Description : This book is the outcome of a three-year project coordinated by a group of Swedish researchers and with collaborating scholars from Africa and Asia. It provides a comparative study between Asian agricultural development during the Green Revolution in food production and the current problematic agricultural situation in sub-Saharan Africa.
Description : The Green Revolution – the apparently miraculous increase in cereal crop yields achieved in the 1960s – came under severe criticism in the 1970s because of its demands for optimal irrigation, intensive use of fertilisers and pesticides; its damaging impact on social structures; and its monoculture approach. The early 1980s saw a concerted approach to many of these criticisms under the auspices of Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). This book, first published in 1987, analyses the recent achievements of the CGIAR and examines the Green Revolution concept in South America, Asia and Africa, from an ‘ecodevelopment’ standpoint, with particular regard to the plight of the rural poor. The work is characterised by a concern for the ecological and social dimensions of agricultural development,which puts the emphasis on culturally compatible, labour absorbing and environmentally sustainable food production which will serve the long term needs of developing countries.
Description : Africa can achieve self sufficiency in food production through adoption of innovations in the agriculture sector. Numerous soil fertility and crop production technologies have been generated through research, however, wide adoption has been low. African farmers need better technologies, more sustainable practices, and fertilizers to improve and sustain their crop productivity and to prevent further degradation of agricultural lands. The agricultural sector also needs to be supported by functional institutions and policies that will be able to respond to emerging challenges of globalization and climate change.
Description : The main theme of this book is to provide a critical analysis of the "Nigerian dependent management and leadership development in the post world war II colonial Nigeria". (1945-to-1960) and beyond, using foreign fi rms-global/multinational and transnational corporations; U.A.C., SHELL, NNPC and OPEC. All these foreign fi rms have their parent companies resided in their foreign countries of origin (advanced metropolis) and have their subsidiaries or peripheries all over the global communities of under¬developed and developing economies. Paradoxically, the book was generated by on-going political, economic concern and controversy with the fate of the struggle and quest for economic liberation in the third world-under-developed and developing countries of Africa, with direct specifi c studies of the "Nigeria dependent management and leadership development", predates, from 'pre and post' colonial era of the British colonial rule in Nigeria. The book further focuses, elicits and elucidates the third world dependent development. International Political Economy and Global/Multinational-Transnational Corporations, economic and political roles in Nigeria's 'agricultural and oil' base economic factors, by using Nigeria raw materials/natural resources to produce into fi nished products. The profi ts maximization, surpluses and heavy taxation realized through levied and derived from the genesis of the raw materials, making it into complete fi nished products, from the subsidiary country Nigeria, by the British global/multinational corporations of (U.A.C.) the United Africa Company, on the poor peasantry/farmers were been appropriated, expropriated back to the U.A.C's parent company in the United Kingdom's ministry of food and supply. The other raw materials/natural resources of the crude petroleum/oil manufacturing economy were been monopolized by the "SHELL" Oil Royal Dutch of Netherlands and British "SHELL" post emerged, based on the concession signed in Britain, as the British government during colonial rule in Nigeria discovered crude oil segments deposits, in the today's south-south at Oloibiri in 1956, province/region in the today, south-south of eastern Nigeria. The "NNPC" the Nigeria indigenous oil transnational corporation, represented the Nigeria federal government crude oil reserve ownership of 55 % (in a shared venture, with "SHELL" British Petroleum and her partner of the Netherland Royal Dutch Oil Co-"SHELL"- "SHELL" owned 30 %) and profi ts made by "SHELL" was transferred to the "SHELL" parent oil Co, Headquarters at Hague, Netherland; Finally, the "OPEC" relationship with Nigeria, and the world oil market, emerged as the oil giant (developing oil organization) permanent inter-governmental organization, seemed competitively world oil organization, bailed out the global oil community in terms of world oil market stock exchange crashes and recessions; global oil gluts, oil embargos, regional civil wars and unrest threatened "OPEC" oil production, intercepts in bailing out the global oil community, via by optimal production and supplies was apparent in "OPEC" sustainability growth and reinforce the world oil market business continuity. "OPEC" main theme was apparently formed to stabilize and fi x oil prices, amongst the member 12 oil producing and exporting countries from the third world. Assist the member oil producer member countries to produce oil in a quota basis system to prevent any oil price manipulations, intimidations, exploitative mechanism of oil sales malpractices and price anomalies. The "Author" explored, propounded theorist argument (with and counter refutations) from traditional to contemporary school of thoughts with constructive arguments, and several theories, models, conceptual analysis, methodological frame work and practical empirical research hypothesis and scholarly work and evidences to prove and validates Author's scholarly arguments, mostly represented facts and additional factual arguments using "graphs, blocks, maps, photo's/Image", supported and validates Author's scholarly arguments. The Class Confl icts: Struggle for Nigeria Economic Revenue Resource System. The Nigeria civilian democratic and military leadership elite class, middle-class and the down-trodden. Most of the social classes in the society, corporate and middle-class were seemed caught-up with the diseases of culture of corruption was endemic, plagued and perpetuated the Nigeria's economic engine and lifeblood nations revenue-net income output capacity of the 'oil and gas' industry sectors, desperate looting, leadership and mismanagement of both the civilian democratic and military ruling systems were all accountable for revenue misappropriation and impropriety-during "oil windfalls" and few 'transparency methodologies' of providing accurate accountability and implementation of these policies was sometimes neglected to suit their orchestrated squandermanic economic life styles in the leadership and management settings. The remnants of the Nigeria loss in the oil and gas industry, in addendum from the militia protest and strike groups, requesting for their compensatory damages monetarily for their impaired ecological-"ecosystem and environmental" degradation caused by the oil multinational corporations toxic chemicals, which results from the aforementioned reasons, on both the foreign oil fi rms and Nigeria government, refused to provide them shares of their mother-nature, natural land resources. The Nigeria government loses $8.7 billion dollars annually for the 'militancy and insurgency' in the oil and gas industry sector from the militia groups in the Niger Delta region. Meanwhile, Nigeria has "159 oil fi elds and 1487 oil wells", predominantly 78% are concentrated in the Niger Delta region alone. This section examines the most imperative 'leadership and management in Nigeria, United Nations and the United States most eminent Harvard University Professor Robert Rotberg in an exclusive, 'two (2) book interview' conducted by the "Author"