The Human Microbiome in Early Life

The Human Microbiome in Early Life
Author: Omry Koren,Samuli Rautava
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 326
Release: 2020-09-18
ISBN: 0128180986
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Human Microbiome in Early Life Book Excerpt:

The Human Microbiome in Early Life: Implications to Health and Disease presents recent research advances that have highlighted the significance of early life, possibly beginning before birth, in the establishment of both the microbiome and its role in health and disease. The book reviews current knowledge on the origins of the human microbiota in early life, presents exposures which may disturb normal microbial colonization, and covers their implications to the risk of disease. Finally, emerging means to modify the early human microbiome to improve health are discussed. Examines the timeline of the human microbiome, from before conception to infancy, with an emphasis on clinical implications Evaluates the effort to understand not only the composition but also the origin of the microbiome Proves the emerging means to modify the human microbiome and particularly ‘the first 1000 days of life’ improve human health and prevent disease Generates resources to facilitate characterization of the human microbiota to further our understanding of how the microbiome impacts human health and disease

Environmental Chemicals the Human Microbiome and Health Risk

Environmental Chemicals  the Human Microbiome  and Health Risk
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Advancing Understanding of the Implications of Environmental-Chemical Interactions with the Human Microbiome
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 122
Release: 2018-01-29
ISBN: 0309468728
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Chemicals the Human Microbiome and Health Risk Book Excerpt:

A great number of diverse microorganisms inhabit the human body and are collectively referred to as the human microbiome. Until recently, the role of the human microbiome in maintaining human health was not fully appreciated. Today, however, research is beginning to elucidate associations between perturbations in the human microbiome and human disease and the factors that might be responsible for the perturbations. Studies have indicated that the human microbiome could be affected by environmental chemicals or could modulate exposure to environmental chemicals. Environmental Chemicals, the Human Microbiome, and Health Risk presents a research strategy to improve our understanding of the interactions between environmental chemicals and the human microbiome and the implications of those interactions for human health risk. This report identifies barriers to such research and opportunities for collaboration, highlights key aspects of the human microbiome and its relation to health, describes potential interactions between environmental chemicals and the human microbiome, reviews the risk-assessment framework and reasons for incorporating chemicalâ€"microbiome interactions.

Impact of Early Life Nutrition on Immune System Development and Related Health Outcomes in Later Life

Impact of Early Life Nutrition on Immune System Development and Related Health Outcomes in Later Life
Author: Laxmi Yeruva,Daniel Munblit,Maria Carmen Collado
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2021-05-28
ISBN: 2889668134
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Impact of Early Life Nutrition on Immune System Development and Related Health Outcomes in Later Life Book Excerpt:

Human Gut Microbiome

Human Gut Microbiome
Author: Gunjan Goel,Teresa Requena,Saurabh Bansal
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2022-07-29
ISBN: 0323913717
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Gut Microbiome Book Excerpt:

Human-Gut Microbiome: Establishment and Interactions gives an overview of microbiome establishments in humans and basic technologies used to decipher the structure and function of gut microbiome. Other sections focus on the application of microbiomics in different disease manifestations, such as obesity, diabetes, and more. The book provides the basics, as well as mechanistic knowledge underpinning the structural and functional understanding of the microbiome. With the advancement in omics technologies, as well as the development of bioinformatic tools, much research has been undertaken to decipher the microbiomes of different hosts. This research is generating valuable insights into micro-ecological niches and their impact on humans, hence this new release covers these new insights. The book will be a valuable resource for scientists, researchers, postgraduate and graduate students who are interested in understanding the impact and importance of the omics approach to humans and their microbiomes. Provides an overview of the recent developments in meta-omics technologies Serves as a unique reference for healthcare professionals, pursuing research on gut homeostasis, and functional foods, as well as nutritional dietary management Focuses on the application of microbiomics in different disease manifestations, such as obesity, diabetes, and more

Human Microbiome in Health and Disease Part A

Human Microbiome in Health and Disease   Part A
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 290
Release: 2022-10-01
ISBN: 0323997872
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Microbiome in Health and Disease Part A Book Excerpt:

Human Microbiome in Health and Disease, Volume 191, Part A presents updated knowledge on human microbiome as covered by renowned science faculty across the globe. Chapters in this volume include an introduction to human microbiome, Structure, functions and diversity of healthy human microbiome, Role of human microbiome in cancer, Gut microbiota and gastrointestinal cancer, Dysbiosis of human microbiome and metabolic diseases, Gut microbiome and type 2 diabetes, Gut microbiome and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, Hepatic drug metabolism and intestinal microbiota, Emerging tools for understanding the human microbiome, and Microbiome therapeutics: Opportunity and challenges, and more. These chapters cover the composition, diversity, dynamics and functions of human microbiome in health and disease. This book will form an excellent and informative text on keystone, autochthonous, and exogenous microbiota important for human health in a simple to understand and easy to read format. Covers the structure, functions and diversity of human microbiome in health and disease Includes discussions on drug metabolisms and microbiome based therapeutics Presents emerging tools for understanding the human microbiome

Impact of Microbiome on Gut Mucosal Immunity in Health and Disease

Impact of Microbiome on Gut Mucosal Immunity in Health and Disease
Author: Oscar Gilberto Gomez-Duarte,Pearay Ogra,Tobias R. Kollmann,Cecil Czerkinsky
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 249
Release: 2022-11-07
ISBN: 2832504027
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Impact of Microbiome on Gut Mucosal Immunity in Health and Disease Book Excerpt:

Human Gut Microbiome

Human Gut Microbiome
Author: Gunjan Goel,Teresa Requena,Saurabh Bansal
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2022-07-14
ISBN: 032391313X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Gut Microbiome Book Excerpt:

Human-Gut Microbiome: Establishment and Interactions gives an overview of microbiome establishments in humans and basic technologies used to decipher the structure and function of gut microbiome. Other sections focus on the application of microbiomics in different disease manifestations, such as obesity, diabetes, and more. The book provides the basics, as well as mechanistic knowledge underpinning the structural and functional understanding of the microbiome. With the advancement in omics technologies, as well as the development of bioinformatic tools, much research has been undertaken to decipher the microbiomes of different hosts. This research is generating valuable insights into micro-ecological niches and their impact on humans, hence this new release covers these new insights. The book will be a valuable resource for scientists, researchers, postgraduate and graduate students who are interested in understanding the impact and importance of the omics approach to humans and their microbiomes. Provides an overview of the recent developments in meta-omics technologies Serves as a unique reference for healthcare professionals, pursuing research on gut homeostasis, and functional foods, as well as nutritional dietary management Focuses on the application of microbiomics in different disease manifestations, such as obesity, diabetes, and more

The Human Microbiome Handbook

The Human Microbiome Handbook
Author: Jason Tetro,Emma Allen-Vercoe
Publsiher: DEStech Publications, Inc
Total Pages: 382
Release: 2016-03-15
ISBN: 1605951595
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Human Microbiome Handbook Book Excerpt:

Critical reference explains strategies of microbiome research in humansSummarizes the microbiome's effects on immunity, metabolism, genetics and psychologyEvaluates medical and nutritional therapies for modifying the microbiomeFor healthcare researchers, nutritionists, microbiologists, and medical professionals Written by a team of leading scientists, this book offers a concise technical reference covering human microbiome research and its ramifications for medicine and nutrition. The initial chapters furnish a scientific explanation of the microbiome in general and its ecology. The book then provides a detailed investigation of microbial populations as these pertain to physiology, metabolism and immunology. The final portions are devoted to exploration of the microbiome's effects on chronic and autoimmune diseases and include assessments of clinical therapies and nutritional interventions designed to alter the microbiome to mitigate chronic health conditions.

Human Microbiome Symbiosis to Pathogenesis

Human Microbiome  Symbiosis to Pathogenesis
Author: Learn-Han Lee,Nurul-Syakima Ab Mutalib,Sunny Hei Wong,Siok-Fong Chin,Vishal Singh
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 323
Release: 2021-03-24
ISBN: 2889666239
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Microbiome Symbiosis to Pathogenesis Book Excerpt:

The Microbiome

The Microbiome
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 194
Release: 2020-10-23
ISBN: 0128207981
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Microbiome Book Excerpt:

The Microbiome, Volume 176, assembles known facts and provides guidance for their implementation on topics relating to associations between the gut microbiome and personality traits, depression, anxiety, autism, schizophrenia, cognition, dementia and neurodegeneration. Additionally, this volume considers the influence of the maternal microbiome on brain development, with chapters covering Intervention, prevention, and the brain: prebiotics, probiotics, and fecal transplants, The microbiota-gut-brain axis: focus on the fundamental communication pathways, and Microbiome composition and locations. Provides a comprehensive review of the bidirectional interactions between gut microbes and the brain Includes data across the lifespan Focuses on microbiome related therapies with broad appeal within, and beyond, the medical and scientific community

The Microbiota in Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology

The Microbiota in Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology
Author: Martin H. Floch,Yehuda Ringel,W. Allen Walker
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 442
Release: 2016-11-16
ISBN: 0128040629
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Microbiota in Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology Book Excerpt:

The Microbiota in Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology: Implications for Human Health, Prebiotics, Probiotics and Dysbiosis is a one-stop reference on the state-of-the-art research on gut microbial ecology in relation to human disease. This important resource starts with an overview of the normal microbiota of the gastrointestinal tract, including the esophagus, stomach, Ileum, and colon. The book then identifies what a healthy vs. unhealthy microbial community looks like, including methods of identification. Also included is insight into which features and contributions the microbiota make that are essential and useful to host physiology, as is information on how to promote appropriate mutualisms and prevent undesirable dysbioses. Through the power of synthesizing what is known by experienced researchers in the field, current gaps are closed, raising understanding of the role of the microbiome and allowing for further research. Explains how to modify the gut microbiota and how the current strategies used to do this produce their effects Explores the gut microbiota as a therapeutic target Provides the synthesis of existing data from both mainstream and non-mainstream sources through experienced researchers in the field Serves as a ‘one-stop’ shop for a topic that’s currently spread across a number of various journals

Host and Microbe Adaptations in the Evolution of Immunity

Host and Microbe Adaptations in the Evolution of Immunity
Author: Larry J. Dishaw,Gary W. Litman
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 254
Release: 2019-12-31
ISBN: 2889630226
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Host and Microbe Adaptations in the Evolution of Immunity Book Excerpt:

The evolution of metazoans has been accompanied by new interfaces with the microbial environment that include biological barriers and surveillance by specialized cell types. Increasingly complex organisms require increased capacities to confront pathogens, achieved by co-evolution of recognition mechanisms and regulatory pathways. Two distinct but interactive forms of immunity have evolved. Innate immunity, shared by all metazoans, is traditionally viewed as simple and non-specific. Adaptive immunity possesses the capacity to anticipate new infectious challenges and recall previous exposures; the most well-understood example of such a system, exhibited by lymphocytes of vertebrates, is based on somatic gene alterations that generate extraordinary specificity in discrimination of molecular structures. Our understanding of immune phylogeny over the past decades has tried to reconcile immunity from a vertebrate standpoint. While informative, such approaches cannot completely address the complex nature of selective pressures brought to bear by the complex microbiota (including pathogens) that co-exist with all metazoans. In recent years, comparative studies (and new technologies) have broadened our concepts of immunity from a systems-wide perspective. Unexpected findings, e.g., genetic expansions of innate receptors, high levels of polymorphism, RNA-based forms of generating diversity, adaptive evolution and functional divergence of gene families and the recognition of novel mediators of adaptive immunity, prompt us to reconsider the very nature of immunity. Even fundamental paradigms as to how the jawed vertebrate adaptive immune system should be structured for “optimal” recognition potential have been disrupted more than once (e.g., the discovery of the multicluster organization and germline joining of immunoglobulin genes in sharks, gene conversion as a mechanism of somatic diversification, absence of IgM or MHC II in certain teleost fishes). Mechanistically, concepts of innate immune memory, often referred to as “trained memory,” have been realized further, with the development of new discoveries in studies of epigenetic regulation of somatic lineages. Immune systems innovate and adapt in a taxon-specific manner, driven by the complexity of interactions with microbial symbionts (commensals, mutualists and pathogens). Immune systems are shaped by selective forces that reflect consequences of dynamic interactions with microbial environments as well as a capacity for rapid change that can be facilitated by genomic instabilities. We have learned that characterizing receptors and receptor interactions is not necessarily the most significant component in understanding the evolution of immunity. Rather, such a subject needs to be understood from a more global perspective and will necessitate re-consideration of the physical barriers that afford protection and the developmental processes that create them. By far, the most significant paradigm shifts in our understanding of immunity and the infection process has been that microbes no longer are considered to be an automatic cause or consequence of illness, but rather integral components of normal physiology and homeostasis. Immune phylogeny has been shaped not only by an arms race with pathogens but also perhaps by mutualistic interactions with resident microbes. This Research Topic updates and extends the previous eBook on Changing Views of the Evolution of Immunity and contains peer-reviewed submissions of original research, reviews and opinions.

Maternal Microbiome in Health and Disease Advances and Possible Outcomes

Maternal Microbiome in Health and Disease  Advances and Possible Outcomes
Author: Carla R. Taddei,Laura K. Sycuro,Omry Koren
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 225
Release: 2022-05-25
ISBN: 288976222X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Maternal Microbiome in Health and Disease Advances and Possible Outcomes Book Excerpt:

The Human Microbiota in Health and Disease

The Human Microbiota in Health and Disease
Author: Mike Wilson
Publsiher: Garland Science
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2018-09-03
ISBN: 1351068350
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Human Microbiota in Health and Disease Book Excerpt:

A human being consists of a mammalian component and a multiplicity of microbes, collectively referred to as the "microbiota" or "microbiome," with which it has a symbiotic relationship. The microbiota is comprised of a variety of communities, the composition of each being dependent on the body site it inhabits. This community variation arises because the numerous locations on a human being provide very different environments, each of which favors the establishment of a distinct microbial community. Each community consists of bacteria, fungi and viruses with, in some cases, archaea and/or protozoa. It is increasingly being recognized that the indigenous microbiota plays an important role in maintaining the health of its human host. However, changes in the overall composition of a microbial community at a body site, or an increase in the proportion of a particular species in that community, can result in disease or other adverse consequences for the host. The Human Microbiota in Health and Disease: An Ecological and Community-Based Approach describes the nature of the various communities inhabiting humans as well as the important roles they play in human health and disease. It discusses techniques used to determine microbial community composition and features a chapter devoted to the many factors that underlie this mammalian–microbe symbiosis. Uniquely, the book adopts an ecological approach to examining the microbial community’s composition at a particular body site and why certain factors can shift a community from a eubiotic to a dysbiotic state. The book is for undergraduates and postgraduates on courses with a module on the indigenous microbiota of humans. It will also be useful to scientists, clinicians, and others seeking information on the human microbiota and its role in health and disease.

Intestinal Microbiome Functional Aspects in Health and Disease

Intestinal Microbiome  Functional Aspects in Health and Disease
Author: E. Isolauri,P.M. Sherman,W.A. Walker
Publsiher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Total Pages: 176
Release: 2017-03-27
ISBN: 3318060313
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Intestinal Microbiome Functional Aspects in Health and Disease Book Excerpt:

The intestinal microbiome is especially important during the first thousand days of life. Exposure to microbes in utero significantly impacts fetal development, in part through epigenetic processes and in part through hormonal influences which cause a change in the mother's intestinal microbiome. The nature of delivery and perinatal antibiotic treatment, as well as diet (especially in the postpartum period), can also influence initial microbial colonization and the development of appropriate intestinal defense mechanisms. These, in turn, can affect the expression of allergy, autoimmune disease, and brain function, among other things, later in life. The first part of this publication focuses on the development of the human microbiome in utero and the importance of normal colonization of the newborn gut in immune development and disease prevention. The second section deals with the normal development of gut microbiota and with clinical conditions associated with dysbiosis. The final chapters cover various aspects of human milk evolution and oligosaccharides.

Let Them Eat Dirt

Let Them Eat Dirt
Author: B. Brett Finlay,Marie-Claire Arrieta
Publsiher: Algonquin Books
Total Pages: 321
Release: 2017-09-05
ISBN: 1616207388
Category: Family & Relationships
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Let Them Eat Dirt Book Excerpt:

“A must-read . . . Takes you inside a child’s gut and shows you how to give kids the best immune start early in life.” —William Sears, MD, coauthor of The Baby Book Like the culture-changing Last Child in the Woods, here is the first parenting book to apply the latest cutting-edge scientific research about the human microbiome to the way we raise our children. In the two hundred years since we discovered that microbes cause infectious diseases, we’ve battled to keep them at bay. But a recent explosion of scientific knowledge has led to undeniable evidence that early exposure to these organisms is beneficial to a child’s well-being. Our modern lifestyle, with its emphasis on hyper-cleanliness, is taking a toll on children’s lifelong health. In this engaging and important book, microbiologists Brett Finlay and Marie-Claire Arrieta explain how the trillions of microbes that live in and on our bodies influence childhood development; why an imbalance of those microbes can lead to obesity, diabetes, and asthma, among other chronic conditions; and what parents can do--from conception on--to positively affect their own behaviors and those of their children. They describe how natural childbirth, breastfeeding, and solid foods influence children’s microbiota. They also offer practical advice on matters such as whether to sterilize food implements for babies, the use of antibiotics, the safety of vaccines, and why having pets is a good idea. Forward-thinking and revelatory, Let Them Eat Dirt is an essential book in helping us to nurture stronger, more resilient, happy, and healthy kids.

Principles in Microbiome Engineering

Principles in Microbiome Engineering
Author: Matthew W. Chang
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2022-05-09
ISBN: 3527347259
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles in Microbiome Engineering Book Excerpt:

Principles in Microbiome Engineering Provides an overview of the techniques and applications insight into the complex composition and interactions of microbiomes Microbiomes, the communities of microorganisms that inhabit specific ecosystems or organisms, can be engineered to modify the structure of microbiota and reestablish ecological balance. In recent years, a better understanding of microbial composition and host-microbe interactions has led to the development of new applications for improving human health and increasing agricultural productivity and quality. Principles in Microbiome Engineering introduces readers to the tools and applications involved in manipulating the composition of a microbial community to improve the function of an eco-system. Covering a range of key topics, this up-to-date volume discusses current research in areas such as microbiome-based therapeutics for human diseases, crop plant breeding, animal husbandry, soil engineering, food and beverage applications, and more. Divided into three sections, the text first describes the critical roles of systems biology, synthetic biology, computer modelling, and machine learning in microbiome engineering. Next, the volume explores various state-of-the-art applications, including cancer immunotherapy and prevention of diseases associated with the human microbiome, followed by a concluding section offering perspectives on the future of microbiome engineering and potential applications. Introduces a variety of applications of microbiome engineering in the fields of medicine, agriculture, and food and beverage products Presents current research into the complex interactions and relationships between microbiomes and biotic and abiotic elements of their environments Examines the use of technologies such as Artificial Intelligence (AI), Machine Learning (ML), and Big Data analytics to advance understanding of microbiomes Discusses the engineering of microbiomes to address human health conditions such as neuro psychiatric disorders and autoimmune and inflammatory diseases Edited and authored by leading researchers in the rapidly evolving field, Principles in Microbiome Engineering is an essential resource for biotechnologists, biochemists, microbiologists, pharmacologists, and practitioners working in the biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries.

Human Microbiota in Health and Disease

Human Microbiota in Health and Disease
Author: Bryan Tungland
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 680
Release: 2018-05-25
ISBN: 0128146508
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Microbiota in Health and Disease Book Excerpt:

Human Gut Microbiota in Health and Disease: From Pathogenesis to Therapy is a comprehensive discussion on all the aspects associated with the early colonization of gut microbiota, its development and maintenance, and its symbiotic relationship with the host in promoting health. Chapters illustrate the complex mechanisms and metabolic signaling pathways related to how the gut microbiota maintain proper regulation of glucose, lipid and energy homeostasis and immune response, all while mediating inflammatory processes involved in the etiology of many chronic disease conditions. With today's common use of pharmaceutical medicine in treating symptoms and frequent overuse of antibiotics in chronic disease within mainstream medical practice, our understanding of the etiological mechanisms of dysbiosis-induced chronic disease and natural approaches to prevention and potential cures for these diseases is of vital importance to overall human health. Details the complex relationship between human microbiota in the gut, oral cavity and skin as well as their colonization, development and impact of factors that influence the relationship Illustrates the mechanisms associated with dysbiosis-associated inflammation and its role in the onset and progression in chronic disease Provides the primary mechanisms and comprehensive scientific evidence for the use of dietary modification and pro- and prebiotics in preventing chronic disease

Handbook of Epigenetics

Handbook of Epigenetics
Author: Trygve Tollefsbol
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 682
Release: 2017-07-10
ISBN: 0128054778
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Epigenetics Book Excerpt:

Handbook of Epigenetics: The New Molecular and Medical Genetics, Second Edition, provides a comprehensive analysis of epigenetics, from basic biology, to clinical application. Epigenetics is considered by many to be the new genetics in that many biological phenomena are controlled, not through gene mutations, but rather through reversible and heritable epigenetic processes. These epigenetic processes range from DNA methylation to prions. The biological processes impacted by epigenetics are vast and encompass effects in lower organisms and humans that include tissue and organ regeneration, X-chromosome inactivation, stem cell differentiation, genomic imprinting, and aging. The first edition of this important work received excellent reviews; the second edition continues its comprehensive coverage adding more current research and new topics based on customer and reader reviews, including new discoveries, approved therapeutics, and clinical trials. From molecular mechanisms and epigenetic technology, to discoveries in human disease and clinical epigenetics, the nature and applications of the science is presented for those with interests ranging from the fundamental basis of epigenetics, to therapeutic interventions for epigenetic-based disorders. Timely and comprehensive collection of fully up-to-date reviews on epigenetics that are organized into one volume and written by leading figures in the field Covers the latest advances in many different areas of epigenetics, ranging from basic aspects, to technologies, to clinical medicine Written at a verbal and technical level that can be understood by scientists and college students Updated to include new epigenetic discoveries, newly approved therapeutics, and clinical trials

Encyclopedia of Gastroenterology

Encyclopedia of Gastroenterology
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 3420
Release: 2019-11-06
ISBN: 012818728X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Gastroenterology Book Excerpt:

Encyclopedia of Gastroenterology, Second Edition provides a comprehensive and concise reference on all aspects of gastroenterology and hepatology, including the organs in the gastrointestinal system, their functions in health and disease, and strategies or procedures to resolve or prevent problems and disease. This concise, up-to-date information includes comprehensive sections on the impact of nutrition, gastrointestinal microbiota, lifestyle, commonly used drugs, and surgical procedures on health and disease. Since the first edition, attention to the roles of nutrition and gastrointestinal microorganisms (microbiota, formerly Microbiota) in health and disease has skyrocketed. In addition, an entirely new section on obesity and diabetes is included. Presents comprehensive coverage of every topic within gastroenterology Offers researchers a one-stop, fully-referenced resource to explore questions Includes teaching tools, multimedia and interactive elements Provides readers with multi-layered content and a media-rich learning resource for both instructors and students Covers hot new topics in GI health and disease, including new sections on stem cells, intestinal bacteria, obesity and intestinal microbiota