Crisis In North Korea

Author by : Andrei Lankov
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Hawaii Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 51
Total Download : 796
File Size : 49,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : North Korea remains the most mysterious of all Communist countries. The acute shortage of available sources has made it a difficult subject of scholarship. Through his access to Soviet archival material made available only a decade ago, contemporary North Korean press accounts, and personal interviews, Andrei Lankov presents for the first time a detailed look at one of the turning points in North Korean history: the country’s unsuccessful attempts to de-Stalinize in the mid-1950s. He demonstrates that, contrary to common perception, North Korea was not a realm of undisturbed Stalinism; Kim Il Sung had to deal with a reformist opposition that was weak but present nevertheless. Lankov traces the impact of Soviet reforms on North Korea, placing them in the context of contemporaneous political crises in Poland and Hungary. He documents the dissent among various social groups (intellectuals, students, party cadres) and their attempts to oust Kim in the unsuccessful "August plot" of 1956. His reconstruction of the Peng-Mikoyan visit of that year—the most dramatic Sino-Soviet intervention into Pyongyang politics—shows how it helped bring an end to purges of the opposition. The purges, however, resumed in less than a year as Kim skillfully began to distance himself from both Moscow and Beijing. The final chapters of this fascinating and revealing study deal with events of the late 1950s that eventually led to Kim’s version of "national Stalinism." Lankov unearths data that, for the first time, allows us to estimate the scale and character of North Korea’s Great Purge. Meticulously researched and cogently argued, Crisis in North Korea is a must-read for students and scholars of Korea and anyone interested in political leadership and personality cults, regime transition, and communist politics.


North Korea In Perspective Orientation Guide And North Korean Cultural Orientation Geography History Economy Security Pyongyang Goguryo Silla Dynasty Chosun Kim Dynasty Kim Jong Un Yalu

Author by : U. S. Military
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 45
Total Download : 139
File Size : 53,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This is a reproduction of unique, up-to-date guides produced by the Department of Defense that provide comprehensive information about all aspects of life in North Korea, with a special emphasis on geography, history, the economy, society, security and military matters, religion, traditions, urban and rural life, ethnic groups, crime, the environment, government, holidays, gender issues and much more.CHAPTER 1: GEOGRAPHY * Introduction * Geographic Regions and Topographic Features * Climate * Rivers * Major Cities * Pyongyang * Hamhung-Hungnam * Chongjin * Sinuiju * Wonsan * Nampo * Environmental Concerns * Deforestation * Water Quality * Air Quality * Soil Quality * Natural Hazards * CHAPTER 2: HISTORY * Overview * Origins * Paekjae, Kaya, and Silla * Goguryo and the Three Kingdoms * Impact of the Three Kingdoms Era * The Unified Silla Dynasty and Parhae * Period of the Later Three Kingdoms * Koryo * Early Chosun * The Imjin War * The Manchus * Isolation * Foreign Influence * The Decline of Chosun * Japanese Colonization * World War II * Formation of North Korea * The War and Its Immediate Aftermath * Cult of Personality * Military Buildup, Economic Decline, and Succession * North Korea Today * Transitioning to New Leadership: Kim Jong Un * CHAPTER 3: ECONOMY * Introduction * Industry and Manufacturing and Services * Agriculture * Fishing * Forestry * Banking and Currency * Trade * Investment * South Korean Investment * Chinese Investment * Other Investment * Energy and Mineral Resources * Energy * Minerals * Standard of Living * Tourism * Transportation * Business Outlook * CHAPTER 4: SOCIETY * Introduction * Ethnic Groups and Language * Religion * Cuisine * Traditional Dress * Arts * Literature * Visual Arts * Folk Culture and Folklore * Sports and Leisure * CHAPTER 5: SECURITY * Introduction * United States-North Korean Relations * Relations with Neighboring Countries * Russia * China * South Korea * Military and Internal Security * Military * Police and Internal Security Forces * Terrorism * Issues Affecting Security * Food Supply * Succession and Political Reform * CHAPTER 1: PROFILE * Introduction * Area * Geographic Regions and Topographic Features * Climate * Rivers * Amnok (Yalu) River * Tumen River * Taedong River * Major Cities * Pyongyang * Hamhung-Hungnam * Kaesong * Nampo * Chongjin * Imperial History and Colonization * Ancient History * The Origins of Korean Nationalism * Democratic People's Republic of Korea * Division of Korea * The Korean War * The Kim Family Dynasty * Kim Il Sung * Kim Jong Il * Kim Jong Un * Government * Media * Telecommunications * Economy * Employment Trends * CHAPTER 2: RELIGION * Introduction * Historical Religious Background * Chondogyo * The Role of Religion in the North Korean Government * Cult of Personality * Influence of Religion on Daily Life * Buildings of Worship * Behavior in Places of Worship * CHAPTER 3: TRADITIONS * Introduction * Honor and Values * Greetings * Hospitality and Gift-Giving * Eating Customs and Habits * Traditional Dishes * Dress Code * Non-Religious Holidays * Dos and Don'ts * CHAPTER 4: URBAN LIFE * Introduction * Daily Urban Life * Urban Workforce * Marketplace * Monitoring and Surveillance * Healthcare * Medical Care * Health Issues * Education * Primary and Secondary Schooling * Higher Education * Restaurants * Environmental Issues * Urban Transportation * Rail * Road * Street Crimes and Solicitation * CHAPTER 5: RURAL LIFE * Introduction * Agriculture * Cooperative Farms * Market Reforms * Rural Transportation * Rural Health * Rural Education * Who Is In Charge? * Border Crossings and Checkpoints * Landmines * CHAPTER 6: FAMILY LIFE * Introduction * Traditional Family Lineage * Distribution of Roles and Responsibilities * Status of Women and Children * Women * Children * Family Life in a Typical Household * Marriage, Birth and Divorce * Weddings * Funerals * Hwangap (60th Birthday)


Leader Symbols And Personality Cult In North Korea

Author by : Jae-Cheon Lim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 99
Total Download : 910
File Size : 40,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The legitimacy of the North Korean state is based solely on the leaders’ personal legitimacy, and is maintained by the indoctrination of people with leader symbols and the enactment of leadership cults in daily life. It can thus be dubbed a "leader state". The frequency of leader symbols and the richness and scale of leader-symbol-making in North Korea are simply unrivalled. Furthermore, the personality cults of North Korean leaders are central to people’s daily activity, critically affecting their minds and emotions. Both leader symbols and cult activities are profoundly entrenched in the institutions and daily life, and if separated and cancelled, the North Korean state would be transformed. This book analyses North Korea as a "leader state", focusing on two elements, leader symbols and cult activities. It argues that these elements have been, and continue to be, the backbone of North Korea, shaping North Korean culture. To reveal the "leader state" character, the book specifically examines North Korea’s leadership cults, its use of leader symbols in these cults, and the nature of the symbolism involved. How has the North Korean state developed the cult of the Kim Il Sung family? How does the state use leader symbols to perpetuate this cult? How has the state developed myths and rituals that sustain the cult in daily life? What leader images has state propaganda manufactured? How does the state’s manipulation of leader symbols affect the symbolism that is assigned to the leader’s actions? In answering these questions, this book sheds new light on the strength and resilience of the North Korean state, and shows how it has been able to survive even the most difficult economic period of the mid-1990s. Leader Symbols and Personality Cult in North Korea will be essential reading for students and scholars of North Korea, Korean politics, Asian politics, political sociology and visual politics.


Isolationist States In An Interdependent World

Author by : Helga Turku
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 38
Total Download : 381
File Size : 45,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : States that withdraw from the international system provide insight into an unexplored area of international relations in terms of rationality, self-interest, power politics, cooperation and alliances. Indeed, isolationism in an interdependent state system goes against the logic of modern society and state systems. Using historical, comparative and inductive analysis, Helga Turku explains why states may choose to isolate themselves both domestically and internationally, using comparative historical analysis to flesh out isolationism as a concept and in practice. The book examines extreme forms of self-imposed domestic and international isolation in an interdependent international system, noting the effects on both the immediate interests of a ruling regime and the long-term national interests of the state and the populace.


Encyclopedia Of World Poverty

Author by : Mehmet Odekon
Languange : en
Publisher by : SAGE
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 88
Total Download : 212
File Size : 44,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Provides more than eight hundred alphabetical entries that cover issues relating to poverty around the world.


1945 1982

Author by :
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 15
Total Download : 909
File Size : 47,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description :


Rewriting Revolution

Author by : Immanuel Kim
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Hawaii Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 23
Total Download : 750
File Size : 52,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : North Korea, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), is firmly fixed in the Western imagination as a barbaric vestige of the Cold War, a “rogue” nation that refuses to abide by international norms. It is seen as belligerent and oppressive, a poor nation bent on depriving its citizens of their basic human rights and expanding its nuclear weapons program at the expense of a faltering economy. Even the North’s literary output is stigmatized and dismissed as mere propaganda literature praising the Great Leader. Immanuel Kim’s book confronts these stereotypes, offering a more complex portrayal of literature in the North based on writings from the 1960s to the present. The state, seeking to “write revolution,” prescribes grand narratives populated with characters motivated by their political commitments to the leader, the Party, the nation, and the collective. While acknowledging these qualities, Kim argues for deeper readings. In some novels and stories, he finds, the path to becoming a revolutionary hero or heroine is no longer a simple matter of formulaic plot progression; instead it is challenged, disrupted, and questioned by individual desires, decisions, doubts, and imaginations. Fiction in the 1980s in particular exhibits refreshing story lines and deeper character development along with creative approaches to delineating women, sexuality, and the family. These changes are so striking that they have ushered in what Kim calls a Golden Age of North Korean fiction. Rewriting Revolution charts the insightful literary frontiers that critically portray individuals negotiating their political and sexual identities in a revolutionary state. In this fresh and thought-provoking analysis of North Korean fiction, Kim looks past the ostensible state propaganda to explore the dynamic literary world where individuals with human emotions reside. His book fills a major lacuna and will be of interest to literary scholars and historians of East Asia, as well as to scholars of global and comparative studies in socialist countries.


Kim Il Song S North Korea

Author by : Helen-Louise Hunter
Languange : en
Publisher by : Greenwood Publishing Group
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 51
Total Download : 252
File Size : 47,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Provides the first authoritative look inside North Korea, detailing the everyday life of people living in the world's most isolated country in the world.


American Power After 9 11

Author by : M. Astrada
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 47
Total Download : 458
File Size : 42,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This study expounds upon the composition, dynamics, and consequences of the post-9/11 global security context by positing the following overarching research question: how has the event of 9/11 further enabled the US to legitimately articulate, disseminate, and implement an absolutist security agenda (ASA) on the world stage?


Change And Continuity In North Korean Politics

Author by : Adam Cathcart
Languange : en
Publisher by : Taylor & Francis
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 53
Total Download : 226
File Size : 55,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : In the years since the death of Kim Jong-il and the formal acknowledgement of Kim Jong-un as head of state, the North Korean regime has made a series of moves to further augment and consolidate the ideological foundations of Kimism and cement the young leader’s legitimacy. Historical narratives have played a critical, if often unnoticed, role in this process. This book seeks to chronicle these historical changes and continuities. Continuity and Change in North Korean Politics explores the stable and shifting political, cultural and economic landscapes of North Korea in the era of Kim Jong-un. The contributors deploy a variety of methodologies of analysis focused on the content, narratives and discourses of politics under Kim Jong-un, tracing its historical roots and contemporary practical and conceptual manifestations. Moving beyond most analyses of North Korea’s political and institutional ideologies, the book explores uncharted spaces of social and cultural relations, including children’s literature, fisheries, grassland reclamation, commemorative culture, and gender. By examining critical moments of change and continuity in the country’s past, it builds a holistic analysis of national politics as it is currently deployed and experienced. Demonstrating how historical, political and cultural narratives continue to be adapted to suit new and challenging circumstances, this book will be of interest to students and scholars of Korean Studies, Korean Politics and Asian Studies.


Vantage Point

Author by :
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 11
Total Download : 984
File Size : 53,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description :


A New Modern History Of East Asia

Author by : Eckhardt Fuchs
Languange : en
Publisher by : V&R unipress GmbH
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 64
Total Download : 238
File Size : 42,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : For decades, historians and societal forces have campaigned for rapprochement, reconciliation and dialogue between East Asian nations. This book is a result of these efforts. Debates regarding the interpretation of the modern history of East Asia continue to affect bilateral relations between the states of the region. History education has become a particularly controversial issue in this context. This book’s main message is that a common understanding regarding the history of East Asia is possible, even though some differences remain. It is not only a major contribution to reconciliation in the region, but as the first textbook on the history of East Asia written collaboratively by scholars from three East Asian countries, it is also highly recommended for use in an anglophone teaching environment. The authors are a group of historians, teachers and concerned citizens from China, Japan and South Korea.


Link

Author by :
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 40
Total Download : 976
File Size : 41,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description :


Acta Koreana

Author by :
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 45
Total Download : 529
File Size : 47,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description :


Koreana

Author by :
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 29
Total Download : 114
File Size : 49,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description :


North Korea And Myanmar

Author by : Andray Abrahamian
Languange : en
Publisher by : McFarland
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 95
Total Download : 946
File Size : 46,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : North Korea and Myanmar (Burma) are Asia's most mysterious, tragic stories. For decades they were infamous as the region's most militarized and repressed societies, self-isolated and under sanctions by the international community while, from Singapore to Japan, the rest of Asia saw historic wealth creation and growing middle class security. For Burma, the threat was internal: insurgent factions clashed with the government and each other. For North Korea, it was external: a hostile superpower--the United States--and a far more successful rival state--South Korea--occupying half of the Korean peninsula. Over time, Myanmar defeated its enemies, giving it space to explore a form of democratization and openness that has led to reintegration into international society. Meanwhile, North Korea's regime believes its nuclear arsenal--the primary reason for their pariah status--is vital to survival.


North Korea

Author by : Paul French
Languange : en
Publisher by : Zed Books
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 85
Total Download : 240
File Size : 55,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This reissue of Paul French's acclaimed introduction to North Korea provides an up-to-the-minute overview of the politics, economics and history of the DPRK, with added chapters dealing with recent events. A new foreword examines why North Korea remains an issue in world politics and argues that an understanding of the country is more important now than ever. A new in-depth postscript offers analysis of recent years, why Pyongyang felt compelled to test a bomb and revert to blatant nuclear diplomacy, and how the crisis can be resolved peacefully.


Daily Report

Author by :
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 74
Total Download : 926
File Size : 44,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description :


East Asian Review

Author by :
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 56
Total Download : 254
File Size : 51,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description :


The North Korean Revolution 1945 1950

Author by : Charles K. Armstrong
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cornell University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 96
Total Download : 442
File Size : 44,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : North Korea, despite a shattered economy and a populace suffering from widespread hunger, has outlived repeated forecasts of its imminent demise. Charles K. Armstrong contends that a major source of North Korea's strength and resiliency, as well as of its flaws and shortcomings, lies in the poorly understood origins of its system of government. He examines the genesis of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) both as an important yet rarely studied example of a communist state and as part of modern Korean history. North Korea is one of the last redoubts of "unreformed" Marxism-Leninism in the world. Yet it is not a Soviet satellite in the East European manner, nor is its government the result of a local revolution, as in Cuba and Vietnam. Instead, the DPRK represents a unique "indigenization" of Soviet Stalinism, Armstrong finds. The system that formed under the umbrella of the Soviet occupation quickly developed into a nationalist regime as programs initiated from above merged with distinctive local conditions. Armstrong's account is based on long-classified documents captured by U.S. forces during the Korean War. This enormous archive of over 1.6 million pages provides unprecedented insight into the making of the Pyongyang regime and fuels the author's argument that the North Korean state is likely to remain viable for some years to come.


The Real North Korea

Author by : Andrei Lankov
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 89
Total Download : 882
File Size : 52,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : After providing an accessible history of the nation, the author turns his focus to what North Korea is, what its leadership thinks and how its people cope with living in such an oppressive and poor place, arguing that North Korea is not irrational, but rather a nation that has survived against all odds.


The North Korean Ballistic Missile Program

Author by : Daniel A. Pinkston
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 21
Total Download : 833
File Size : 50,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : North Korea's nuclear weapons and ballistic missile programs have drawn international attention for years. In the early 1960s, Pyongyang began to pursue the capability to produce advanced weapons systems, including rockets and missiles. However, foreign assistance and technology, particularly from China and the Soviet Union, were instrumental in the acquisition of these capabilities. The ballistic missile inventory now totals about 800 road-mobile missiles, including about 200 Nodong missiles that could strike Japan. In April 2007, North Korea for the first time displayed two new missiles: a short-range tactical missile that poses a threat to Seoul and U.S. Forces in South Korea, and an intermediate-range missile that could potentially strike Guam. Although North Korea has not demonstrated the ability to produce a nuclear warhead package for its missiles, its missiles are believed to be capable of delivering chemical and possibly biological munitions. North Korean media and government officials claim the country needs a nuclear deterrent to cope with the "hostile policy of the United States," but Pyongyang has never officially abandoned its objective of "completing the revolution in the south." Little is known about North Korean military doctrine and the role of its ballistic missiles, but National Defense Commission Chairman Kim Ch*ong-il has ultimate authority over their disposition.


Religion In Japanese Daily Life

Author by : David C. Lewis
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 32
Total Download : 925
File Size : 40,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Are Japanese people religious – and, if so, in what ways? David Lewis addresses this question from the perspective of ordinary Japanese people in the context of their life cycles, and explores why they engage in religious activities. He not only discusses how Japanese people engage in different religious practices as they encounter new events in their lives but also analyses the attitudes and motivations behind their behaviour. Activities such as fortune-telling, religious rites in the workplace, ancestral rites and visits to shrines and temples are actually engaged in by many people who view themselves as ‘non- religious’ but express their motivations in terms other than the conventional ‘religious’ ones. This book outlines the religious options available, and assesses why people choose particular religious activities at various times in their lives or in specific circumstances. The author challenges some widespread assumptions about religion in urban and industrial contexts and also shows how some of the underlying motivations behind Japanese behaviour are expressed both in religious and non-religious forms.


Korea S Foreign Policy Dilemmas

Author by : Sung-Hack Kang
Languange : en
Publisher by : Global Oriental
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 37
Total Download : 534
File Size : 54,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This thought-provoking volume provides a valuable overarching framework towards a more informed understanding of how South Korea's relationship with the outside world has evolved in the twentieth century and the manner in which it is likely to do business in the twenty-first.


Korean Studies

Author by :
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 42
Total Download : 457
File Size : 49,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description :