The Maker S Diet Revolution

Author by : Jordan Rubin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Destiny Image Incorporated
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 29
Total Download : 187
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Description : "There are many items in our modern diet that are made of laboratory-created chemicals. These are clearly not part of the Creator's eating plan."


Evolution Of The Human Diet

Author by : Peter S. Ungar
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
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Total Read : 21
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Description : We are interested in the evolution of hominin diets for several reasons. One is the fundamental concern over our present-day eating habits and the consequences of our societal choices, such as obesity prevalent in some cultures and starvation in others. Another is that humans have learned to feed themselves in extremely varied environments, and these adaptations, which are fundamentally different from those of our closest biological relatives, have to have had historical roots of varying depth. The third, and the reason why most paleoanthropologists are interested in this question, is that a species' trophic level and feeding adaptations can have a strong effect on body size, locomotion, "life history strategies", geographic range, habitat choice, and social behavior. Diet is key to understanding the ecology and evolution of our distant ancestors and their kin, the early hominins. A study of the range of foods eaten by our progenitors underscores just how unhealthy many of our diets are today. This volume brings together authorities from disparate fields to offer new insights into the diets of our ancestors. Paleontologists, archaeologists, primatologists, nutritionists and other researchers all contribute pieces to the puzzle. This volume has at its core four main sections: · Reconstructed diets based on hominin fossils--tooth size, shape, structure, wear, and chemistry, mandibular biomechanics · Archaeological evidence of subsistence--stone tools and modified bones · Models of early hominin diets based on the diets of living primates--both human and non-human, paleoecology, and energetics · Nutritional analyses and their implications for evolutionary medicine New techniques for gleaning information from fossil teeth, bones, and stone tools, new theories stemming from studies of paleoecology, and new models coming from analogy with modern humans and other primates all contribute to our understanding. When these approaches are brought together, they offer an impressive glimpse into the lives of our distant ancestors. The contributions in this volume explore the frontiers of our knowledge in each of these disciplines as they address the knowns, the unknowns, and the unknowables of the evolution of hominin diets.


The Gut Balance Revolution

Author by : Gerard E. Mullin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rodale Books
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 38
Total Download : 748
File Size : 54,8 Mb
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Description : Losing weight for good is truly possible with a science-based approach to gut health. Recent cutting-edge research shows that human intestinal microbiota influence metabolism, appetite, energy, hormones, inflammation, and insulin resistance. Because gut microflora plays a central role in weight management, losing weight is much more than cutting calories, fat, or carbs. When the trillions of live bacteria in our digestive tract—the gut microbiome—are balanced, excess pounds melt away and we feel revitalized. A leading authority on digestive health and the gut microbiome, Dr. Gerard E. Mullin shares a proven, science-based program to restore and retain weight loss by achieving a balanced gut flora in The Gut Balance Revolution. He reveals how to stifle the fat-forming, disease-promoting gut bacteria, reseed your gut with good fat-burning ones, and fertilize those friendly flora with just the right foods to reboot, rebalance, and renew your health—and lose weight for good. It's all grounded in hard science and his over 20 years of clinical experience with patients in his medical practice. Dr. Gerry Mullin's trailblazing program provides: • Research: The latest, up-to-date frontline science behind how balancing your gut flora can burn fat and restore health • Reboot, Rebalance, Renew: Step-by-step meals plans, food charts, plus 50 delicious, easy recipes • Rev Up: An exercise routine for each phase of the process • Real Life: Bona fide success stories of people who seamlessly lost up to 40 pounds—and kept it off!


New Makers Of Modern Culture

Author by : Justin Wintle
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Total Read : 62
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Description : New Makers of Modern Culture is the successor to the classic reference works Makers of Modern Culture and Makers of Nineteenth-Century Culture, published by Routledge in the early 1980s. The set was extremely successful and continues to be used to this day, due to the high quality of the writing, the distinguished contributors, and the cultural sensitivity shown in the selection of those individuals included. New Makers of Modern Culture takes into full account the rise and fall of reputation and influence over the last twenty-five years and the epochal changes that have occurred: the demise of Marxism and the collapse of the Soviet Union; the rise and fall of postmodernism; the eruption of Islamic fundamentalism; the triumph of the Internet. Containing over eight hundred essay-style entries, and covering the period from 1850 to the present, New Makers of Modern Culture includes artists, writers, dramatists, architects, philosophers, anthropologists, scientists, sociologists, major political figures, composers, film-makers and many other culturally significant individuals and is thoroughly international in its purview. Next to Karl Marx is Bob Marley, next to John Ruskin is Salman Rushdie, alongside Darwin is Luigi Dallapiccola, Deng Xiaoping runs shoulders with Jacques Derrida as do Julia Kristeva and Kropotkin. Once again, Wintle has enlisted the services of many distinguished writers and leading academics, such as Sam Beer, Bernard Crick, Edward Seidensticker and Paul Preston. In a few cases, for example Michael Holroyd and Philip Larkin, contributors are themselves the subject of entries. With its global reach, New Makers of Modern Culture provides a multi-voiced witness of the contemporary thinking world. The entries carry short bibliographies and there is thorough cross-referencing. There is an index of names and key terms.


Achieving A Nutrition Revolution For Africa

Author by : Hendriks, Sheryl L.
Languange : en
Publisher by : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 24
Total Download : 119
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Description : Focusing the 2015 Annual Trends and Outlook Report (ATOR) on nutrition will contribute to a broader understanding of the critical role of nutrition in achieving international, continental, and national economic growth targets through agriculture, food security, and nutrition. This report presents information and analysis in support of evidence-based policy making that should inform the second generation of CAADP national investment plans now being developed. This is an important moment for shaping the region’s future and ensuring that the much-needed agriculture-led growth and development agenda can simultaneously deliver on improving nutrition, saving lives, improving productivity and health, and curbing nutrition-related diseases and the associated public health expenditures. These investment plans should address not only the usual elements of undernutrition but also widespread micronutrient deficiencies (termed “hidden hunger”) and the growing problem of overweight and obesity that is associated with economic growth.


Throne Makers

Author by : William Roscoe Thayer
Languange : en
Publisher by : Prabhat Prakashan
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 51
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Description : Since 1789 every European people has been busy making a throne, or seat of government and authority, from which its ruler might preside. These thrones have been of many patterns, to correspond to the diversity in tastes of races, parties, and times. Often, the business of destroying seems to have left no leisure for building. In England alone have men learned how to remodel a throne without disturbing its occupant; as we in America raise or move large houses without interrupting the daily life of the families who dwell in them.To portray the personality of some of the conspicuous Throne-Makers of the century is the purpose of the following studies. I have wished to show just enough of the condition of the countries under review to enable the reader to understand what Bismarck, or Napoleon III, or Kossuth, or Garibaldi, achieved. I have been brief, and yet I trust that this method has afforded scope for exhibiting that influence of the individual on the multitude which—however our partial science may try to belittle it—was never more strikingly illustrated than by such careers as these in our own time.


Evolution Of Vulnerability

Author by : David C. Geary
Languange : en
Publisher by : Academic Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 67
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Description : Biologists have known for decades that many traits involved in competition for mates or other resources and that influence mate choice are exaggerated, and their expression is influenced by the individuals’ ability to tolerate a variety of environmental and social stressors. Evolution of Vulnerability applies this concept of heightened sensitivity to humans for a host of physical, social, psychological, cognitive, and brain traits. By reframing the issue entirely, renowned evolutionary psychologist David C. Geary demonstrates this principle can be used to identify children, adolescents, or populations at risk for poor long-term outcomes and identify specific traits in each sex and at different points in development that are most easily disrupted by exposure to stressors. Evolution of Vulnerability begins by reviewing the expansive literature on traits predicted to show sex-specific sensitivity to environmental and social stressors, and details the implications for better assessing and understanding the consequences of exposure to these stressors. Next, the book reviews sexual selection—mate competition and choice—and the mechanisms involved in the evolution of condition dependent traits and the stressors that can undermine their development and expression, such as poor early nutrition and health, parasites, social stress, and exposure to man-made toxins. Then it reviews condition dependent traits (physical, behavioral, cognitive, and brain) in birds, fish, insects, and mammals to demonstrate the ubiquity of these traits in nature. The focus then turns to humans and covers sex-specific vulnerabilities in children and adults for physical traits, social behavior, psychological wellbeing, and brain and cognitive traits. The sensitivity of these traits is related to exposure to parasites, poor nutrition, social maltreatment, environmental toxins, chemotherapy, and Alzheimer’s disease, among others. The book concludes with an implications chapter that outlines how to better assess vulnerabilities in children and adults and how to more fully understand how, why, and when in development some types of environmental and social stressors are particularly harmful to humans. Describes evolved sex differences, providing predictions on the traits that will show sex-specific vulnerabilities Presents an extensive review of condition-dependent traits in non-human species, greatly expanding existing reviews published in scientific journals, and more critically, extending these to humans Applies condition-dependent traits to humans to identify children, adolescents, or populations at risk for poor long-term outcomes


Detox Diet Revolution

Author by : Gala Publication
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 75
Total Download : 379
File Size : 53,8 Mb
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Description : Detox may look like fad diet without grains, alcohol or sugar. The purpose of any detox diet is to detoxify and purify your organs- kidneys, stomach, bowl and also improve performance and keep you in good health. Detox diet also helps in weight loss program by keeping you healthy and fit at the same time.This Book Includes:Chapter 1: Why Detox?HealthWeight loss Stress Chapter 2: Dieting to Detoxify How to Detox, Decoded Chapter 3: Delicious Detox Diet Recipes Detoxifying Breakfast Recipes Detox Lunch Recipes Detox Dinner Recipes Chapter 4: The Science Behind 10-Day Detox Diet a. Cholesterol b. Fat-Makers Chapter 5: Avoiding "Trigger" Ingredients Foods NOT to Eat Foods TO Eat Chapter 6: Exercise Chapter 7: Impact & Remedies for Detox Side Effects Candida


Basics In Human Evolution

Author by : Michael P Muehlenbein
Languange : en
Publisher by : Academic Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 95
Total Download : 362
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Description : Basics in Human Evolution offers a broad view of evolutionary biology and medicine. The book is written for a non-expert audience, providing accessible and convenient content that will appeal to numerous readers across the interdisciplinary field. From evolutionary theory, to cultural evolution, this book fills gaps in the readers’ knowledge from various backgrounds and introduces them to thought leaders in human evolution research. Offers comprehensive coverage of the wide ranging field of human evolution Written for a non-expert audience, providing accessible and convenient content that will appeal to numerous readers across the interdisciplinary field Provides expertise from leading minds in the field Allows the reader the ability to gain exposure to various topics in one publication


The Diet Free Revolution

Author by : Alexis Conason
Languange : en
Publisher by : North Atlantic Books
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 21
Total Download : 435
File Size : 43,6 Mb
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Description : A 10-step approach to ditch diet culture, heal your relationship with food, and learn to love your body from clinical psychologist Alexis Conason. Diets don't work--and it's not your fault. As a culture, we're told (and tell ourselves) that if we just lost the weight--tried a little harder, had a little more willpower, or deprived ourselves for a little bit longer--we'd be happier, healthier, and more desirable. But it's just not true. The Diet-Free Revolution debunks the myths we've been sold about food, nutrition, health, and weight loss, and offers an antidote to the pain and suffering caused by yo-yo diets, untenable food regimens, and quick-fixes. Clinical psychologist and eating disorder specialist Alexis Conason shows that finding health, happiness, and real nourishment is about more than changing what, how, or when we eat- it's about radically shifting our relationship with food by healing our relationship to ourselves. She helps us discover what really nourishes us, while teaching us how we can listen to and love our bodies. Enriched with case studies, meditations, stories, lessons, and activities, her 10-step program will help you- . Challenge your assumptions about weight and health . Find fullness and manage emotional eating . Embrace your "yum" and tune into taste with mindful eating . Trust your body to be your guide Reframing dieting and diet "failure" as pervasive aspects of our culture--not individual failures--The Diet-Free Revolution offers an empowering roadmap to healing, self-acceptance, and radical new ways of relating to and loving our bodies.


Dr Atkins New Diet Revolution

Author by : Robert C. Atkins
Languange : en
Publisher by : M Evans & Company
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 78
Total Download : 720
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Description : Twenty years later Dr. Atkins takes a fresh look at weight loss. Over 10 million Atkins books have sold worldwide.


Image Makers

Author by : Robert Jackall
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 92
Total Download : 525
File Size : 50,5 Mb
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Description : Talking dogs pitching ethnic food. Heart-tugging appeals for contributions. Recruitment calls for enlistment in the military. Tub-thumpers excoriating American society with over-the-top rhetoric. At every turn, Americans are exhorted to spend money, join organizations, rally to causes, or express outrage. Image Makers is a comprehensive analysis of modern advocacy-from commercials to public service ads to government propaganda-and its roots in advertising and public relations. Robert Jackall and Janice M. Hirota explore the fashioning of the apparatus of advocacy through the stories of two organizations, the Committee on Public Information, which sold the Great War to the American public, and the Advertising Council, which since the Second World War has been the main coordinator of public service advertising. They then turn to the career of William Bernbach, the adman's adman, who reinvented advertising and grappled creatively with the profound skepticism of a propaganda-weary midcentury public. Jackall and Hirota argue that the tools-in-trade and habits of mind of "image makers" have now migrated into every corner of modern society. Advocacy is now a vocation for many, and American society abounds as well with "technicians in moral outrage," including street-smart impresarios, feminist preachers, and bombastic talk-radio hosts. The apparatus and ethos of advocacy give rise to endlessly shifting patterns of conflicting representations and claims, and in their midst Image Makers offers a clear and spirited understanding of advocacy in contemporary society and the quandaries it generates.


Food Aroma Evolution

Author by : Matteo Bordiga
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 33
Total Download : 474
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Description : Of the five senses, smell is the most direct and food aromas are the key drivers of our flavor experience. They are crucial for the synergy of food and drinks. Up to 80% of what we call taste is actually aroma. Food Aroma Evolution: During Food Processing, Cooking, and Aging focuses on the description of the aroma evolution in several food matrices. Not only cooking, but also processing (such as fermentation) and aging are responsible for food aroma evolution. A comprehensive evaluation of foods requires that analytical techniques keep pace with the available technology. As a result, a major objective in the chemistry of food aroma is concerned with the application and continual development of analytical methods. This particularly important aspect is discussed in depth in a dedicated section of the book. Features Covers aromatic evolution of food as it is affected by treatment Focuses on food processing, cooking, and aging Describes both classic and new analytical techniques Explains how the flavor perception results are influenced by other food constituents The book comprises a good mix of referenced research with practical applications, also reporting case studies of these various applications of novel technologies. This text represents a comprehensive reference book for students, educators, researchers, food processors, and food industry personnel providing an up-to-date insight. The range of techniques and materials covered provides engineers and scientists working in the food industry with a valuable resource for their work. Also available in the Food Analysis & Properties Series: Ambient Mass Spectroscopy Techniques in Food and the Environment, edited by Leo M.L. Nollet and Basil K. Munjanja (ISBN: 9781138505568) Hyperspectral Imaging Analysis and Applications for Food Quality, edited by N.C. Basantia, Leo M.L. Nollet, and Mohammed Kamruzzaman (ISBN: 9781138630796) Fingerprinting Techniques in Food Authentication and Traceability, edited by Khwaja Salahuddin Siddiqi and Leo M.L. Nollet (ISBN: 9781138197671) For a complete list of books in this series, please visit our website at: www.crcpress.com/Food-Analysis--Properties/book-series/CRCFOODANPRO


Ancestral Diets And Nutrition

Author by : Christopher Cumo
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 19
Total Download : 802
File Size : 53,6 Mb
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Description : Ancestral Diets and Nutrition supplies dietary advice based on the study of prehuman and human populations worldwide over the last two million years. This thorough, accessible book uses prehistory and history as a laboratory for testing the health effects of various foods. It examines all food groups by drawing evidence from skeletons and their teeth, middens, and coprolites along with written records where they exist to determine peoples’ health and diet. Fully illustrated and grounded in extensive research, this book enhances knowledge about diet, nutrition, and health. It appeals to practitioners in medicine, nutrition, anthropology, biology, chemistry, economics, and history, and those seeking a clear explanation of what humans have eaten across the ages and what we should eat now. Features: Sixteen chapters examine fat, sweeteners, grains, roots and tubers, fruits, vegetables, and animal and plant sources of protein. Integrates information about diet, nutrition, and health from ancient, medieval, modern and current sources, drawing from the natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities. Provides comprehensive coverage based on the study of several hundred sources and the provision of over 2,000 footnotes. Presents practical information to help shape readers’ next meal through recommendations of what to eat and what to avoid.


Dr Pitcairn S Complete Guide To Natural Health For Dogs Cats

Author by : Richard H. Pitcairn
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rodale
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 70
Total Download : 988
File Size : 54,8 Mb
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Description : Discusses the nutritional value of commercial pet foods and recommends drug-free treatments for common diseases


Feeding India

Author by : Bill Pritchard
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 54
Total Download : 557
File Size : 53,8 Mb
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Description : Food security is one of the twenty-first century’s key global challenges, and lessons learned from India have particular significance worldwide. Not only does India account for approximately one quarter of the world’s under-nourished persons, it also provides a worrying case of how rapid economic growth may not provide an assumed panacea to food security. This book takes on this challenge. It explains how India’s chronic food security problem is a function of a distinctive interaction of economic, political and environmental processes. It contends that under-nutrition and hunger are lagging components of human development in India precisely because the interfaces between these aspects of the food security problem have not been adequately understood in policy-making communities. Only through an integrative approach spanning the social and environmental sciences, are the fuller dimensions of this problem revealed. A well-rounded appreciation of the problem is required, informed by the FAO’s conception of food security as encompassing availability (production), access (distribution) and utilisation (nutritional content), as well as by Amartya Sen’s notions of entitlements and capabilities.


Overweight And The Metabolic Syndrome

Author by : George A. Bray
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 15
Total Download : 714
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Description : This timely book provides an overview of topics related to obesity. These include associated health risks, childhood obesity, genetics, evaluation, treatment, behavioral strategies, and successes and failures in preventing obesity. The volume covers evaluation guidelines, different approaches to treatment, including diet, exercise, behavior, drugs, and surgery to deal with the current world-wide obesity epidemic.


International Commerce

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 55
Total Download : 597
File Size : 42,9 Mb
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Description :


Food In A Changing Climate

Author by : Alana Mann
Languange : en
Publisher by : Emerald Group Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 62
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Description : Chapter 1: We didn’t Start the FireChapter 2: Food under Fossil Capitalism Chapter 3: Framing the Future of Food Chapter 4: Changing our Water Ways Chapter 5: The Getting of Nutritional Wisdom Chapter 6: Resilience through Resistance


The Tales Teeth Tell

Author by : Tanya M. Smith
Languange : en
Publisher by : MIT Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 57
Total Download : 223
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Description : What teeth can tell us about human evolution, development, and behavior. Our teeth have intriguing stories to tell. These sophisticated time machines record growth, diet, and evolutionary history as clearly as tree rings map a redwood's lifespan. Each day of childhood is etched into tooth crowns and roots—capturing birth, nursing history, environmental clues, and illnesses. The study of ancient, fossilized teeth sheds light on how our ancestors grew up, how we evolved, and how prehistoric cultural transitions continue to affect humans today. In The Tales Teeth Tell, biological anthropologist Tanya Smith offers an engaging and surprising look at what teeth tell us about the evolution of primates—including our own uniqueness. Humans' impressive set of varied teeth provides a multipurpose toolkit honed by the diet choices of our mammalian ancestors. Fossil teeth, highly resilient because of their substantial mineral content, are all that is left of some long-extinct species. Smith explains how researchers employ painstaking techniques to coax microscopic secrets from these enigmatic remains. Counting tiny daily lines provides a way to estimate age that is more powerful than any other forensic technique. Dental plaque—so carefully removed by dental hygienists today—records our ancestors' behavior and health in the form of fossilized food particles and bacteria, including their DNA. Smith also traces the grisly origins of dentistry, reveals that the urge to pick one's teeth is not unique to humans, and illuminates the age-old pursuit of “dental art.” The book is generously illustrated with original photographs, many in color.


Figurine Makers Of Prehistoric Cyprus

Author by : Edgar Peltenburg
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxbow Books
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 64
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Description : The Chalcolithic period in Cyprus has been known since Porphyrios Dikaios’ excavations at Erimi in the 1930s and through the appearance in the antiquities market of illicitly acquired anthropomorphic cruciform figures, often manufactured from picrolite, a soft blue-green stone. The excavations of the settlement and cemetery at Souskiou Laona reported on in this volume paint a very different picture of life on the island during the late 4th and early 3rd millennia BC. Burial practices at other known sites are generally single inhumations in intramural pit graves, only rarely equipped with artifacts. At Souskiou, multiple inhumations were interred in deep rock-cut tombs clustered in extra-mural cemeteries. Although the sites were also subjected to extensive looting, excavations have revealed complex multi-stage burial practices with arrangements of disarticulated and articulated burials accompanied by a rich variety of grave goods. Chief among these are a multitude of cruciform figurines and pendants. This unusual treatment of the dead, which has not been recorded elsewhere in Cyprus, shifts the focus from the individual to the communal, and provides evidence for significant changes involving kinship group links to common ancestors. Excavations at the Laona settlement have furnished evidence suggesting that it functioned as a specialised center for the procurement and manufacture of picrolite during its early phase. The subsequent decline of picrolite production and the earliest known occurrence of new types of ornaments, such as faience beads and copper spiral pendants, attest to important changes involving the transformation of personal and social identities during the first centuries of the 3rd millennium BC, a topic that forms a central theme of this final report on the site.


Nutrition In The Prevention And Treatment Of Disease

Author by : Ann M. Coulston
Languange : en
Publisher by : Academic Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 25
Total Download : 872
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Description : Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease has been proving itself in the classroom for nearly 10 years and is praised as being accessible, applicable and a valuable textbook. It focuses specifically on the relationship between disease and nutrition, an area of ever increasing interest and concern as health care costs and availability continue to be an issue worldwide. Now reaching beyond just the individual healthcare concern, the potential for nutritional interventions to improve health status is also of heightened interest to public health professionals who are faced with an aging, obese, at-risk-of-diabetes population who may or may not have access to insurance. This textbook is the foundation of understanding how nutrition can be used to improve health status. New to this edition: 100% overall new material. 26 new authors or co-authors and all chapters have been completed updated 4 completely new chapters: Surgery for Severe Obesity Snacking and Energy Balance in Humans Phytochemicals in the Prevention and Treatment of Obesity and Its Related Cancers Bioavailability and Metabolism of Bioactive Compounds from Foods New section on Dietary Bioactive Compounds for Health explores bioactive components present in edible plants of particular interest for the prevention of disease New to the obesity section is a chapter on the management of patients who have undergone surgical treatment for obesity Selected for inclusion in Doody's Core Titles 2013, an essential collection development tool for health sciences libraries Integration of food issues with nutrition provides a unique perspective to disease prevention/control Material in the book is up-to-date with current research Individual sections of the book can be used for mini-courses or in-depth study Diversity of material makes this text useful for nutritional scientists and also for upper division nutrition course work


Evolution Of Cardio Metabolic Risk From Birth To Middle Age

Author by : Gerald S. Berenson
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 43
Total Download : 618
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Description : That precursors of adult coronary artery disease, hypertension, and type II diabetes begin in childhood have been clearly established by the Bogalusa Heart Study. This unique research program has been able to follow a biracial (black/white) population over 35 years from childhood through mid-adulthood to provide perspectives on the natural history of adult heart diseases. Not only do these observations describe trajectories of cardio-metabolic risk variables leading to these diseases but provide a rationale for the need to begin prevention beginning in childhood. The trajectories of the burden of cardio-metabolic risk variables in the context of their fetal origin and chromosome telomere dynamics provide some insight into the metabolic imprinting in utero and aging process. The observed racial contrasts on cardio-metabolic risk variables implicate various biologic pathways interacting with environment contributing to the high morbidity and mortality from related diseases in our population. To address the seriousness of the onset of cardiovascular disease in youth, approaches to primordial prevention are described focussing on childhood health education as an important aspect of Preventive Cardiology.


Human Diet

Author by : Peter S. Ungar
Languange : en
Publisher by : Greenwood Publishing Group
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 60
Total Download : 122
File Size : 49,8 Mb
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Description : Our ancestral diets have been critical to our success as a species. This volume brings together experts in human and primate ecology, paleontology, and evolutionary medicine. Authors offer their unique perspectives on the evolution of the human diet and the implications of recent changes in diet for health and nutrition today.


Evolution S Bite

Author by : Peter S. Ungar
Languange : en
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 18
Total Download : 556
File Size : 40,8 Mb
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Description : What teeth can teach us about the evolution of the human species Whether we realize it or not, we carry in our mouths the legacy of our evolution. Our teeth are like living fossils that can be studied and compared to those of our ancestors to teach us how we became human. In Evolution's Bite, noted paleoanthropologist Peter Ungar brings together for the first time cutting-edge advances in understanding human evolution and climate change with new approaches to uncovering dietary clues from fossil teeth to present a remarkable investigation into the ways that teeth—their shape, chemistry, and wear—reveal how we came to be. Ungar describes how a tooth's "foodprints"—distinctive patterns of microscopic wear and tear—provide telltale details about what an animal actually ate in the past. These clues, combined with groundbreaking research in paleoclimatology, demonstrate how a changing climate altered the food options available to our ancestors, what Ungar calls the biospheric buffet. When diets change, species change, and Ungar traces how diet and an unpredictable climate determined who among our ancestors was winnowed out and who survived, as well as why we transitioned from the role of forager to farmer. By sifting through the evidence—and the scars on our teeth—Ungar makes the important case for what might or might not be the most natural diet for humans. Traveling the four corners of the globe and combining scientific breakthroughs with vivid narrative, Evolution's Bite presents a unique dental perspective on our astonishing human development.


Human Brain Evolution

Author by : Stephen Cunnane
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 47
Total Download : 894
File Size : 55,5 Mb
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Description : The evolution of the human brain and cognitive ability is one of the central themes of physical/biological anthropology. This book discusses the emergence of human cognition at a conceptual level, describing it as a process of long adaptive stasis interrupted by short periods of cognitive advance. These advances were not linear and directed, but were acquired indirectly as part of changing human behaviors, in other words through the process of exaptation (acquisition of a function for which it was not originally selected). Based on studies of the modem human brain, certain prerequisites were needed for the development of the early brain and associated cognitive advances. This book documents the energy and nutrient constraints of the modern brain, highlighting the significant role of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) in brain development and maintenance. Crawford provides further emphasis for the role of essential fatty acids, in particular DHA, in brain development, by discussing the evolution of the eye and neural systems. This is an ideal book for Graduate students, post docs, research scientists in Physical/Biological Anthropology, Human Biology, Archaeology, Nutrition, Cognitive Science, Neurosciences. It is also an excellent selection for a grad student discussion seminar.


Guidelines For Cardiac Rehabilitation Programs

Author by : AACVPR
Languange : en
Publisher by : Human Kinetics
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 51
Total Download : 284
File Size : 48,9 Mb
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Description : Guidelines for Cardiac Rehabilitation Programs, Sixth Edition With Web Resource, presents the combined expertise of more than 50 leaders in the field of cardiac rehabilitation (CR), reimbursement, and public policy to empower professionals to successfully implement new CR programs or improve existing ones. Developed by the American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation (AACVPR), this guidebook offers procedures for providing patients with low-cost, high-quality programming that moves them toward a lifelong commitment to disease management and secondary prevention. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the principal cause of death worldwide. It is projected that by 2035, more than 130 million adults in the United States will have CVD. The challenge to CR professionals is to select, develop, and deliver appropriate rehabilitative and secondary prevention services to each patient tailored to their individual needs. Guidelines for Cardiac Rehabilitation Programs, Sixth Edition, is the definitive resource for developing inpatient and outpatient cardiac rehabilitation programs. The sixth edition of Guidelines for Cardiac Rehabilitation Programs equips professionals with current scientific and evidence-based models for designing and updating rehabilitation programs. Pedagogical aides such as chapter objectives, bottom line sections, summaries, and sidebars present technical information in an easy-to-follow format. Key features of the sixth edition include the following: A new chapter on physical activity and exercise that helps readers understand how to develop and implement exercise programs to CVD patients A new chapter on cardiac disease populations that offers readers a deeper understanding of CVD populations, including those with heart valve replacement or repair surgery, left ventricular assist devices, heart transplant, dysrhythmias, and/or peripheral artery disease Case studies and discussion questions that challenge readers to consider how concepts from the text apply to real-life scenarios An expanded web resource that includes ready-to-use forms, charts, checklists, and logs that are practical for daily use, as well as additional case studies and review questions Keeping up with change is a professional necessity and keeping up with the science is a professional responsibility. Guidelines for Cardiac Rehabilitation Programs, Sixth Edition, covers the entire scope of practice for CR programs and professionals, providing evidence-based information on promoting positive lifestyle behavior patterns, reducing risk factors for disease progression, and lessening the impact of CVD on quality of life, morbidity, and mortality. Note: The web resource is included with all new print books and some ebooks. For ebook formats that don’t provide access, the web resource is available separately.


Evolution Of Marine Coastal Ecosystems Under The Pressure Of Global Changes

Author by : Hubert-Jean Ceccaldi
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 48
Total Download : 840
File Size : 41,7 Mb
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Description : Coastal and estuarine environments at the interface of terrestrial and marine areas are among the most productive in the world. However, since the beginning of the industrial era, these ecosystems have been subjected to strong anthropogenic pressures intensified from the second half of the 20th century, when there was a marked acceleration in the warming (climate change) of the continents, particularly at high latitudes. Coastal ecosystems are highly vulnerable to alteration of their physical, chemical and biological characteristics (marine intrusion, acidification of marine environments, changes in ecosystems, evolution and artificialization of the coastline, etc.).In contact with heavily populated areas, these environments are often the receptacle of a lot of chemical and biological pollution sources that significantly diminish their resilience. In this context of accelerated evolution and degradation of these areas important for food security of many populations around the world, it is necessary to better identify the factors of pressure and understand, at different scales of observation, their effects and impacts on the biodiversity and on the socio-eco-systems, in order to determine the degree of vulnerability of these coastal ecosystems and the risks they face. A transdisciplinary and integrated approach is required to prevent risks. Within this framework, operational coastal oceanography occupies an important place but also the implementation of a true socio-eco-system approach in order to set up an environmentally friendly development.


Evolution

Author by : Alice Roberts
Languange : en
Publisher by : Dorling Kindersley Ltd
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 84
Total Download : 772
File Size : 49,8 Mb
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Description : Travel back in time eight million years to explore the roots of the human family tree. Interweaving latest discoveries, maps, and incredible illustrations, Evolution tells the story of our origins and helps us better understand our species, from tree-dwelling primates to modern 21st-century humans. Renowned Dutch paleoartists the Kennis brothers bring our ancestors to life with their beautiful, accurate reconstructions that visually trace each step in our evolutionary history. Combined with clear prose, this comprehensive yet accessible book provides a rich history of each stage of human evolution, from human anatomy and behaviour to the environment we live in. It also explains how Homo sapiens originated, evolved, and then migrated and colonized the entire planet. Written and authenticated by a team of experts and with a foreword by Dr Alice Roberts, Evolution is a sweeping account of humans and our place in it.


Sensory Ecology Behaviour And Evolution

Author by : Martin Stevens
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 50
Total Download : 766
File Size : 49,6 Mb
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Description : This is the first modern textbook of sensory ecology in two decades, one of the most popular and rapidly growing subjects in biology. The topic deals with how animals capture (and send) information from their environment, and the sensory systems involved. It investigates the type of information that is gathered by animals, how it is used in a range of behaviours, and the evolution of such traits. Sensory ecology deals with both mechanistic questions (e.g. howsensory receptors capture information from the environment, and how the physical attributes of the environment affect information transmission) and functional questions (e.g. the adaptive significance ofthe information used by the animal to make a decision). Sensory ecology covers the full range of sensory systems and types of sensory information (sound, visual, chemical, magnetic, electric etc.). The latest research has dealt more explicitly with how sensory systems may actually drive evolutionary change, including the formation of new species. This book provides an introduction to the key ideas, theories, and examples, describes how sensory systems work, and explores the links between thesenses, animal signals, behaviour, and evolution.