The Earth s Ionosphere

The Earth s Ionosphere
Author: Michael C. Kelley
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2009-06-12
ISBN: 9780080916576
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Earth s Ionosphere Book Excerpt:

Although interesting in its own right, due to the ever-increasing use of satellites for communication and navigation, weather in the ionosphere is of great concern. Every such system uses trans-ionospheric propagation of radio waves, waves which must traverse the commonly turbulent ionosphere. Understanding this turbulence and predicting it are one of the major goals of the National Space Weather program. Acquiring such a prediction capability will rest on understanding the very topics of this book, the plasma physics and electrodynamics of the system. Fully updated to reflect advances in the field in the 20 years since the first edition published Explores the buffeting of the ionosphere from above by the sun and from below by the lower atmosphere Unique text appropriate both as a reference and for coursework

The Earth s Ionosphere

The Earth s Ionosphere
Author: Michael Kelly
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2012-12-02
ISBN: 0323148050
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Earth s Ionosphere Book Excerpt:

The Earth's Ionosphere: Plasma Physics and Electrodynamics emphasizes the study of plasma physics and electrodynamics of the ionosphere, including many aeronomical influences. The ionosphere is somewhat of a battleground between the earth's neutral atmosphere and the sun's fully ionized atmosphere, in which the earth is embedded. One of the challenges of ionosphere research is to know enough about these two vast fields of research to make sense out of ionospheric phenomena. This book provides insights into how these competing sources of mass, momentum, and energy compete for control of the ionosphere. Some of the topics discussed include the fundamentals of ionospheric plasma dynamics; equatorial plasma instabilities; high-latitude electrodynamics; and instabilities and structure in the high-latitude ionosphere. Throughout this text only the region above 90 km are discussed, ignoring the D region entirely. This publication is a good source of information for students and individuals conducting research on earth’s ionosphere.

Aeronomy of the Earth s Atmosphere and Ionosphere

Aeronomy of the Earth s Atmosphere and Ionosphere
Author: Mangalathayil Ali Abdu,Archana Bhattacharyya,Dora Pancheva
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2011-02-26
ISBN: 9400703260
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Aeronomy of the Earth s Atmosphere and Ionosphere Book Excerpt:

This book is a multi-author treatise on the most outstanding research problems in the field of the aeronomy of the Earth’s atmosphere and ionosphere, encompassing the science covered by Division II of the International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy (IAGA). It contains several review articles and detailed papers by leading scientists in the field. The book is organized in five parts: 1) Mesosphere-Lower Thermosphere Dynamics and Chemistry; 2) Vertical Coupling by Upward Propagating Waves; 3) Ionospheric Electrodynamics and Structuring; 4) Thermosphere- Ionosphere Coupling, Dynamics and Trends and 5) Ionosphere-Thermosphere Disturbances and Modeling. The book consolidates the progress achieved in the field in recent years and it serves as a useful reference for graduate students as well as experienced researchers.

The Earth s Ionosphere Space Design Criteria environment

The Earth s Ionosphere   Space Design Criteria  environment
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 49
Release: 1971
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Earth s Ionosphere Space Design Criteria environment Book Excerpt:

Electrodynamic Processes in the Earth s Ionosphere and Magnetosphere

Electrodynamic Processes in the Earth s Ionosphere and Magnetosphere
Author: Y. Kamide
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 756
Release: 1988
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Auroral substorms
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electrodynamic Processes in the Earth s Ionosphere and Magnetosphere Book Excerpt:

Magnetosphere Ionosphere Coupling

Magnetosphere Ionosphere Coupling
Author: Y. Kamide,Wolfgang Baumjohann
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 178
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 3642500625
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Magnetosphere Ionosphere Coupling Book Excerpt:

In the past two decades a succession of direct observations by satellites, and of extensive computer simulations, has led to the realization that the polar ionosphere plays a principal role in large-scale magnetospheric processes - a manifestation of the physics linkage involved in solar-terrestrial interactions. Spatial/temporal variations in high-latitude electromagnetic phenomena, such as dynamic aurorae, electric fields and currents, have proved to be extremely complex. Now the challenge is to comprehend the vast amount of complicated measurements made in this magnetosphere-ionosphere sysstem of the Earth. This book addresses the electrical coupling between the hot, but dilute, magnetospheric plasma and the cold, but dense, plasma in the ionosphere. In five major chapters, this book presents: - basic properties of magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling; - morphology of electric fields and currents at high latitudes; - global modeling of magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling; - modeling of ionospheric electrodynamics; - current issues, such as auroral particle acceleration, substorms, penetration of high-latitude fields into low latitudes.

Electronic Waves Transmission Line Circuit Design

Electronic Waves   Transmission Line Circuit Design
Author: Matthew M. Radmanesh Ph. D.,Matthew M. Radmanesh
Publsiher: AuthorHouse
Total Pages: 632
Release: 2011-04
ISBN: 1438968639
Category: Reference
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electronic Waves Transmission Line Circuit Design Book Excerpt:

This book is an attempt to make something unified of the accumulations of a lifetime of thoughts and impressions can be likened unto an archeologist piecing together random shards and bones in an effort to establish the culture of an ancient society.

1969 NASA Authorization

1969 NASA Authorization
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Astronautics
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1968
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

1969 NASA Authorization Book Excerpt:

NASA Authorization for Fiscal Year 1961

NASA Authorization for Fiscal Year 1961
Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 1022
Release: 1960
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

NASA Authorization for Fiscal Year 1961 Book Excerpt:

Venus Aeronomy

Venus Aeronomy
Author: C.T. Russell
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 489
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 940113300X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Venus Aeronomy Book Excerpt:

For almost three decades since Mariner 2 flew by the planet in December 1962, Venus has been the subject of intense investigation by both the Soviet and American space programs. Since the intrinsic magnetic field of Venus is exceedingly weak, if it exists at all, we expect many phenomena of the upper atmosphere and ionosphere of Venus to differ from their terrestrial counterparts. While flybys and landings of the many Venus missions provided useful data on these phenomena, orbital missions were needed for their detailed investigation. Such orbital missions were provided by the Soviet program with Veneras 9 and 10 in October 1975 and by the United States with the Pioneer Venus Orbiter in December 1978. Originally designed for a prime mission of only 243 days, the Pioneer Venus Orbiter is still functioning over a decade later, providing data nearly - hours a day through one of the most active solar cycles to date. We expect these transmis sions to continue until September 1992 when gravitation perturbations will lower the periapsis of the PVO orbit so that the spacecraft will be lost to the atmosphere. The Venera 9 and 10 and the Pioneer Venus observations have led to an explosion of knowledge about the upper atmosphere and ionosphere of Venus and their interaction with the solar wind. The availability of data over a full solar cycle has.

Special Report

Special Report
Author: Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1979
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Artificial satellites
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Special Report Book Excerpt:

Multiscale Processes in the Earth s Magnetosphere From Interball to Cluster

Multiscale Processes in the Earth s Magnetosphere  From Interball to Cluster
Author: Jean-Andre Sauvaud,Zdenek Nemecek
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2006-05-07
ISBN: 1402027680
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Multiscale Processes in the Earth s Magnetosphere From Interball to Cluster Book Excerpt:

The past forty years of space research have seen a substantial improvement in our understanding of the Earth’s magnetosphere and its coupling with the solar wind and interplanetary magnetic ?eld (IMF). The magnetospheric str- ture has been mapped and major processes determining this structure have been de?ned. However, the picture obtained is too often static. We know how the magnetosphere forms via the interaction of the solar wind and IMF with the Earth’s magnetic ?eld. We can describe the steady state for various upstream conditions but do not really understand the dynamic processes leading from one state to another. The main dif?culty is that the magnetosphere is a comp- cated system with many time constants ranging from fractions of a second to days and the system rarely attains a steady state. Two decades ago, it became clear that further progress would require multi-point measurements. Since then, two multi-spacecraft missions have been launched — INTERBALL in 1995/96 and CLUSTER II in 2000. The objectives of these missions d- fered but were complementary: While CLUSTER is adapted to meso-scale processes, INTERBALL observed larger spatial and temporal scales. However, the number of papers taking advantage of both missions simul- neously is rather small.

Geofizicheski Sbornik

Geofizicheski   Sbornik
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1984
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Geophysics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geofizicheski Sbornik Book Excerpt:

Horizontal Launch and Reentry of Reentry Vehicles

Horizontal Launch and Reentry of Reentry Vehicles
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2005
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Horizontal Launch and Reentry of Reentry Vehicles Book Excerpt:

Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for Commercial Launch Vehicles

Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for Commercial Launch Vehicles
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2001
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for Commercial Launch Vehicles Book Excerpt:

Coastal and Marine Environments

Coastal and Marine Environments
Author: José Simão Antunes Do Carmo
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 136
Release: 2020-01-22
ISBN: 1789843596
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Coastal and Marine Environments Book Excerpt:

This book systematizes the concepts of contemporary coastal zone management and suggests possible structural and non-structural management tools for decision-making processes. Some successful adaptation measures and case studies on oceanic processes and coastal protection are discussed. High-frequency communications in coastal and marine environments are also addressed.All chapters contribute relevant information and useful content to scientists and other readers interested or concerned about the lack of adequate management actions and the installation of appropriate protections or their ineffectiveness in containing coastal vulnerabilities and risks.

The Atmospheric Sciences

The Atmospheric Sciences
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 384
Release: 1998-11-22
ISBN: 0309064155
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Atmospheric Sciences Book Excerpt:

Technology has propelled the atmospheric sciences from a fledgling discipline to a global enterprise. Findings in this field shape a broad spectrum of decisions--what to wear outdoors, whether aircraft should fly, how to deal with the issue of climate change, and more. This book presents a comprehensive assessment of the atmospheric sciences and offers a vision for the future and a range of recommendations for federal authorities, the scientific community, and education administrators. How does atmospheric science contribute to national well-being? In the context of this question, the panel identifies imperatives in scientific observation, recommends directions for modeling and forecasting research, and examines management issues, including the growing problem of weather data availability. Five subdisciplines--physics, chemistry, dynamics and weather forecasting, upper atmosphere and near-earth space physics, climate and climate change--and their status as the science enters the twenty-first century are examined in detail, including recommendations for research. This readable book will be of interest to public-sector policy framers and private-sector decisionmakers as well as researchers, educators, and students in the atmospheric sciences.

Active Experiments in Space Past Present and Future

Active Experiments in Space  Past  Present  and Future
Author: Gian Luca Delzanno,Joseph Eric Borovsky,Evgeny V. Mishin
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020-07-10
ISBN: 2889636593
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Active Experiments in Space Past Present and Future Book Excerpt:

S Chand S Success Guide R C B Sc Physics Vol 3

S Chand S Success Guide R C B Sc Physics Vol  3
Author: C L Arora
Publsiher: S. Chand Publishing
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 9788121906265
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

S Chand S Success Guide R C B Sc Physics Vol 3 Book Excerpt:

Section-I: Solid State Physics| Section-Ii Electronics | Section-Iii: Nuclear And Particle Physics

IGY General Report

IGY General Report
Author: World Data Center A.
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1961
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: International Geophysical Year, 1957-1958
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

IGY General Report Book Excerpt: