The Hypothalamus pituitary adrenal Axis

The Hypothalamus pituitary adrenal Axis
Author: Adriana Del Rey,George P. Chrousos,Hugo O. Besedovsky
Publsiher: Elsevier Science
Total Pages: 394
Release: 2008
ISBN: 9780444530400
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Hypothalamus pituitary adrenal Axis Book Excerpt:

The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis controls reactions to stress and regulates various body processes such as digestion, the immune system, mood and sexuality, and energy usage. This volume focuses on the role it plays in the immune system and provides substantive experimental and clinical data to support current understanding in the field, and potential applications of this knowledge in the treatment of disease. * Evidence presented in this book suggests that the nervous, endocrine, and immune systems form the Neuroendoimmune Supersystem, which integrates all the biological functions of higher organisms both in health and disease for their entire life cycle. * Contributors include both the scientists who initiated the work on the HPA axis and on the autonomic nervous system, and those who joined the field later.

Evaluation of the Hypothalamus pituitary adrenal Axis in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Evaluation of the Hypothalamus pituitary adrenal Axis in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Author: Jens Gaab
Publsiher: Cuvillier Verlag
Total Pages: 228
Release: 2001
ISBN: 9783898730747
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evaluation of the Hypothalamus pituitary adrenal Axis in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Book Excerpt:

The Hypothalamus Pituitary Adrenal Axis

The Hypothalamus Pituitary Adrenal Axis
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2008-09-12
ISBN: 9780080559360
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Hypothalamus Pituitary Adrenal Axis Book Excerpt:

The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis controls reactions to stress and regulates various body processes such as digestion, the immune system, mood and sexuality, and energy usage. This volume focuses on the role it plays in the immune system and provides substantive experimental and clinical data to support current understanding in the field, and potential applications of this knowledge in the treatment of disease. * Evidence presented in this book suggests that the nervous, endocrine, and immune systems form the Neuroendoimmune Supersystem, which integrates all the biological functions of higher organisms both in health and disease for their entire life cycle. * Contributors include both the scientists who initiated the work on the HPA axis and on the autonomic nervous system, and those who joined the field later.

The Control of the Hypothalamo pituitary adrenocortical Axis

The Control of the Hypothalamo pituitary adrenocortical Axis
Author: Frank Clifford Rose
Publsiher: International Universities PressInc
Total Pages: 498
Release: 1989
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Health & Fitness
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Control of the Hypothalamo pituitary adrenocortical Axis Book Excerpt:

A Psychobiological Perspective on the Association of Common Glucocorticoid Receptor Gene Polymorphisms with Hypothalamus pituitary adrenal Axis Regulation

A Psychobiological Perspective on the Association of Common Glucocorticoid Receptor Gene Polymorphisms with Hypothalamus pituitary adrenal Axis Regulation
Author: Robert Kumsta
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 137
Release: 2007
ISBN: 9783867271554
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Psychobiological Perspective on the Association of Common Glucocorticoid Receptor Gene Polymorphisms with Hypothalamus pituitary adrenal Axis Regulation Book Excerpt:

Programming HPA axis by early life experience Mechanisms of stress susceptibility and adaptation

Programming HPA axis by early life experience  Mechanisms of stress susceptibility and adaptation
Author: Rachel Yehuda,Nikolaos P Daskalakis
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 141
Release: 2015-03-16
ISBN: 2889194817
Category: Diseases of the endocrine glands. Clinical endocrinology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Programming HPA axis by early life experience Mechanisms of stress susceptibility and adaptation Book Excerpt:

Experiences during early life program the central nervous- and endocrine-systems with consequences for susceptibility to physical and mental disorders. These programming effects depend on genetic and epigenetic factors, and their outcome leads to an adaptive or maladaptive phenotype to a given later environmental context. This Research Topic focused on the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis and stress-related phenotypes, and on how HPA-axis programming by the environment precisely occurs. We included original research, mini-review and review papers on a broad range of topics related to HPA-axis programming.

Hypercortisolism Understanding Cushing s Syndrome

Hypercortisolism  Understanding  Cushing s Syndrome
Author: Patrick Kimuyu
Publsiher: GRIN Verlag
Total Pages: 7
Release: 2018-02-06
ISBN: 3668630658
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hypercortisolism Understanding Cushing s Syndrome Book Excerpt:

Document from the year 2018 in the subject Medicine - Pathology, grade: 1, Egerton University, language: English, abstract: Hormones play integral biological roles in the body, primarily the regulation of body functions. Scientific research indicates that hormones regulate a range of body functions such as reproduction, metabolism, electrolyte balance, as well as, growth and development. As such, the endocrine system is considered supreme in the regulation of biological processes of the body. Biologically, the endocrine system maintains effective communication among various body organs. This communication ensures homeostasis processes are maintained at constant levels, as well as, enabling the body to respond to changes in the external environment. From anatomical perspective, the endocrine system comprises of glands that are located at different regions of the body, which release hormones. The main components of the endocrine system are the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, adrenal glands, pancreas, and the gonads. These glands release hormones through various regulatory hormonal cascades including the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroidal (HPT) axis. As such, any disturbances in the regulatory hormonal cascades results into devastating medical conditions. For instance, disturbances in the HPA axis, primarily excessive release of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) results into Cushing’s syndrome. Cushing’s syndrome, also known as hypercortisolism is a disorder of the endocrine system that is characterized by excess release of cortisol. Cortisol plays various regulatory functions in all organs and tissues in the body; thus, Cushing’s syndrome affects the entire body. Epidemiological data shows that Cushing’s syndrome affects 10-15 per million people, annually. Therefore, this research paper will provide a comprehensive overview of Cushing’s syndrome. It will discuss the underlying pathology, symptoms, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of the disorder.

Psychoneuroendocrinology of Sport and Exercise

Psychoneuroendocrinology of Sport and Exercise
Author: Felix Ehrlenspiel,Katharina Strahler
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2012-03-22
ISBN: 1136479902
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychoneuroendocrinology of Sport and Exercise Book Excerpt:

Psychoneuroendocrinology is the study of the interaction between hormones, the brain and human behaviour. This is the first book to examine psychoneuroendocrinology in the context of sport and exercise, offering a comprehensive review of current research and assessment techniques and highlighting directions for future research. The book explores the links between hormones and behaviour, and draws important conclusions for how their study will aid in the understanding of the bidirectional link between sport and behaviour, central to the psychology of sport and exercise. It presents the key hormones that underpin behaviour in a sporting context, including the description of their physiologic mechanisms and behavioural effects. The book reports benchmark standards for the assessment and analysis of hormonal influences of behaviour in sport, and examines practical issues and contexts such as emotional state, overtraining and stress. Psychoneuroendocrinology in Sport and Exercise is a breakthrough text that will be of interest to all advanced students and researchers working in the psychology and physiology of sport and exercise.

Cumulated Index Medicus

Cumulated Index Medicus
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 1798
Release: 2000
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Medicine
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cumulated Index Medicus Book Excerpt:

The Hypothalamic pituitary adrenal Axis

The Hypothalamic pituitary adrenal Axis
Author: Alan F. Schatzberg
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 205
Release: 1988
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Hypothalamic pituitary adrenal Axis Book Excerpt:

Clinical Neuroendocrinology

Clinical Neuroendocrinology
Author: Joy Foster
Publsiher: American Medical Publishers
Total Pages: 213
Release: 2021-11-16
ISBN: 9781639271115
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Clinical Neuroendocrinology Book Excerpt:

Neuroendocrinology is the domain of biology that is concerned with the study of the interaction between the nervous system and the endocrine system. In the process of neuroendocrine integration, the nervous and endocrine systems act together in order to control the physiological processes of the human body. For understanding and treating neurobiological brain disorders, neuroendocrinology is used as an essential part. The neuroendocrine system is the tool through which the hypothalamus maintains homeostasis that helps in regulating metabolism, eating, reproduction, osmolarity, blood pressure and drinking behavior. The four main neuroendocrine systems are hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis, hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis and hypothalamic-neurohypophyseal system. This book contains some path-breaking studies in the field of neuroendocrinology. It strives to provide a fair idea about this discipline and to help develop a better understanding of the latest advances within this field. This book is appropriate for students seeking detailed information in this area as well as for experts.

Index Medicus

Index Medicus
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 1896
Release: 2003
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Medicine
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Index Medicus Book Excerpt:

Interactions Between Feeding and the Hypothalamic pituitary adrenal Axis

Interactions Between Feeding and the Hypothalamic pituitary adrenal Axis
Author: Edward Simon Hanson
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 348
Release: 1997
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Interactions Between Feeding and the Hypothalamic pituitary adrenal Axis Book Excerpt:

Modulation of the ACTH Response to Stress by IL 6 Nitric Oxide Diet and Exercise

Modulation of the ACTH Response to Stress by IL 6  Nitric Oxide  Diet and Exercise
Author: Ryan Jankord
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2006
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: ACTH
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modulation of the ACTH Response to Stress by IL 6 Nitric Oxide Diet and Exercise Book Excerpt:

The release of ACTH from the anterior pituitary is one step in the activation of the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal (HPA) axis. The HPA axis is activated in response to stress and the secretion of ACTH is under the control of hypothalamic releasing factors. This thesis examined the role of several different factors in the modulation of the ACTH response to stress by testing the following hypotheses: 1) hypothalamic IL-6 is indirectly involved in stimulating the HPA response to stress by affecting the activity of corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH) neurons in the hypothalamus; 2) nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibition will result in an increase in ACTH response to stress and a decrease in blood flow to tissues of the HPA axis; and 3) high fat diet-induced changes in HPA activity could be attenuated with exercise training. The experimental design, results and discussion for each one of these hypotheses constitutes a single chapter in this thesis. The major findings include: 1) IL-6 is a novel hypothalamic factor found expressed in the external zone of the median eminence and released into the hypophyseal portal vessels in response to stress; 2) Compared to males, female pigs show a greater expression of IL-6 in the median eminence and a greater ACTH response to exercise and restraint stress; 3) Nitric oxide activates the HPA axis in response to restraint but limits the HPA response during maximal exercise; 4) Nitric oxide maintains basal cerebral blood flow; and 5) a high fat diet increases free fatty acids and attenuates the ACTH response to stress and exercise training reverses both of these high fat diet induced alterations. These data demonstrate that multiple factors influence the release of ACTH in response to stress. Thus, the ability of the body to respond to stress through the activation of the HPA axis can be affected by IL-6, nitric oxide, diet and exercise.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Library of Congress Subject Headings
Author: Library of Congress,Library of Congress. Office for Subject Cataloging Policy
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2011
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Subject headings, Library of Congress
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Library of Congress Subject Headings Book Excerpt:

Encyclopedia of Physical Organic Chemistry 6 Volume Set

Encyclopedia of Physical Organic Chemistry  6 Volume Set
Author: Zerong Wang,Uta Wille,Eusebio Juaristi
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 4542
Release: 2017-04-17
ISBN: 1118470451
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Physical Organic Chemistry 6 Volume Set Book Excerpt:

Winner of 2018 PROSE Award for MULTIVOLUME REFERENCE/SCIENCE This encyclopedia offers a comprehensive and easy reference to physical organic chemistry (POC) methodology and techniques. It puts POC, a classical and fundamental discipline of chemistry, into the context of modern and dynamic fields like biochemical processes, materials science, and molecular electronics. Covers basic terms and theories into organic reactions and mechanisms, molecular designs and syntheses, tools and experimental techniques, and applications and future directions Includes coverage of green chemistry and polymerization reactions Reviews different strategies for molecular design and synthesis of functional molecules Discusses computational methods, software packages, and more than 34 kinds of spectroscopies and techniques for studying structures and mechanisms Explores applications in areas from biology to materials science The Encyclopedia of Physical Organic Chemistry has won the 2018 PROSE Award for MULTIVOLUME REFERENCE/SCIENCE. The PROSE Awards recognize the best books, journals and digital content produced by professional and scholarly publishers. Submissions are reviewed by a panel of 18 judges that includes editors, academics, publishers and research librarians who evaluate each work for its contribution to professional and scholarly publishing. You can find out more at: proseawards.com Also available as an online edition for your library, for more details visit Wiley Online Library

The Hypothalamic pituitary adrenal Axis Revisited

The Hypothalamic pituitary adrenal Axis Revisited
Author: William F. Ganong,Mary F. Dallman,James Lewis Roberts
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 504
Release: 1987
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Hypothalamic pituitary adrenal Axis Revisited Book Excerpt:

Mechanisms Regulating Inhibition of the Hypothalamic pituitary adrenal Axis During Restriction induced Drinking in the Rat

Mechanisms Regulating Inhibition of the Hypothalamic pituitary adrenal Axis During Restriction induced Drinking in the Rat
Author: Cheryl Wotus
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 318
Release: 2003
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Corticosterone
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mechanisms Regulating Inhibition of the Hypothalamic pituitary adrenal Axis During Restriction induced Drinking in the Rat Book Excerpt:

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Library of Congress Subject Headings
Author: Library of Congress. Cataloging Policy and Support Office
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2009
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Subject headings, Library of Congress
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Library of Congress Subject Headings Book Excerpt:

Stress the Hypothalamic pituitary adrenal Axis and Immune Function in Adult Male Rhesus Macaques Macaca Mulatta

Stress  the Hypothalamic pituitary adrenal Axis  and Immune Function in Adult Male Rhesus Macaques  Macaca Mulatta
Author: Nicole Maninger
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 188
Release: 2005
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Stress the Hypothalamic pituitary adrenal Axis and Immune Function in Adult Male Rhesus Macaques Macaca Mulatta Book Excerpt: