One Hundred Years Of Chemical Engineering

Author by : Nicholas A. Peppas
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : One hundred years ago, in September 1888, Professor Lewis Mills Norton (1855-1893) of the Chemistry Department of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology introduced to the curriculum a course on industrial chemical practice. This was the first structured course in chemical engineer ing taught in a University. Ten years later, Norton's successor Frank H. Thorpe published the first textbook in chemical engineering, entitled "Outlines of Industrial Chemistry." Over the years, chemical engineering developed from a simple industrial chemical analysis of processes into a mature field. The volume presented here includes most of the commissioned and contributed papers presented at the American Chemical Society Symposium celebrating the centenary of chemical engineering. The contributions are presented in a logical way, starting first with the history of chemical engineering, followed by analyses of various fields of chemical engineering and concluding with the history of various U.S. and European Departments of Chemical Engineering. I wish to thank the authors of the contributions/chapters of this volume for their enthusiastic response to my idea of publishing this volume and Dr. Gianni Astarita of the University of Naples, Italy, for his encouragement during the initial stages of this project.


The History Of Chemical Technology

Author by : Robert P. Multhauf
Languange : en
Publisher by : Scholarly Title
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Total Read : 51
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Chemical Technology

Author by : Andreas Jess
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 86
Total Download : 177
File Size : 44,6 Mb
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Description : A fully updated edition of a popular textbook covering the four disciplines of chemical technology?featuring new developments in the field Clear and thorough throughout, this textbook covers the major sub-disciplines of modern chemical technology?chemistry, thermal and mechanical unit operations, chemical reaction engineering, and general chemical technology?alongside raw materials, energy sources and detailed descriptions of 24 important industrial processes and products. It brings information on energy and raw material consumption and production data of chemicals up to date and offers not just improved and extended chapters, but completely new ones as well. This new edition of Chemical Technology: From Principles to Products features a new chapter illustrating the global economic map and its development from the 15th century until today, and another on energy consumption in human history. Chemical key technologies for a future sustainable energy system such as power-to-X and hydrogen storage are now also examined. Chapters on inorganic products, material reserves, and water consumption and resources have been extended, while another presents environmental aspects of plastic pollution and handling of plastic waste. The book also adds four important processes to its pages: production of titanium dioxide, silicon, production and chemical recycling of polytetrafluoroethylene, and fermentative synthesis of amino acids. -Provides comprehensive coverage of chemical technology?from the fundamentals to 24 of the most important processes -Intertwines the four disciplines of chemical technology: chemistry, thermal and mechanical unit operations, chemical reaction engineering and general chemical technology -Fully updated with new content on: power-to-X and hydrogen storage; inorganic products, including metals, glass, and ceramics; water consumption and pollution; and additional industrial processes -Written by authors with extensive experience in teaching the topic and helping students understand the complex concepts Chemical Technology: From Principles to Products, Second Edition is an ideal textbook for advanced students of chemical technology and will appeal to anyone in chemical engineering.


Chemical Engineering Visions Of The World

Author by : R. C. Darton
Languange : en
Publisher by : Elsevier
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 19
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Description : This book presents six visionary essays on the past, present and future of the chemical and process industries, together with a critical commentary. Our world is changing fast and the visions explore the implications for business and academic institutions, and for the professionals working in them. The visions were written and brought together for the 6th World Congress of Chemical Engineering in Melbourne, Australia in September 2001. · Identifies trends in the chemicals business environment and their consequences · Discusses a wide variety of views about business and technology · Describes the impact of newly developing technologies


Chemical Technology

Author by : F. A. Henglein
Languange : en
Publisher by : Elsevier
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Total Read : 80
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Description : Chemical Technology is based on lectures the author gave at the Technische Hochschule of Karlsruhe and at the University of Freiburg. Part 1 of this book deals with chemical technology and describes subjects dealing with apparatus, unit operations, and chemical economics. The text reviews industrial chemical reactions, raw materials preparation for reaction, thermal and catalytic processes, and a history of chemical technology. This part also addresses transportation, storage of raw materials, and the design and construction of a chemical factory. Part 2 concerns special chemical technology, including topics such as raw material upgrading; processing of products in the chemical industry; and unit processes application toward consumer goods production. This part reviews materials sourcing from animals, minerals, and vegetables, such as processing of products from living organisms, the recovery of sugar, starch, and other carbohydrates. The book also reviews products of the chemical industry including low-molecular weight consumer goods, detergents, aromas, explosives, plastics, elastomers, synthetic leather, textile, and some building materials. Chemistry students, chemical and process technology students, and mechanical engineering students with interest in chemistry will find this book valuable.


A Guide To Archives And Manuscript Collections In The History Of Chemistry And Chemical Technology

Author by : George Tselos
Languange : en
Publisher by : Chemical Heritage Foundation
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 12
Total Download : 462
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Description : A thorough inventory of research resources in American repositories, the Guide lists collections in the history of chemistry and chemical engineering, the chemical and pharmaceutical industries, and a number of related chemical process industries and businesses, from personal and professional papers of chemical scientists and engineers to business records of the chemical process industries.


Chemical Technology In Antiquity

Author by : Seth C. Rasmussen
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 66
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Description : Chemistry is intimately involved in the development of the oldest known civilizations, resulting in a range of chemical technologies that not only continue to be part of modern civilized societies, but are so commonplace that it would be hard to imagine life without them. Such chemical technology has a very long and rich history, in some cases dating back to as early as 20,000 BCE. "Chemistry Technology in Antiquity" aims to present the discovery, development, and early history of a range of such chemical technologies, with the added goal of including a number of smaller subjects often ignored in the presentation of early chemical technology. While the book does not aim to be a comprehensive coverage of the full range of chemical technologies practiced during antiquity, it provides a feel and appreciation for both the deep history involved with these topics, as well as the complexity of the chemical processes that were being utilized at such a very early time period.


History Of Technology Volume 22

Author by : Graham Hollister-Short
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 74
Total Download : 368
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Description : The technical problems confronting different societies and periods, and the measures taken to solve them, form the concern of this annual collection of essays. History of Technology, Volume 22 deals with the history of technical discovery and change and explores the relation of technology to other aspects of life - social, cultural and economic - and shows how technological development has shaped, and been shaped by, the society in which it occurred.Published under the auspices of the Institute of Historical Research, University of London


Introduction To Chemical Engineering

Author by : Uche P. Nnaji
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 84
Total Download : 849
File Size : 49,6 Mb
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Description : The field of chemical engineering is undergoing a global “renaissance,” with new processes, equipment, and sources changing literally every day. It is a dynamic, important area of study and the basis for some of the most lucrative and integral fields of science. Introduction to Chemical Engineering offers a comprehensive overview of the concept, principles and applications of chemical engineering. It explains the distinct chemical engineering knowledge which gave rise to a general-purpose technology and broadest engineering field. The book serves as a conduit between college education and the real-world chemical engineering practice. It answers many questions students and young engineers often ask which include: How is what I studied in the classroom being applied in the industrial setting? What steps do I need to take to become a professional chemical engineer? What are the career diversities in chemical engineering and the engineering knowledge required? How is chemical engineering design done in real-world? What are the chemical engineering computer tools and their applications? What are the prospects, present and future challenges of chemical engineering? And so on. It also provides the information new chemical engineering hires would need to excel and cross the critical novice engineer stage of their career. It is expected that this book will enhance students understanding and performance in the field and the development of the profession worldwide. Whether a new-hire engineer or a veteran in the field, this is a must—have volume for any chemical engineer’s library.


How Glass Changed The World

Author by : Seth C. Rasmussen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 71
Total Download : 106
File Size : 51,8 Mb
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Description : Glass production is thought to date to ~2500 BC and had found numerous uses by the height of the Roman Empire. Yet the modern view of glass-based chemical apparatus (beakers, flasks, stills, etc.) was quite limited due to a lack of glass durability under rapid temperature changes and chemical attack. This “brief” gives an overview of the history and chemistry of glass technology from its origins in antiquity to its dramatic expansion in the 13th century, concluding with its impact on society in general, particularly its effect on chemical practices.


Encyclopedic Dictionary Of Named Processes In Chemical Technology Fourth Edition

Author by : Alan E. Comyns
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 39
Total Download : 533
File Size : 46,9 Mb
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Description : Since the third edition of this reference was completed, there have been major changes in the global chemical industry. With less emphasis on new processes for making basic chemicals and more emphasis on pollution prevention and waste disposal, petrochemical processes are giving way to biochemical processes. These changes are reflected in the new processes being developed, many of which have their own names. In addition, niche improvements are still being made in petrochemistry, and some of these processes have new names as well. Gathering and defining a large portion of special named processes that may fall outside standard chemical texts or be scattered among industry manuals, Encyclopedic Dictionary of Named Processes in Chemical Technology, Fourth Edition provides a single-source reference on an extensive array of named processes. It provides concise descriptions of those processes in chemical technology that are known by special names that are not self-explanatory. While overviews of the chemical technology industry are present in other books, most of the names defined within this volume are unique to this compilation. This reference includes named processes in current commercial use around the world, processes that have been or are being piloted on a substantial scale, and even obsolete processes that have been important in the past. The length of the dictionary entries reflects their importance and topicality. The text includes references that document the origins of the processes and review the latest developments. Written by a highly experienced and respected author, this user-friendly text is presented in a practical dictionary format that is useful for a broad audience including industrial chemists and engineers.


The Oxford Encyclopedia Of Economic History

Author by : Joel Mokyr
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 99
Total Download : 102
File Size : 40,5 Mb
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Description : What were the economic roots of modern industrialism? Were labor unions ever effective in raising workers' living standards? Did high levels of taxation in the past normally lead to economic decline? These and similar questions profoundly inform a wide range of intertwined social issues whose complexity, scope, and depth become fully evident in the Encyclopedia. Due to the interdisciplinary nature of the field, the Encyclopedia is divided not only by chronological and geographic boundaries, but also by related subfields such as agricultural history, demographic history, business history, and the histories of technology, migration, and transportation. The articles, all written and signed by international contributors, include scholars from Europe, Latin America, Africa, and Asia. Covering economic history in all areas of the world and segments of ecnomies from prehistoric times to the present, The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History is the ideal resource for students, economists, and general readers, offering a unique glimpse into this integral part of world history.


The Quest For Aqua Vitae

Author by : Seth C. Rasmussen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 39
Total Download : 103
File Size : 51,8 Mb
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Description : Ethyl alcohol, or ethanol, is one of the most ubiquitous chemical compounds in the history of the chemical sciences. The generation of alcohol via fermentation is also one of the oldest forms of chemical technology, with the production of fermented beverages such as mead, beer and wine predating the smelting of metals. By the 12th century, the ability to isolate alcohol from wine had moved this chemical species from a simple component of alcoholic beverages to both a new medicine and a powerful new solvent. Of course, this also began the long tradition of production of liqueurs and strong spirits for consumption. The use of alcohol as a fuel, however, did not occur until significantly later periods. This volume presents a general overview of the early history and chemistry of alcohol production and isolation, as well as a discussion of its early uses in both the chemical arts and medicine.


Science And Civilisation In China Volume 5 Chemistry And Chemical Technology Part 5 Spagyrical Discovery And Invention Physiological Alchemy

Author by : Joseph Needham
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 20
Total Download : 287
File Size : 42,9 Mb
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Description : The fifth volume of Dr Needham's immense undertaking, like the fourth, is subdivided into parts for ease of assimilation and presentation, each part bound and published separately. The volume as a whole covers the subjects of alchemy, early chemistry, and chemical technology (which includes military invention, especially gunpowder and rockets; paper and printing; textiles; mining and metallurgy; the salt industry; and ceramics).


Introducing The Chemical Sciences

Author by : Chemical Heritage Foundation
Languange : en
Publisher by : Chemical Heritage Foundation
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 80
Total Download : 780
File Size : 46,8 Mb
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Description : An introductory guide that is designed particularly for teachers and their students, but is useful in many other contexts. This new edition lists reference works; histories of science and technology; histories of the chemical sciences and industries including company histories; autobiographies and biographies; edited classical texts; and journals.


The History Of Imperial College London 1907 2007

Author by : Hannah Gay
Languange : en
Publisher by : World Scientific
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 92
Total Download : 103
File Size : 49,7 Mb
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Description : This is the first major history of Imperial College London. The book tells the story of a new type of institution that came into being in 1907 with the federation of three older colleges. Imperial College was founded by the state for advanced university-level training in science and technology, and for the promotion of research in support of industry throughout the British Empire. True to its name the college built a wide number of Imperial links and was an outward looking institution from the start. Today, in the post-colonial world, it retains its outward-looking stance, both in its many international research connections, and with staff and students from around the world. Connections to industry and the state remain important. The College is one of Britain's premier research and teaching institutions, including now medicine alongside science and engineering. This book is an in-depth study of Imperial College; it covers both governance and academic activity within the larger context of political, economic and socio-cultural life in twentieth-century Britain.


Between Making And Knowing Tools In The History Of Materials Research

Author by : Joseph D Martin
Languange : en
Publisher by : World Scientific
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 13
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File Size : 46,7 Mb
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Description : This book offers a comprehensive sketch of the tools used in material research and the rich and diverse stories of how those tools came to be. We aim to give readers a sense of what tools materials researchers required in the late 20th century, and how those tools were developed and became accessible. The book is in a sense a collective biography of the components of what the philosopher of science, Ian Hacking, calls the 'instrumentarium' of materials research. Readers should gain an appreciation of the work materials researchers put into developing and using such tools, and of the tremendous variety of such tools. They should also gain some insight into the material (and hence financial) prerequisites for materials research. Materials research requires funding for the availability and maintenance of its tools; and the category of tools encompasses a broad range of substances, apparatus, institutions, and infrastructure.


Introduction To Chemical Science And Engineering

Author by : Nitosh Kumar Brahma
Languange : en
Publisher by : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 49
Total Download : 186
File Size : 43,5 Mb
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Description : ITCSE( Introduction to Chemical Science and Engineering, has been written with vast experiences of biology, medicine and chemical technology and engineering, covering the concepts of Chemical Sciences and Engineering. Molecular Biology and the understanding of Life and engineering interracial phenomena, surface properties have been exposed in this book with the understanding that the education of Chemical Engineering has been changed towards Nano- and Molecular engineering, and has modified the concept of unit operation and the concept of reactor design, applicable to Medicine, Environment, Diagnosis, Conversion and Recovery processes.The text book ITCSE has covered all such items including the chapters of Mass and Heat transfer, Fluidization, Membrane and Reaction engineering, occurring in Nano-channels and micro-reactors.ITCSE has also covered the history of Chemical Science and Engineering to inspire young chemical engineers to utilize this eucation for human well being.


Chemical Engineering For The Food Industry

Author by : D. Leo Pyle
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 17
Total Download : 583
File Size : 46,8 Mb
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Description : Industrial food processing involves the production of added value foods on a large scale; these foods are made by mixing and processing different ingredients in a prescribed way. The food industry, historically, has not designed its processes in an engineering sense, i.e. by understanding the physical and chemical principles which govern the operation of the plant and then using those principles to develop a process. Rather, processes have been 'designed' by purchasing equipment from a range of suppliers and then connecting that equipment together to form a complete process. When the process being run has essentially been scaled up from the kitchen then this may not matter. However, there are limits to the approach. • As the industry becomes more sophisticated, and economies of scale are exploited, then the size of plant reaches a scale where systematic design techniques are needed. • The range of processes and products made by the food industry has increased to include foods which have no kitchen counterpart, such as low-fat spreads. • It is vital to ensure the quality and safety of the product. • Plant must be flexible and able to cope with the need to make a variety of products from a range of ingredients. This is especially important as markets evolve with time. • The traditional design process cannot readily handle multi-product and multi-stream operations. • Processes must be energetically efficient and meet modern environmen tal standards.


History Of Engineering And Technology

Author by : Ervan G. Garrison
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 94
Total Download : 518
File Size : 47,6 Mb
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Description : History of Engineering and Technology provides an illustrated history of engineered technology from the Stone Age to the Nuclear Age. Examining important areas of engineering and technology, this second edition contains: New contributions on Airships and zeppelins Highways and economics Early hydroelectricity Chemical engineering Technology and history Brunel and the Royal Navy Stealth and the submarine Computer history Deepwater engineering Science fiction and the evolution of modern engineering Art and engineering Electric motors, radio, and batteries Expansion of these existing chapters Mining and the Location of Minerals Water Distribution: Qanots to Acequias Biomedical Engineering Communication Engineering: Shannon to Satellites Personalities and the Auto: Ford and Ferrari Failures in Engineering: Chernobyl, Titanic, Tacoma Narrows, Challenger Cold Fusion, Electric Cars, and Other "Humbug" This introductory book presents the persons, concepts, and events that made salient contributions to the engineering narrative, reporting a compelling story spanning millennia and encouraging a sense of history for its readers.