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Description : Excerpt from The State Corporation as a Party in the Federal Courts In tracing this construction and drawing some conclusions and suggestions therefrom, I shall not take up the various judiciary and removal acts of Congress, for, though that body may endow the inferior Federal courts with less jurisdiction than the Constitution warrants, it can not rightfully bestow greater. From the formation of the State to the adoption of the National Constitution, Massachusetts chartered but one corporation (curtis's Jurisdiction, Ch. Judging by the history of that leading Commonwealth, the number of corporations in all the States when the Constitution was adopted did not equal the present daily average for Indiana. The inference is strong that the case of corporations as parties in non-federal litiga tion was not actually in the minds of the framers in formulating the judiciary article of the Constitution. Undoubtedly the use of the word person would have let in corporations, and that, too, within the common acceptation of the word at the time, and without creating a fiction or irrebuttable presumption. But the Constitution itself (and the Amendments) shows a careful and precise use of the words person and citizen. The President must be a citizen. Citizens are entitled to certain privileges and immunities. A person charged with treason. No person shall be held to answer. No person shall be deprived, etc. The Supreme Court has always held that a corporation is a person within those provisions of the Constitution in which the word person is employed. The Supreme Court has always held that a corporation is not a citizen within those provisions of the Constitution in which the word citizen is employed, except the section conferring jurisdiction on the Federal courts. Under that section it has never been held that a corporation is a citizen, but in some cases it has been said that a corpora tion, for the purposes of Federal jurisdiction, may be deemed to be a citizen. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.