses in health science, public health, medical anthropology, forensic anthropology, psychology, sociology, public justice, behavioral sciences, forensic psychiatry, legal anthropology, social welfare, as well as courses on research models.
Description : As science has discovered more and more about genetics, the legal implications have also grown; Genetics: A Handbook for Lawyers, the third book in the ABA Fundamentals series, explores these implications, with easy-to-understand discussions of the science and its application in real cases. This book is a must for any lawyer whose practice touches upon the field of genetics.